Yıl 2019, Cilt 4 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 151 - 171 2019-08-30

Çin’in Kurumsal Reforma Yönelik Stratejileri: AAYB’nin Kuruluşu ve Gelişimindeki Başarı
China's Strategies Towards Institutional Reform: Creation of the AIIB and Its Development Success

Mustafa Tüter [1]


Mevcut çalışmaların pek çoğu Çinin liderlik ettiği yeni çok taraflı kurumların uluslararası düzen üzerinde yaratacağı etkilere odaklanırken, bu kurumların kuruluşunun altında yatan nedenler ve gelişimlerinde gösterdikleri başarı konusu yeterince dikkate alınmamaktadır. Çinin kurumsal reforma yönelik stratejileri en temelde Dünya Bankası ve İMF gibi mevcut çok taraflı kurumlarda var olan asimetrik dağılımsal kazanımlardan duyduğu hoşnutsuzluğa dayanmaktadır. Bu makale uluslararası ilişkilerde pazarlık teorisinden faydalanarak Asya Altyapı ve Yatırım Bankası (AAYB)nın kurulmasında etkili olan ana koşulların ve mekanizmaların açıklanmasına katkı sunmaktadır. Çin, AAYBnin kurulmasına öncülük ederek ABD ile yoğunlaşan stratejik rekabetinden kaynaklanan maliyetler karşısında kendisine doğrudan ve dolaylı faydalar sağlayarak pazarlık gücünü artırmayı amaçlamaktadır. Çinin edindiği doğrudan ve dolaylı faydalarla pekişen başarı beklentisi, AAYBnin kuruluşunun altında yatan ana motivasyonları yansıttığı gibi diğer çok taraflı rejimleri de içine alan daha kapsamlı bir kurumsal reform ihtimalini de gündeme getirmektedir. Ancak, güç geçişi bağlamında mevcut çok taraflı kurumların reforme edilmesinde yaşanan politik pazarlık sürecinin, yükselen güçlerin mini taraflı stratejileri ile hakiki çok taraflı uygulamalar arasında var olan gerilime dayalı olarak şekillenmesi kuvvetle muhtemeldir.

While existing studies largely focus on the implications of China-led new multilateral institutions to international order, the question of underlying reasons for the establishment of those institutions and their future development success have received less attention. Chinas strategies towards institutional reform are mainly based on its dissatiffaction with asymmetrical distributional gains within existing multilateral institutions such as World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF). By using bargaining theory in international relations, this article contributes to explain the main conditions and mechanisms of the creation of Asian Infrasturucture Investment Bank (AIIB). In creating AIIB, China aims to increase its bargaining leverage which provides itself direct and indirect benefits vis-a-vis the costs emanating from intensified strategic competition with the US. Thus, it is argued that Chinas expectation of success reinforced by direct and indirect benefits for the development of AIIB reflects both the significant motivations underpinning its creation and also the possibility of extended institutional reform into other multilateral regimes. Within the context of power transition, the political bargaining process in reforming existing multilateral regimes is likely to be shaped by the tension between minilateralist strategies of rising powers and truly multilateral operations within newly emerging financial regime.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Siyasi Bilimler, İktisat
Yayımlanma Tarihi Ağustos 2019
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-7074-4668
Yazar: Mustafa Tüter (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Shandong University, China
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Ağustos 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { epfad560715, journal = {Ekonomi Politika ve Finans Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2587-151X}, address = {}, publisher = {Ersan ERSOY}, year = {2019}, volume = {4}, pages = {151 - 171}, doi = {10.30784/epfad.560715}, title = {China's Strategies Towards Institutional Reform: Creation of the AIIB and Its Development Success}, key = {cite}, author = {Tüter, Mustafa} }
APA Tüter, M . (2019). China's Strategies Towards Institutional Reform: Creation of the AIIB and Its Development Success. Ekonomi Politika ve Finans Araştırmaları Dergisi , 4 (2) , 151-171 . DOI: 10.30784/epfad.560715
MLA Tüter, M . "China's Strategies Towards Institutional Reform: Creation of the AIIB and Its Development Success". Ekonomi Politika ve Finans Araştırmaları Dergisi 4 (2019 ): 151-171 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/epfad/issue/48399/560715>
Chicago Tüter, M . "China's Strategies Towards Institutional Reform: Creation of the AIIB and Its Development Success". Ekonomi Politika ve Finans Araştırmaları Dergisi 4 (2019 ): 151-171
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - China's Strategies Towards Institutional Reform: Creation of the AIIB and Its Development Success AU - Mustafa Tüter Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.30784/epfad.560715 DO - 10.30784/epfad.560715 T2 - Ekonomi Politika ve Finans Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 151 EP - 171 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - -2587-151X M3 - doi: 10.30784/epfad.560715 UR - https://doi.org/10.30784/epfad.560715 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Ekonomi Politika ve Finans Araştırmaları Dergisi China's Strategies Towards Institutional Reform: Creation of the AIIB and Its Development Success %A Mustafa Tüter %T China's Strategies Towards Institutional Reform: Creation of the AIIB and Its Development Success %D 2019 %J Ekonomi Politika ve Finans Araştırmaları Dergisi %P -2587-151X %V 4 %N 2 %R doi: 10.30784/epfad.560715 %U 10.30784/epfad.560715
ISNAD Tüter, Mustafa . "China's Strategies Towards Institutional Reform: Creation of the AIIB and Its Development Success". Ekonomi Politika ve Finans Araştırmaları Dergisi 4 / 2 (Ağustos 2019): 151-171 . https://doi.org/10.30784/epfad.560715
AMA Tüter M . China's Strategies Towards Institutional Reform: Creation of the AIIB and Its Development Success. Ekonomi Politika ve Finans Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2019; 4(2): 151-171.
Vancouver Tüter M . China's Strategies Towards Institutional Reform: Creation of the AIIB and Its Development Success. Ekonomi Politika ve Finans Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2019; 4(2): 171-151.