Yıl 2019, Cilt 9 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 454 - 472 2019-07-15

Petrographical, Geochemical and Perological Characteristics of Late Cretaceous aged Bozat (Giresun, NE Turkey) Pluton
Geç Kretase Yaşlı Bozat (Giresun, KD Türkiye) Plütonu’nun Petrografik, Jeokimyasal ve Petrolojik Özellikleri

İrfan TEMİZEL [1] , Ayşe KURT [2]


Late Cretaceous aged intrusions in the Eastern Pontides Orogenic Belt in NE Turkey are common in varying sizes and compositions. Of these, Bozat Pluton (Giresun) extends nearly in the orientation of NE-SW and was emplaced into the Upper Cretaceous volcanic and sedimentary rocks. Petrographically, the studied pluton is compositionally fine to medium grained monzogabbro. The rocks of the pluton consist of plagioclase (An53-88), orthoclase (Or59-74), quartz, clinopyroxene (Wo40-45En42-44Fs12-17), biotite (Mg#: 0.66-0.70), Fe-Ti oxide, apatite and zircon with generally monzonitic, poikilitic, rare perthitic textures. Petrochemically, the studied pluton shows I-type, metaluminous (A/CNK=0.76-0.93) and shoshonitic features. The major and trace element data suggest that fractionational crystallization ± assimilation has played a significant role in the evolution of the studied pluton. Primitive mantle-normalized trace element patterns of rocks samples from the pluton exhibit enrichment in large ion lithophile element, Th, Ce and negative Nb, Ta and Ti anomalies, all of which suggest subduction component in their petrogenesis. Moreover, chondrite-normalized rare earth element (REE) plots of rocks from the pluton show characteristic concave-shaped patterns with negative Eu anomalies, all of which imply significant K-feldspar ± plagioclase and clinopyroxene fractionations in evolution of the pluton. All obtained data suggest that the Late Cretaceous aged Bozat Pluton has formed in an extensional continental arc, and parental magma of the pluton evolved from mixing of lithospheric mantle and lower crust-derived melts, and evolved differently within crustal level.

Doğu Pontidler Orojenik Kuşağı’nda (KD Türkiye) farklı boyut ve bileşimlerde olan Geç Kretase yaşlı plütonlar yaygın olarak yüzeylenmektedir. Bunlardan Bozat Plütonu (Giresun) yaklaşık KD-GB uzanımlı olup, Üst Kretase volkanik ve sedimanter kayaçları içerisine yerleşmiştir. Petrografik olarak, incelenen plüton ince-orta taneli olup, monzogabro bileşimlidir. Plüton kayaçları, genel olarak plajiyoklas (An53-88), ortoklas (Or59-74), kuvars, klinopiroksen (Wo40-45En42-44Fs12-17), biyotit (Mg#: 0.66-0.70), Fe-Ti oksit, apatit ve zirkon içermekte olup, genellikle monzonitik, poikilitik, nadiren pertitik doku gösterirler. Petrokimyasal olarak, incelenen plüton I-tipi, metalümin (A/CNK=0.76-0.93) ve şoşonitik karakterdedir. Ana ve iz element verileri, incelenen plütonun gelişiminde fraksiyonel kristallenme ± asimilasyonun önemli bir rol oynadığına işaret etmektedir. İncelenen plütonun ilksel mantoya normalize edilmiş iz element dağılımları, büyük iyon yarıçaplı litofil element, Th, Ce zenginleşmesi ve negative Nb, Ta ve Ti anomalisi göstermekte olup, bu kayaçların petrojenezinde yitim bileşeninin etkili olduğunu göstermektedir. Ayrıca, incelenen plüton kayaçlarının kondrite normalize edilmiş nadir toprak element dağılımlarında karakteristik olarak gözlenen konkav şekilli desen ve negatif Eu anomalisi, gelişiminde K-feldispat ± plajiyoklas ve klinopiroksen ayrımlaşmasının etkili olduğuna işaret etmektedir. Elde edilen tüm veriler, Geç Kretase yaşlı Bozat Plütonu’nun gerilmeli kıtasal yay ortamında oluştuğunu ve ana magmasının litosferik manto ve alt kabuktan türeyen ergiyiklerin karışımından türediğini ve kabuk içerisindeki magma odasında farklılaşarak yerleştiğini işaret etmektedir.

  • Ackerman, L., Krňanská, M., Siebel, W. ve Strnad, L. 2010. Geochemistry of the Drahotín and Mutěnín intrusions, West Bohemian shear zone, Bohemian massif: contrasting evolution of mantle-derived melts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 99, 185-199.
  • Aghazadeh, M., Castro, A., Omran, N.R., Emami, M.H., Moinvaziri, H. Ve Badrzadeh, Z. 2010. The gabbro (shoshonitic)-monzonite-granodiorite association of Khankandi pluton, Alborz Mountains, NW Iran. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 38, 199-219.
  • Aghazadeh, M., Castro, A., Badrzadeh, Z. ve Vogt, K. 2011. Post-collisional polycyclic plutonism from the Zagros hinterland. The Shaivar-Dagh plutonic complex Alborz belt, Iran. Geological Magazine, 148, 980-1008.
  • Altherr, R., Topuz, G., Siebel,W., Şen, C., Meyer, H.P. ve Satır, M. 2008. Geochemical and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic characteristics of Paleocene plagioleucitites from the Eastern Pontides (NE Turkey). Lithos, 105, 149-161.
  • Arslan, M. ve Aslan, Z. 2006. Mineralogy, petrography and whole-rock geochemistry of the Tertiary granitic intrusions in the eastern Pontides. Turkey. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27, 177-193.
  • Arslan, M., Tüysüz, N., Korkmaz, S. ve Kurt, H. 1997. Geochemistry and Petrogenesis of the Eastern Pontide Volcanic Rocks, Northeast Turkey. Chemi der Erde, 57, 157-187.
  • Arslan, M., Temizel, İ., Abdioğlu, E., Kolaylı, H., Yücel, C., Boztuğ, D. ve Şen, C. 2013. 40Ar-39Ar dating, whole-rock and Sr-Nd-Pb isotope geochemistry of post-collisional Eocene volcanic rocks in the southern part of the Eastern Pontides (NE Turkey): Implications for magma evolution in extension-induced origin. Contribution to Mineralogy and Petrology, 166, 113-142.
  • Aslan, Z., Arslan M. ve Şen, C. 1999. Doğu Pontidlerin Kuzey ve Güney zonlarında yüzeylenen Eosen yaşlı granitik sokulumların karşılaştırmalı jeolojik, petrografik ve jeokimyasal özellikleri. Türkiye Jeoloji Kurultayı Bildiriler Kitabı, 223-230.
  • Aydınçakır, 2016. Subduction related Late Cretaceous high K volcanism in the Central Pontides orogenic belt Constraints on geodynamic implications. Geodinamica Acta, 28 (4), 379-411.
  • Bacon, C. R. ve Hirschmann, M. M. 1988. Mg/Mn partitioning as a test for equilibrium between coexisting Fe-Ti oxides. American Mineralogist, 73, 57-61.
  • Bektaş, O., Pelin, S. ve Korkmaz, S. 1984. Doğu Pontid yay gerisi havzasında manto yükselimi ve polijenetik ofiyolit olgusu. TJK Ketin Sempozyumu, 175-188.
  • Bektaş, O., Yılmaz, C., Taslı, K., Akdağ, K. ve Özgür, S. 1995. Cretaceous rifting of the Eastern Pontide carbonate platform, NE Turkey: The formation of carbonate breccias and turbitides as evidence of a drowned platform. Geologia, 57, 233-244.
  • Bektaş, O., Şen, C., Atıcı, Y. ve Köprübaşı, N. 1999. Migration of the Upper Cretaceous subduction-related volcanism towards the back-arc basin of the Eastern Pontide magmatic arc (NE Turkey). Geological Journal, 34, 95-106.
  • Chorowicz, J., Collet, B., Bonavia, F., Mohr, P., Parrot, J.F. ve Tesfaye, K. 1998. The Tana basin, Ethiopia: Intra-plateau uplift, rifting and subsidence. Tectonophysics, 295, 351-367.
  • Deer, W.A., Howie, R.A. ve Zussman, J. 1992. An introduction to the Rock Forming Minerals (second edition), London, Longman, 696.
  • Dewey, J.F., Pitman, W., Ryan, W. ve Bonnin, I. 1973. Plate tectonics and the evolution of the Alpine system, Geological Society American Bulletin, 84, 3137-3180.
  • Dokuz, A. 2011. Slab Detachment and Delamination Model for the Generation of Carboniferous High-Potassium I-type Magmatism in the Eastern Pontides, NE Turkey: The Köse Composite Pluton. Gondwana Research, 19, 926-944.
  • Dokuz, A. ve Tanyolu, E. 2006. Geochemical constraints on the provenance, mineral sorting and subaerial weathering of lower Jurassic and upper Cretaceous clastic rocks from the Eastern Pontides, Yusufeli (Artvin), NE Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 15, 181-209.
  • Dokuz, A., Karslı, O., Chen, B. ve Uysal, İ. 2010. Sources and petrogenesis of Jurassic granitoids in the Yusufeli area, Northeastern Turkey: Implications for pre- and postcollisional lithospheric thinning of the Eastern Pontides. Tectonophysics, 480, 259-279.
  • Dokuz, A., Aydincakir, E., Kandemir, R., Karsli O., Siebel, W., Derman, A.S., Turan, M., 2017. Late Jurassic Magmatism and Stratigraphy in the Eastern Sakarya Zone, Turkey: Evidence for the Slab Breakoff of Paleotethyan Oceanic Lithosphere. Journal of Geology, 125, 1-31.
  • Eby, G.N. 1992. Chemical subdivision of the A-type granitoids: petrogenetic and tectonic implications. Geology, 20, 641-644.
  • Eyüboğlu, Y., Chung, S.L., Dudas, F.O., Santosh, M. ve Akaryali, E. 2011. Transition from shoshonitic to adakitic magmatism in the eastern Pontides, NE Turkey: implications for slab window melting. Gondwana Research, 19, 413-429.
  • Gedikoğlu, A. 1983. Doğu Pontid'lerdeki metalik maden yataklarının plaka tektoniği ile olan ilişkileri, 37. T.J.K. Bilimsel ve Teknik Kurultayı, Bildiri Özetleri, 86-87. Ankara.
  • Guffanti, M., Clynne, M. A. ve Muffler, L.J.P. 1996. Thermal and Mass İmplications of Magmatic Evolution in the Lassen Volcanic Region, California, and Constraints on Basalt Influx to the Lower Crust. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 3001-3013.
  • Gülmez, F., Genç, Ş.C., Prelević, D., Tüysüz, O., Karacik, Z., Roden, M.F., Billor, Z., 2016. Ultrapotassic volcanism from the waning stage of the Neotethyan subduction: a key study from the Izmir–Ankara–Erzincan Suture Belt, Central Northern Turkey. Journal of Petrology, 57, 561-593.
  • Güven, İ.H. 1993. Doğu Pontidler’in 1/250000 Ölçekli Kompilasyonu, Maden Tetkik ve Arama Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara.
  • Harris, N.B.W., Pearce, J.A. ve Tindle, A.G. 1986. Geochemical characteristics of collision- zone magmatism. In: Coward M.P, Ries A.C. (eds.), Collision Tectonics. Geological Society of London Special Publication, 19, 67-81.
  • Hastie, A.R., Kerr, A.C., Pearce, J.A. ve Mitchell, S.F. 2007. Classification of Altered Volcanic Island Arc Rocks using Immobile Trace Elements: Development of the Th-Co Discrimination Diagram. Journal of Petrology, 48, 12, 2341-2357.
  • Karslı, O., Chen, B., Aydin, F. ve Şen, C. 2007. Geochemical and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic compositions of the Eocene Dölek and Sarıçiçek Plutons, Eastern Turkey: implications for magma interaction in the genesis of high-K calc-alkaline granitoids in a post-collision extensional setting. Lithos, 98, 67-96.
  • Karslı, O., Dokuz, A., Uysal, İ., Aydin, F., Bin, C., Kandemir, R.ve Wijbrans, R.J. 2010. Relative contributions of crust and mantle to generation of Campanian high-K calc-alkaline I-type granitoids in a subdution setting, with special reference to the Harşit pluton, Eastern Turkey. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 160, 467–487.
  • Karslı, O., Uysal, İ., Ketenci, M., Dokuz, A., Kandemir, R. ve Wijbrans, J. 2011. Adakite-like granitoid porphyries in the Eastern Turkey: potential parental melts and geodynamic implications. Lithos, 127, 354-372.
  • Karslı, O., Caran, Ş., Dokuz, A., Çoban, H., Chen, B. ve Kandemir, R. 2012a. A-type granitoids from the Eastern Pontides, NE Turkey: Records for generation of hybrid A-type rocks in a subduction-related environment. Tectonophysics, 530-531, 208-224.
  • Karslı, O., Dokuz, A., Uysal, İ., Ketenci, M., Chen, B. ve Kandemir, R. 2012b. Deciphering the shoshonitic monzonites with I-type characteristic, the Sisdağı pluton, NE Turkey: magmatic response to continental lithospheric thinning. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 51, 45-62.
  • Karslı, O., Dokuz, A., Kandemir, R., 2017. Zircon Lu-Hf isotope systematics and U-Pb geochronology, whole-rock Sr-Nd isotopes and geochemistry of the early Jurassic Gokcedere pluton, Sakarya Zone-NE Turkey: a magmatic response to roll-back of the Paleo-Tethyan oceanic lithosphere. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 172, 31.
  • Kaygusuz, A. ve Aydınçakır, E. 2009. Mineralogy, Whole-Rock and Sr-Nd Isotope Geochemistry of Mafic Microgranular Enclaves in Cretaceous Dağbaşı Granitoids, Eastern Pontides, NE Turkey: Evidence of Magma Mixing, Mingling, and Chemical Equilibration. Chemie der Erde/Geochemistry, 69, 247-277.
  • Kaygusuz, A. ve Aydınçakır, E. 2011. Petrogenesis of a Late Cretaceous composite pluton from the eastern Pontides: the Dağbaşı pluton, NE Turkey. Neues Jahrbuch Für Mineralogie, 188, 3, 211-233.
  • Kaygusuz, A. ve Şen, C. 2011. Calc-alkaline I-type plutons in the eastern Pontides, NE Turkey: U-Pb zircon ages, geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopic compositions. Chemie der Erde Geochemistry, 71, 59-75.
  • Kaygusuz, A. ve Öztürk, M. 2015. Geochronology, geochemistry, and petrogenesis of the Eocene Bayburt intrusions, Eastern Pontide, NE Turkey: implications for lithospheric mantle and lower crustal sources in the high-K calc-alkaline magmatism. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 108, 97-116.
  • Kaygusuz, A., Siebel, W., Şen, C. ve Satir, M. 2008. Petrochemistry and petrology of I-type granitoids in an arc setting: the composite Torul pluton, Eastern Pontides, NE Turkey. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 97, 739-764.
  • Kaygusuz, A., Chen, B., Aslan, Z., Siebel, W. ve Şen, C. 2009. U-Pb zircon SHRIMP ages, geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopic compositions of the Early Cretaceous I-type Sarıosman pluton, Eastern Pontides, NE Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18, 549-581.
  • Kaygusuz, A., Siebel, W., İlbeyli, N., Arslan, M., Satır, M. ve Şen, C. 2010. Insight into magma genesis at convergent plate margins – a case study from the eastern Pontides (NE Turkey). Neues Jahrbuch Für Mineralogie, 187, 3, 265-287.
  • Kaygusuz, A., Arslan, M., Siebel, W. ve Şen, C. 2011. Geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopic characteristics of post-collisional calc-alkaline volcanics in the eastern Pontides (NE Turkey). Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 20, 137-159.
  • Kaygusuz, A., Arslan, M., Siebel, W., Sipahi, F. ve İlbeyli, N. 2012. Geochronological evidence and tectonic significance of Carboniferous magmatism in the southwest Trabzon area, eastern Pontides. Turkey, International Geology Review, 54, 15, 1776-1800.
  • Kaygusuz, A,. Sipahi, F,. İlbeyli, N,. Arslan, M,. Chen, B, ve Aydınçakır, E. 2013. Petrogenesis of the Late Cretaceous Turnagöl intrusion in the eastern Pontides: Implications for magma genesis in the arc setting. Geoscience Frontiers, 4, 423-438.
  • Kaygusuz, A., Arslan, M., Wolfgang, S., Sipahi, F., İlbeyli, N. ve Temizel, İ. 2014. LA-ICP MS zircon dating, whole-rock and Sr-Nd-Pb-O isotope geochemistry of the Camiboğazı pluton, Eastern Pontides, NE Turkey: implications for lithospheric mantle and lower crustal sources in arc-related I-type magmatism. Lithos, 192-195, 271-290.
  • Kaygusuz, A., Arslan, M., Sipahi, F. ve Temizel, İ. 2016. U–Pb zircon chronology and petrogenesis of Carboniferous plutons in the northern part of the Eastern Pontides, NE Turkey: Constraints for Paleozoic magmatism and geodynamic evolution. Gondwana Research, 39, 327-346.
  • Köksal, S., Toksoy-Köksal, F., Göncüoğlu, M.C., Möller, A., Gerdes, A. ve Frei, D. 2013. Crustal source of the Late Cretaceous Satansarı monzonite stock (central Anatolia–Turkey) and its significance for the Alpine geodynamic evolution. Journal of Geodynamics, 65, 82-93.
  • Lameyre, J. ve Bonin, B., 1991. Granites in the main plutonic series. In: Didier, J., Barbarin, B. (Eds), Enclaves and Granite Petrology. Amsterdam, Elsevier, 3-17.
  • Le Maitre, R.W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M.J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., Bellieni, G., Dudek, A., Efremova, S., Keller, J., Lamere, J., Sabine, P.A., Schmid, R., Sorensen, H. ve Woolley, A.R. 2002. Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms, Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences, Subcommission of the Systematics of Igneous Rocks. Cambridge University Press., 236p.
  • Li, X.H., Li, W.X., Li, Z.X., Lo, C.H., Wang, J., Ye, M.F. ve Yang, Y.H. 2009. Amalgamation between the Yangtze and Cathaysia Blocks in South China: constraints from SHRIMP U–Pb zircon ages, geochemistry and Nd–Hf isotopes of the Shuangxiwu volcanic rocks. Precambrian Research, 174, 117-128.
  • Liu, L., Qiu, J.S., Zhao, J.L. ve Yang, Z.L. 2014. Geochronological, geochemical, and Sr–Nd–Hf isotopic characteristics of Cretaceous monzonitic plutons in western Zhejiang Province, Southeast China: new insights into the petrogenesis of intermediate rocks. Lithos, 196-197, 242-260.
  • Maniar, P.D. ve Piccoli, P.M. 1989. Tectonic discrimination of granitoids. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 101, 635-643.
  • Middlemost, E.A.K. 1994. Naming materials in the magma/igneous rock system. Earth Science Reviews 37, 215-224.
  • Miyashiro, A. 1978. Nature of alkalic volcanic rock series. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 66, 91-104.
  • Morimoto, M., Fabries, J., Ferguson, A.K., Ginzburg, I.V., Ross, M., Seifert, F.A., Zussman, J., Aoki, K. ve Gottardi, G. 1988. Nomenclature of pyroxenes. Mineralogical Magazine, 52, 535-550.
  • MTA, 2002. 1/500.000 ölçekli Türkiye Jeoloji Haritası, Samsun ve Trabzon Paftaları, Maden Tetkik ve Arama Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara.
  • Okay, A.İ. ve Şahintürk, Ö. 1997. Geology of the Eastern Pontides. In: Robinson, A.G. (ed.), Regional and Petroleum Geology of the Black Sea and Surrounding Region. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, 68, 291-311.
  • Okay, A.İ. ve Tüysüz, O. 1999. Tethyan sutures of northern Turkey, In: Durand, B., Jolivet, L., Hovarth, F., Séranne, M. (eds), The Mediterranean Basins: Tertiary Extension within the Alpine Orogen Tethyan Sutures of Northern Turkey. Geological Society London. Special Publications, 156, 475-515.
  • Okay, A.İ., Sunal, G., Sherlock, S., Altıner, D., Tüysüz, O., Kylander-Clark, A.R.C. ve Aygül, M. 2013. Early Cretaceous sedimentation and orogeny on the active margin of Eurasia: Southern Central Pontides, Turkey. Tectonics, 32, 1247-1271.
  • Patiño Douce, A.E. ve Beard, J.S. 1996. Effects of P, f (O2) and Mg/Fe Ratio on Dehydration Melting of Model Metagreywackes. Journal of Petrology, 37, 999-1024.
  • Pearce, J.A. 1983. The Role of Sub-Continental Lithosphere in Magma Genesis at Destructive Plate Margins. In: Continental Basalts and Mantle Xenoliths, (eds): Hawkesworth, C.J., Norry, M.J., Shiva Publishing, Cheshire, 230-249.
  • Pearce, J.A, Haris, N.B.W. ve Tindle, A.G. 1984. Trace element discrimination diagrams for the tectonic interpretation of granitic rocks. Journal of Petrology, 25, 956-983.
  • Pearce, J.A., Bender, J.F., De Long, S.E., Kidd, W.S.F., Low, P.J., Güner, Y., Şaroğlu, F., Yılmaz, Y., Moorbath, S. ve Mitchell, J.J. 1990. Genesis of collision volcanism in eastern Anatolia Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44, 189-229.
  • Rapp, R.P. ve Watson, E.B. 1995. Dehydration Melting of Metabasalt at 8–32 kbar: Implications for Continental Growth and Crust-Mantle Recycling. Journal of Petrology, 36, 891-931.
  • Roberts, M.P. ve Clemens, J.D. 1993. Origin of High-Potassium, Calcalkaline, I-Type Granitoids. Geology, 21, 825-828.
  • Robinson, A.G., Banks, C.J., Rutherford, M.M. ve Hırst, J.P.P. 1995. Stratigraphic and structural development of the eastern Pontides, Turkey. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 152, 861-872.
  • Singh, J. ve Johannes, W. 1996. Dehydration Melting of Tonalites: Part II. Composition of Melts and Solids. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 125, 26-44.
  • Sipahi, F., 2017. Kalınçam (Tonya-Trabzon, KD Türkiye) Yöresi Geç Kretase Yaşlı Volkanitlerin Jeokimyası ve Petrojenezi. Gmüşhane Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 7 (2), 102-127.
  • Sipahi, F., ve Sadıklar, M.B., 2014. Geochemistry of dacitic volcanics in the eastern pontides (NE Turkey). Geochemistry International, 4, 329-349.
  • Sipahi, F., Kaygusuz, A., Saydam Eker, Ç., Vural, A., Akpınar, İ., 2018. Late Cretaceous arc igneous activity: the Eğrikar Monzogranite example. International Geology Review, 60 (3), 382-400.
  • Sipahi, F., Sadıklar, M.B., Şen, C., 2014. The Geochemical and Sr Nd isotopic Characteristics of Murgul Artvin Volcanics in the Eastern Black Sea Region NE Turkey. Chemie Der Erde/Geochemistry, 74 (3), 331-342.
  • Stevens, G., Clemens, J.D. ve Droop, G.T.R. 1997. Melt Production during Granulite Facies Anatexis: Experimental Data from ‘Primitive’ Metasedimentary Protoliths. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 128, 352-370.
  • Streickeisen, A. 1976. To Each Plutonic Rock its Proper Name. Earth Science Review, 12, 1-33.
  • Sun, S. ve McDonough, W.F. 1989. Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalt: Implications for mantle composition and processes. In: A.D. Saunders, M.J. Norry, (eds.), Magmatism in the Ocean Basins, Geological Society of London. Special Publication, 42, 313-345.
  • Şengör, A.M.C. ve Yılmaz Y. 1981. Tethyan Evolution of Turkey: A Plate Tectonic Approach. Tectonophysics, 75, 181-241.
  • Şengör, A.M.C., Özeren, S., Genç, T. ve Zor, E. 2003. East Anatolian high plateau as a mantle supported, north–south shortened domal structure. Geophysical Research Letters, 30(24), 8045.
  • Taylor, S.R. ve McLennan, S.M. 1985. The Continental Crust, Its Composition and Evolution. Blackwell, Oxford, 312.
  • Temizel, İ. 2014. Petrochemical evidence of magma mingling and mixing in the Tertiary monzogabbroic stocks around the Bafra (Samsun) area in Turkey: implications of coeval mafic and felsic magma interactions. Mineralogy and Petrology, 108, 353-370.
  • Temizel, İ., Arslan, M., Yücel, C., Abdioğlu, E. ve Ruffet, G. 2016. Geochronology and geochemistry of Eocene-aged volcanic rocks around the Bafra (Samsun, N Turkey) area: Constraints for the interaction of lithospheric mantle and crustal melts. Lithos, 258-259, 92-114.
  • Temizel, İ., Abdioğlu Yazar E., Arslan, M., Kaygusuz, A. ve Aslan, Z. 2018. Mineral chemistry, whole-rock geochemistry and petrology of Eocene I-type shoshonitic plutons in the Gölköy area (Ordu, NE Turkey). Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration, 157, 121-152.
  • Thirlwall, M.F., Smith, T.E., Graham, A.M., Theodorou, N., Hollings, P., Davidson, J.P. Arculus, R.J. 1994. High field strength element anomalies in arc lavas; source or process?. Journal of Petrology, 35, 3, 819-838.
  • Thiéblemont D., Tégyey M. 1994. Une discrimination géochimique des roches différenciées témoin de la diversité d’origine et de situation tectonique des magmas calcio-alcalins. Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences, 319, 87-94.
  • Tischendorf, G., Gottesmann, B., Förster, H.J., Trumbull, R.B. 1997. On Li-bearing micas: Estimating Li from electron microprobe analyses and an improved diagram for graphical representation. Mineralogical Magazine, 61, 809-834.
  • Topuz, G. 2002. Retrograde P–T path of anatectic migmatites from the Pulur Massif, Eastern Pontides, NE Turkey: petrological and microtextural constraints. 1st International Symposium of the Faculty of Mines (İTÜ) on Earth Sciences and Engineering Abstracts, Istanbul, Turkey, 110 p.
  • Topuz, G., Altherr, R., Siebel, W., Schwarz, W.H., Zack, T., Hasözbek, A., Barth, M., Satır, M., Şen, C. 2010. Carboniferous High-Potassium I-Type Granitoid Magmatism in the Eastern Pontides: The Gümüşhane Pluton (NE Turkey). Lithos, 116, 92-110.
  • Topuz, G., Çelik, Ö.F., Şengör, A.M.C., Altıntaş, İ. E., Zack, T., Rolland, Y. ve Barth, M. 2013. Jurassic Ophiolite Formation and emplacement as backstop to a subduction-accretion complex in Northeast Turkey, The Refahiye Ophiolite, and relation to the Balkan Ophiolites. American Journal of Science, 313, 1054-1087.
  • Ustaömer, T. ve Robertson, A.H.F. 1995. Palaeo-Tethyan tectonic evolution of the north Tethyan margin in the Central Pontides, N. Turkey. In: Geology of the Black Sea region (eds). Erler, A., Ercan, T., Bingöl, E., Örçen, S., MTA/JMO, 24-32.
  • Ustaömer, T. ve Robertson, A.H.F. 2010. Late Palaeozoic-Early Cenozoic tectonic development of the Eastern Pontides (Artvin area), Turkey: stages of closure of Tethys along the southern margin of Eurasia. In Stephonson, R.A., Kaymakcı, N., Sasson, M., Starostenko, V., Bergerat, F. (eds). Sedimentary Basin Tectonics from the Black Sea and Caucasus to the Arabian Platform. Geological Society, London. Special Publications, 340, 281-327.
  • Ustaömer, T., Robertson, A.H.F., Ustaömer, P.A., Gerdes, A. ve Peytcheva, I. 2013. Constraints on Variscan and Cimmerian magmatism and metamorphism in the Pontides (Yusufeli–Artvin area), NE Turkey from U–Pb dating and granite geochemistry. in Robertson, A.H.F., Parlak, O., Ünlügenç, U.C. (eds). Geological Development of Anatolia and the Easternmost Mediterranean Region. Geological Society, London. Special Publications, 372, 49-74.
  • Yılmaz, S. ve Boztuğ, D. 1996. Space and time relations of three plutonic phases in the Eastern Pontides, Turkey. International Geology Review, 38, 10, 935-956.
  • Yılmaz, Y., Tüysüz, O., Yiğitbaş, E., Genç, Ş.C. ve Şengör, A.M.C. 1997. Geology and tectonics of the Pontides. in Robinson, A.G. (eds.), Regional and Petroleum Geology of the Black Sea and Surrounding Region. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, 68, 183-226.
  • Yücel, C., Arslan, M., Temizel, İ., Abdioğlu, E. ve Ruffet, G. 2017. Evolution of K-rich magmas derived from a net veined lithospheric mantle in an ongoing extensional setting: Geochronology and geochemistry of Eocene and Miocene volcanic rocks from Eastern Pontides (Turkey). Gondwana Research, 45, 65-86.
Birincil Dil tr
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-6293-8649
Yazar: İrfan TEMİZEL (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: KARADENİZ TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-2981-8335
Yazar: Ayşe KURT
Kurum: KARADENİZ TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 15 Temmuz 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { gumusfenbil510758, journal = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {2146-538X}, address = {}, publisher = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {9}, pages = {454 - 472}, doi = {10.17714/gumusfenbil.510758}, title = {Geç Kretase Yaşlı Bozat (Giresun, KD Türkiye) Plütonu’nun Petrografik, Jeokimyasal ve Petrolojik Özellikleri}, key = {cite}, author = {TEMİZEL, İrfan and KURT, Ayşe} }
APA TEMİZEL, İ , KURT, A . (2019). Geç Kretase Yaşlı Bozat (Giresun, KD Türkiye) Plütonu’nun Petrografik, Jeokimyasal ve Petrolojik Özellikleri. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi , 9 (3) , 454-472 . DOI: 10.17714/gumusfenbil.510758
MLA TEMİZEL, İ , KURT, A . "Geç Kretase Yaşlı Bozat (Giresun, KD Türkiye) Plütonu’nun Petrografik, Jeokimyasal ve Petrolojik Özellikleri". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 (2019 ): 454-472 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gumusfenbil/issue/46153/510758>
Chicago TEMİZEL, İ , KURT, A . "Geç Kretase Yaşlı Bozat (Giresun, KD Türkiye) Plütonu’nun Petrografik, Jeokimyasal ve Petrolojik Özellikleri". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 (2019 ): 454-472
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Geç Kretase Yaşlı Bozat (Giresun, KD Türkiye) Plütonu’nun Petrografik, Jeokimyasal ve Petrolojik Özellikleri AU - İrfan TEMİZEL , Ayşe KURT Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17714/gumusfenbil.510758 DO - 10.17714/gumusfenbil.510758 T2 - Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 454 EP - 472 VL - 9 IS - 3 SN - 2146-538X- M3 - doi: 10.17714/gumusfenbil.510758 UR - https://doi.org/10.17714/gumusfenbil.510758 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi Geç Kretase Yaşlı Bozat (Giresun, KD Türkiye) Plütonu’nun Petrografik, Jeokimyasal ve Petrolojik Özellikleri %A İrfan TEMİZEL , Ayşe KURT %T Geç Kretase Yaşlı Bozat (Giresun, KD Türkiye) Plütonu’nun Petrografik, Jeokimyasal ve Petrolojik Özellikleri %D 2019 %J Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 2146-538X- %V 9 %N 3 %R doi: 10.17714/gumusfenbil.510758 %U 10.17714/gumusfenbil.510758
ISNAD TEMİZEL, İrfan , KURT, Ayşe . "Geç Kretase Yaşlı Bozat (Giresun, KD Türkiye) Plütonu’nun Petrografik, Jeokimyasal ve Petrolojik Özellikleri". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 / 3 (Temmuz 2019): 454-472 . https://doi.org/10.17714/gumusfenbil.510758
AMA TEMİZEL İ , KURT A . Geç Kretase Yaşlı Bozat (Giresun, KD Türkiye) Plütonu’nun Petrografik, Jeokimyasal ve Petrolojik Özellikleri. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 9(3): 454-472.
Vancouver TEMİZEL İ , KURT A . Geç Kretase Yaşlı Bozat (Giresun, KD Türkiye) Plütonu’nun Petrografik, Jeokimyasal ve Petrolojik Özellikleri. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 9(3): 472-454.