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Annelerin Doğum Sonrası Döneme İlişkin Sosyal Destek Algıları: Annelerin Psikolojik İyi Oluşları Üzerine Nitel Bir İnceleme

Yıl 2021, Cilt 10, Sayı 4, 973 - 982, 29.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.1001380

Öz

Bu çalışmada, annelerin doğum sonrası döneme ilişkin sosyal destek algılarının ve beklentilerinin anlaşılması amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaç kapsamında, Türkiye’nin çeşitli yerlerinden, son 6 ay içinde doğum yapmış 17 anne ile açık uçlu sorulardan oluşan yarı yapılandırılmış form kullanılarak görüşülmüştür. Annelerle gerçekleştirilen görüşmeler ile birlikte doğum sonrası döneme ilişkin sosyal destek kavramı detaylandırılmaya çalışılmıştır. Sonuçlar içerik analizi kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. Analiz sonuçları, doğum sonrası dönemde en çok destek beklenilen konu, annelerden ve kayınvalidelerden beklentiler ve eşlerden beklentiler olmak üzere üç ana tema altında toplanmıştır. Belirlenen bu üç ana tema altında toplamda 14 alt tema belirlenmiştir. Çalışmada her bir alt tema ayrıntılı olarak tartışılmıştır. Bu çalışmanın sonuçları, sosyal destek amacıyla sergilenen bazı davranışların yeni doğum yapmış anneler tarafından olumsuz olarak algılanabileceğini göstermektedir. Elde edilen sonuçlara dayanarak doğum sonrası dönemde sosyal desteğin varlığından ziyade sosyal destek içeriğinin daha önemli olduğu ifade edilebilir. Verilen desteğin içeriğine ek olarak, desteği veren kişinin kim olduğu da bu dönemde anneler açısından önemlidir. Kısacası doğum sonrası dönemde annelerin psikolojik iyi oluşları açısından, onların sosyal destek olarak beklentileri göz önünde bulundurulmalıdır.

Kaynakça

  • Baser, M, Mucuk, S, Korkmaz, Z. and Sevig, U. (2005). “The Determination of Mother and Father Newborn Care Needs in Postpartum Period”. Journal of Health Sciences, 14, 54-58.
  • Robertson, E, Grace, S, Wallington, T. and Stewart, D.E. (2004). “Antenatal Risk Factors for Postpartum Depression: A Synthesis of Recent Literature”. General Hospital Psychiatry, 26 (4), 289-295.
  • Demir, S, Sentürk, M.B, Cakmak, Y. and Altay, M. (2016). “Postpartum Depression and Associated Factors in Patients Who Admitted to Our Clinic to Make Childbirth”. Haseki Tıp Bülteni, 54 (2), 83-89.
  • Stowe, Z.N. and Nemeroff, C.B. (1995). “Women at Risk for Postpartum-Onset Major Depression”. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 173 (2), 639-645.
  • Heron, J, O’Connor, T.G, Evans, J, Golding, J. and Glover, V. (2004). “The Course of Anxiety and Depression through Pregnancy and the Postpartum in a Community Sample”. Journal of Affective Disorders, 80 (1), 65-73.
  • Gulnar, D, Sunay, D. and Caylan, A. (2010). “Risk Factors Related With Postpartum Depression”. Journal of Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology, 20 (3), 141-148.
  • Robinson, G.E. and Stewart, D.E. (1986). “Postpartum Psychiatric Disorders”. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 134 (1), 31-37.
  • Field, T, Sandberg, D, Garcia, R, Vega-Lahr, N, Goldstein, S. and Guy, L. (1985). “Pregnancy Problems, Postpartum Depression, and Early Mother Infant Interactions”. Developmental Psychology, 21 (6), 1152-1156.
  • Lonstein, J.S. (2007). “Regulation of Anxiety during the Postpartum Period”. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 28 (2-3), 115-141.
  • Acele, E.O. and Karacam, Z. (2012). “Sexual Problems in Women during the First Postpartum Year and Related Conditions”. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21 (7‐8), 929-937.
  • Xie, R.H, He, G, Koszycki, D, Walker, M. and Wen, S.W. (2009). “Prenatal Social Support, Postnatal Social Support, and Postpartum Depression”. Annals of Epidemiology, 19 (9), 637-643.
  • Beck, C.T. (1995). “The Effects of Postpartum Depression on Maternal-Infant Interaction: A Meta-Analysis”. Nursing Research, 44 (5), 298-304.
  • Doganer, G. and Bekar, M. (2006). “Vajinal Yolla Dogum Yapan Kadınların Erken Postpartum Donemde Kendisinin ve Yenidoganın Bakımına Yonelik Yasadıkları Sorunların Belirlenmesi”. Saglık ve Toplum, 16 (4), 60-70.
  • Beck, C.T. (2001). “Predictors of Postpartum Depression: An Update”. Nursing Research, 50 (5), 275-285.
  • Hung, C.H. and Chung, H.H. (2001). “The Effects of Postpartum Stress and Social Support on Postpartum Women’s Health Status”. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 36 (5), 676-684.
  • Herbert, P. (1994). “Support of First-Time Mothers in the Three Months after Birth”. Nursing Times, 15 (24), 36-37.
  • Collins, N.L, Dunkel-Schetter, C, Lobel, M. and Scrimshaw, S.C. (1993). “Social Support in Pregnancy: Psychosocial Correlates of Birth Outcomes and Postpartum Depression”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65 (6), 1243-1258.
  • Taylor, S.E, Welch, W.T, Kim, H.S. and Sherman, D.K. (2007). “Cultural Differences in the Impact of Social Support on Psychological and Biological Stress Responses”. Psychological Science, 18 (9), 831-837.
  • Cohen, S. and Wills, T.A. (1985). “Stress, Social Support, and the Buffering Hypothesis”. Psychological Bulletin, 98 (2), 310-357.
  • Marakoglu, K, Ozdemir, S. and Civi, S. (2009). “Postpartum Depresyon”. Türkiye Klinikleri Journal of Medical Sciences, 29 (1), 206-214.
  • Logsdon, M.C, McBride, A.B. and Birkimer, J.C. (1994). “Social Support and Postpartum Depression”. Research in Nursing and Health, 17 (6), 449-457.
  • Bina, R. (2008). “The Impact of Cultural Factors upon Postpartum Depression: A Literature Review”. Health Care for Women International, 29 (6), 568-592.
  • Stern, G. and Kruckman, L. (1983). “Multi-disciplinary Perspectives on Postpartum Depression: An Anthropological Critique”. Social Science and Medicine, 17 (15), 1027-1041.
  • Morling, B, Kitayama, S. and Miyamoto, Y. (2003). “American and Japanese Women Use Different Coping Strategies during Normal Pregnancy”. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29 (12), 1533-1546.
  • Stemler, S. (2000). “An Overview of Content Analysis”. Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation, 7 (1), 17.
  • Baltaci, A. (2018). “Nitel Araştırmalarda Örnekleme Yöntemleri ve Örnek Hacmi Sorunsali Üzerine Kavramsal Bir İnceleme”. Bitlis Eren Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 7 (1), 231-274.
  • Hotun-Sahin, N, Dissiz, M, Dinc, H. and Soypak, F. (2014). “Erken Lohusalık Sürecinde Kadınların Algıladıkları Eş Destegi: Ölcek Geliştirme Çalışması”. Anadolu Hemşirelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 17 (2), 73-79.

Mothers’ Perceptions of Social Support during the Postpartum Period: A Qualitative Study on Psychological Well-Being of Mothers

Yıl 2021, Cilt 10, Sayı 4, 973 - 982, 29.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.1001380

Öz

It was aimed to understand mothers’ perceptions of social support and their expectations during the postpartum period in this study. For this aim, the interview technique was used. For the study, 17 participants who gave birth within the last 6 months in Turkey were interviewed with open-ended questions via phone. It was tried to elaborate on social support in the postpartum period with detailed discussions with them. Using content analysis, the results were collected under three main themes, the most expected matter for support, expectations from mothers and mothers-in-law, and expectations from their partners in the postpartum period. With the main themes, 14 sub-themes were identified. Each sub-theme was discussed elaborately in the study. The result of this study shows that mothers can perceive some behaviors as support negatively. Based on the results, it can be said the content of the support is more important than the existence of social support for mothers. Also, who gives which type of support is important for them. In short, the expectations of mothers as social support should be considered in the postpartum period for their psychological well-being.

Kaynakça

  • Baser, M, Mucuk, S, Korkmaz, Z. and Sevig, U. (2005). “The Determination of Mother and Father Newborn Care Needs in Postpartum Period”. Journal of Health Sciences, 14, 54-58.
  • Robertson, E, Grace, S, Wallington, T. and Stewart, D.E. (2004). “Antenatal Risk Factors for Postpartum Depression: A Synthesis of Recent Literature”. General Hospital Psychiatry, 26 (4), 289-295.
  • Demir, S, Sentürk, M.B, Cakmak, Y. and Altay, M. (2016). “Postpartum Depression and Associated Factors in Patients Who Admitted to Our Clinic to Make Childbirth”. Haseki Tıp Bülteni, 54 (2), 83-89.
  • Stowe, Z.N. and Nemeroff, C.B. (1995). “Women at Risk for Postpartum-Onset Major Depression”. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 173 (2), 639-645.
  • Heron, J, O’Connor, T.G, Evans, J, Golding, J. and Glover, V. (2004). “The Course of Anxiety and Depression through Pregnancy and the Postpartum in a Community Sample”. Journal of Affective Disorders, 80 (1), 65-73.
  • Gulnar, D, Sunay, D. and Caylan, A. (2010). “Risk Factors Related With Postpartum Depression”. Journal of Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology, 20 (3), 141-148.
  • Robinson, G.E. and Stewart, D.E. (1986). “Postpartum Psychiatric Disorders”. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 134 (1), 31-37.
  • Field, T, Sandberg, D, Garcia, R, Vega-Lahr, N, Goldstein, S. and Guy, L. (1985). “Pregnancy Problems, Postpartum Depression, and Early Mother Infant Interactions”. Developmental Psychology, 21 (6), 1152-1156.
  • Lonstein, J.S. (2007). “Regulation of Anxiety during the Postpartum Period”. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 28 (2-3), 115-141.
  • Acele, E.O. and Karacam, Z. (2012). “Sexual Problems in Women during the First Postpartum Year and Related Conditions”. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21 (7‐8), 929-937.
  • Xie, R.H, He, G, Koszycki, D, Walker, M. and Wen, S.W. (2009). “Prenatal Social Support, Postnatal Social Support, and Postpartum Depression”. Annals of Epidemiology, 19 (9), 637-643.
  • Beck, C.T. (1995). “The Effects of Postpartum Depression on Maternal-Infant Interaction: A Meta-Analysis”. Nursing Research, 44 (5), 298-304.
  • Doganer, G. and Bekar, M. (2006). “Vajinal Yolla Dogum Yapan Kadınların Erken Postpartum Donemde Kendisinin ve Yenidoganın Bakımına Yonelik Yasadıkları Sorunların Belirlenmesi”. Saglık ve Toplum, 16 (4), 60-70.
  • Beck, C.T. (2001). “Predictors of Postpartum Depression: An Update”. Nursing Research, 50 (5), 275-285.
  • Hung, C.H. and Chung, H.H. (2001). “The Effects of Postpartum Stress and Social Support on Postpartum Women’s Health Status”. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 36 (5), 676-684.
  • Herbert, P. (1994). “Support of First-Time Mothers in the Three Months after Birth”. Nursing Times, 15 (24), 36-37.
  • Collins, N.L, Dunkel-Schetter, C, Lobel, M. and Scrimshaw, S.C. (1993). “Social Support in Pregnancy: Psychosocial Correlates of Birth Outcomes and Postpartum Depression”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65 (6), 1243-1258.
  • Taylor, S.E, Welch, W.T, Kim, H.S. and Sherman, D.K. (2007). “Cultural Differences in the Impact of Social Support on Psychological and Biological Stress Responses”. Psychological Science, 18 (9), 831-837.
  • Cohen, S. and Wills, T.A. (1985). “Stress, Social Support, and the Buffering Hypothesis”. Psychological Bulletin, 98 (2), 310-357.
  • Marakoglu, K, Ozdemir, S. and Civi, S. (2009). “Postpartum Depresyon”. Türkiye Klinikleri Journal of Medical Sciences, 29 (1), 206-214.
  • Logsdon, M.C, McBride, A.B. and Birkimer, J.C. (1994). “Social Support and Postpartum Depression”. Research in Nursing and Health, 17 (6), 449-457.
  • Bina, R. (2008). “The Impact of Cultural Factors upon Postpartum Depression: A Literature Review”. Health Care for Women International, 29 (6), 568-592.
  • Stern, G. and Kruckman, L. (1983). “Multi-disciplinary Perspectives on Postpartum Depression: An Anthropological Critique”. Social Science and Medicine, 17 (15), 1027-1041.
  • Morling, B, Kitayama, S. and Miyamoto, Y. (2003). “American and Japanese Women Use Different Coping Strategies during Normal Pregnancy”. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29 (12), 1533-1546.
  • Stemler, S. (2000). “An Overview of Content Analysis”. Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation, 7 (1), 17.
  • Baltaci, A. (2018). “Nitel Araştırmalarda Örnekleme Yöntemleri ve Örnek Hacmi Sorunsali Üzerine Kavramsal Bir İnceleme”. Bitlis Eren Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 7 (1), 231-274.
  • Hotun-Sahin, N, Dissiz, M, Dinc, H. and Soypak, F. (2014). “Erken Lohusalık Sürecinde Kadınların Algıladıkları Eş Destegi: Ölcek Geliştirme Çalışması”. Anadolu Hemşirelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 17 (2), 73-79.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Zuhal Beyza ATAK (Sorumlu Yazar)
ANKARA YILDIRIM BEYAZIT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2664-4205
Türkiye


Özden YALÇINKAYA ALKAR
ANKARA YILDIRIM BEYAZIT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-8484-9199
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum -
Proje Numarası -
Teşekkür The authors are thankful to the participant mothers.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 10, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { gumussagbil1001380, journal = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2146-9954}, address = {}, publisher = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {10}, pages = {973 - 982}, doi = {10.37989/gumussagbil.1001380}, title = {Mothers’ Perceptions of Social Support during the Postpartum Period: A Qualitative Study on Psychological Well-Being of Mothers}, key = {cite}, author = {Atak, Zuhal Beyza and Yalçınkaya Alkar, Özden} }
APA Atak, Z. B. & Yalçınkaya Alkar, Ö. (2021). Mothers’ Perceptions of Social Support during the Postpartum Period: A Qualitative Study on Psychological Well-Being of Mothers . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi , 10 (4) , 973-982 . DOI: 10.37989/gumussagbil.1001380
MLA Atak, Z. B. , Yalçınkaya Alkar, Ö. "Mothers’ Perceptions of Social Support during the Postpartum Period: A Qualitative Study on Psychological Well-Being of Mothers" . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 10 (2021 ): 973-982 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gumussagbil/issue/67427/1001380>
Chicago Atak, Z. B. , Yalçınkaya Alkar, Ö. "Mothers’ Perceptions of Social Support during the Postpartum Period: A Qualitative Study on Psychological Well-Being of Mothers". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 10 (2021 ): 973-982
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Mothers’ Perceptions of Social Support during the Postpartum Period: A Qualitative Study on Psychological Well-Being of Mothers AU - Zuhal Beyza Atak , Özden Yalçınkaya Alkar Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.1001380 DO - 10.37989/gumussagbil.1001380 T2 - Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 973 EP - 982 VL - 10 IS - 4 SN - -2146-9954 M3 - doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.1001380 UR - https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.1001380 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi Mothers’ Perceptions of Social Support during the Postpartum Period: A Qualitative Study on Psychological Well-Being of Mothers %A Zuhal Beyza Atak , Özden Yalçınkaya Alkar %T Mothers’ Perceptions of Social Support during the Postpartum Period: A Qualitative Study on Psychological Well-Being of Mothers %D 2021 %J Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2146-9954 %V 10 %N 4 %R doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.1001380 %U 10.37989/gumussagbil.1001380
ISNAD Atak, Zuhal Beyza , Yalçınkaya Alkar, Özden . "Mothers’ Perceptions of Social Support during the Postpartum Period: A Qualitative Study on Psychological Well-Being of Mothers". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 10 / 4 (Aralık 2021): 973-982 . https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.1001380
AMA Atak Z. B. , Yalçınkaya Alkar Ö. Mothers’ Perceptions of Social Support during the Postpartum Period: A Qualitative Study on Psychological Well-Being of Mothers. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2021; 10(4): 973-982.
Vancouver Atak Z. B. , Yalçınkaya Alkar Ö. Mothers’ Perceptions of Social Support during the Postpartum Period: A Qualitative Study on Psychological Well-Being of Mothers. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2021; 10(4): 973-982.
IEEE Z. B. Atak ve Ö. Yalçınkaya Alkar , "Mothers’ Perceptions of Social Support during the Postpartum Period: A Qualitative Study on Psychological Well-Being of Mothers", Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 10, sayı. 4, ss. 973-982, Ara. 2021, doi:10.37989/gumussagbil.1001380