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Kırmızı Et Tüketimi, Kolesterol ve Beslenme

Yıl 2020, Sayı: 24, 1 - 7, 30.08.2020

Öz

Öz

Amaç: Son yıllarda insanlar beslenmelerine daha fazla dikkat etmekte, sağlıklı ve dengeli beslenmeye özen göstermektedir. Kan kolesterolünün ve serum lipitlerinin yükselmesi kalp-damar rahatsızlıkları gibi önemli sağlık sorunlarından biridir. Günümüzde hayvansal ürünlerin ve özellikle et ürünleri tüketiminin; kolesterolü yükselttiği hakkında yazılı ve görsel basında hatta bilimsel literatürde bilgiler bulunmaktadır. Kırmızı etler özellikle esansiyel yağ asitleri, demir, magnezyum, çinko gibi mineraller ve B vitamini bakımından yeterli ve 12 dengeli beslenmek için vazgeçilmez gıdalardır. Hipertansiyon, sigara ve alkol kullanımı, şeker hastalığı, ileri yaş, stres ve düzensiz yaşam, şişmanlık, fiziksel aktivite azlığı gibi birçok gıda dışı faktörün aslında kolesterolü arttırıcı etkisi bulunmaktadır. Bu derlemede et ürünleri tüketiminin serum kolesterol düzeyi üzerine etkisi tartışılmıştır.


Kaynakça

  • Andersen, C.J., 2018. Impact of Dietary Cholesterol on the Pathophysiology of Infectious and Autoimmune Disease. Nutrients, 10(6):764-789.
  • Anonim, 2008a. http://www.turkomp.gov.tr/database (Erişim Tarihi: 29.03.2020).
  • Anonim, 2008b. http://www.turkomp.gov.tr/database (Erişim Tarihi: 29.03.2020).
  • Anonim, 2015. World Health Organization (WHO), World health statistics 2015, Part II. Global Health Indicators. Table 2. Cause-Specific Mortality and Morbidity:68. Erişim Adresi : http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/170250/1/9 789240694439_eng.pdf. Erişim Tarihi: 22.09.2016.
  • Baysal A, 2010. Diyet El Kitabı, 6. Baskı, Hatiboğlu Basım ve Yayım, Ankara.
  • Baysal A, 2013. Genel Beslenme,15. Baskı, Hatiboğlu Basım ve Yayım, Ankara.
  • Baysal A, 2015. Beslenme, 16. Baskı Hatiboğlu Basım ve Yayım, Ankara.
  • Bertelo, R.F. and Ma, D.W.L., 2016. Advances in Protein Nutrition Across the Lifespan. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 41(5): 563, https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2016-0104.
  • Bjorkhem, I. and Meaney S., 2004. Brain Cholesterol: Long Secret Life Behind a Barrier. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol, 24:806-815.
  • Braunwald, E., Chait, A., Fuster, V. and Newman, M., 2014. Third Report of the Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III).w w w . n h l b i . n i h . g o v / h e a l t h - pro/guidelines/current/cholesterol
  • Diehm, C., Lange, S. and Darius, H., 2006. Association of Low Ankle Brachial Indexwith High Mortality in Primary Care. European Heart Journal, 27:1743-1749.
  • Durrington, P. and Sniderman, A., 2000. Fast Facts. Hyperlipidaemia. Eds. Oxford, Health Press, 1-17.
  • Ekmekçioğlu, C., Wallnera, P., Kundi, M., Weisz, U. and Hutter, H., 2018. Red Meat, Diseases, and Healthy Alternatives. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 58(2):247-261.
  • Gluba-Brzozka, A., Franczyk, B. and Rysz, J., 2019. Cholesterol Disturbances and the Role of Proper Nutrition in CKD Patients. Nutrients, 11, 2820.
  • Grouleff, J., Irudaym, S.J., Skeby, K.K. and Schiott, B., 2015. The Influence of Cholesterol on Membrane Protein Structure, Function, and Dynamics Studied by Molecular Dynamics Simulations. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta,1848 (9):1783-1795 . guidelines/index.htm., Erişim Tarihi: 30.04.2020.
  • Gürdöl, F. ve Ademoğolu, E., 2010. Biyokimya Nobel Tıp Kitabevleri İstanbul 2.Baskı, 43-76, 191-292.
  • Harvey, A.R., Champe, P.C., Ferrier, D.R. ve Ulukaya E, 2014. Biyokimya. Nobel Tıp Kitabevleri İstanbul 5.Baskı, 321-328.
  • Jorissen, W., Vanmierlo, T., Wens, I., Somers, V., Wijmeersch, B.V. and Hendriks, J.J., 2018. Twelve Weeks of Medium-Intensity Exercise Therapy Affects the Lipoprotein Profile of Multiple Sclerosis Patients. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 19(1):193-203.
  • Kayahan, M., 2009. Sağlıklı Beslenme Açısından Trans Yağ Asitleri. II. Geleneksel Gıdalar Sempozyumu. 27-29 Mayıs 2009, Van, 7-11.
  • Köknaroğlu, H., 2007. Beslenmenin Sığır Eti Konjuge Linoleik Asit Miktarına Etkisi. Hayvansal Üretim (J. Anim. Prod.), 48(1): 1-7.
  • Leoni, V. and Caccia, C., 2015. The Impairment of Cholesterol Metabolism in Huntington Disease.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1851, 1095-1105.
  • Liu, Y., Poon, S., Seeman, E., Hare, D., Bui, M. and Iuliano, S., 2019. Fat from dairy foods and ‘meat’ consumed within recommended levels is associated with favourable serum cholesterol levels in institutionalised older adults. Journal of Nutritional Science, 8, E10. doi:10.1017/jns.2019.5
  • Mendez-Acevedo, K.M., Valdes, V.J., Asanov, A. and Vaca, L., 2017. A Novel Family of Mammalian Transmembrane Proteinsinvolved in Cholesterol Transport. Nature, 7:7450-7461.
  • Mensink, R.P., Zock, P.L., Kester, A.D. and Katan, M.B., 2003. "Effects of Dietary Fatty Acids and Carbohydrates on the Ratio of Serum Total to HDL Cholesterol and on Serum Lipids and Apolipoproteins: a Meta-Analysis of 60 Controlled Trials." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 77(5): 1146-1155.
  • Millar, C.L., Duclos, Q. and Blesso, C.N., 2017. Effects of Dietary Flavonoids on Reverse Cholesterol Transport, HDL Metabolism, and HDL function, Advances in Nutrition, Volume 8, Issue 2, March 2017 , Pages 226–239 , https://doi.org/10.3945/an.116.014050
  • Qrafli, M., Amar, Y., Bourkadi, J., Amor, J.B., Iraki, G. and Sadki, K., 2014.The CYP7A1 Gene rs3808607 Variant is Associatedciated with Susceptibility of Tuberculosis in Moroccan Population. Pan African Medical Journal, 18, 1-6.
  • Samur G., 2008. Kalp Damar Hastalıklarında Beslenme. Ankara: T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Temel Sağlık Hizmetleri Genel Müdürlüğü Beslenme ve Fiziksel Aktiviteler Daire Başkanlığı. Sağlık Bakanlığı Yayın No: 728. Klasmat Matbaacılık.
  • Schoenfield, B.J. and Aragon, A.A., 2018. How much Protein can the Body Use in a Single Meal for Muscle- Building? Implications for Daily Protein Distribution. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition volume 15, Article number: 10.
  • Tracey, T.J., Steyn, F.J., Wolvetang, E.J. and Ngo, S.T., 2018. Neuronal Lipid Metabolism: Multiple Pathways Driving Functional Outcomes in Health and Disease. Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience, 11, 1- 25.
  • Weinstock-Guttman, B., Zivadinov, R. and Ramanathan, M., 2011. Inter-dependence of Vitamin D Levels with Serum Lipid Profiles in Multiple Sclerosis. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 311, 86-91.
  • Wood, J.D., Richardson, R.I., Nute, G.R., Fisher, A.V., Campo, M.M., Kasapidou, E., Sheard, R. and Enser, M., 2003. Effects of Fattyacids on Meatquality:Areview. Meat Sci, 66(1):21-32.
  • Xu, Z., McClure, S.T. and Appel, L.J., 2018. Dietary Cholesterol Intake and Sources among U.S Adults: Results from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), 2001–2014. Nutrients 2018, 10, 771.
  • Yılmaz, H., 2018. Hiperlipidemi ve Beslenme. Türkiye Sağlık Bilimleri ve Araştırmaları Dergisi, 1(2):73.
  • Yu, D., Shu, X.O., Li, H., Xiang, Y.B., Yang, G., Gao, Y.T., Zheng, W. and Zhang, X., 2013. “Dietary Carbohydrates, Refined Grains, Glycemic Load and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Chinese Adults“, Am J Epidemiol, 178(10):1542-1549.

Meat Consumption, Cholesterol and Nutrition

Yıl 2020, Sayı: 24, 1 - 7, 30.08.2020

Öz

Abstract

Objective: In recent years, people pay more attention to their nutrition and pay attention to a healthy and balanced diet. Elevated blood cholesterol and serum lipids are one of the major health problems such as cardiovascular disorders. Today, the consumption of animal products and especially meat products; There is information about increased cholesterol in written and visual media and even in scientific literature. Many nonfood factors such as hypertension, smoking and alcohol use, diabetes, advanced age, stress and irregular life, obesity, and lack of physical activity actually have cholesterol-increasing effects. In this review, the effect of consumption of meat products on serum cholesterol levels was discussed.

Kaynakça

  • Andersen, C.J., 2018. Impact of Dietary Cholesterol on the Pathophysiology of Infectious and Autoimmune Disease. Nutrients, 10(6):764-789.
  • Anonim, 2008a. http://www.turkomp.gov.tr/database (Erişim Tarihi: 29.03.2020).
  • Anonim, 2008b. http://www.turkomp.gov.tr/database (Erişim Tarihi: 29.03.2020).
  • Anonim, 2015. World Health Organization (WHO), World health statistics 2015, Part II. Global Health Indicators. Table 2. Cause-Specific Mortality and Morbidity:68. Erişim Adresi : http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/170250/1/9 789240694439_eng.pdf. Erişim Tarihi: 22.09.2016.
  • Baysal A, 2010. Diyet El Kitabı, 6. Baskı, Hatiboğlu Basım ve Yayım, Ankara.
  • Baysal A, 2013. Genel Beslenme,15. Baskı, Hatiboğlu Basım ve Yayım, Ankara.
  • Baysal A, 2015. Beslenme, 16. Baskı Hatiboğlu Basım ve Yayım, Ankara.
  • Bertelo, R.F. and Ma, D.W.L., 2016. Advances in Protein Nutrition Across the Lifespan. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 41(5): 563, https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2016-0104.
  • Bjorkhem, I. and Meaney S., 2004. Brain Cholesterol: Long Secret Life Behind a Barrier. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol, 24:806-815.
  • Braunwald, E., Chait, A., Fuster, V. and Newman, M., 2014. Third Report of the Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III).w w w . n h l b i . n i h . g o v / h e a l t h - pro/guidelines/current/cholesterol
  • Diehm, C., Lange, S. and Darius, H., 2006. Association of Low Ankle Brachial Indexwith High Mortality in Primary Care. European Heart Journal, 27:1743-1749.
  • Durrington, P. and Sniderman, A., 2000. Fast Facts. Hyperlipidaemia. Eds. Oxford, Health Press, 1-17.
  • Ekmekçioğlu, C., Wallnera, P., Kundi, M., Weisz, U. and Hutter, H., 2018. Red Meat, Diseases, and Healthy Alternatives. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 58(2):247-261.
  • Gluba-Brzozka, A., Franczyk, B. and Rysz, J., 2019. Cholesterol Disturbances and the Role of Proper Nutrition in CKD Patients. Nutrients, 11, 2820.
  • Grouleff, J., Irudaym, S.J., Skeby, K.K. and Schiott, B., 2015. The Influence of Cholesterol on Membrane Protein Structure, Function, and Dynamics Studied by Molecular Dynamics Simulations. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta,1848 (9):1783-1795 . guidelines/index.htm., Erişim Tarihi: 30.04.2020.
  • Gürdöl, F. ve Ademoğolu, E., 2010. Biyokimya Nobel Tıp Kitabevleri İstanbul 2.Baskı, 43-76, 191-292.
  • Harvey, A.R., Champe, P.C., Ferrier, D.R. ve Ulukaya E, 2014. Biyokimya. Nobel Tıp Kitabevleri İstanbul 5.Baskı, 321-328.
  • Jorissen, W., Vanmierlo, T., Wens, I., Somers, V., Wijmeersch, B.V. and Hendriks, J.J., 2018. Twelve Weeks of Medium-Intensity Exercise Therapy Affects the Lipoprotein Profile of Multiple Sclerosis Patients. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 19(1):193-203.
  • Kayahan, M., 2009. Sağlıklı Beslenme Açısından Trans Yağ Asitleri. II. Geleneksel Gıdalar Sempozyumu. 27-29 Mayıs 2009, Van, 7-11.
  • Köknaroğlu, H., 2007. Beslenmenin Sığır Eti Konjuge Linoleik Asit Miktarına Etkisi. Hayvansal Üretim (J. Anim. Prod.), 48(1): 1-7.
  • Leoni, V. and Caccia, C., 2015. The Impairment of Cholesterol Metabolism in Huntington Disease.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1851, 1095-1105.
  • Liu, Y., Poon, S., Seeman, E., Hare, D., Bui, M. and Iuliano, S., 2019. Fat from dairy foods and ‘meat’ consumed within recommended levels is associated with favourable serum cholesterol levels in institutionalised older adults. Journal of Nutritional Science, 8, E10. doi:10.1017/jns.2019.5
  • Mendez-Acevedo, K.M., Valdes, V.J., Asanov, A. and Vaca, L., 2017. A Novel Family of Mammalian Transmembrane Proteinsinvolved in Cholesterol Transport. Nature, 7:7450-7461.
  • Mensink, R.P., Zock, P.L., Kester, A.D. and Katan, M.B., 2003. "Effects of Dietary Fatty Acids and Carbohydrates on the Ratio of Serum Total to HDL Cholesterol and on Serum Lipids and Apolipoproteins: a Meta-Analysis of 60 Controlled Trials." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 77(5): 1146-1155.
  • Millar, C.L., Duclos, Q. and Blesso, C.N., 2017. Effects of Dietary Flavonoids on Reverse Cholesterol Transport, HDL Metabolism, and HDL function, Advances in Nutrition, Volume 8, Issue 2, March 2017 , Pages 226–239 , https://doi.org/10.3945/an.116.014050
  • Qrafli, M., Amar, Y., Bourkadi, J., Amor, J.B., Iraki, G. and Sadki, K., 2014.The CYP7A1 Gene rs3808607 Variant is Associatedciated with Susceptibility of Tuberculosis in Moroccan Population. Pan African Medical Journal, 18, 1-6.
  • Samur G., 2008. Kalp Damar Hastalıklarında Beslenme. Ankara: T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Temel Sağlık Hizmetleri Genel Müdürlüğü Beslenme ve Fiziksel Aktiviteler Daire Başkanlığı. Sağlık Bakanlığı Yayın No: 728. Klasmat Matbaacılık.
  • Schoenfield, B.J. and Aragon, A.A., 2018. How much Protein can the Body Use in a Single Meal for Muscle- Building? Implications for Daily Protein Distribution. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition volume 15, Article number: 10.
  • Tracey, T.J., Steyn, F.J., Wolvetang, E.J. and Ngo, S.T., 2018. Neuronal Lipid Metabolism: Multiple Pathways Driving Functional Outcomes in Health and Disease. Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience, 11, 1- 25.
  • Weinstock-Guttman, B., Zivadinov, R. and Ramanathan, M., 2011. Inter-dependence of Vitamin D Levels with Serum Lipid Profiles in Multiple Sclerosis. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 311, 86-91.
  • Wood, J.D., Richardson, R.I., Nute, G.R., Fisher, A.V., Campo, M.M., Kasapidou, E., Sheard, R. and Enser, M., 2003. Effects of Fattyacids on Meatquality:Areview. Meat Sci, 66(1):21-32.
  • Xu, Z., McClure, S.T. and Appel, L.J., 2018. Dietary Cholesterol Intake and Sources among U.S Adults: Results from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), 2001–2014. Nutrients 2018, 10, 771.
  • Yılmaz, H., 2018. Hiperlipidemi ve Beslenme. Türkiye Sağlık Bilimleri ve Araştırmaları Dergisi, 1(2):73.
  • Yu, D., Shu, X.O., Li, H., Xiang, Y.B., Yang, G., Gao, Y.T., Zheng, W. and Zhang, X., 2013. “Dietary Carbohydrates, Refined Grains, Glycemic Load and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Chinese Adults“, Am J Epidemiol, 178(10):1542-1549.
Toplam 34 adet kaynakça vardır.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Gıda ve Yem Bilimi-Teknolojisi Dergisi
Yazarlar

İkbal Sevinç Bu kişi benim 0000-0002-1277-5108

Hüdayi Ercoşkun Bu kişi benim 0000-0002-1788-8400

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Ağustos 2020
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020 Sayı: 24

Kaynak Göster

APA Sevinç, İ., & Ercoşkun, H. (2020). Kırmızı Et Tüketimi, Kolesterol ve Beslenme. Gıda Ve Yem Bilimi Teknolojisi Dergisi(24), 1-7.