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COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Yetişkinlerin Besin Destekleri Kullanımlarının İncelenmesi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 31, Sayı 4, 430 - 439, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.54005/geneltip.988805

Öz

Amaç: Bu araştırmanın amacı, COVID-19 pandemi sürecinde yetişkinlerin besin destekleri (vitamin-mineral ve bitkisel ürün) kullanımlarının incelenmesidir. Gereç ve Yöntem: Tanımlayıcı ve kesitsel nitelikte olan araştırma, Mayıs 2021-Ağustos 2021 tarihleri arasında gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çalışma 18-65 yaş arası 402 yetişkin üzerinde yürütülmüştür. Veri toplama aracı olarak online anket formu uygulanmıştır. Bulgular: Katılımcıların %58.7’si kadın, %41.3’ü erkektir (ortalama yaş; 36.3±11.7 yıl) ve %77.9’u üniversite ve lisansüstü mezunudur. %15.4’ü COVID-19 tanısı aldığını belirtmiştir. Katılımcıların %66.2’si pandemi sürecinde besin destekleri kullanmıştır. Besin destekleri kullanım amaçları sırasıyla; ‘bağışıklık sistemini güçlendirmek’ (%72.9), ‘kendini iyi hissetmek’ (%44.0), ‘COVID-19’dan korunmak’ (%39.1) ve ‘vücuttaki yetersizliği gidermek’(%35.7) tir. Katılımcıların yarıdan fazlasının besin desteklerinin COVID-19’a karşı koruyucu olduğuna inandığı ve COVID-19 tanısı alanların çoğunluğunun (%80.6) besin destekleri kullanmaya başladıkları saptanmıştır. Katılımcıların besin desteği hakkında bilgiyi en çok kitle iletişim araçlarından edindikleri; besin desteği kullanma kararında sağlık uzmanlarının, kitle iletişim araçlarının ve sosyal çevrenin etkili olduğu belirlenmiştir. Pandemi sürecinde en çok kullanılan besin destekleri C, D, B grubu vitaminleri, zencefil, tarçın, yeşil çay ve zerdeçaldır. Çalışmada, besin destekleri kullanımında; cinsiyet, öğrenim durumu ve yaşanılan yer, medeni durum, gelir, meslek, kronik hastalık durumu, COVID-19 tanısı alma durumunun etkili olduğu saptanmıştır. Sonuç: Araştırmanın sonucunda, COVID-19 pandemi sürecinde yetişkinlerin besin destekleri kullanımının arttığı ortaya çıkmıştır. Besin destekleri, beslenmeyi destekleyici veya bağışıklığı güçlendirici olarak kullanılmasıyla birlikte yanlış bilgiler ve bilinçsiz kullanım sonucunda sağlığı bozucu etkilere neden olmaktadır. Bu nedenle, besin desteklerinin doktor veya diyetisyen gibi uzmanların kontrolünde kullanılması ve sağlığa etkileri konusunda farkındalığın artırılması önemlidir.

Kaynakça

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Investigation of Adults’ Use of Dietary Supplements during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Yıl 2021, Cilt 31, Sayı 4, 430 - 439, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.54005/geneltip.988805

Öz

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the use of dietary supplements (vitamin-mineral and herbal products) by adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: The descriptive and cross-sectional study was performed between May 2021 and August 2021. The study was conducted on 402 adults aged between 18-65 years old. An online questionnaire was used as a data collection tool. Results: 58.7% of the participants were female, 41.3% male (mean age; 36.3±11.7 years), and 77.9% of them were university or postgraduate degrees. 15.4% stated that they were diagnosed with COVID-19. 66.2% of the participants used dietary supplements during the pandemic. Participants'purposes for using nutritional supplements were to ‘strengthen the immune system’ (72.9%), ‘feel good’ (44.0%), ‘protect from COVID-19’ (39.1%) and ‘eliminate body deficiency’(35.7%), respectively. It was determined that more than half of the participants believed that dietary supplements were protective against COVID-19 and that the majority (80.6%) of those diagnosed with COVID-19 started using dietary supplements. It was determined that the participants obtained information about dietary supplements mostly from the mass media; health professionals, mass media and the social environment were effective in the decision to use dietary supplements The most used dietary supplements during the pandemic were C, D, B group vitamins, ginger, cinnamon, green tea and turmeric. In the study, it was found that gender, educational status, place of residence, marital status, income, occupation, chronic disease status, COVID-19 diagnosis were effective in the use of dietary supplements. Conclusion: As a result of the research, it was revealed that the use of dietary supplements by adults increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. Although dietary supplements are used to support nutrition or strengthen immunity, they cause health-impairing effects as a result of incorrect information and unconscious use. For this reason, it is important to use dietary supplements under the control of specialists such as a doctor or dietitian and to raise awareness about their effects on health.

Kaynakça

  • 1- Rothan HA, Byrareddy SN. The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. Journal of autoimmunity 2020;109:102433.
  • 2- Adhikari SP, Meng S, Wu YJ, et al. Epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestation and diagnosis, prevention and control of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) during the early outbreak period: a scoping review. Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2020;9(1):1-12.
  • 3- Shakoor H, Feehan J, Al Dhaheri AS, et al. Immuneboosting role of vitamins D, C, E, zinc, selenium and omega-3 fatty acids: could they help against COVID-19? Maturitas 2021;143:1–9.
  • 4- Jayawardena R, Sooriyaarachchi P, Chourdakis M, Jeewandara C, Ranasinghe P. Enhancing immunity in viral infections, with special emphasis on COVID-19: A review. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews 2020;14(4):367-382.
  • 5- Jawhara S. Could intravenous immunoglobulin collected from recovered coronavirus patients protect against covid-19 and strengthen the immune system of new patients? International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2020;21(7):2272.
  • 6- Curtis LJ, Bernier P, Jeejeebhoy K, et al. Costs of hospital malnutrition. Clinical Nutrition 2017;36(5):1391-1396.
  • 7- Polamarasetti P, Danik M. Nutrition planning during the covid-19 pandemic for aging immunity. Bioactive Compounds in Health and Disease 2020;3:109-123.
  • 8- Wintergerst ES, Maggini S, Hornig DH. Contribution of selected vitamins and trace elements to immune function. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 2007;51(4):301-323.
  • 9- T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı. Türkiye Beslenme ve Sağlık Araştırması (TBSA) 2019. Ankara 2019;69-195.
  • 10- Ergen A, Bekoğlu FB. Türkiye’de besin destek ürünlerine yönelik görüşler ve tüketici profilini tanımlamaya yönelik bir araştırma. İşletme Araştırmaları Dergisi 2016;8(1):323-341.
  • 11- Austin Z, Martin JC, Gregory PA. Pharmacy practice in times of civil crisis: The experience of SARS and the blackout in Ontario, Canada. Res. Social Adm Pharm. 2007;3: 320–335.
  • 12- Lake MA. What we know so far: COVID-19 current clinical knowledge and research. Clin. Med. (Lond.) 2020;20:124–127.
  • 13- World Health Organization, 2020a. ’Modes of transmission of virus causing COVID-19: implications for IPC precaution recommendations’. Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/commentaries/detail/modes-of-transmission-of-virus-causing-covid-19-implications-for-ipc-precaution-recommendations. Erişim tarihi 10 Ağustos 2021. (Accessed August 10, 2021.)
  • 14- World Health Organization, 2020b. ‘‘Report of the WHO-China Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) ”. Available at: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/report-of-the-who-china-joint-mission-on-coronavirus-disease-2019-(covid-19). Erişim tarihi 8 Ağustos 2021. (Accessed August 8, 2021.)
  • 15- Salathe M, Althaus CL, Neher R, et al. COVID-19 epidemic in Switzerland: on the importance of testing, contact tracing and isolation. Swiss. Med. Wkly 2020;150:w20225.
  • 16- Grebow, J. Dietary supplement sales skyrocket during coronavirus pandemic. Nutritional Outlook 2020;23(4):14.
  • 17- Kantar. Consumer panel for food, beverages and household products, 2020. Available: kantarworldpanel.com. Erişim tarihi 10 Ağustos 2021. (Accessed August 10, 2021.)
  • 18- Çimke S, Yıldırım Gurkan D. Determination of interest in vitamin use during covid-19 pandemic using google trends data: Infodemiology study. Nutrition 2021;85:1-6.
  • 19- Ipsos Araştırma Merkezi. (2021). Koronavirüs salgını ve toplum araştırmasının 49. dönem verileri. Available at: https://www.ipsos.com/tr-tr/vatandaslar-salgin-basindan-bu-yana-ortalama-66-kilo-almis. Erişim tarihi 10 Ağustos 2021. (Accessed August 10, 2021.)
  • 20- Calder PC, Carr AC, Gombart AF, Eggersdorfer M. Optimal nutritional status for a well-functioning immune system is an important factor to protect against viral infections. Nutrients 2020;12:1181.
  • 21- Adams KK, Baker WL, Sobieraj DM. Myth busters: dietary supplements and COVID-19. Ann. Pharmacother 2020;54:820–826.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Tıp
Bölüm Original Article
Yazarlar

Gülperi DEMİR>
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-7362-3335
Türkiye


Beyza KILIÇKALKAN> (Sorumlu Yazar)
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
0000-0003-0789-3932
Türkiye


Muhammed Kazım TAKAK>
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
0000-0002-3541-2641
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum -
Proje Numarası -
Teşekkür Katılımcılara teşekkür ederiz.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Aralık 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 31 Ağustos 2021
Kabul Tarihi 27 Ekim 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 31, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { geneltip988805, journal = {Genel Tıp Dergisi}, eissn = {2602-3741}, address = {Genel Tıp Dergisi Selçuk Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dekanlığı Alaeddin Keykubat Yerleşkesi 42131 Selçuklu-KONYA Tel: 0 (332) 241 21 81 Fax: 0 (332) 241 21 84}, publisher = {Selçuk Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {31}, number = {4}, pages = {430 - 439}, doi = {10.54005/geneltip.988805}, title = {COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Yetişkinlerin Besin Destekleri Kullanımlarının İncelenmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Demir, Gülperi and Kılıçkalkan, Beyza and Takak, Muhammed Kazım} }
APA Demir, G. , Kılıçkalkan, B. & Takak, M. K. (2021). COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Yetişkinlerin Besin Destekleri Kullanımlarının İncelenmesi . Genel Tıp Dergisi , 31 (4) , 430-439 . DOI: 10.54005/geneltip.988805
MLA Demir, G. , Kılıçkalkan, B. , Takak, M. K. "COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Yetişkinlerin Besin Destekleri Kullanımlarının İncelenmesi" . Genel Tıp Dergisi 31 (2021 ): 430-439 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/geneltip/issue/66219/988805>
Chicago Demir, G. , Kılıçkalkan, B. , Takak, M. K. "COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Yetişkinlerin Besin Destekleri Kullanımlarının İncelenmesi". Genel Tıp Dergisi 31 (2021 ): 430-439
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Yetişkinlerin Besin Destekleri Kullanımlarının İncelenmesi AU - Gülperi Demir , Beyza Kılıçkalkan , Muhammed Kazım Takak Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.54005/geneltip.988805 DO - 10.54005/geneltip.988805 T2 - Genel Tıp Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 430 EP - 439 VL - 31 IS - 4 SN - -2602-3741 M3 - doi: 10.54005/geneltip.988805 UR - https://doi.org/10.54005/geneltip.988805 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Genel Tıp Dergisi COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Yetişkinlerin Besin Destekleri Kullanımlarının İncelenmesi %A Gülperi Demir , Beyza Kılıçkalkan , Muhammed Kazım Takak %T COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Yetişkinlerin Besin Destekleri Kullanımlarının İncelenmesi %D 2021 %J Genel Tıp Dergisi %P -2602-3741 %V 31 %N 4 %R doi: 10.54005/geneltip.988805 %U 10.54005/geneltip.988805
ISNAD Demir, Gülperi , Kılıçkalkan, Beyza , Takak, Muhammed Kazım . "COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Yetişkinlerin Besin Destekleri Kullanımlarının İncelenmesi". Genel Tıp Dergisi 31 / 4 (Aralık 2021): 430-439 . https://doi.org/10.54005/geneltip.988805
AMA Demir G. , Kılıçkalkan B. , Takak M. K. COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Yetişkinlerin Besin Destekleri Kullanımlarının İncelenmesi. Genel Tıp Derg. 2021; 31(4): 430-439.
Vancouver Demir G. , Kılıçkalkan B. , Takak M. K. COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Yetişkinlerin Besin Destekleri Kullanımlarının İncelenmesi. Genel Tıp Dergisi. 2021; 31(4): 430-439.
IEEE G. Demir , B. Kılıçkalkan ve M. K. Takak , "COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Yetişkinlerin Besin Destekleri Kullanımlarının İncelenmesi", Genel Tıp Dergisi, c. 31, sayı. 4, ss. 430-439, Ara. 2021, doi:10.54005/geneltip.988805