Araştırma Makalesi
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Covid 19 Pandemisi ve Akademisyenler: Psikolojik Yansımalar ve Sosyal Yaşam Üzerindeki Etkileri

Yıl 2022, Cilt 42, Sayı 1, 85 - 121, 28.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.17152/gefad.988495

Öz

Bu çalışmada, tüm dünya ülkelerinin karşı karşıya kaldığı ve küresel bir sağlık acil durumu hâline gelen Covid-19 pandemisinin akademisyenler üzerindeki psikolojik etkilerinin araştırılması amaçlanmaktadır. Mevcut araştırma nitel araştırma desenlerinden fenomenolojik araştırma yöntemi ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çalışma grubunu 2020 yılı içerisinde Trabzon’da bir devlet üniversitesinde farklı kadrolarda görevlerini sürdürmekte olan 10 akademisyen oluşturmuştur. Araştırma verileri, yarı yapılandırılmış görüşme tekniği ile elde edilmiş, verilerin çözümlenmesinde ise içerik analizi kullanılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda, Covid-19 pandemi sürecinde, akademisyenlerin başta kaygı ve korku olmak üzere çeşitli olumsuz duygular deneyimledikleri; fiziksel, psikolojik ve sosyal yönden çeşitli sorunlar yaşadıkları, bu süreçte yaşanan sorunlarla başa çıkabilmek için problem odaklı, duygu odaklı ve dini başa çıkma yöntemleri kullandıkları belirlenmiştir. Bununla birlikte akademisyenler pandemi sürecinde yaşanan zorluklara rağmen bu süreçte büyüme ve gelişim fırsatı da elde ettiklerini, yaşamın anlamını yeniden değerlendirdiklerini ve aile bağlarının güçlendiğini belirtmişlerdir. Çalışma sonucunda elde edilen bulgular ilgili literatür ışığında tartışılmıştır. Mevcut çalışma bulgularının, beklenmedik ve bilinmeyen bir olgu olan Covid-19 pandemi krizinin psikolojik yansımalarının ve bireyler üzerindeki etkilerinin daha iyi anlaşılmasına ve psikolojik travmanın nasıl önleneceği konusundaki bilgilere katkı sağlayarak, etkili müdahaleler geliştirilmesine yardımcı olabileceği düşünülmektedir.

Kaynakça

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  • Aşkın, R., Bozkurt, Y., & Zeybek, Z. (2020). Covid-19 pandemisi: Psikolojik etkileri ve terapötik müdahaleler. İstanbul Ticaret Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, Covid-19 Sosyal Bilimler Özel Sayısı, 37, 304-318.
  • Aslani, Y., Niknejad, R., Moghimian, M., Maghaddasi, J., & Akbari, M. (2017). An investigation of the psychological experiences of patients under mechanical ventilation following open heart surgery. ARYA Atheroscler, 13(6), 274-281.
  • Brooks, S.K., Webster, R.K., Smith, L.E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020a). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet, 395 (10227), 912–920.
  • Brooks, S.K., Weston, D., & Greenberg, N. (2020b). Psychological impact of infectious disease outbreaks on pregnant women: Rapid evidence review. Public Health, 189, 26-36.
  • Chen, N., Zhou, M., Dong, X., Qu, J., Gong, F., Han, Y., Qiu, Y., Wang, J., Liu, Y., Wei, Y., Xia, J., Yu, T., Zhang, X., & Zhang, L. (2020). Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: A descriptive study. Lancet (London, England), 395(10223), 507–513. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30211-7
  • Cheng, V. C., Wong, S. C., Chuang, V. W., So, S. Y., Chen, J. H., Sridhar, S., To, K. K., Chan, J. F., Hung, I. F., Ho, P. L., & Yuen, K. Y. (2020). The role of community-wide wearing of face mask for control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic due to SARS-CoV-2. The Journal of infection, 81(1), 107–114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2020.04.024
  • Çakır Kardeş, V. (2020). Pandemi süreci ve sonrası ruhsal ve davranışsal değerlendirme. Türkiye Diyabet ve Obezite Dergisi, 4(2), 160-169.
  • Dikmen, A.U., Kına, M., Özkan, S., & İlhan, M.N. (2020). COVID-19 epidemiyolojisi: Pandemiden ne öğrendik. Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research, 4, 29-36. https://doi.org/10.34084/bshr.715153
  • Ercan, M., & Arıcı, A. (2020). Covid-19 pandemi sürecinin yaşlılar üzerindeki biyopsiko-sosyal etkileri üzerine bir değerlendirme. Journal of ADEM, 1(3), 5-22.
  • Ergönen, A.T., Biçen, E., & Ersoy, G. (2020). Covid-19 salgınında ev içi şiddet. The Bulletin of Legal Medicine, 25, 48-57. https://doi.org/10.17986/blm.2020.v25i.1408.
  • Farber, F., & Rosendahl, J. (2018). The Association between resilience and mental health in the somatically III: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Deutsches € Arzteblatt Int. 115(38), 621-627.
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  • Guan, W. J., Ni, Z. Y., Hu, Y., Liang, W. H., Ou, C. Q., He, J. X., ... & Zhong, N. S. (2020). Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. New England Journal of Medicine, 382(18), 1708-1720.
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  • Hatun, O., Dicle, A.N., & Demirci, İ. (2020). Koronavirüs salgınının psikolojik yansımaları ve salgınla başa çıkma. Turkish Studies, 15(4), 531-554. https://dx.doi.org/10.7827/TurkishStudies.44364
  • Holmes, E.A., O'Connor, R.C., Perry, V.H., Tracey, I., Wessely, S., Arseneault, L., Ballard, C. L., Christensen, H., Silver, R. C., Everall, I., Ford, T., John, A., Kabir, T., King, K., Madan, I., Michie, S., Przybylski, A. K., Shafran, R., Sweeney, A., Worthman, C.M., Yardley, L., et al., (2020). Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: A call for action for mental health science. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(6), 547–560. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30168-1.
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  • Kaya, B. (2020). Pandeminin ruh sağlığına etkileri. Klinik Psikiyatri Dergisi, 23, 123- 124. https://doi.org/10.5505/kpd.2020.64325.
  • Keles, B., McCrae, N., & Grealish, A. (2020). A systematic review: The influence of social media on depression, anxiety and psychological distress in adolescents. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 25, 79–93.
  • Kırdar, Y., & Demir-Otay, F. (2007). Kriz iletişimi olarak internet: Kuş gribi krizi örneği. İstanbul Üniversitesi İletişim Fakültesi Dergisi, 29, 93-106. https://doi.org/10.17064/iüifhd.13098
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The Covid 19 Pandemic and Academics: Psychological Reflections and Its Impact on Social Life

Yıl 2022, Cilt 42, Sayı 1, 85 - 121, 28.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.17152/gefad.988495

Öz

The aim of this study is to investigate the psychological effects of the covid-19 pandemic on academics, which is facing all countries of the world and has become a global health emergency. The current research was carried out with the phenomenological research method, one of the qualitative research designs. The working group was formed by 10 academicians who are working in different positions at a state university in Trabzon in 2020. The research data were obtained by semi-structured interview technique, and content analysis was used to analyze the data. As a result of the research, during the Covid-19 pandemic, it was found that academics experienced various negative emotions, especially anxiety and fear; also they experienced various physical, psychological and social problems, and it was determined that they used problemfocused, emotion-focused and religious coping methods to cope with the problems experienced in this process. However, academics stated that despite the difficulties experienced during the pandemic, they also had the opportunity to grow and develop, re-evaluate the meaning of life, and strengthen family ties. The findings obtained as a result of the study were discussed in the light of the relevant literature. It is thought that the current study findings can help to develop effective interventions by contributing to a better understanding of the psychological reflections and effects of the Covid-19 pandemic crisis which is an unexpected and unknown phenomenon, and its effects on individuals and how to prevent psychological trauma.

Kaynakça

  • Alipour, F., Arshi, M., Ahmadi, S., LeBeau, R., Shaabani, A., & Ostadhashemi, L. (2020). Psychosocial challenges and concerns of COVID-19: A qualitative study in Iran. Health. https://doi.org/10.1177/1363459320976752
  • Aşkın, R., Bozkurt, Y., & Zeybek, Z. (2020). Covid-19 pandemisi: Psikolojik etkileri ve terapötik müdahaleler. İstanbul Ticaret Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, Covid-19 Sosyal Bilimler Özel Sayısı, 37, 304-318.
  • Aslani, Y., Niknejad, R., Moghimian, M., Maghaddasi, J., & Akbari, M. (2017). An investigation of the psychological experiences of patients under mechanical ventilation following open heart surgery. ARYA Atheroscler, 13(6), 274-281.
  • Brooks, S.K., Webster, R.K., Smith, L.E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020a). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet, 395 (10227), 912–920.
  • Brooks, S.K., Weston, D., & Greenberg, N. (2020b). Psychological impact of infectious disease outbreaks on pregnant women: Rapid evidence review. Public Health, 189, 26-36.
  • Chen, N., Zhou, M., Dong, X., Qu, J., Gong, F., Han, Y., Qiu, Y., Wang, J., Liu, Y., Wei, Y., Xia, J., Yu, T., Zhang, X., & Zhang, L. (2020). Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: A descriptive study. Lancet (London, England), 395(10223), 507–513. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30211-7
  • Cheng, V. C., Wong, S. C., Chuang, V. W., So, S. Y., Chen, J. H., Sridhar, S., To, K. K., Chan, J. F., Hung, I. F., Ho, P. L., & Yuen, K. Y. (2020). The role of community-wide wearing of face mask for control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic due to SARS-CoV-2. The Journal of infection, 81(1), 107–114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2020.04.024
  • Çakır Kardeş, V. (2020). Pandemi süreci ve sonrası ruhsal ve davranışsal değerlendirme. Türkiye Diyabet ve Obezite Dergisi, 4(2), 160-169.
  • Dikmen, A.U., Kına, M., Özkan, S., & İlhan, M.N. (2020). COVID-19 epidemiyolojisi: Pandemiden ne öğrendik. Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research, 4, 29-36. https://doi.org/10.34084/bshr.715153
  • Ercan, M., & Arıcı, A. (2020). Covid-19 pandemi sürecinin yaşlılar üzerindeki biyopsiko-sosyal etkileri üzerine bir değerlendirme. Journal of ADEM, 1(3), 5-22.
  • Ergönen, A.T., Biçen, E., & Ersoy, G. (2020). Covid-19 salgınında ev içi şiddet. The Bulletin of Legal Medicine, 25, 48-57. https://doi.org/10.17986/blm.2020.v25i.1408.
  • Farber, F., & Rosendahl, J. (2018). The Association between resilience and mental health in the somatically III: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Deutsches € Arzteblatt Int. 115(38), 621-627.
  • Folkman S. (1984). Personal control and stress and coping processes: a theoretical analysis. Journal Of Personality and Social Psychology, 46(4), 839–852. https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-3514.46.4.839
  • Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R.S. (1985). If it changes it must be a process: Study of emotion and coping during three stages of a college examination. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48(1), 150-170.
  • Giurgescu, C., Penckofer, S., Maurer, M.C., & Fred, B.B. (2006). Impact of uncertainty, social support, and prenatal coping on the psychological well-being of highrisk pregnant women. Nursing Research, 55(5) 356–365.
  • Guan, W. J., Ni, Z. Y., Hu, Y., Liang, W. H., Ou, C. Q., He, J. X., ... & Zhong, N. S. (2020). Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. New England Journal of Medicine, 382(18), 1708-1720.
  • Hao, F., Tan, W., Jiang, L., Zhang, L., Zhao, X., Zou, Y., Hu, Y., Luo, X., Jiang, X., McIntyre, R. S., Tran, B., Sun, J., Zhang, Z., Ho, R., Ho, C., & Tam, W. (2020). Do psychiatric patients experience more psychiatric symptoms during COVID19 pandemic and lockdown? A case-control study with service and research implications for immunopsychiatry. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 87, 100– 106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2020.04.069
  • Hatun, O., Dicle, A.N., & Demirci, İ. (2020). Koronavirüs salgınının psikolojik yansımaları ve salgınla başa çıkma. Turkish Studies, 15(4), 531-554. https://dx.doi.org/10.7827/TurkishStudies.44364
  • Holmes, E.A., O'Connor, R.C., Perry, V.H., Tracey, I., Wessely, S., Arseneault, L., Ballard, C. L., Christensen, H., Silver, R. C., Everall, I., Ford, T., John, A., Kabir, T., King, K., Madan, I., Michie, S., Przybylski, A. K., Shafran, R., Sweeney, A., Worthman, C.M., Yardley, L., et al., (2020). Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: A call for action for mental health science. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(6), 547–560. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30168-1.
  • Hong, X., Currier, G. W., Zhao, X., Jiang, Y., Zhou, W., & Wei, J. (2009). Posttraumatic stress disorder in convalescent severe acute respiratory syndrome patients: a 4-year follow-up study. General Hospital Psychiatry, 31(6), 546–554. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2009.06.008
  • Huang, C., Wang, Y., Li, X., Red, L., Zhao, J., Hu, Y., Zhang, L., Fan, G., Xu, J., Gu, X., Cheng, Z., Yu, T., Xia, J., Wei, Y., Wu, W., Xie, X., Yin, W., Li, H., Liu, M., Xiao, Y., et al. (2020). Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. The Lancet, 395(10223),497–506.
  • Husserl, E. (1960). Cartesian meditations: An introduction to phenomenology (D. Cairns, Trans.). Springer James, P.B., Wardle, J., Steel, A., & Adams, J. (2019). Post‐Ebola psychosocial experiences and coping mechanisms among Ebola survivors: A systematic review. Tropical Medicine International Health, 24 (6), 671–691. https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13226.
  • JAVA (2013). Declaration of Helsinki World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 79, 373– 374.
  • Kaplan, J., Frias, L., & McFall-Johnsen, M. (2020, April 13). A third of the global population is on coronavirus lockdown — Here’s our constantly updated list of countries and restrictions. Retrieved from: https://www.businessinsider.com/countries-on-lockdowncoronavirus-italy-2020- 3?IR=T.
  • Kaya, B. (2020). Pandeminin ruh sağlığına etkileri. Klinik Psikiyatri Dergisi, 23, 123- 124. https://doi.org/10.5505/kpd.2020.64325.
  • Keles, B., McCrae, N., & Grealish, A. (2020). A systematic review: The influence of social media on depression, anxiety and psychological distress in adolescents. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 25, 79–93.
  • Kırdar, Y., & Demir-Otay, F. (2007). Kriz iletişimi olarak internet: Kuş gribi krizi örneği. İstanbul Üniversitesi İletişim Fakültesi Dergisi, 29, 93-106. https://doi.org/10.17064/iüifhd.13098
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Hatice ODACI
KARADENİZ TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ, PSİKOLOJİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0002-2080-6269
Türkiye


Tuğba TÜRKKAN
GÜMÜŞHANE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ, SOSYAL HİZMETLER BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0002-3955-6597
Türkiye


Kenan BÜLBÜL (Sorumlu Yazar)
İsmail Yıldırım İlkokulu
0000-0002-7527-6082
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum yok
Proje Numarası yok
Yayımlanma Tarihi 28 Nisan 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 42, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { gefad988495, journal = {Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1301-9058}, address = {}, publisher = {Gazi Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {42}, pages = {85 - 121}, doi = {10.17152/gefad.988495}, title = {Covid 19 Pandemisi ve Akademisyenler: Psikolojik Yansımalar ve Sosyal Yaşam Üzerindeki Etkileri}, key = {cite}, author = {Odacı, Hatice and Türkkan, Tuğba and Bülbül, Kenan} }
APA Odacı, H. , Türkkan, T. & Bülbül, K. (2022). Covid 19 Pandemisi ve Akademisyenler: Psikolojik Yansımalar ve Sosyal Yaşam Üzerindeki Etkileri . Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi , 42 (1) , 85-121 . DOI: 10.17152/gefad.988495
MLA Odacı, H. , Türkkan, T. , Bülbül, K. "Covid 19 Pandemisi ve Akademisyenler: Psikolojik Yansımalar ve Sosyal Yaşam Üzerindeki Etkileri" . Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 42 (2022 ): 85-121 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gefad/issue/69633/988495>
Chicago Odacı, H. , Türkkan, T. , Bülbül, K. "Covid 19 Pandemisi ve Akademisyenler: Psikolojik Yansımalar ve Sosyal Yaşam Üzerindeki Etkileri". Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 42 (2022 ): 85-121
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Covid 19 Pandemisi ve Akademisyenler: Psikolojik Yansımalar ve Sosyal Yaşam Üzerindeki Etkileri AU - Hatice Odacı , Tuğba Türkkan , Kenan Bülbül Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.17152/gefad.988495 DO - 10.17152/gefad.988495 T2 - Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 85 EP - 121 VL - 42 IS - 1 SN - 1301-9058- M3 - doi: 10.17152/gefad.988495 UR - https://doi.org/10.17152/gefad.988495 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi Covid 19 Pandemisi ve Akademisyenler: Psikolojik Yansımalar ve Sosyal Yaşam Üzerindeki Etkileri %A Hatice Odacı , Tuğba Türkkan , Kenan Bülbül %T Covid 19 Pandemisi ve Akademisyenler: Psikolojik Yansımalar ve Sosyal Yaşam Üzerindeki Etkileri %D 2022 %J Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1301-9058- %V 42 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17152/gefad.988495 %U 10.17152/gefad.988495
ISNAD Odacı, Hatice , Türkkan, Tuğba , Bülbül, Kenan . "Covid 19 Pandemisi ve Akademisyenler: Psikolojik Yansımalar ve Sosyal Yaşam Üzerindeki Etkileri". Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 42 / 1 (Nisan 2022): 85-121 . https://doi.org/10.17152/gefad.988495
AMA Odacı H. , Türkkan T. , Bülbül K. Covid 19 Pandemisi ve Akademisyenler: Psikolojik Yansımalar ve Sosyal Yaşam Üzerindeki Etkileri. GEFAD. 2022; 42(1): 85-121.
Vancouver Odacı H. , Türkkan T. , Bülbül K. Covid 19 Pandemisi ve Akademisyenler: Psikolojik Yansımalar ve Sosyal Yaşam Üzerindeki Etkileri. Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 2022; 42(1): 85-121.
IEEE H. Odacı , T. Türkkan ve K. Bülbül , "Covid 19 Pandemisi ve Akademisyenler: Psikolojik Yansımalar ve Sosyal Yaşam Üzerindeki Etkileri", Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 42, sayı. 1, ss. 85-121, Nis. 2022, doi:10.17152/gefad.988495