Yıl 2020, Cilt 5 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 404 - 434 2020-08-31

İşletmelerin Yenilik Performansının Arttırılmasında Üniversite-Sanayi İşbirliğinin Rolü
The Role of University-Industry Collaboration in Increasing of Innovation Performance of Businesses

Engin YÜCEL [1] , Engin ÖZGÜL [2]


İşletmeler, üniversitelerle Ar-Ge tabanlı işbirliklerini artırmayı bilgi alışverişi yoluyla daha fazla yenilik geliştirmede bir araç olarak algılamaktadır. Üniversite-Sanayi İşbirliği ile sanayinin hangi alanlarda gelişim gösterdiğinin ve bu gelişimin hangi yenilik performansı göstergeleri bağlamında gerçekleştiğinin incelenmesi ve devamında işbirliği süreçlerindeki eksik veya hatalı noktaların ortaya konulmasını amaçlayan bu çalışma ile hem bir durum tespiti yapılmakta hem de mevcut durumun iyileştirilmesine yönelik öneriler sunulmaktadır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda, İzmir ve Manisa illerinde yer alan ve Ar-Ge veya Tasarım Merkezine sahip 21 işletme yöneticisiyle derinlemesine görüşmeler gerçekleştirilmiştir. Bulgular neticesinde Üniversite-Sanayi İşbirliği ile işletmelerin yenilik performansı arasında olumlu bir ilişki olduğu görülmüştür. Yeni ürün sayısı, Ar-Ge proje sayısı, patent ve faydalı model sayısı, yeni fikir sayısı, bilimsel yayın sayısı ve verimlilik kriterlerindeki artış ile birlikte işletmelerin yenilik performanslarında artış yaşandığı görülmüştür. Araştırmaya dahil olan işletmeler; üniversite-sanayi işbirliği kapsamında yürüttükleri projeler ile genel performanslarını doğrudan etkileyecek şekilde pazar performansı, üretim performansı, finansal performans ve çalışan performansı konularında da önemli faydalar elde etmişlerdir. İşletmelerin Üniversite-Sanayi İşbirliğine yönelik tatmin seviyesinin yüksek olması işbirliği projelerinin de artmasını beraberinde getirmiştir.

Businesses perceive increasing R&D-based cooperation with universities as a tool for developing more innovation through information exchange. With this study, which aims to examine in which areas the industry is developing, in which context performance indicators this improvement takes place, and then to reveal the missing or wrong points in the cooperation processes, a situation determination is made and suggestions for improving the current situation are presented. In accordance with this purpose, in-depth interviews were held with the managers of 21 businesses located in İzmir and Manisa provinces and having R&D or Design Centers. As a result of the findings obtained, a positive relationship was found between University-Industry Collaboration and the innovation performance of businesses. It was seen that, with the increase in the number of new products, the number of R&D projects, the number of patents and utility models, the number of new ideas, the number of scientific publications and efficiency criteria, the innovation performance of the businesses increased. Businesses that were attended to research; with the projects they carried out within the scope of University-Industry Collaboration, also achieved significant benefits in the areas of market performance, production performance, financial performance, and employee performance, which directly affect their overall performance. The high level of satisfaction of the businesses for University-Industry Collaboration has brought together an increase of cooperation projects.

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Birincil Dil tr
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Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-8910-5359
Yazar: Engin YÜCEL (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: DOKUZ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1106-1744
Yazar: Engin ÖZGÜL
Kurum: DOKUZ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Ağustos 2020

APA Yücel, E , Özgül, E . (2020). İşletmelerin Yenilik Performansının Arttırılmasında Üniversite-Sanayi İşbirliğinin Rolü . Ekonomi Politika ve Finans Araştırmaları Dergisi , 5 (2) , 404-434 . DOI: 10.30784/epfad.722019