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The Assessment of Turkey’s Vulnerability to Disasters and Hazards with IDB Indicator System

Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 1, 133 - 143, 19.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.944234

Öz

The aim of this study is to determine vulnerabilitiy and catascrophic indexes of the provinces of Turkey and to determine the current situation and deficiencies of these provinces against disasters and to guide the decision makers. The study was prepared with a semi-numerical method and the scope of the study was all provinces of our country. The study covers the period 2015-2017 and it has been applied to all provinces of Turkey. Prevalent Vulnerability Index (PVI) consists of 24 sub-factors and the index value is between 0 and 1. The first four provinces with the highest index average for 2015-2017 are Şanlıurfa, Şırnak, Mardin and Diyarbakır. The provinces with the lowest value were Giresun, Trabzon, Artvin and Rize. In addition, 40.74% of our provinces were in the high vulnerability category, while 59.26% were in the middle index category. There were no provinces in the low index category. As a result, while it was seen that our country was not at the desired level in terms of vulnerability in the international arena, it was remarkable that in national context, the less developed regions or provinces of our country were in a worse position than the other provinces in terms of vulnerability.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Ciurean, R.L, Schroter, D. and Glade, T. (2013). Conceptual Frameworks of Vulnerability Assessments for Natural Disasters Reduction. London: INTECH Open Science.
  • 2. Kadıoğlu, M. (2008). Basic Principles of Reducing Disaster Damages. Ankara: JICA Turkey Office Publications.
  • 3. ABD (Asian Development Bank). (2018). Economic and Fiscal Impacts of Disasters in the Pacific. Philippines: Asian Development Bank.
  • 4. UNICEF. (2013). Disaster Risk Analysis Guidance for Local Governments. Geneva-Switzerland: UNICEF.
  • 5. Bradshaw, S. (2004). Socio-economic impacts of natural disasters: a gender analysis. Chile: United Nations Publications.
  • 6. Birkman, J, Cardona, O.D, Carreño, M.L, Barbat, A.H, Pelling, M, Schneiderbauer, S, Kienberger, K.M, Alexander, R.D, Zeil, P. and Welle, T. (2013). “Framing Vulnerability, Risk and Societal Responses: the MOVE Framework”. Nat Hazards, 67 (2), 193-211.
  • 7. Wei, Y.M, Fan, Y, Lu, C. and Tsaı, H.T.T. (2004). “The Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Disasters in China by Using the DEA Method”. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 24 (4), 427-439.
  • 8. UNISDR. and WMO. (2012). Disaster Risk and Resilience. Geneva: UNISDR Publishing.
  • 9. Connelly, A, Carter, J.G. and Handley, J. (2015). State of the Art Report (4) Vulnerability Assessment. Manchester: RESIN.
  • 10. Mitra, S. and Vivekananda, J. (2015). Compounding Risk: Disasters, Fragility and Conflict. London: International Alert Policy Brief.
  • 11. Wilhelmi, O.V. and Wilhite, D.A. (2002). “Assessing Vulnerability to Agricultural Drough: A Nebraska Case Study”. Natural Hazards, 25, 37-58.
  • 12. Downing, T.E. (1991). Assessing socioeconomic vulnerability to famine: frameworks, concepts, and applications, research report. Providence: Brown University.
  • 13. Green, C.H. and Van der, V.A, Wıerstra, E. and Penning-Rowsell, E. (1994). Vulnerability refined: analysing full flood impacts. London: Middlesex Universty Press.
  • 14. Cutter, S.L. (1996). “Vulnerability to environmental hazards”. Progress in Human Geography, 20(1), 529-39.
  • 15. WFO. (1998). WFP vulnerability mapping guidelines. Access address:http://www.wfp.org/DM_vAMWFPMapGuide.html;1998 (Accessed date: 03 April 2019).
  • 16. Weichselgartner, J. (2001). “Disaster Mitigation: The Concept of Vulnerability Revised”. Disaster Prevention and Management, 10 (2), 85-94.
  • 17. Weichselgartner, J. and Obersteiner, M. (2002). “Knowing Sufficient and Applying More: Challenges in Hazards Management”. Global Environmental Change Part B: Environmental Hazards, 4 (2), 73–77.
  • 18. King, D. (2001). “Uses and Limitations of Socioeconomic Indicators of Community Vulnerability to Natural Hazards: Data and Disasters in Northern Australia”. Natural Hazards, 24(2), 147-156.
  • 19. Wisner, B. (2003). Turning knowledge into timely and appropiate action: Reflections on IADB/IDEA program of disaster risk indicators. Manizales: IADB/IDEA Programa de Indicadores para la Gestión de Riesgos.
  • 20. Cutter, S.L. (2003). “Social Vulnerability to Environmental Hazards”. Social Science Quarterly, 84 (2), 242-261.
  • 21. Adger, W.N. (2006). “Vulnerability”. Global Environmental Change, 16, 268-281.
  • 22. Westen, C.V. (2011). Risk analysis, Multi-hazard risk assessment: Distance education course Guide book. Tokyo: United Nations University.
  • 23. Alexander, D, Kienberger, S. and Birkmann, J. (2014). Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards: A European Perspective. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • 24. IDEA (Instituto de Estudios Ambientales). (2005). Access address: http://idea.unalmzl.edu.co/ingles/contexto.php (Access date: 21 May 2018).
  • 25. Carreño, M.L, Cardona, O.D. and Barbat, A.H. (2005). Sistema de indicadores para la evaluación de riesgos. Barcelona: Centro Internacional de Métodos Numéricos en Ingenieria.
  • 26. Cardona, O.D. (2005). Indicators of Disaster Risk and Risk Management. Washington: Inter American Development Bank.
  • 27. Fuchs, S, Birkmann, J. and Glade, T. (2012). “Vulnerability Assessment in Natural Hazard and Risk Analysis: Current Approaches and Future Challenges”. Nat Hazards, 64 (3), 1969-1975.
  • 28. Nasiri, H. and Shahmohammadı-Kalalagh, S. (2013). “Flood Vulnerability Index As A Knowledge Base for Flood Risk Assessment in Urban Area”. Journal of Novel Applied Sciences, 2(8), 269-272.
  • 29. Etwire, P.M, Al-Hassan, R.M, Kuwornu, J.K.M. and Osei-Owusu, Y. (2013). “Applicationof Livelihood Vulnerability Index in Assessing Vulnerability to Climate Change and Variability in Northern Ghana”. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 3 (2), 157-170.
  • 30. BID. (2010). Indicadores de Riesgo de Desastre y de Gestión de Riesgos (Argentina). Washington: Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo.
  • 31. IDB. (2011a). Indicators for Disaster Risk and Risk Management (Bahamas). Washington: Inter-American Development Bank.
  • 32. IDB. (2011b). Indicators for Disaster Risk and Risk Management (Belize). Washington: Inter-American Development Bank.

Türkiye’nin Afet ve Tehlikelere Karşı Savunmasızlığının IDB Gösterge Sistemi ile Değerlendirilmesi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 1, 133 - 143, 19.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.944234

Öz

Bu çalışmanın amacı, Türkiye illerinin kırılganlık endekslerini belirlemek ve bu illerin afetlere karşı mevcut durumunu ve eksikliklerini tespit etmek ve karar vericilere rehberlik etmektir. Çalışma yarı sayısal bir yöntemle hazırlanmış ve çalışmanın kapsamı ülkemizin tüm illerindendir. Çalışma 2015-2017 dönemini kapsamakta olup, Türkiye'nin tüm illerine uygulanmıştır. Yaygın Savunmasızlık Endeksi (YSE) 24 alt faktörden oluşmaktadır ve endeks değeri 0 ile 1 arasındadır. 2015-2017 yılları arasında endeks ortalaması en yüksek ilk dört il Şanlıurfa, Şırnak, Mardin ve Diyarbakır'dır. En düşük değere sahip iller Giresun, Trabzon, Artvin ve Rize'dir. Ayrıca illerimizin %40,74' ü yüksek savunmasızlık kategorisinde ve %59,26' sı orta endeks kategorisindedir. Düşük endeks kategorisinde herhangi bir il bulunmamaktadır. Sonuç olarak, uluslararası arenada savunmasızlık açısından ülkemizin istenilen düzeyde olmadığı görülmekle birlikte, ulusal alanda, ülkemizin daha az gelişmiş bölgelerinin veya illerinin daha kötü bir konumda olduğu dikkat çekicidir.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Ciurean, R.L, Schroter, D. and Glade, T. (2013). Conceptual Frameworks of Vulnerability Assessments for Natural Disasters Reduction. London: INTECH Open Science.
  • 2. Kadıoğlu, M. (2008). Basic Principles of Reducing Disaster Damages. Ankara: JICA Turkey Office Publications.
  • 3. ABD (Asian Development Bank). (2018). Economic and Fiscal Impacts of Disasters in the Pacific. Philippines: Asian Development Bank.
  • 4. UNICEF. (2013). Disaster Risk Analysis Guidance for Local Governments. Geneva-Switzerland: UNICEF.
  • 5. Bradshaw, S. (2004). Socio-economic impacts of natural disasters: a gender analysis. Chile: United Nations Publications.
  • 6. Birkman, J, Cardona, O.D, Carreño, M.L, Barbat, A.H, Pelling, M, Schneiderbauer, S, Kienberger, K.M, Alexander, R.D, Zeil, P. and Welle, T. (2013). “Framing Vulnerability, Risk and Societal Responses: the MOVE Framework”. Nat Hazards, 67 (2), 193-211.
  • 7. Wei, Y.M, Fan, Y, Lu, C. and Tsaı, H.T.T. (2004). “The Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Disasters in China by Using the DEA Method”. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 24 (4), 427-439.
  • 8. UNISDR. and WMO. (2012). Disaster Risk and Resilience. Geneva: UNISDR Publishing.
  • 9. Connelly, A, Carter, J.G. and Handley, J. (2015). State of the Art Report (4) Vulnerability Assessment. Manchester: RESIN.
  • 10. Mitra, S. and Vivekananda, J. (2015). Compounding Risk: Disasters, Fragility and Conflict. London: International Alert Policy Brief.
  • 11. Wilhelmi, O.V. and Wilhite, D.A. (2002). “Assessing Vulnerability to Agricultural Drough: A Nebraska Case Study”. Natural Hazards, 25, 37-58.
  • 12. Downing, T.E. (1991). Assessing socioeconomic vulnerability to famine: frameworks, concepts, and applications, research report. Providence: Brown University.
  • 13. Green, C.H. and Van der, V.A, Wıerstra, E. and Penning-Rowsell, E. (1994). Vulnerability refined: analysing full flood impacts. London: Middlesex Universty Press.
  • 14. Cutter, S.L. (1996). “Vulnerability to environmental hazards”. Progress in Human Geography, 20(1), 529-39.
  • 15. WFO. (1998). WFP vulnerability mapping guidelines. Access address:http://www.wfp.org/DM_vAMWFPMapGuide.html;1998 (Accessed date: 03 April 2019).
  • 16. Weichselgartner, J. (2001). “Disaster Mitigation: The Concept of Vulnerability Revised”. Disaster Prevention and Management, 10 (2), 85-94.
  • 17. Weichselgartner, J. and Obersteiner, M. (2002). “Knowing Sufficient and Applying More: Challenges in Hazards Management”. Global Environmental Change Part B: Environmental Hazards, 4 (2), 73–77.
  • 18. King, D. (2001). “Uses and Limitations of Socioeconomic Indicators of Community Vulnerability to Natural Hazards: Data and Disasters in Northern Australia”. Natural Hazards, 24(2), 147-156.
  • 19. Wisner, B. (2003). Turning knowledge into timely and appropiate action: Reflections on IADB/IDEA program of disaster risk indicators. Manizales: IADB/IDEA Programa de Indicadores para la Gestión de Riesgos.
  • 20. Cutter, S.L. (2003). “Social Vulnerability to Environmental Hazards”. Social Science Quarterly, 84 (2), 242-261.
  • 21. Adger, W.N. (2006). “Vulnerability”. Global Environmental Change, 16, 268-281.
  • 22. Westen, C.V. (2011). Risk analysis, Multi-hazard risk assessment: Distance education course Guide book. Tokyo: United Nations University.
  • 23. Alexander, D, Kienberger, S. and Birkmann, J. (2014). Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards: A European Perspective. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • 24. IDEA (Instituto de Estudios Ambientales). (2005). Access address: http://idea.unalmzl.edu.co/ingles/contexto.php (Access date: 21 May 2018).
  • 25. Carreño, M.L, Cardona, O.D. and Barbat, A.H. (2005). Sistema de indicadores para la evaluación de riesgos. Barcelona: Centro Internacional de Métodos Numéricos en Ingenieria.
  • 26. Cardona, O.D. (2005). Indicators of Disaster Risk and Risk Management. Washington: Inter American Development Bank.
  • 27. Fuchs, S, Birkmann, J. and Glade, T. (2012). “Vulnerability Assessment in Natural Hazard and Risk Analysis: Current Approaches and Future Challenges”. Nat Hazards, 64 (3), 1969-1975.
  • 28. Nasiri, H. and Shahmohammadı-Kalalagh, S. (2013). “Flood Vulnerability Index As A Knowledge Base for Flood Risk Assessment in Urban Area”. Journal of Novel Applied Sciences, 2(8), 269-272.
  • 29. Etwire, P.M, Al-Hassan, R.M, Kuwornu, J.K.M. and Osei-Owusu, Y. (2013). “Applicationof Livelihood Vulnerability Index in Assessing Vulnerability to Climate Change and Variability in Northern Ghana”. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 3 (2), 157-170.
  • 30. BID. (2010). Indicadores de Riesgo de Desastre y de Gestión de Riesgos (Argentina). Washington: Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo.
  • 31. IDB. (2011a). Indicators for Disaster Risk and Risk Management (Bahamas). Washington: Inter-American Development Bank.
  • 32. IDB. (2011b). Indicators for Disaster Risk and Risk Management (Belize). Washington: Inter-American Development Bank.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Ünal YAPRAK (Sorumlu Yazar)
GÜMÜŞHANE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-5745-3455
Türkiye


Turgut ŞAHİNÖZ
ORDU UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES
0000-0001-8489-8978
Türkiye


Saime ŞAHİNÖZ
ORDU UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
0000-0003-0915-9344
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum -
Proje Numarası -
Teşekkür -
Yayımlanma Tarihi 19 Mart 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { gumussagbil944234, journal = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi}, eissn = {2146-9954}, address = {}, publisher = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {11}, number = {1}, pages = {133 - 143}, doi = {10.37989/gumussagbil.944234}, title = {The Assessment of Turkey’s Vulnerability to Disasters and Hazards with IDB Indicator System}, key = {cite}, author = {Yaprak, Ünal and Şahinöz, Turgut and Şahinöz, Saime} }
APA Yaprak, Ü. , Şahinöz, T. & Şahinöz, S. (2022). The Assessment of Turkey’s Vulnerability to Disasters and Hazards with IDB Indicator System . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi , 11 (1) , 133-143 . DOI: 10.37989/gumussagbil.944234
MLA Yaprak, Ü. , Şahinöz, T. , Şahinöz, S. "The Assessment of Turkey’s Vulnerability to Disasters and Hazards with IDB Indicator System" . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 (2022 ): 133-143 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gumussagbil/issue/68960/944234>
Chicago Yaprak, Ü. , Şahinöz, T. , Şahinöz, S. "The Assessment of Turkey’s Vulnerability to Disasters and Hazards with IDB Indicator System". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 (2022 ): 133-143
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Assessment of Turkey’s Vulnerability to Disasters and Hazards with IDB Indicator System AU - Ünal Yaprak , Turgut Şahinöz , Saime Şahinöz Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.944234 DO - 10.37989/gumussagbil.944234 T2 - Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 133 EP - 143 VL - 11 IS - 1 SN - -2146-9954 M3 - doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.944234 UR - https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.944234 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi The Assessment of Turkey’s Vulnerability to Disasters and Hazards with IDB Indicator System %A Ünal Yaprak , Turgut Şahinöz , Saime Şahinöz %T The Assessment of Turkey’s Vulnerability to Disasters and Hazards with IDB Indicator System %D 2022 %J Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2146-9954 %V 11 %N 1 %R doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.944234 %U 10.37989/gumussagbil.944234
ISNAD Yaprak, Ünal , Şahinöz, Turgut , Şahinöz, Saime . "The Assessment of Turkey’s Vulnerability to Disasters and Hazards with IDB Indicator System". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 / 1 (Mart 2022): 133-143 . https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.944234
AMA Yaprak Ü. , Şahinöz T. , Şahinöz S. The Assessment of Turkey’s Vulnerability to Disasters and Hazards with IDB Indicator System. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2022; 11(1): 133-143.
Vancouver Yaprak Ü. , Şahinöz T. , Şahinöz S. The Assessment of Turkey’s Vulnerability to Disasters and Hazards with IDB Indicator System. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2022; 11(1): 133-143.
IEEE Ü. Yaprak , T. Şahinöz ve S. Şahinöz , "The Assessment of Turkey’s Vulnerability to Disasters and Hazards with IDB Indicator System", Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 11, sayı. 1, ss. 133-143, Mar. 2022, doi:10.37989/gumussagbil.944234