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Yıl 2018, Cilt 21, Sayı 3, 563 - 576, 28.09.2018

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Kaynakça

  • 1. Accordino M. P. and Dion M. T. (2001) Deinstitutionalization Of Persons With Severe Mental Illness: Context And Consequences. Health & Medical Collection 67(2):16. 2. Bachrach L. L. and Lamb H. R. (1989) What Have We Learned From Deinstitutionalization? Psychiatric Annals. Health & Medical Collection 19(1): 12. 3. Barbato A. (1998) Psychiatry In Transition: Outcomes Of Mental Health Policy Shift in Italy. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 32(5): 673-679. 4. Beigel A. and Levenson A. L. (1972) The Community Mental Health Center – Strategies and Programs. Basic Books, London. 5. Bennett D. and Isobel M. (1982) Deinstitutionalization In The United Kingdom, International Journal of Mental Health 11(4): 5-23, Erişim Yeri: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41344296 (Erişim Tarihi: 24.05.2017) 6. Casacchia M., Malavolta M., Bianchini V., Giusti L., Di Michale V., Giosue P., Ruggeri M., Biondi M. and Roncone R (2015) Closing Forensic Psychiatric Hospitals In Italy: A New Deal For Mental Health Care? Riv. Psychiatry 50(5): 199-209. Erişim Yeri: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26489069 (Erişim Tarihi: 22.05.2017) 7. Curtis S., Gesler W., Priebe S. and Francis S. (2009) New Spaces of Inpatient Care For People With Mental Illness: ‘Rebirth’ Of The Clinic? Health & Place 15(1): 340-348. 8. Davidson L., Roberto M., Michael R. and Ken T, (2010) A Life In The Community: Italian Mental Health Reform And Recovery. Journal of Mental Health 19(5): 436-443. 9. Department of Health (1975) Better Services For The Mentally Ill. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. Erişim Yeri: http://navigator.health.org.uk/content/better-services-mentally-ill-white-paper-was-published-department-health-1975(Erişim Tarihi: 23.05.2017) 10. Department of Health (1971) Better services for the mentally handicapped. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. Erişim Yeri: http://navigator.health.org.uk /content/better-services-mentally-handicapped-white-paper-was-published-department-health-june-1971 (Erişim Tarihi: 23.05.2017) 11. Fairweather G. W., David H. S. and Louis G. T. (1974) Creating Change in Mental Health Organizations. Pergamon General Psychology Series, Pergamon Press, New York. 12. Fakhoury W. and Priebe S. (2007) Deinstitutionalization and Reinstitutionalisation: Major Changes in the Provision of Mental Healthcare. Psychiatry 6(8): 313-316. 13. Foot J. (2014) Franco Basaglia and the Radical Psychiatry Movement in Italy, 1961–78. Crit. Radic. Soc. Work 2(2): 235–249. 14. Girolamo D. G., Bassi M., Giovanni N., Mirella R., Giovanni S. and Angelo P. (2007) The Current State Of Mental Health Care In Italy: Problems, Perspectives, and Lessons To Learn. Eur. Arch. Psychiatry Clinic Neuroscience 257(2): 83–91. 15. Hudson G. C. and Cox J. A. (1991) Dimensions of State Mental Health Policy. Praeger, London. 16. Kennedy J. F. (1963) Special Message to the Congress on Mental Illness and Mental Retardation. Erişim Yeri: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=9546 (Erişim Tarihi: 01.05.2017) 17. Knapp M., David M., Elias M. and Graham T. (2007) Mental Health Policy and Practice across Europe; The future direction of mental health care. Open University Press, New York. 18. Kriegman G., Robert D. G. and Wilfred A. (1975) American Psychiatry Past, Present, and Future – Papers Presented On The Occasion Of The 200th Anniversary Of The Establishment Of The First State-Supported Mental Hospital in America. University of Virginia, Charlottesville. 19. Killaspy H. (2006) From The Asylum To Community Care: Learning From Experience. British Medical Bulletin 79-80: 245–258. 20. OECD. Italy led the way in deinstitutionalisation, but regional disparities remain a concern. Erişim Yeri: https://www.oecd.org/els/health-systems/MMHC-Country-Press-Note-Italy.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 22.05.2017) 21. OECD (2014) Making Mental Health Count. https://www.oecd.org/els/health-systems/Focus-on-Health-Making-Mental-Health-Count.pdf Erişim Tarihi: 23.05.2017 22. Priebe S., Alli B., Angelo F., Lars H., Reinhold K., Francisco T. G., Trevor T. and Durk W. (2005) Reinstitutionalisation In Mental Health Care: Comparison Of Data On Service Provision From Six European Countries. BMJ: British Medical Journal 330(7483): 123–126 23. Lippincott W. and Wilkins S. (1970) Community Mental Health Nursing. The American Journal of Nursing 70(5): 1019-1021. 24. Rubins J. L. (1971) The Community Mental Health Movement in the United States. American Journal of Psychoanalysis 31: 68-79. 25. Rochefort D. A. (1997) From Poorhouses to Homelessness: Policy Analysis and Mental Health Care. Second Edition, Auburn House, London. 26. Riesdorph-Ostrow W. (1989) Deinstitutionalization: A Public Policy Perspective. BSN Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services 27(6):4-8. 27. Schepher-Hughes N. and Lovell A. M. (1987) Psychiatry Inside Out. Selected Writings of Franco Basaglia. New York: Columbia University Press. 28. Thornicroft G. and Bebbington P. (1989) Deinstitutionalisation-From Hospital Closure To Service Development. British Journal of Psychiatry 155:739-753. 29. Thornicroft G. and Tansella M. (2002) Balancing Community-Based And Hospital-Based Mental Health Care. World Psychiatry 1(2):84-90. 30. Thornicroft G. and Tansella M. (2004) Components Of A Modern Mental Health Service: A Pragmatic Balance Of Community And Hospital Care. British Journal of Psychiatry 185: 283-290. 31. Thornicroft G. and Tansella M. (2013) The Balanced Care Model For Global Mental Health. Psychological Medicine 43(4):849–863. 32. The European Union (2015) Joint Action on Mental Health and Well-being, Towards Community-Based and Social Inclusive Mental Health Care. Erişim Yeri: http://www.mentalhealthandwellbeing.eu/assets/docs/publications/WP5%20Final-20151203075843.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 01.05.2017) 33. The Guardian (2015) The Man Who Closed the Asylums: Franco Basaglia and the Revolution in Mental Health Care by John Foot – review Topics, Health, mind and body. Erişim Yeri: https://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/aug/19/man-who-closed-asylums-franco-basaglia-review (Erişim Tarihi: 22.05.2017) 34. WHO (2003) What are the arguments for community-based mental health care? Erişim Yeri: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/74710/E82976.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 01.05.2017) 35. WHO (2003) Organization of Services for Mental Health. 36. WHO (1946) Constitution of the World Health Organization: Principles. Erişim Yeri: http://www.who.int/about/mission/en/ (Erişim Tarihi: 18.05.2017)

Deinstitutionalization in Mental Health Policy: from Institutional-Based to Community- Based Mental Healthcare Services

Yıl 2018, Cilt 21, Sayı 3, 563 - 576, 28.09.2018

Öz

In the 19th and early 20th century, psychiatric hospitals served as the main institution of mental healthcare for individuals with severe mental illness as well as a care center for the homeless and needy population. On the other hand, provision of mental health services has been transformed from the institutional-based services to the community-based services as a result of deinstitutionalization movement in the policy of mental health. The term of deinstitutionalization in mental health policy can be defined essentially as that the closing down and downsizing of large psychiatric hospitals and the introduction of smaller mental health care centers within the community. As well as in the most of the Western European countries including Germany, France, and the United Kingdom, the scope of psychiatric hospitals has been restricted in the United States and other Western countries i.e. Italy and Spain since the 1960s. On this regard, today, the type of mental healthcare provision can be divided into two sections; inpatient & residential care and outpatient care. While the inpatient & residential care includes mental hospitals, psychiatric wards, and community-based residential care facilities, outpatient care involves hospital outpatient departments, mental health outpatient clinics, community mental health centers (CMHC) including day-care treatment centers. In this paper, the main focus is about different ways of deinstitutionalization in three selected countries; in the United States, in the United Kingdom, and in Italy, respectively. In this point, what are different ways of deinstitutionalization in mental healthcare provision constitutes my core research question in this article.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Accordino M. P. and Dion M. T. (2001) Deinstitutionalization Of Persons With Severe Mental Illness: Context And Consequences. Health & Medical Collection 67(2):16. 2. Bachrach L. L. and Lamb H. R. (1989) What Have We Learned From Deinstitutionalization? Psychiatric Annals. Health & Medical Collection 19(1): 12. 3. Barbato A. (1998) Psychiatry In Transition: Outcomes Of Mental Health Policy Shift in Italy. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 32(5): 673-679. 4. Beigel A. and Levenson A. L. (1972) The Community Mental Health Center – Strategies and Programs. Basic Books, London. 5. Bennett D. and Isobel M. (1982) Deinstitutionalization In The United Kingdom, International Journal of Mental Health 11(4): 5-23, Erişim Yeri: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41344296 (Erişim Tarihi: 24.05.2017) 6. Casacchia M., Malavolta M., Bianchini V., Giusti L., Di Michale V., Giosue P., Ruggeri M., Biondi M. and Roncone R (2015) Closing Forensic Psychiatric Hospitals In Italy: A New Deal For Mental Health Care? Riv. Psychiatry 50(5): 199-209. Erişim Yeri: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26489069 (Erişim Tarihi: 22.05.2017) 7. Curtis S., Gesler W., Priebe S. and Francis S. (2009) New Spaces of Inpatient Care For People With Mental Illness: ‘Rebirth’ Of The Clinic? Health & Place 15(1): 340-348. 8. Davidson L., Roberto M., Michael R. and Ken T, (2010) A Life In The Community: Italian Mental Health Reform And Recovery. Journal of Mental Health 19(5): 436-443. 9. Department of Health (1975) Better Services For The Mentally Ill. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. Erişim Yeri: http://navigator.health.org.uk/content/better-services-mentally-ill-white-paper-was-published-department-health-1975(Erişim Tarihi: 23.05.2017) 10. Department of Health (1971) Better services for the mentally handicapped. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. Erişim Yeri: http://navigator.health.org.uk /content/better-services-mentally-handicapped-white-paper-was-published-department-health-june-1971 (Erişim Tarihi: 23.05.2017) 11. Fairweather G. W., David H. S. and Louis G. T. (1974) Creating Change in Mental Health Organizations. Pergamon General Psychology Series, Pergamon Press, New York. 12. Fakhoury W. and Priebe S. (2007) Deinstitutionalization and Reinstitutionalisation: Major Changes in the Provision of Mental Healthcare. Psychiatry 6(8): 313-316. 13. Foot J. (2014) Franco Basaglia and the Radical Psychiatry Movement in Italy, 1961–78. Crit. Radic. Soc. Work 2(2): 235–249. 14. Girolamo D. G., Bassi M., Giovanni N., Mirella R., Giovanni S. and Angelo P. (2007) The Current State Of Mental Health Care In Italy: Problems, Perspectives, and Lessons To Learn. Eur. Arch. Psychiatry Clinic Neuroscience 257(2): 83–91. 15. Hudson G. C. and Cox J. A. (1991) Dimensions of State Mental Health Policy. Praeger, London. 16. Kennedy J. F. (1963) Special Message to the Congress on Mental Illness and Mental Retardation. Erişim Yeri: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=9546 (Erişim Tarihi: 01.05.2017) 17. Knapp M., David M., Elias M. and Graham T. (2007) Mental Health Policy and Practice across Europe; The future direction of mental health care. Open University Press, New York. 18. Kriegman G., Robert D. G. and Wilfred A. (1975) American Psychiatry Past, Present, and Future – Papers Presented On The Occasion Of The 200th Anniversary Of The Establishment Of The First State-Supported Mental Hospital in America. University of Virginia, Charlottesville. 19. Killaspy H. (2006) From The Asylum To Community Care: Learning From Experience. British Medical Bulletin 79-80: 245–258. 20. OECD. Italy led the way in deinstitutionalisation, but regional disparities remain a concern. Erişim Yeri: https://www.oecd.org/els/health-systems/MMHC-Country-Press-Note-Italy.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 22.05.2017) 21. OECD (2014) Making Mental Health Count. https://www.oecd.org/els/health-systems/Focus-on-Health-Making-Mental-Health-Count.pdf Erişim Tarihi: 23.05.2017 22. Priebe S., Alli B., Angelo F., Lars H., Reinhold K., Francisco T. G., Trevor T. and Durk W. (2005) Reinstitutionalisation In Mental Health Care: Comparison Of Data On Service Provision From Six European Countries. BMJ: British Medical Journal 330(7483): 123–126 23. Lippincott W. and Wilkins S. (1970) Community Mental Health Nursing. The American Journal of Nursing 70(5): 1019-1021. 24. Rubins J. L. (1971) The Community Mental Health Movement in the United States. American Journal of Psychoanalysis 31: 68-79. 25. Rochefort D. A. (1997) From Poorhouses to Homelessness: Policy Analysis and Mental Health Care. Second Edition, Auburn House, London. 26. Riesdorph-Ostrow W. (1989) Deinstitutionalization: A Public Policy Perspective. BSN Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services 27(6):4-8. 27. Schepher-Hughes N. and Lovell A. M. (1987) Psychiatry Inside Out. Selected Writings of Franco Basaglia. New York: Columbia University Press. 28. Thornicroft G. and Bebbington P. (1989) Deinstitutionalisation-From Hospital Closure To Service Development. British Journal of Psychiatry 155:739-753. 29. Thornicroft G. and Tansella M. (2002) Balancing Community-Based And Hospital-Based Mental Health Care. World Psychiatry 1(2):84-90. 30. Thornicroft G. and Tansella M. (2004) Components Of A Modern Mental Health Service: A Pragmatic Balance Of Community And Hospital Care. British Journal of Psychiatry 185: 283-290. 31. Thornicroft G. and Tansella M. (2013) The Balanced Care Model For Global Mental Health. Psychological Medicine 43(4):849–863. 32. The European Union (2015) Joint Action on Mental Health and Well-being, Towards Community-Based and Social Inclusive Mental Health Care. Erişim Yeri: http://www.mentalhealthandwellbeing.eu/assets/docs/publications/WP5%20Final-20151203075843.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 01.05.2017) 33. The Guardian (2015) The Man Who Closed the Asylums: Franco Basaglia and the Revolution in Mental Health Care by John Foot – review Topics, Health, mind and body. Erişim Yeri: https://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/aug/19/man-who-closed-asylums-franco-basaglia-review (Erişim Tarihi: 22.05.2017) 34. WHO (2003) What are the arguments for community-based mental health care? Erişim Yeri: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/74710/E82976.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 01.05.2017) 35. WHO (2003) Organization of Services for Mental Health. 36. WHO (1946) Constitution of the World Health Organization: Principles. Erişim Yeri: http://www.who.int/about/mission/en/ (Erişim Tarihi: 18.05.2017)

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Merve Kardelen BİLİR>

0000-0001-8563-2303

Yayımlanma Tarihi 28 Eylül 2018
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2018, Cilt 21, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @derleme { hacettepesid469808, journal = {Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Dergisi}, eissn = {2148-9041}, address = {}, publisher = {Hacettepe Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {21}, number = {3}, pages = {563 - 576}, title = {Deinstitutionalization in Mental Health Policy: from Institutional-Based to Community- Based Mental Healthcare Services}, key = {cite}, author = {Bilir, Merve Kardelen} }
APA Bilir, M. K. (2018). Deinstitutionalization in Mental Health Policy: from Institutional-Based to Community- Based Mental Healthcare Services . Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Dergisi , 21 (3) , 563-576 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/hacettepesid/issue/39661/469808
MLA Bilir, M. K. "Deinstitutionalization in Mental Health Policy: from Institutional-Based to Community- Based Mental Healthcare Services" . Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Dergisi 21 (2018 ): 563-576 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/hacettepesid/issue/39661/469808>
Chicago Bilir, M. K. "Deinstitutionalization in Mental Health Policy: from Institutional-Based to Community- Based Mental Healthcare Services". Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Dergisi 21 (2018 ): 563-576
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Deinstitutionalization in Mental Health Policy: from Institutional-Based to Community- Based Mental Healthcare Services AU - Merve KardelenBilir Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 563 EP - 576 VL - 21 IS - 3 SN - -2148-9041 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Dergisi Deinstitutionalization in Mental Health Policy: from Institutional-Based to Community- Based Mental Healthcare Services %A Merve Kardelen Bilir %T Deinstitutionalization in Mental Health Policy: from Institutional-Based to Community- Based Mental Healthcare Services %D 2018 %J Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Dergisi %P -2148-9041 %V 21 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Bilir, Merve Kardelen . "Deinstitutionalization in Mental Health Policy: from Institutional-Based to Community- Based Mental Healthcare Services". Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Dergisi 21 / 3 (Eylül 2018): 563-576 .
AMA Bilir M. K. Deinstitutionalization in Mental Health Policy: from Institutional-Based to Community- Based Mental Healthcare Services. HSİD. 2018; 21(3): 563-576.
Vancouver Bilir M. K. Deinstitutionalization in Mental Health Policy: from Institutional-Based to Community- Based Mental Healthcare Services. Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Dergisi. 2018; 21(3): 563-576.
IEEE M. K. Bilir , "Deinstitutionalization in Mental Health Policy: from Institutional-Based to Community- Based Mental Healthcare Services", Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Dergisi, c. 21, sayı. 3, ss. 563-576, Eyl. 2018