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ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOURS OF THEOLOGY FACULTY STUDENTS ON ORGAN DONATION

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 2, 232 - 242, 04.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.35232/estudamhsd.990806

Öz

Religious beliefs of individuals affect their attitudes and behaviours regarding organ donation. The aim of this study is to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours of Theology faculty students about organ donation. The study is a cross-sectional study carried out on students in the Faculty of Theology. Sample selection was not performed in this study. The first part of the questionnaires, which we created as data collection tools, comprised socio-demographic questions, whereas the second part comprised questions, prepared according to the literature that measures the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours on organ donation. The Chi-Square test was used for statistical analysis. 0.7% of the students participating in the study stated that they were organ donors, whereas 56.4% said that they considered organ donation as religiously appropriate behaviour, and 38.6% said that they have not become organ donors before because the subject of organ donation was not brought to their attention previously. A comparison of whether the students viewed organ donation as religiously appropriate behaviour with the students’ level of knowledge on organ donation revealed to be 65.8% among students with knowledge on organ donation and 49.5% among students who lacked knowledge of organ donation (p=0.001). Students with knowledge of organ donation also said that they viewed organ donation as religiously appropriate behaviour. Through training activities, the aim should be to increase the level of knowledge and awareness on organ donation of future religious staff and to thereby increase the level of organ donation in society.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Rudge C, Matesanz R, Delmonico FL, Chapman J. International practices of organ donation. Br J Anaesth. 2012;108(Suppl_1):48-55. doi:10.1093/bja/aer399.
  • 2. Organ and Tissue Transplantation Services Regulation 2012. [cited 2020 Mar 23] Available from: https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/mevzuat?MevzuatNo=15860&MevzuatTur=7&MevzuatTertip=5
  • 3. Shaheen FA, Souqiyyeh MZ. Current obstacles to organ transplant in Middle Eastern countries. ExpClinTransplant. 2015;13(Suppl1):1-3. doi:10.6002/ect.mesot2014.L4
  • 4. Wang W, Tian H, Yin H, Liu H, Zhang XD. Attitudes toward organ donation in China. Chin Med J ). 2012;125:56-62. doi:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0366-6999.2012.01.011.
  • 5. Ozkan S, Yılmaz E. Knowledge and attitudes of patients’ relatives towards organ donation. Family and Public Education, Culture and Research Journal. 2009:18-29.
  • 6. Akbulut S, Ozer A, Firinci B, Saritas H, Demyati K, Yilmaz S. Attitudes, knowledge levels and behaviors of Islamic religious officials about organ donation in Turkey: National survey study. World J Clin Cases. 2020; 8(9):1620-31.doi:10.12998/wjcc.v8.i9.1620.
  • 7. Rady MY, Verheijde JL. Islam and end-of-life organ donation. Asking the right questions. Saudi Med J. 2009;30:882-86 .
  • 8. Karaman F. An Evaluation on organ transplantation and religious dimension. Journal of MESNED Divinity Researches. 2019;10(1):9-33.
  • 9. El-Shahat YI. Islamic viewpoint of organ transplantation. Transplant Proc. 1999;3:3271-4. doi: 10.1016/S0041-1345(99)00721-6.
  • 10. Anık O. organ donation in Turkey. First Health Organ Transplantation Special Issue. 2011;8:6.
  • 11. Akbulut S, Ozer A, Gokce A, Demyati K, Saritas H, Yilmaz S. Attitudes, awareness, and knowledge levels of the Turkish adult population toward organ donation: Study of a nationwide survey. World J Clin Cases. 2020;8(11):2235-45. doi:10.12998/wjcc.v8.i11.2235.
  • 12. Topbaş M, Türkyilmaz S, Can G, Ulusoy S, Kalyoncu M, Kaynar K et al. Information, attitude, and behavior toward organ transplantation and donation among health workers in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey. Transplant Proc. 2011;43:773-7. doi:10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.02.073.
  • 13. Alam AA. Public opinion on organ donation in Saudi Arabia. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2007;18(1):54-9. PMID:17237892.
  • 14. Saleem T, Ishaque S, Habib N, Hussain SS, Jawed A, Khan AA, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices survey on organ donation among a selected adult population of Pakistan. BMC Med Ethics. 2009;10:5. doi:https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6939-10-5.
  • 15. Saha M, Hadiuzzaman KM, Faroque MO, Alam KS, Haque MA, Paul BK. Awareness about organ donation among school girls. Mymensingh Med J. 2011;20:287-91. PMID: 21522102.
  • 16. Tebourski F, Jaouadi N, Ben Alaya D, Benamar-Elgaaied A, Ayed M. Attitudes des professionnels de la santé à l'égard du don d'organes et de la transplantation [Attitude of health personnel to organ donation and transplantation]. Tunis Med. 2003;81:482-7. PMID:14534959.
  • 17. Al Sebayel MI, Khalaf H. Knowledge and attitude of intensivists toward organ donation in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Transplant Proc. 2004;36:1883-4. doi:10.1016/j.transproceed.2004.08.147.
  • 18. Laouad I, Hbali G, Mouhoub R, Fadili W, Lisri M, Kaitouni AI. Knowledge and attitudes of Moroccan hemodialysis patients toward renal transplantation: did we inform our patients enough? TransplantProc. 2011;43:445-7. doi:10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.01.030.
  • 19. Mohsin N, Militsala E, Budruddin M, Al-Khawaldi H, Al-Dhuhli Y, Al-Rahbi Y, et al. Attitude of the Omani population toward organ transplantation. Transplant Proc. 2010;42(10):4305-8. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2010.09.120.
  • 20. Türkyilmaz S, Topbaş M, Ulusoy S, Kalyoncu M, Kiliç E, Çan G. Attitudes and behavior regarding organ donation and transplantation on the part of religious officials in the Eastern Black Sea region of Turkey. Transplant Proc. 2013;45:864-8. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2013.02.095.
  • 21. Ozer A, Ekerbicer HC, Celik M, Nacar M. Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of officials of religion about organ donation in Kahramanmaras, an eastern Mediterranean city of Turkey. Transplant Proc. 2010;42:3363-7. doi:10.1016/j.transproceed.2010.08.035.
  • 22. Ekşi A. Discussions on organ transplantation from Islamic law. International Journal of Islamic Studies. 2019;5(2):383-97.
  • 23. Bilgel H, Sadikoglu G, Goktas O, Bilgel N. A survey of the public attitudes towards organ donation in a Turkish community and of the changes that have taken place in the last 12 years. Transpl Int. 2004;17:126-30. doi:10.1007/s00147-003-0680-5.
  • 24. Sakallı GD, Sucu Dağ G. Organ Transplantation and Donation From the Point of View of College Students. Transplant Proc. 2020;52:26-31. doi:10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.11.008.
  • 25. Abukhaizaran N, Hashem M, Hroub O, Belkebir S, Demyati K. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Palestinian people relating to organ donation in 2016: a cross-sectional study. Lancet. 2018;391(Suppl 2):45. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30411-2.
  • 26. Bapat U, Kedlaya PG; Gokulnath. Organ donation, awareness, attitudes, and beliefs among post-graduate medical students. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2010;21:174-80. PMID: 20061720
  • 27. Krupic F, Westin O, Hagelberg M, Sköldenberg O, Samuelsson K. The Influence of Age, Gender and Religion on Willingness to be an Organ Donor: Experience of Religious Muslims Living in Sweden. J Relig Health. 2019;58:847-59 . doi:10.1007/s10943-018-0670-7.
  • 28. Demırkiran O, Bozbay S, Elmaagac M, Agkoç M. Religious and Cultural Aspects of Organ Donation in the Turkish Population. Transplant Proc. 2019;51:2158-62. doi:10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.01.159.

İLAHİYAT FAKÜLTESİ ÖĞRENCİLERİNİN ORGAN BAĞIŞINA İLİŞKİN TUTUM VE DAVRANIŞLARI

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 2, 232 - 242, 04.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.35232/estudamhsd.990806

Öz

Bireylerin organ bağışı konusundaki tutum ve davranışlarını dini inanışları etkilemektedir. Bu çalışmada İlahiyat Fakültesi öğrencilerinin organ bağışı konusundaki bilgi, tutum ve davranışlarını incelemek amaçlanmıştır. İlahiyat Fakültesi öğrencilerinde yapılan bu çalışma kesitsel bir çalışmadır. Çalışmada örneklem seçilmemiştir. Veri toplama aracı olarak oluşturulan anketlerin ilk bölümünde sosyo-demografik sorular, ikinci bölümde ise literatür bilgisi doğrultusunda hazırlanan organ bağışı bilgi, tutum ve davranışlarını ölçen sorular yer almaktadır. İstatistiksel analizlerde; Ki-Kare testi kullanılmıştır. Çalışmaya katılan öğrencilerin %0,7’si organ bağışında bulunduğunu belirtmiştir. Öğrencilerin %56,4’ü dini açıdan organ bağışını uygun bulduğunu, %38,6’sı şimdiye kadar hiç gündemine gelmediği için organ bağışında bulunmadığını ifade etmiştir. Öğrencilerin organ bağışı bilgi durumuna göre dini açıdan organ bağışını uygun görme durumu karşılaştırıldığında; organ bağışı bilgisi olan öğrencilerin dini açıdan organ bağışının uygun görülme oranı %65,8, bilgisi olmayan öğrencilerin oranı ise %49,5’tir (p=0,001). Organ bağışı bilgileri olduğunu ifade eden öğrenciler organ bağışının dini açıdan uygun gördüklerini de belirtmiştir. Yapılacak olan eğitimlerle, geleceğin din görevlilerinin organ bağışı bilgi düzeyinin ve farkındalığının arttırılması sonucunda toplumun da organ bağışı düzeyini artırması hedeflenmelidir.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Rudge C, Matesanz R, Delmonico FL, Chapman J. International practices of organ donation. Br J Anaesth. 2012;108(Suppl_1):48-55. doi:10.1093/bja/aer399.
  • 2. Organ and Tissue Transplantation Services Regulation 2012. [cited 2020 Mar 23] Available from: https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/mevzuat?MevzuatNo=15860&MevzuatTur=7&MevzuatTertip=5
  • 3. Shaheen FA, Souqiyyeh MZ. Current obstacles to organ transplant in Middle Eastern countries. ExpClinTransplant. 2015;13(Suppl1):1-3. doi:10.6002/ect.mesot2014.L4
  • 4. Wang W, Tian H, Yin H, Liu H, Zhang XD. Attitudes toward organ donation in China. Chin Med J ). 2012;125:56-62. doi:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0366-6999.2012.01.011.
  • 5. Ozkan S, Yılmaz E. Knowledge and attitudes of patients’ relatives towards organ donation. Family and Public Education, Culture and Research Journal. 2009:18-29.
  • 6. Akbulut S, Ozer A, Firinci B, Saritas H, Demyati K, Yilmaz S. Attitudes, knowledge levels and behaviors of Islamic religious officials about organ donation in Turkey: National survey study. World J Clin Cases. 2020; 8(9):1620-31.doi:10.12998/wjcc.v8.i9.1620.
  • 7. Rady MY, Verheijde JL. Islam and end-of-life organ donation. Asking the right questions. Saudi Med J. 2009;30:882-86 .
  • 8. Karaman F. An Evaluation on organ transplantation and religious dimension. Journal of MESNED Divinity Researches. 2019;10(1):9-33.
  • 9. El-Shahat YI. Islamic viewpoint of organ transplantation. Transplant Proc. 1999;3:3271-4. doi: 10.1016/S0041-1345(99)00721-6.
  • 10. Anık O. organ donation in Turkey. First Health Organ Transplantation Special Issue. 2011;8:6.
  • 11. Akbulut S, Ozer A, Gokce A, Demyati K, Saritas H, Yilmaz S. Attitudes, awareness, and knowledge levels of the Turkish adult population toward organ donation: Study of a nationwide survey. World J Clin Cases. 2020;8(11):2235-45. doi:10.12998/wjcc.v8.i11.2235.
  • 12. Topbaş M, Türkyilmaz S, Can G, Ulusoy S, Kalyoncu M, Kaynar K et al. Information, attitude, and behavior toward organ transplantation and donation among health workers in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey. Transplant Proc. 2011;43:773-7. doi:10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.02.073.
  • 13. Alam AA. Public opinion on organ donation in Saudi Arabia. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2007;18(1):54-9. PMID:17237892.
  • 14. Saleem T, Ishaque S, Habib N, Hussain SS, Jawed A, Khan AA, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices survey on organ donation among a selected adult population of Pakistan. BMC Med Ethics. 2009;10:5. doi:https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6939-10-5.
  • 15. Saha M, Hadiuzzaman KM, Faroque MO, Alam KS, Haque MA, Paul BK. Awareness about organ donation among school girls. Mymensingh Med J. 2011;20:287-91. PMID: 21522102.
  • 16. Tebourski F, Jaouadi N, Ben Alaya D, Benamar-Elgaaied A, Ayed M. Attitudes des professionnels de la santé à l'égard du don d'organes et de la transplantation [Attitude of health personnel to organ donation and transplantation]. Tunis Med. 2003;81:482-7. PMID:14534959.
  • 17. Al Sebayel MI, Khalaf H. Knowledge and attitude of intensivists toward organ donation in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Transplant Proc. 2004;36:1883-4. doi:10.1016/j.transproceed.2004.08.147.
  • 18. Laouad I, Hbali G, Mouhoub R, Fadili W, Lisri M, Kaitouni AI. Knowledge and attitudes of Moroccan hemodialysis patients toward renal transplantation: did we inform our patients enough? TransplantProc. 2011;43:445-7. doi:10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.01.030.
  • 19. Mohsin N, Militsala E, Budruddin M, Al-Khawaldi H, Al-Dhuhli Y, Al-Rahbi Y, et al. Attitude of the Omani population toward organ transplantation. Transplant Proc. 2010;42(10):4305-8. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2010.09.120.
  • 20. Türkyilmaz S, Topbaş M, Ulusoy S, Kalyoncu M, Kiliç E, Çan G. Attitudes and behavior regarding organ donation and transplantation on the part of religious officials in the Eastern Black Sea region of Turkey. Transplant Proc. 2013;45:864-8. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2013.02.095.
  • 21. Ozer A, Ekerbicer HC, Celik M, Nacar M. Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of officials of religion about organ donation in Kahramanmaras, an eastern Mediterranean city of Turkey. Transplant Proc. 2010;42:3363-7. doi:10.1016/j.transproceed.2010.08.035.
  • 22. Ekşi A. Discussions on organ transplantation from Islamic law. International Journal of Islamic Studies. 2019;5(2):383-97.
  • 23. Bilgel H, Sadikoglu G, Goktas O, Bilgel N. A survey of the public attitudes towards organ donation in a Turkish community and of the changes that have taken place in the last 12 years. Transpl Int. 2004;17:126-30. doi:10.1007/s00147-003-0680-5.
  • 24. Sakallı GD, Sucu Dağ G. Organ Transplantation and Donation From the Point of View of College Students. Transplant Proc. 2020;52:26-31. doi:10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.11.008.
  • 25. Abukhaizaran N, Hashem M, Hroub O, Belkebir S, Demyati K. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Palestinian people relating to organ donation in 2016: a cross-sectional study. Lancet. 2018;391(Suppl 2):45. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30411-2.
  • 26. Bapat U, Kedlaya PG; Gokulnath. Organ donation, awareness, attitudes, and beliefs among post-graduate medical students. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2010;21:174-80. PMID: 20061720
  • 27. Krupic F, Westin O, Hagelberg M, Sköldenberg O, Samuelsson K. The Influence of Age, Gender and Religion on Willingness to be an Organ Donor: Experience of Religious Muslims Living in Sweden. J Relig Health. 2019;58:847-59 . doi:10.1007/s10943-018-0670-7.
  • 28. Demırkiran O, Bozbay S, Elmaagac M, Agkoç M. Religious and Cultural Aspects of Organ Donation in the Turkish Population. Transplant Proc. 2019;51:2158-62. doi:10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.01.159.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Halk ve Çevre Sağlığı
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Çiğdem TEKİN>
Department of Home Care Services, İnönü University, Health Vocational School, Malatya, Turkey
0000-0002-1777-8594
Türkiye


Ayşe GÖKÇE> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Department of Public Health, Inonu University Faculty of Medicine, Malatya, Turkey
0000-0002-0591-2936
Türkiye


Ali ÖZER>
Department of Public Health, İnönü University Faculty of Medicine, Malatya, Turkey
0000-0002-7144-4915
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 4 Haziran 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 4 Eylül 2021
Kabul Tarihi 24 Şubat 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Vancouver Tekin Ç. , Gökçe A. , Özer A. ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOURS OF THEOLOGY FACULTY STUDENTS ON ORGAN DONATION. ESTÜDAM Halk Sağlığı Dergisi. 2022; 7(2): 232-242.

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