Yıl 2019, Cilt , Sayı 16, Sayfalar 256 - 266 2019-08-31

Experimental Comparison of PbO and BaO Addition Effect on Gamma Ray Shielding Performance of Epoxy Polymer
Epoksi Polimerlerin Gama Işını Zırhlama Performanslarına PbO ve BaO Katkılarının Etkisinin Deneysel Olarak Karşılaştırılması.

Mehmet Kılıç [1] , Yaren Ergin [2] , Yaşar Karabul [3] , Zeynep Güven Özdemir [4]


This study was devoted to investigate the gamma ray shielding abilities of the epoxy composites prepared by using two different reinforcing materials: barium oxide and lead oxide.  The Epoxy/PbO and Epoxy/BaO composites were produced by using 10 wt.%, 20 wt.%, and 40 wt.% reinforcing materials to obtain low weight radiation shielders. The heaviness of the samples were compared with some conventional shielding materials such as lead, steel, concrete etc. The gamma ray shielding performance of the pure epoxy and the composites were measured experimentally by using NaI(Tl) detector. In the experiments, Ba-133 point radioactive source was also utilized as a gamma ray source with the 81 keV and 356 keV energies. As the gamma ray shielding parameters of the composites, the mass attenuation coefficient, half layer value and tenth layer value thicknesses and mean free path distance were considered. After comparison of the related parameters of the PbO and BaO added epoxy composites, it was revealed that the gamma radiation shielding performance of the PbO added epoxy composite can also be obtained by adding BaO to the epoxy. However, to achieve the same performance, BaO should be added twice as much as the PbO additive percentage. On the other hand, it was determined that 40 wt.% BaO added epoxy composite exhibits a better radiation shielding performance than steel, concrete and Gd2O3 nanoparticle added epoxy composite for the photons with 81 keV and 356 keV energies. Thus, a lightweight and non-toxic gamma-ray shielding material can be produced by using an epoxy/BaO composite.

Bu çalışma, iki farklı katkı malzemesi (baryum oksit ve kurşun oksit) kullanılarak hazırlanan epoksi kompozitlerinin gama ışını zırhlama yeteneklerini araştırmaya yöneliktir. Düşük ağırlıklı radyasyon zırhlayıcısı elde etmek için Epoksi / PbO ve Epoksi / BaO kompozitler, ağırlık olarak % 10, % 20 ve % 40 katkı malzemeleri kullanılarak üretilmiştir. Hazırlanan numunelerin ağırlığı kurşun, çelik, beton vb. bazı geleneksel zırhlayıcı malzemelerle karşılaştırılmıştır. Saf epoksi ve kompozitlerin gama ışını zırhlama performansı deneysel olarak NaI (Tl) detektörü kullanılarak ölçülmüştür. Deneylerde, gama ışını kaynağı olarak 81 keV ve 356 keV enerjili Ba-133 nokta radyoaktif kaynağı kullanılmıştır. Kompozitlerin gama ışını zırhlama parametreleri olarak kütle azaltma katsayısı, yarı kalınlık değeri, onda bir kalınlık değeri ve ortalama serbest yol mesafesi dikkate alınmıştır. PbO ve BaO ilaveli epoksi kompozitlerinin ilgili parametrelerinin sonuçları karşılaştırıldığında, PbO katkılı epoksi kompozitinin gama ışını zırhlama performansının, BaO katkısıyla da elde edilebileceğini ortaya çıkarmıştır. Bununla birlikte, PbO katkılı epoksi ile aynı performansı elde etmek için, epoksiye PbO’ya göre iki katı kadar fazla BaO katkılanmalıdır. Öte yandan, ağırlıkça % 40 BaO katkılı epoksi kompozitin, 81 keV ve 356 keV enerjili fotonlar için çelik, beton ve Gd2O3 nanoparçacık katkılanmış epoksi kompozitlerden daha iyi bir radyasyon zırhlama performansı sergilediği tespit edilmiştir. Bu nedenle, bir epoksi/BaO kompoziti kullanılarak düşük ağırlıklı ve toksik olmayan bir gama ışını zırhlama malzemesi üretilebilir.

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Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-1882-0405
Yazar: Mehmet Kılıç (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: YILDIZ TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4701-2546
Yazar: Yaren Ergin
Kurum: YILDIZ TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0789-556X
Yazar: Yaşar Karabul
Kurum: YILDIZ TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5085-5814
Yazar: Zeynep Güven Özdemir
Kurum: YILDIZ TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Ağustos 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ejosat553952, journal = {Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-2683}, address = {}, publisher = {Osman SAĞDIÇ}, year = {2019}, volume = {}, pages = {256 - 266}, doi = {10.31590/ejosat.553952}, title = {Experimental Comparison of PbO and BaO Addition Effect on Gamma Ray Shielding Performance of Epoxy Polymer}, key = {cite}, author = {Kılıç, Mehmet and Ergin, Yaren and Karabul, Yaşar and Güven Özdemir, Zeynep} }
APA Kılıç, M , Ergin, Y , Karabul, Y , Güven Özdemir, Z . (2019). Experimental Comparison of PbO and BaO Addition Effect on Gamma Ray Shielding Performance of Epoxy Polymer. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (16) , 256-266 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.553952
MLA Kılıç, M , Ergin, Y , Karabul, Y , Güven Özdemir, Z . "Experimental Comparison of PbO and BaO Addition Effect on Gamma Ray Shielding Performance of Epoxy Polymer". Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi (2019 ): 256-266 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ejosat/issue/45333/553952>
Chicago Kılıç, M , Ergin, Y , Karabul, Y , Güven Özdemir, Z . "Experimental Comparison of PbO and BaO Addition Effect on Gamma Ray Shielding Performance of Epoxy Polymer". Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi (2019 ): 256-266
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Experimental Comparison of PbO and BaO Addition Effect on Gamma Ray Shielding Performance of Epoxy Polymer AU - Mehmet Kılıç , Yaren Ergin , Yaşar Karabul , Zeynep Güven Özdemir Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31590/ejosat.553952 DO - 10.31590/ejosat.553952 T2 - Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 256 EP - 266 VL - IS - 16 SN - -2148-2683 M3 - doi: 10.31590/ejosat.553952 UR - https://doi.org/10.31590/ejosat.553952 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi Experimental Comparison of PbO and BaO Addition Effect on Gamma Ray Shielding Performance of Epoxy Polymer %A Mehmet Kılıç , Yaren Ergin , Yaşar Karabul , Zeynep Güven Özdemir %T Experimental Comparison of PbO and BaO Addition Effect on Gamma Ray Shielding Performance of Epoxy Polymer %D 2019 %J Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi %P -2148-2683 %V %N 16 %R doi: 10.31590/ejosat.553952 %U 10.31590/ejosat.553952
ISNAD Kılıç, Mehmet , Ergin, Yaren , Karabul, Yaşar , Güven Özdemir, Zeynep . "Experimental Comparison of PbO and BaO Addition Effect on Gamma Ray Shielding Performance of Epoxy Polymer". Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi / 16 (Ağustos 2019): 256-266 . https://doi.org/10.31590/ejosat.553952
AMA Kılıç M , Ergin Y , Karabul Y , Güven Özdemir Z . Experimental Comparison of PbO and BaO Addition Effect on Gamma Ray Shielding Performance of Epoxy Polymer. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi. 2019; (16): 256-266.
Vancouver Kılıç M , Ergin Y , Karabul Y , Güven Özdemir Z . Experimental Comparison of PbO and BaO Addition Effect on Gamma Ray Shielding Performance of Epoxy Polymer. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi. 2019; (16): 266-256.