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Covid-19 Pandemisi: Geriatrik Popülasyonun Sosyal İzolasyon Sırasında ve Sonrasında Egzersiz İhtiyacı

Yıl 2020, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 60 - 65, 31.08.2020
https://doi.org/10.47141/geriatrik.745315

Öz

Özet: Geriatrik bireyler, yaşlanma sürecinin getirdiği bazı fizyolojik değişikliklerden dolayı klinisyenler açısından özel dikkat gerektiren gruplar arasındadır. Koronavirus ailesinin bir üyesi olan SARS-COV-2 virüsünün neden olduğu ağır solunum yolu enfeksiyonu, tüm dünya çapında bir salgına neden olmuştur ve özellikle yaşlı, ek kronik hastalığı olan bireyler üzerinde yüksek mortaliteye sahiptir. Bu sebeple, birçok ülke yönetimi özellikle geriatrik yaş grubunda uygulanmak üzere çeşitli sosyal izolasyon önlemleri alarak bu yaş grubuna olan bulaşı engellemeye çalışmaktadır. Fakat bu sosyal izolasyon dönemi sırasında her yaş grubunda karşılaşılabilecek fiziksel ve mental birtakım sorunlar ortaya çıkabilmektedir. Yaşlı bireylerde ise bu değişiklikler daha kritik sonuçları olabilecek ve özel yaklaşım gerektiren sonuçlar doğurabilmektedir. Biz de bu kısa derlememizle, sosyal izolasyon sırasında ve sonrasında geriatrik yaş grubundaki bireylerde düzenli egzersizin gerekliliğine ve yapılabilecek egzersiz çeşitlerine dikkat çekmek istedik.

Anahtar kelimeler: Koronavirus, egzersiz, geriatri, sosyal izolasyon

Kaynakça

  • Guan W-j, Ni Z-y, Hu Y, et al. Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. N Engl J Med. 2020; 382: 1708-20.
  • de Oliveira Neto L, Elsangedy HM, de Oliveira Tavares VD, et al. # TrainingInHome-Home-based training during COVID-19 (SARS-COV2) pandemic: physical exercise and behavior-based approach. Rev Bras Fisiol Exerc. 2020; 19.
  • World Health Organization. Statement on the second meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). 2005. Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/30-01-2020-statement-on-the-second-meeting-of-the-international-health-regulations-(2005)-emergency-committee-regarding-the-outbreak-of-novel-coronavirus-(2019-ncov). (Accessed: 29/05/2020).
  • World Health Organization. Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Situation Report - 130. Available at: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200529-covid-19-sitrep-130.pdf?sfvrsn=bf7e7f0c_4. (Accessed: 29/05/2020)
  • Allen PM, Smith L. SARS-CoV-2 self-isolation: recommendations for people with a vision impairment. Eye (Lond). 2020: 1-2.
  • Steinman MA, Perry L, Perissinotto CM. Meeting the care needs of older adults isolated at home during the Covid-19 pandemic. JAMA Intern Med. 2020.
  • Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet. 2020; 395: 497-506.
  • Kortebein P, Ferrando A, Lombeida J, et al. Effect of 10 days of bed rest on skeletal muscle in healthy older adults. JAMA. 2007; 297: 1769-74.
  • Aubertin-Leheudre M, Rolland Y. The importance of physical activity to care for frail older adults during the Covid-19 pandemic. JAMDA. In: Elsevier; 2020.
  • Donovan NJ, Wu Q, Rentz DM, et al. Loneliness, depression and cognitive function in older US adults. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017; 32: 564-73.
  • van den Berg N, Schumann M, Kraft K, et al. Telemedicine and telecare for older patients-A systematic review. Maturitas. 2012; 73: 94-114.
  • Beard JR, Officer A, De Carvalho IA, et al. The World report on ageing and health: a policy framework for healthy ageing. Lancet. 2016; 387: 2145-54.
  • Izquierdo M, Morley JE, Lucia A. Exercise in people over 85. BMJ (Clinical research ed.). 2020; 368, m402.
  • Wahid A, Manek N, Nichols M, et al. Quantifying the association between physical activity and cardiovascular disease and diabetes: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016; 5: e002495.
  • Kivimäki M, Singh-Manoux A, Pentti J, et al. Physical inactivity, cardiometabolic disease, and risk of dementia: an individual-participant meta-analysis. BMJ. 2019; 365: l1495.
  • Lippi G, Henry BM, Sanchis-Gomar F. Physical inactivity and cardiovascular disease at the time of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2020: 2047487320916823.
  • Martin SA, Pence BD, Woods JA. Exercise and respiratory tract viral infections. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2009; 37: 157.
  • Harris MD. Infectious disease in athletes. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2011; 10: 84-9.
  • Ahmadinejad Z, Alijani N, Mansori S, et al. Common sports-related infections: a review on clinical pictures, management and time to return to sports. Asian J Sports Med. 2014; 5: 1.
  • Halabchi F, Ahmadinejad Z, Selk-Ghaffari M. COVID-19 Epidemic: Exercise or Not to Exercise; That is the Question!. Asian J. Sports Med. 2020; 11: e102630.
  • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı, Türkiye fiziksel aktivite rehberi, Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Kurumu, Ankara, 2014.
  • Chen P, Mao L, Nassis GP, et al. Wuhan coronavirus (2019-nCoV): The need to maintain regular physical activity while taking precautions. J Sport Health Sci. 2020; 9: 103.
  • Jiménez-Pavón D, Carbonell-Baeza A, Lavie CJ. Physical exercise as therapy to fight against the mental and physical consequences of COVID-19 quarantine: Special focus in older people. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2020.
  • Cadore EL, de Asteasu MLS, Izquierdo M. Multicomponent exercise and the hallmarks of frailty: Considerations on cognitive impairment and acute hospitalization. Exp Gerontol. 2019.
  • Tate DF, Lyons EJ, Valle CG. High-tech tools for exercise motivation: use and role of technologies such as the internet, mobile applications, social media, and video games. Diabetes Spectr. 2015; 28: 45-54.
  • Banerjee M, Chakraborty S, Pal R. Diabetes self-management amid COVID-19 pandemic. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020; 14: 4: 351.

Covid-19 Pandemic: The Need for Exercise During and After the Social Isolation of the Geriatric Population

Yıl 2020, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 60 - 65, 31.08.2020
https://doi.org/10.47141/geriatrik.745315

Öz

Summary: Geriatric individuals are among the groups that require special attention for clinicians due to some physiological changes brought about by the aging process. Severe respiratory infection caused by the SARS-COV-2 virus has caused a worldwide pandemic and has a high mortality, especially in elderly people with additional chronic disease. For this reason, the management of many countries tries to prevent transmission to this age group by taking various social isolation measures to be applied especially in the geriatric age group. However, during this social isolation period, some physical and mental problems may arise in any age group. In older individuals, these changes may have more critical results and require special approach. With this short review, we wanted to draw attention to the necessity of regular exercise and the types of exercise that can be done in individuals in the geriatric age group during and after social isolation.

Keywords: Coronavirus, exercise, geriatrics, social isolation


Kaynakça

  • Guan W-j, Ni Z-y, Hu Y, et al. Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. N Engl J Med. 2020; 382: 1708-20.
  • de Oliveira Neto L, Elsangedy HM, de Oliveira Tavares VD, et al. # TrainingInHome-Home-based training during COVID-19 (SARS-COV2) pandemic: physical exercise and behavior-based approach. Rev Bras Fisiol Exerc. 2020; 19.
  • World Health Organization. Statement on the second meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). 2005. Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/30-01-2020-statement-on-the-second-meeting-of-the-international-health-regulations-(2005)-emergency-committee-regarding-the-outbreak-of-novel-coronavirus-(2019-ncov). (Accessed: 29/05/2020).
  • World Health Organization. Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Situation Report - 130. Available at: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200529-covid-19-sitrep-130.pdf?sfvrsn=bf7e7f0c_4. (Accessed: 29/05/2020)
  • Allen PM, Smith L. SARS-CoV-2 self-isolation: recommendations for people with a vision impairment. Eye (Lond). 2020: 1-2.
  • Steinman MA, Perry L, Perissinotto CM. Meeting the care needs of older adults isolated at home during the Covid-19 pandemic. JAMA Intern Med. 2020.
  • Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet. 2020; 395: 497-506.
  • Kortebein P, Ferrando A, Lombeida J, et al. Effect of 10 days of bed rest on skeletal muscle in healthy older adults. JAMA. 2007; 297: 1769-74.
  • Aubertin-Leheudre M, Rolland Y. The importance of physical activity to care for frail older adults during the Covid-19 pandemic. JAMDA. In: Elsevier; 2020.
  • Donovan NJ, Wu Q, Rentz DM, et al. Loneliness, depression and cognitive function in older US adults. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017; 32: 564-73.
  • van den Berg N, Schumann M, Kraft K, et al. Telemedicine and telecare for older patients-A systematic review. Maturitas. 2012; 73: 94-114.
  • Beard JR, Officer A, De Carvalho IA, et al. The World report on ageing and health: a policy framework for healthy ageing. Lancet. 2016; 387: 2145-54.
  • Izquierdo M, Morley JE, Lucia A. Exercise in people over 85. BMJ (Clinical research ed.). 2020; 368, m402.
  • Wahid A, Manek N, Nichols M, et al. Quantifying the association between physical activity and cardiovascular disease and diabetes: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016; 5: e002495.
  • Kivimäki M, Singh-Manoux A, Pentti J, et al. Physical inactivity, cardiometabolic disease, and risk of dementia: an individual-participant meta-analysis. BMJ. 2019; 365: l1495.
  • Lippi G, Henry BM, Sanchis-Gomar F. Physical inactivity and cardiovascular disease at the time of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2020: 2047487320916823.
  • Martin SA, Pence BD, Woods JA. Exercise and respiratory tract viral infections. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2009; 37: 157.
  • Harris MD. Infectious disease in athletes. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2011; 10: 84-9.
  • Ahmadinejad Z, Alijani N, Mansori S, et al. Common sports-related infections: a review on clinical pictures, management and time to return to sports. Asian J Sports Med. 2014; 5: 1.
  • Halabchi F, Ahmadinejad Z, Selk-Ghaffari M. COVID-19 Epidemic: Exercise or Not to Exercise; That is the Question!. Asian J. Sports Med. 2020; 11: e102630.
  • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı, Türkiye fiziksel aktivite rehberi, Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Kurumu, Ankara, 2014.
  • Chen P, Mao L, Nassis GP, et al. Wuhan coronavirus (2019-nCoV): The need to maintain regular physical activity while taking precautions. J Sport Health Sci. 2020; 9: 103.
  • Jiménez-Pavón D, Carbonell-Baeza A, Lavie CJ. Physical exercise as therapy to fight against the mental and physical consequences of COVID-19 quarantine: Special focus in older people. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2020.
  • Cadore EL, de Asteasu MLS, Izquierdo M. Multicomponent exercise and the hallmarks of frailty: Considerations on cognitive impairment and acute hospitalization. Exp Gerontol. 2019.
  • Tate DF, Lyons EJ, Valle CG. High-tech tools for exercise motivation: use and role of technologies such as the internet, mobile applications, social media, and video games. Diabetes Spectr. 2015; 28: 45-54.
  • Banerjee M, Chakraborty S, Pal R. Diabetes self-management amid COVID-19 pandemic. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020; 14: 4: 351.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Tıp
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Hüseyin Tolga ACAR (Sorumlu Yazar)
SÜLEYMAN DEMİREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ, DAHİLİ TIP BİLİMLERİ BÖLÜMÜ, SPOR HEKİMLİĞİ ANABİLİM DALI
0000-0003-4970-9929
Türkiye


Sabriye ERCAN
SÜLEYMAN DEMİREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ, DAHİLİ TIP BİLİMLERİ BÖLÜMÜ, SPOR HEKİMLİĞİ ANABİLİM DALI
0000-0001-9500-698X
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Ağustos 2020
Başvuru Tarihi 29 Mayıs 2020
Kabul Tarihi 26 Ağustos 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 3, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @derleme { geriatrik745315, journal = {Geriatrik Bilimler Dergisi}, eissn = {2636-8315}, address = {Geriatrik Bilimler Derneği, Kazım Dirik Mah. 372/8 Sok. No:1 Bornova/İZMİR}, publisher = {Geriatrik Bilimler Derneği}, year = {2020}, volume = {3}, number = {2}, pages = {60 - 65}, doi = {10.47141/geriatrik.745315}, title = {Covid-19 Pandemic: The Need for Exercise During and After the Social Isolation of the Geriatric Population}, key = {cite}, author = {Acar, Hüseyin Tolga and Ercan, Sabriye} }
APA Acar, H. T. & Ercan, S. (2020). Covid-19 Pandemic: The Need for Exercise During and After the Social Isolation of the Geriatric Population . Geriatrik Bilimler Dergisi , 3 (2) , 60-65 . DOI: 10.47141/geriatrik.745315
MLA Acar, H. T. , Ercan, S. "Covid-19 Pandemic: The Need for Exercise During and After the Social Isolation of the Geriatric Population" . Geriatrik Bilimler Dergisi 3 (2020 ): 60-65 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/geriatrik/issue/56625/745315>
Chicago Acar, H. T. , Ercan, S. "Covid-19 Pandemic: The Need for Exercise During and After the Social Isolation of the Geriatric Population". Geriatrik Bilimler Dergisi 3 (2020 ): 60-65
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Covid-19 Pandemic: The Need for Exercise During and After the Social Isolation of the Geriatric Population AU - Hüseyin Tolga Acar , Sabriye Ercan Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.47141/geriatrik.745315 DO - 10.47141/geriatrik.745315 T2 - Geriatrik Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 60 EP - 65 VL - 3 IS - 2 SN - -2636-8315 M3 - doi: 10.47141/geriatrik.745315 UR - https://doi.org/10.47141/geriatrik.745315 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Geriatrik Bilimler Dergisi Covid-19 Pandemic: The Need for Exercise During and After the Social Isolation of the Geriatric Population %A Hüseyin Tolga Acar , Sabriye Ercan %T Covid-19 Pandemic: The Need for Exercise During and After the Social Isolation of the Geriatric Population %D 2020 %J Geriatrik Bilimler Dergisi %P -2636-8315 %V 3 %N 2 %R doi: 10.47141/geriatrik.745315 %U 10.47141/geriatrik.745315
ISNAD Acar, Hüseyin Tolga , Ercan, Sabriye . "Covid-19 Pandemic: The Need for Exercise During and After the Social Isolation of the Geriatric Population". Geriatrik Bilimler Dergisi 3 / 2 (Ağustos 2020): 60-65 . https://doi.org/10.47141/geriatrik.745315
AMA Acar H. T. , Ercan S. Covid-19 Pandemic: The Need for Exercise During and After the Social Isolation of the Geriatric Population. GBD. 2020; 3(2): 60-65.
Vancouver Acar H. T. , Ercan S. Covid-19 Pandemic: The Need for Exercise During and After the Social Isolation of the Geriatric Population. Geriatrik Bilimler Dergisi. 2020; 3(2): 60-65.
IEEE H. T. Acar ve S. Ercan , "Covid-19 Pandemic: The Need for Exercise During and After the Social Isolation of the Geriatric Population", Geriatrik Bilimler Dergisi, c. 3, sayı. 2, ss. 60-65, Ağu. 2020, doi:10.47141/geriatrik.745315

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