Araştırma Makalesi
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A Comprehensive Research on Gamma-Ray Attenuation Characteristics of the Metal-Doped Hap and Natural Animal Bone

Yıl 2020, Cilt 10, Sayı 1, 51 - 59, 15.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.17714/gumusfenbil.555646

Öz


This investigation focuses on the gamma ray attenuation parameters of natural animal bone, iron, cobalt, copper and zinc doped Nano hydroxyapatite artificial bone powders and pure hydroxyapatite. The present specimens were excited by means of gamma ray photons with 59.5 keV energy radiated from a 241-Amercium annular radioactive source with 50 mCi activity by means of  narrow beam transmission geometry. The transmitted gamma-rays were counted with using Ultra Low Energy Germanium (Ultra-LEGe) detector with a resolution 150 eV at 5.95 keV. The gamma-ray attenuation characteristics such as mass attenuation coefficient (MAC) (µ/ρ), linear attenuation coefficient (LAC) (µ), half value layer (HVL), tenth value layer (TVL) and mean free path (MFP), which has a significant role in the attenuation studies, are also calculated. The values obtained were checked with the predicted values from the XCOM NIST. The results show that the attenuation data of the metal-doped hydroxyapatite synthetic bone dust is very close to the value of the natural animal bone.

Kaynakça

  • Abbasova, N., Yüksel, Z., Abbasov, E., Gülbiçim, H. and Tufan, M.Ç., 2019. Investigation of gamma-ray attenuation parameters of some materials used in dental applications. Results in Physics, 12, 2202-2205.
  • Abutalib, M.M. and Yahia, I.S., 2017. Novel and facile microwave-assisted synthesis of Mo-doped hydroxyapatite nanorods: Characterization, gamma absorption coefficient, and bioactivity. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 78, 1093-1100.
  • Adzila, S., Sopyan, I., Singh, R., Pusparini, E. and Hamdi, M., 2013. Mechanochemical synthesis of sodium doped hydroxyapatite powder. Indian Journal of Chemistry, 52, 739-743.
  • Akman, F., Kaçal, M.R., Sayyed, M.I. and Karataş, H.A., 2019. Study of gamma radiation attenuation properties of some selected ternary alloys. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 782, 315-322.
  • Badran, H., Yahia, I.S., Hamdy, M.S. and Awwad, N.S., 2017. Lithium-doped hydroxyapatite nano-composites: synthesis, characterization, gamma attenuation coefficient and dielectric properties. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 130, 85-91.
  • Berger, M.J., Hubbell, J.H., Seltzer, S.M., Coursey, J.S. and Zucker, D.S., 1999. XCOM: photon cross section database (version 1.2).
  • Bertolla, L., Dlouhý, I., Tatarko, P., Viani, A., Mahajan, A., Chlup, Z., Reece, M.J. and Boccaccini, A.R., 2017. Pressureless spark plasma–sintered Bioglass® 45S5 with enhanced mechanical properties and stress–induced new phase formation. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 37, 2727-2736.
  • Bhattacharjee, A., Gupta, A., Verma, M., Murugan, P.A., Sengupta, P., Matheshwaran, S., Manna, I. and Balani, K., 2019. Site-specific antibacterial efficacy and cyto/hemo-compatibility of zinc substituted hydroxyapatite. Ceramics International, 45, 12225-12233.
  • Büyükyıldız, M. and Kurudirek, M., 2018. Radiological properties of healthy, carcinoma and equivalent breast tissues for photon and charged particle interactions. International Journal of Radiation Biology, 94, 70-78.
  • Chen, Y., Zheng, X., Xie, Y., Ji, H., Ding, C., Li, H. and Dai, K., 2010. Silver release from silver-containing hydroxyapatite coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology, 205, 1892-1896.
  • Ciobanu, C.S., Andronescu, E. and Predoi, D., 2011. Bet and XRD Studies on the Hydroxyapatite and Europium Doped Hydroxyapatite. Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures, 6, 1239-1244.
  • Coelho, C.C., Araújo, R., Quadros, P.A., Sousa, S.R. and Monteiro, F.J., 2019. Antibacterial bone substitute of hydroxyapatite and magnesium oxide to prevent dental and orthopaedic infections. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 97, 529-538.
  • Creagh, D.C., 1987. The resolution of discrepancies in tables of photon attenuation coefficients. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 255, 1-16.
  • Çelik, N., Çevik, U. and Çelik, A., 2012. Effect of detector collimation on the measured mass attenuation coefficients of some elements for 59.5–661.6 keV gamma-rays. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 281, 8-14.
  • El-Bashir, B.O., Sayyed, M.I., Zaid, M.H.M. and Matori, K.A., 2017. Comprehensive study on physical, elastic and shielding properties of ternary BaO-Bi2O3-P2O5 glasses as a potent radiation shielding material. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 468, 92-99.
  • Escamilla-Rivera, V., Uribe-Ramírez, M., Esquivel-Gaón, M., Rodriguez, L., Giraldo-Betancur, A.L., Campos-Villegas, L., Arreola-Mendoza, L., Muñoz-Saldaña, J. and Ruiz, A.D.V., 2016. Biomimetic titania/hydroxyapatite coating of CrCoMo microimplants enhances biocompatibility and reduces metal-associated toxicity. Toxicology Letters, 259, S154.
  • Evis, Z. and Webster, T., 2011. Nanosize hydroxyapatite: doping with various ions. Advances in Applied Ceramics, 110, 311-321.
  • Farrokhi-Rad, M., Khosrowshahi, Y.B., Hassannejad, H., Nouri, A. and Hosseini, M., 2018. Preparation and characterization of hydroxyapatite/titania nanocomposite coatings on titanium by electrophoretic deposition. Materials Research Express, 5, 115004.
  • Fielding, G.A., Roy, M., Bandyopadhyay, A. and Bose, S., 2012. Antibacterial and biological characteristics of silver containing and strontium doped plasma sprayed hydroxyapatite coatings. Acta Biomaterialia, 8, 3144-3152.
  • Fujii, E., Kawabata, K., Ando, K., Tsuru, K., Hayakawa, S. and Osaka, A., 2006. Synthesis and structural characterization of silica-hybridized hydroxyapatite with gas adsorption capability. Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, 114, 769-773.
  • Gaikwad, D.K., Pawar, P.P. and Selvam, T.P., 2017. Mass attenuation coefficients and effective atomic numbers of biological compounds for gamma ray interactions. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 138, 75-80.
  • Gowda, S., Krishnaveni, S. and Gowda, R., 2005. Studies on effective atomic numbers and electron densities in amino acids and sugars in the energy range 30–1333 keV. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 239, 361-369.
  • Gowda, S., Krishnaveni, S., Yashoda, T., Umesh, T.K. and Gowda, R., 2004. Photon mass attenuation coefficients, effective atomic numbers and electron densities of some thermoluminescent dosimetric compounds. Pramana, 63, 529-541.
  • Gülbiçim, H., Tufan, M.Ç. and Türkan, M.N., 2017. The investigation of vermiculite as an alternating shielding material for gamma rays. Radiation Physics Chemistry, 130, 112-117.
  • Issa, S.A.M., Hamdalla, T.A. and Darwish, A.A.A., 2017. Effect of ErCl3 in gamma and neutron parameters for different concentration of ErCl3-SiO2 (EDFA) for the signal protection from nuclear radiation. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 698, 234-240.
  • Jadalannagari, S., Deshmukh, K., Ramanan, S.R. and Kowshik, M., 2014. Antimicrobial activity of hemocompatible silver doped hydroxyapatite nanoparticles synthesized by modified sol–gel technique. Applied Nanoscience, 4, 133-141.
  • Jain, T.K., Richey, J., Strand, M., Leslie-Pelecky, D.L., Flask, C.A. and Labhasetwar, V., 2008. Magnetic nanoparticles with dual functional properties: Drug delivery and magnetic resonance imaging. Biomaterials, 29, 4012-4021.
  • Jones, J.R., 2013. Review of bioactive glass: from Hench to hybrids. Acta Biomaterialia 9, 4457-4486.
  • Kaçal, M.R., Akman, F. and Sayyed, M.I., 2018. Evaluation of gamma-ray and neutron attenuation properties of some polymers. Nuclear Engineering and Technology,51, 818-824.
  • Kaygili, O., Keser, S., Ates, T., Al-Ghamdi, A.A. and Yakuphanoglu, F., 2013. Controlling of dielectrical and optical properties of hydroxyapatite based bioceramics by Cd content. Powder Technology, 245, 1-6.
  • Kaygili, O., Keser, S., Ates, T., Tatar, C. and Yakuphanoglu, F., 2015. Controlling of dielectric parameters of insulating hydroxyapatite by simulated body fluid. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 46, 118-124.
  • Koksal, O., Wrobel, P., Apaydin, G., Cengiz, E., Lankosz, M., Tozar, A., Karahan, I., Özkalayci, F., 2019a. Elemental analysis for iron, cobalt, copper and zinc decorated hydroxyapatite synthetic bone dusts by EDXRF and SEM. Microchem J 144, 83-87.
  • Koksal, O.K., Apaydın, G., Tozar, A., Karahan, İ.H. and Cengiz, E., 2019b. Assessment of the mass attenuation parameters with using gamma-rays for manganese substituted nano hydroxyapatite. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 159, 76-80.
  • Köksal, O.K, Cengiz, E., Apaydın, G., Tozar, A. and Karahan, İ., 2019. Determination of the Mass Attenuation Coefficient, Effective Atomic Number and Electron Density for Nano Manganese Hydroxyapatite by using 778-1457 keV Gamma Rays. Journal of Nuclear Sciences, 5, 24-29.
  • Kumar, A., Kaur, R., Sayyed, M.I., Rashad, M., Singh, M. and Ali, A.M., 2019. Physical, structural, optical and gamma ray shielding behavior of (20+x) PbO – 10 BaO – 10 Na2O – 10 MgO – (50-x) B2O3 glasses. Physica B: Condensed Matter, 552, 110-118.
  • Othmani, M., Bachoua, H., Ghandour, Y., Aissa, A. and Debbabi, M., 2018. Synthesis, characterization and catalytic properties of copper-substituted hydroxyapatite nanocrystals. Materials Research Bulletin, 97, 560-566.
  • Raucci, M.G., Demitri, C., Soriente, A., Fasolino, I., Sannino, A. and Ambrosio, L., 2018. Gelatin/nano-hydroxyapatite hydrogel scaffold prepared by sol-gel technology as filler to repair bone defects. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 106, 2007-2019.
  • Razavi, M., Fathi, M., Savabi, O., Vashaee, D. and Tayebi, L., 2015. In Vitro Analysis of Electrophoretic Deposited Fluoridated Hydroxyapatite Coating on Micro-arc Oxidized AZ91 Magnesium Alloy for Biomaterials Applications. Metallurgical Materials Transactions A, 46, 1394-1404.
  • Sayyed, M.I., 2016. Bismuth modified shielding properties of zinc boro-tellurite glasses. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 688, 111-117.
  • Sayyed, M.I., Akman, F., Geçibesler, I.H. and Tekin, H., 2018. Measurement of mass attenuation coefficients, effective atomic numbers, and electron densities for different parts of medicinal aromatic plants in low-energy region. Nuclear Science and Techniques, 29, 144, 1-10.
  • Shi, P., Liu, M., Fan, F., Yu, C., Lu, W. and Du, M., 2018. Characterization of natural hydroxyapatite originated from fish bone and its biocompatibility with osteoblasts. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 90, 706-712.
  • Stipniece, L., Stepanova, V., Narkevica, I., Salma-Ancane, K. and Boyd, A.R., 2018. Comparative study of surface properties of Mg-substituted hydroxyapatite bioceramic microspheres. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 38, 761-768.
  • Tekin, H.O., Singh, V.P and Manici, T.,2017. Effects of micro-sized and nano-sized WO3 on mass attenauation coefficients of concrete by using MCNPX code. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 121, 122-125.
  • Tekin, H.O., Kavaz, E., Altunsoy, E.E., Kilicoglu, O., Agar, O., Erguzel, T.T. and Sayyed, M.I., 2019. An extensive investigation on gamma-ray and neutron attenuation parameters of cobalt oxide and nickel oxide substituted bioactive glasses. Ceramics International, 45, 9934-9949.
  • Ullah, I., Li, W., Lei, S., Zhang, Y., Zhang, W., Farooq, U., Ullah, S., Ullah, M.W. and Zhang, X., 2018. Simultaneous co-substitution of Sr2+/Fe3+ in hydroxyapatite nanoparticles for potential biomedical applications. Ceramics International 44, 21338-21348.

Metal Katkılı Hap ve Doğal Hayvan Kemiğinin Gamma-Işını Soğurma Özellikleri Üzerine Kapsamlı Bir Araştırma

Yıl 2020, Cilt 10, Sayı 1, 51 - 59, 15.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.17714/gumusfenbil.555646

Öz

Bu araştırma, doğal hayvan kemiği, demir (Fe), kobalt (Co), bakır (Cu) ve çinko (Zn) katkılı Nano hidroksiapatit yapay kemik tozları ve saf hidroksiapatitin gama ışını soğurma parametrelerine odaklanmaktadır. Mevcut örnekler, dar bir ışın iletim geometrisi kullanarak 50 mCi aktivitesine sahip 241-Amercium radyoaktif halka şeklindeki bir kaynaktan yayılan 59.5 keV enerjili gama ışını fotonları vasıtasıyla uyarıldı. Numuneden geçen gama ışınları deneysel olarak 5.95 keV'da 150 eV çözünürlüğe sahip Ultra Düşük Enerji Germanyum (Ultra-LEGe) detektörü kullanılarak sayıldı. Kütle soğurma katsayısı (µ / ρ), doğrusal soğurma katsayısı (µ), yarı değer katmanı (HVL), onuncu değer katmanı (TVL) ve soğurma çalışmalarında önemli bir role sahip olan ortalama serbest yol (MFP) gibi gama ışını soğurma özellikleri hesaplandı. Elde edilen değerler, XCOM NIST'ten tahmin edilen değerlerle kontrol edildi. Sonuçlar, metal katkılı hidroksiapatit sentetik kemik tozunun gama ışını soğurma verilerinin, doğal hayvan kemiğinin değerine çok yakın olduğunu göstermektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Abbasova, N., Yüksel, Z., Abbasov, E., Gülbiçim, H. and Tufan, M.Ç., 2019. Investigation of gamma-ray attenuation parameters of some materials used in dental applications. Results in Physics, 12, 2202-2205.
  • Abutalib, M.M. and Yahia, I.S., 2017. Novel and facile microwave-assisted synthesis of Mo-doped hydroxyapatite nanorods: Characterization, gamma absorption coefficient, and bioactivity. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 78, 1093-1100.
  • Adzila, S., Sopyan, I., Singh, R., Pusparini, E. and Hamdi, M., 2013. Mechanochemical synthesis of sodium doped hydroxyapatite powder. Indian Journal of Chemistry, 52, 739-743.
  • Akman, F., Kaçal, M.R., Sayyed, M.I. and Karataş, H.A., 2019. Study of gamma radiation attenuation properties of some selected ternary alloys. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 782, 315-322.
  • Badran, H., Yahia, I.S., Hamdy, M.S. and Awwad, N.S., 2017. Lithium-doped hydroxyapatite nano-composites: synthesis, characterization, gamma attenuation coefficient and dielectric properties. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 130, 85-91.
  • Berger, M.J., Hubbell, J.H., Seltzer, S.M., Coursey, J.S. and Zucker, D.S., 1999. XCOM: photon cross section database (version 1.2).
  • Bertolla, L., Dlouhý, I., Tatarko, P., Viani, A., Mahajan, A., Chlup, Z., Reece, M.J. and Boccaccini, A.R., 2017. Pressureless spark plasma–sintered Bioglass® 45S5 with enhanced mechanical properties and stress–induced new phase formation. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 37, 2727-2736.
  • Bhattacharjee, A., Gupta, A., Verma, M., Murugan, P.A., Sengupta, P., Matheshwaran, S., Manna, I. and Balani, K., 2019. Site-specific antibacterial efficacy and cyto/hemo-compatibility of zinc substituted hydroxyapatite. Ceramics International, 45, 12225-12233.
  • Büyükyıldız, M. and Kurudirek, M., 2018. Radiological properties of healthy, carcinoma and equivalent breast tissues for photon and charged particle interactions. International Journal of Radiation Biology, 94, 70-78.
  • Chen, Y., Zheng, X., Xie, Y., Ji, H., Ding, C., Li, H. and Dai, K., 2010. Silver release from silver-containing hydroxyapatite coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology, 205, 1892-1896.
  • Ciobanu, C.S., Andronescu, E. and Predoi, D., 2011. Bet and XRD Studies on the Hydroxyapatite and Europium Doped Hydroxyapatite. Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures, 6, 1239-1244.
  • Coelho, C.C., Araújo, R., Quadros, P.A., Sousa, S.R. and Monteiro, F.J., 2019. Antibacterial bone substitute of hydroxyapatite and magnesium oxide to prevent dental and orthopaedic infections. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 97, 529-538.
  • Creagh, D.C., 1987. The resolution of discrepancies in tables of photon attenuation coefficients. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 255, 1-16.
  • Çelik, N., Çevik, U. and Çelik, A., 2012. Effect of detector collimation on the measured mass attenuation coefficients of some elements for 59.5–661.6 keV gamma-rays. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 281, 8-14.
  • El-Bashir, B.O., Sayyed, M.I., Zaid, M.H.M. and Matori, K.A., 2017. Comprehensive study on physical, elastic and shielding properties of ternary BaO-Bi2O3-P2O5 glasses as a potent radiation shielding material. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 468, 92-99.
  • Escamilla-Rivera, V., Uribe-Ramírez, M., Esquivel-Gaón, M., Rodriguez, L., Giraldo-Betancur, A.L., Campos-Villegas, L., Arreola-Mendoza, L., Muñoz-Saldaña, J. and Ruiz, A.D.V., 2016. Biomimetic titania/hydroxyapatite coating of CrCoMo microimplants enhances biocompatibility and reduces metal-associated toxicity. Toxicology Letters, 259, S154.
  • Evis, Z. and Webster, T., 2011. Nanosize hydroxyapatite: doping with various ions. Advances in Applied Ceramics, 110, 311-321.
  • Farrokhi-Rad, M., Khosrowshahi, Y.B., Hassannejad, H., Nouri, A. and Hosseini, M., 2018. Preparation and characterization of hydroxyapatite/titania nanocomposite coatings on titanium by electrophoretic deposition. Materials Research Express, 5, 115004.
  • Fielding, G.A., Roy, M., Bandyopadhyay, A. and Bose, S., 2012. Antibacterial and biological characteristics of silver containing and strontium doped plasma sprayed hydroxyapatite coatings. Acta Biomaterialia, 8, 3144-3152.
  • Fujii, E., Kawabata, K., Ando, K., Tsuru, K., Hayakawa, S. and Osaka, A., 2006. Synthesis and structural characterization of silica-hybridized hydroxyapatite with gas adsorption capability. Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, 114, 769-773.
  • Gaikwad, D.K., Pawar, P.P. and Selvam, T.P., 2017. Mass attenuation coefficients and effective atomic numbers of biological compounds for gamma ray interactions. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 138, 75-80.
  • Gowda, S., Krishnaveni, S. and Gowda, R., 2005. Studies on effective atomic numbers and electron densities in amino acids and sugars in the energy range 30–1333 keV. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 239, 361-369.
  • Gowda, S., Krishnaveni, S., Yashoda, T., Umesh, T.K. and Gowda, R., 2004. Photon mass attenuation coefficients, effective atomic numbers and electron densities of some thermoluminescent dosimetric compounds. Pramana, 63, 529-541.
  • Gülbiçim, H., Tufan, M.Ç. and Türkan, M.N., 2017. The investigation of vermiculite as an alternating shielding material for gamma rays. Radiation Physics Chemistry, 130, 112-117.
  • Issa, S.A.M., Hamdalla, T.A. and Darwish, A.A.A., 2017. Effect of ErCl3 in gamma and neutron parameters for different concentration of ErCl3-SiO2 (EDFA) for the signal protection from nuclear radiation. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 698, 234-240.
  • Jadalannagari, S., Deshmukh, K., Ramanan, S.R. and Kowshik, M., 2014. Antimicrobial activity of hemocompatible silver doped hydroxyapatite nanoparticles synthesized by modified sol–gel technique. Applied Nanoscience, 4, 133-141.
  • Jain, T.K., Richey, J., Strand, M., Leslie-Pelecky, D.L., Flask, C.A. and Labhasetwar, V., 2008. Magnetic nanoparticles with dual functional properties: Drug delivery and magnetic resonance imaging. Biomaterials, 29, 4012-4021.
  • Jones, J.R., 2013. Review of bioactive glass: from Hench to hybrids. Acta Biomaterialia 9, 4457-4486.
  • Kaçal, M.R., Akman, F. and Sayyed, M.I., 2018. Evaluation of gamma-ray and neutron attenuation properties of some polymers. Nuclear Engineering and Technology,51, 818-824.
  • Kaygili, O., Keser, S., Ates, T., Al-Ghamdi, A.A. and Yakuphanoglu, F., 2013. Controlling of dielectrical and optical properties of hydroxyapatite based bioceramics by Cd content. Powder Technology, 245, 1-6.
  • Kaygili, O., Keser, S., Ates, T., Tatar, C. and Yakuphanoglu, F., 2015. Controlling of dielectric parameters of insulating hydroxyapatite by simulated body fluid. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 46, 118-124.
  • Koksal, O., Wrobel, P., Apaydin, G., Cengiz, E., Lankosz, M., Tozar, A., Karahan, I., Özkalayci, F., 2019a. Elemental analysis for iron, cobalt, copper and zinc decorated hydroxyapatite synthetic bone dusts by EDXRF and SEM. Microchem J 144, 83-87.
  • Koksal, O.K., Apaydın, G., Tozar, A., Karahan, İ.H. and Cengiz, E., 2019b. Assessment of the mass attenuation parameters with using gamma-rays for manganese substituted nano hydroxyapatite. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 159, 76-80.
  • Köksal, O.K, Cengiz, E., Apaydın, G., Tozar, A. and Karahan, İ., 2019. Determination of the Mass Attenuation Coefficient, Effective Atomic Number and Electron Density for Nano Manganese Hydroxyapatite by using 778-1457 keV Gamma Rays. Journal of Nuclear Sciences, 5, 24-29.
  • Kumar, A., Kaur, R., Sayyed, M.I., Rashad, M., Singh, M. and Ali, A.M., 2019. Physical, structural, optical and gamma ray shielding behavior of (20+x) PbO – 10 BaO – 10 Na2O – 10 MgO – (50-x) B2O3 glasses. Physica B: Condensed Matter, 552, 110-118.
  • Othmani, M., Bachoua, H., Ghandour, Y., Aissa, A. and Debbabi, M., 2018. Synthesis, characterization and catalytic properties of copper-substituted hydroxyapatite nanocrystals. Materials Research Bulletin, 97, 560-566.
  • Raucci, M.G., Demitri, C., Soriente, A., Fasolino, I., Sannino, A. and Ambrosio, L., 2018. Gelatin/nano-hydroxyapatite hydrogel scaffold prepared by sol-gel technology as filler to repair bone defects. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 106, 2007-2019.
  • Razavi, M., Fathi, M., Savabi, O., Vashaee, D. and Tayebi, L., 2015. In Vitro Analysis of Electrophoretic Deposited Fluoridated Hydroxyapatite Coating on Micro-arc Oxidized AZ91 Magnesium Alloy for Biomaterials Applications. Metallurgical Materials Transactions A, 46, 1394-1404.
  • Sayyed, M.I., 2016. Bismuth modified shielding properties of zinc boro-tellurite glasses. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 688, 111-117.
  • Sayyed, M.I., Akman, F., Geçibesler, I.H. and Tekin, H., 2018. Measurement of mass attenuation coefficients, effective atomic numbers, and electron densities for different parts of medicinal aromatic plants in low-energy region. Nuclear Science and Techniques, 29, 144, 1-10.
  • Shi, P., Liu, M., Fan, F., Yu, C., Lu, W. and Du, M., 2018. Characterization of natural hydroxyapatite originated from fish bone and its biocompatibility with osteoblasts. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 90, 706-712.
  • Stipniece, L., Stepanova, V., Narkevica, I., Salma-Ancane, K. and Boyd, A.R., 2018. Comparative study of surface properties of Mg-substituted hydroxyapatite bioceramic microspheres. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 38, 761-768.
  • Tekin, H.O., Singh, V.P and Manici, T.,2017. Effects of micro-sized and nano-sized WO3 on mass attenauation coefficients of concrete by using MCNPX code. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 121, 122-125.
  • Tekin, H.O., Kavaz, E., Altunsoy, E.E., Kilicoglu, O., Agar, O., Erguzel, T.T. and Sayyed, M.I., 2019. An extensive investigation on gamma-ray and neutron attenuation parameters of cobalt oxide and nickel oxide substituted bioactive glasses. Ceramics International, 45, 9934-9949.
  • Ullah, I., Li, W., Lei, S., Zhang, Y., Zhang, W., Farooq, U., Ullah, S., Ullah, M.W. and Zhang, X., 2018. Simultaneous co-substitution of Sr2+/Fe3+ in hydroxyapatite nanoparticles for potential biomedical applications. Ceramics International 44, 21338-21348.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Oğuz Kağan KÖKSAL> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Karadeniz Technical University
0000-0003-2671-6683
Türkiye


Erhan CENGİZ>
ALANYA ALAADDIN KEYKUBAT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-4094-5784
Türkiye


Ali TOZAR>
HATAY MUSTAFA KEMAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-3039-1834
Türkiye


İsmail Hakkı KARAHAN>
HATAY MUSTAFA KEMAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-8297-3521
Türkiye


Gökhan APAYDIN>
Karadeniz Technical University
0000-0002-4647-344X
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Ocak 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 10, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { gumusfenbil555646, journal = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {2146-538X}, eissn = {2146-538X}, address = {}, publisher = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {10}, number = {1}, pages = {51 - 59}, doi = {10.17714/gumusfenbil.555646}, title = {A Comprehensive Research on Gamma-Ray Attenuation Characteristics of the Metal-Doped Hap and Natural Animal Bone}, key = {cite}, author = {Köksal, Oğuz Kağan and Cengiz, Erhan and Tozar, Ali and Karahan, İsmail Hakkı and Apaydın, Gökhan} }
APA Köksal, O. K. , Cengiz, E. , Tozar, A. , Karahan, İ. H. & Apaydın, G. (2020). A Comprehensive Research on Gamma-Ray Attenuation Characteristics of the Metal-Doped Hap and Natural Animal Bone . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi , 10 (1) , 51-59 . DOI: 10.17714/gumusfenbil.555646
MLA Köksal, O. K. , Cengiz, E. , Tozar, A. , Karahan, İ. H. , Apaydın, G. "A Comprehensive Research on Gamma-Ray Attenuation Characteristics of the Metal-Doped Hap and Natural Animal Bone" . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 10 (2020 ): 51-59 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gumusfenbil/issue/50726/555646>
Chicago Köksal, O. K. , Cengiz, E. , Tozar, A. , Karahan, İ. H. , Apaydın, G. "A Comprehensive Research on Gamma-Ray Attenuation Characteristics of the Metal-Doped Hap and Natural Animal Bone". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 10 (2020 ): 51-59
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A Comprehensive Research on Gamma-Ray Attenuation Characteristics of the Metal-Doped Hap and Natural Animal Bone AU - Oğuz Kağan Köksal , Erhan Cengiz , Ali Tozar , İsmail Hakkı Karahan , Gökhan Apaydın Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17714/gumusfenbil.555646 DO - 10.17714/gumusfenbil.555646 T2 - Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 51 EP - 59 VL - 10 IS - 1 SN - 2146-538X-2146-538X M3 - doi: 10.17714/gumusfenbil.555646 UR - https://doi.org/10.17714/gumusfenbil.555646 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi A Comprehensive Research on Gamma-Ray Attenuation Characteristics of the Metal-Doped Hap and Natural Animal Bone %A Oğuz Kağan Köksal , Erhan Cengiz , Ali Tozar , İsmail Hakkı Karahan , Gökhan Apaydın %T A Comprehensive Research on Gamma-Ray Attenuation Characteristics of the Metal-Doped Hap and Natural Animal Bone %D 2020 %J Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi %P 2146-538X-2146-538X %V 10 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17714/gumusfenbil.555646 %U 10.17714/gumusfenbil.555646
ISNAD Köksal, Oğuz Kağan , Cengiz, Erhan , Tozar, Ali , Karahan, İsmail Hakkı , Apaydın, Gökhan . "A Comprehensive Research on Gamma-Ray Attenuation Characteristics of the Metal-Doped Hap and Natural Animal Bone". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 10 / 1 (Ocak 2020): 51-59 . https://doi.org/10.17714/gumusfenbil.555646
AMA Köksal O. K. , Cengiz E. , Tozar A. , Karahan İ. H. , Apaydın G. A Comprehensive Research on Gamma-Ray Attenuation Characteristics of the Metal-Doped Hap and Natural Animal Bone. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi. 2020; 10(1): 51-59.
Vancouver Köksal O. K. , Cengiz E. , Tozar A. , Karahan İ. H. , Apaydın G. A Comprehensive Research on Gamma-Ray Attenuation Characteristics of the Metal-Doped Hap and Natural Animal Bone. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi. 2020; 10(1): 51-59.
IEEE O. K. Köksal , E. Cengiz , A. Tozar , İ. H. Karahan ve G. Apaydın , "A Comprehensive Research on Gamma-Ray Attenuation Characteristics of the Metal-Doped Hap and Natural Animal Bone", Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 10, sayı. 1, ss. 51-59, Oca. 2020, doi:10.17714/gumusfenbil.555646