Yıl 2020, Cilt 19 , Sayı 75, Sayfalar 1212 - 1231 2020-07-01

TIME-VARYING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN TURKEY
TIME-VARYING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN TURKEY

Mustafa KIRCA [1] , Mustafa ÖZER [2]


In this paper we examine the causal relations between international tourism demand and total exports and its sub-components (intermediate goods and capital goods) and total imports (intermediate goods and capital goods) in Turkey by using Hacker and Hatemi-J Bootstrap Toda-Yamamoto and Time-Varying Causality tests. The results of the study indicate the causal relations between international tourism demand and exports and imports. The results also indicate that these causal relations between international tourism demand and international trade are not stable. In other words, they have a time-varying nature. Moreover, international tourism demand’s contribution to imports are greater than that of exports. Finally, the international tourism demand is more often affected by components of exports and imports and the signs of are generally positive. Thus, policy makers, sector representatives and market professionals related to both international trade and tourism should take into account of this time-varying nature of causal relations between these variables before implementing policies aiming to promote both.
Bu çalışmada Türkiye’de uluslararası turizm talebi ve toplam ihracat ile alt bileşenleri (aramalları ve sermaye malları) ve toplam ithalat ile alt bileşenleri (aramalları ve sermaye malları) arasındaki nedensel ilişkilerinin araştırılması amaçlanmaktadır. Çalışmada değişkenler arasındaki nedensellik ilişkileri Hacker ve Hatemi- J Bootstrap Toda-Yamamoto ve Zamanla Değişen Nedensellik testleri kullanılarak araştırılmıştır. Analiz sonuçları, uluslararası turizm talebi ile ihracat ve ithalat arasında nedensellik ilişkilerin istikrarsız olduğunu göstermektedir. Başka bir ifadeyle zamanla değişen bir yapıya sahiptir. Ayrıca, uluslararası turizm talebinin ithalata katkısı, ihracata katkısından daha büyüktür. Son olarak, uluslararası turizm talebinin ihracat ve ithalat bileşenlerine etkisi genellikle pozitif yöndedir. Bu nedenle politika yapıcıları, sektör temsilcileri ve piyasa profesyonelleri hem uluslararası ticareti hem de uluslararası turizmi teşvik etmeyi amaçlayan politikaları geliştirmeden ve uygulamadan önce değişkenler arasında tespit edilen zamanla değişen nedensellik ilişkilerini göz önüne almalıdırlar.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular İktisat
Yayınlanma Tarihi YAZ
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-5630-7525
Yazar: Mustafa KIRCA (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: DÜZCE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9852-8441
Yazar: Mustafa ÖZER
Kurum: ANADOLU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Destekleyen Kurum Anadolu Üniversitesi (Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri)
Proje Numarası 1506E488
Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 17 Ocak 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 27 Mart 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 1 Temmuz 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { esosder676462, journal = {Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {1304-0278}, address = {}, publisher = {Özel Akademi}, year = {2020}, volume = {19}, pages = {1212 - 1231}, doi = {10.17755/esosder.676462}, title = {TIME-VARYING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN TURKEY}, key = {cite}, author = {Kırca, Mustafa and Özer, Mustafa} }
APA Kırca, M , Özer, M . (2020). TIME-VARYING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN TURKEY . Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 19 (75) , 1212-1231 . DOI: 10.17755/esosder.676462
MLA Kırca, M , Özer, M . "TIME-VARYING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN TURKEY" . Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 19 (2020 ): 1212-1231 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/esosder/issue/53427/676462>
Chicago Kırca, M , Özer, M . "TIME-VARYING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN TURKEY". Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 19 (2020 ): 1212-1231
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - TIME-VARYING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN TURKEY AU - Mustafa Kırca , Mustafa Özer Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17755/esosder.676462 DO - 10.17755/esosder.676462 T2 - Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1212 EP - 1231 VL - 19 IS - 75 SN - 1304-0278- M3 - doi: 10.17755/esosder.676462 UR - https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.676462 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi TIME-VARYING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN TURKEY %A Mustafa Kırca , Mustafa Özer %T TIME-VARYING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN TURKEY %D 2020 %J Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi %P 1304-0278- %V 19 %N 75 %R doi: 10.17755/esosder.676462 %U 10.17755/esosder.676462
ISNAD Kırca, Mustafa , Özer, Mustafa . "TIME-VARYING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN TURKEY". Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 19 / 75 (Temmuz 2020): 1212-1231 . https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.676462
AMA Kırca M , Özer M . TIME-VARYING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN TURKEY. esosder. 2020; 19(75): 1212-1231.
Vancouver Kırca M , Özer M . TIME-VARYING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN TURKEY. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2020; 19(75): 1212-1231.