Yıl 2019, Cilt , Sayı 16, Sayfalar 485 - 493 2019-08-31

Ultrases Teknolojisi Uygulayarak Sığır İç Yağından Biyodizel Üretiminin Optimizasyonu
Optimization of the Production of Biodiesel from Beef Tallow Applying Ultrasound Technology

Tuba Hatice Doğan [1] , Özlem Karagöz [2]


Biyodizel, bitkisel ve hayvansal kaynaklardan üretilebilen yenilenebilir enerji kaynaklarından birisidir. Biyodizel, çevre dostu olması, toksik olmaması, düşük emisyon profiline sahip olması ve biyolojik olarak bozunabilir olması gibi pek çok avantaja sahiptir. Onun bu avantajlarının aksine en önemli dezavantajlarından birisi yüksek maliyetli oluşudur. Biyodizelin maliyeti, yemeklik ham yağlardan üretildiğinde önemli ölçüde artar. Bu nedenle, biyodizel üretimi için uygun bir hammadde kullanılmalıdır. Sığır iç yağı, gıda sektöründe fazla tercih edilmeyen bir yağdır ve atık olarak adlandırılabilir. Bu yağdan biyodizel üretildiğinde, hem çevreye hem de ekonomiye katkı sağlanacaktır. Bu çalışmada sığır iç yağından, ultrases destekli biyodizel üretiminin optimizasyonu araştırıldı. Biyodizel verimini optimize etmek için Taguchi yöntemi kullanıldı. Katalizör miktarı (ağırlıkça % 0.75-2), metanol/yağ molar oranı (5/1-9/1), reaksiyon süresi (30-120 dk), ultrases süresi (5-20 dk), ultrases gücü (10-40 W) parametre olarak seçildi. Optimum koşullar % 1.5 (ağırlıkça) katalizör miktarı, metanol/yağ oranı 7/1, ultrases gücü 40 W, reaksiyon süresi 60 dk ve ultrases süresi 10 dk olarak bulundu. Bu koşullar altında elde edilen biyodizelin yakıt özellikleri, hem EN 14214 hem de ASTM D 6751 standartlarının gerekliliklerini yerine getirmiştir. Optimum koşullar altında biyodizel verimi % 99.8 dir. Ayrıca, ANOVA sonuçlarına göre, ürün verimi üzerine reaksiyon süresi, ultrases süresi, metanol / yağ molar oranı, katalizör miktarı ve ultrases gücünün etkisinin sırasıyla % 34,56, % 29,72, % 23,68, % 9,18 ve % 2,17 olduğu bulunmuştur.

Biodiesel is one of the renewable energy sources that can be produced from vegetable and animal sources. Biodiesel has many advantages such as being environmentally friendly, non-toxic, low emission profile and biodegradable. Contrary to its advantages, one of the most important disadvantages is its high cost. The cost of biodiesel increases considerably when it is produced from edible crude oils. Therefore, a suitable feedstock should be used for biodiesel production. Beef tallow is an fat that is not preferred much in the food sector and can be called as waste. When biodiesel is produced from this fat, the contribution will be made both to the environment and to the economy. In this work, the optimization of ultrasound assisted biodiesel production from beef tallow was investigated. Taguchi method was used to optimize the biodiesel yield. Catalyst amount (0.75-2 wt.% of oil), methanol/oil molar ratio (5/1-9/1), reaction time (30-120 min), ultrasound time (5-20 min), ultrasound power (10-40 W) were selected as parameters. The optimum conditions were found to be 1.5 wt.% of oil for the catalyst amount, 7/1 methanol/oil molar ratio, 40W ultrasound power, 60 minute reaction time and 10 minute ultrasound time. The fuel properties of biodiesel obtained under these conditions accomplished the requirements of both the EN 14214 and ASTM D 6751 standards.  The biodiesel yield under optimum conditions was 99.8%. In addition, according to the ANOVA results, it is found that the influence of reaction time, ultrasound time, methanol/oil molar ratio, catalyst amount and ultrasound power on production yield are obtained as 34.56%, 29.72%, 23.68%, 9.18% and 2.17%, respectively.  

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-8369-9416
Yazar: Tuba Hatice Doğan (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ATATURK UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0031-1861
Yazar: Özlem Karagöz
Kurum: ATATURK UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Destekleyen Kurum Ataturk University Scientific Research Project
Proje Numarası BAP 2016/208
Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Ağustos 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ejosat575707, journal = {Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-2683}, address = {}, publisher = {Osman SAĞDIÇ}, year = {2019}, volume = {}, pages = {485 - 493}, doi = {}, title = {Optimization of the Production of Biodiesel from Beef Tallow Applying Ultrasound Technology}, key = {cite}, author = {Doğan, Tuba Hatice and Karagöz, Özlem} }
APA Doğan, T , Karagöz, Ö . (2019). Optimization of the Production of Biodiesel from Beef Tallow Applying Ultrasound Technology. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (16) , 485-493 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ejosat/issue/45333/575707
MLA Doğan, T , Karagöz, Ö . "Optimization of the Production of Biodiesel from Beef Tallow Applying Ultrasound Technology". Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi (2019 ): 485-493 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ejosat/issue/45333/575707>
Chicago Doğan, T , Karagöz, Ö . "Optimization of the Production of Biodiesel from Beef Tallow Applying Ultrasound Technology". Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi (2019 ): 485-493
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Optimization of the Production of Biodiesel from Beef Tallow Applying Ultrasound Technology AU - Tuba Hatice Doğan , Özlem Karagöz Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 485 EP - 493 VL - IS - 16 SN - -2148-2683 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi Optimization of the Production of Biodiesel from Beef Tallow Applying Ultrasound Technology %A Tuba Hatice Doğan , Özlem Karagöz %T Optimization of the Production of Biodiesel from Beef Tallow Applying Ultrasound Technology %D 2019 %J Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi %P -2148-2683 %V %N 16 %R %U
ISNAD Doğan, Tuba Hatice , Karagöz, Özlem . "Optimization of the Production of Biodiesel from Beef Tallow Applying Ultrasound Technology". Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi / 16 (Ağustos 2019): 485-493 .
AMA Doğan T , Karagöz Ö . Optimization of the Production of Biodiesel from Beef Tallow Applying Ultrasound Technology. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi. 2019; (16): 485-493.
Vancouver Doğan T , Karagöz Ö . Optimization of the Production of Biodiesel from Beef Tallow Applying Ultrasound Technology. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi. 2019; (16): 493-485.