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Investigation of the Moderator Role of University Conditions Under the Effect of Personality Traits on Entrepreneurship Competence

Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 1, 138 - 149, 30.04.2021

Öz

This study aimed to investigate the moderator effect of university conditions in the relationship between personality traits and
entrepreneurial competence. In this cross-sectional study, the questionnaire method used in quantitative studies was preferred to obtain
primary data. The population of the research is the students of Selçuk University in Konya and consists of 3rd and 4th year students
studying in 2018-2019 academic year. Personal information form, Entrepreneurial-Innovative University Conditions Scale, Scale of
Entrepreneurial Competencies and The Five-Factor Personality Inventory were used as data collection tools. Multiple linear regression
analysis was used to analyze the data. The results show that personality traits have a positive effect on entrepreneurial competence. It
was found that university conditions did not have a moderator effect in the relationship between personality traits and entrepreneurial
competence. Some suggestions were offered considering the results obtained

Kaynakça

  • Akiskal, H. S., Hirschfeld, M. A., & Yerevanian, B. I. (1983). The relationship of personality to affective disorders. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 40, 801-810.
  • Barbak, A., Burmaoğlu, S., & Esen, M. (2016). Araştırma üniversitesi olmak [Being a research university]. In: H. Yalçın, M. Esen, S. Burmaoğlu, & M. F. Sorkun (Eds.), Bilim, Teknoloji ve İnovasyon Çağında Araştırma Üniversitesi Olmak [Being a Research University in the Age of Science, Technology and Innovation] (pp. 107-123). Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
  • Başol, O., Dursun, S., & Aytaç, S. (2011). Kişiliğin girişimcilik niyeti üzerine etkisi: üniversiteli gençler üzerine bir uygulama [The effect of personality on entrepreneurial intention: an application on university students]. “İş Güç” Endüstri İlişkileri ve İnsan Kaynakları Dergisi, 4(13), 7-22.
  • Bergmann, H., Hundt, C., & Sternberg, R. (2016). What makes student entrepreneurs? On the relevance (and irrelevance) of the university and the regional context for student start-ups. Small Business Economics, 47(1), 53-76.
  • Blenker P., Dreisler P., & Kjeldsen J. (2006). Entrepreneurship education – The new challenge facing the universities - A framework or understanding and development of entrepreneurial universitiy communities, working paper, Department of Management, Aarhus School of Business and University of Aarhus, Denmark.
  • Brandstätter, H. (1997). Becoming an entrepreneur – a question of personality structure? Journal of Economics, 18, 157-177.
  • Braukmann, U., Bijedic, T., & Schade, C. (2008). Unternehmerische persönlichkeit - Eine theoretische rekonstruktion und normaldefinitorische konturierung. Wuppertal: Schumpeter School of Business and Economics.
  • Brown, J. T., & Kant, A. C. (2008). Creating bioentrepreneurs: How graduate student organisations foster science entrepreneurship. Journal of Commercial Biotechnology, 15(2), 125-35.
  • Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2006). Veri analizi el kitabı [Data analysis handbook]. Ankara: Pegem A Yayıncılık.
  • Caliendo, M., & Kritikos, A. S. (2011). Searching for the entrepreneurial personality: New evidence and avenues for further research. IZA Discussion Papers 5790, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Cardy L., & Selvarajan, R. (2006). Competencies: Alternative frameworks for competitive advantage. Business Horizons, 49(3), 235-245.
  • Chrisman, J. J., Hynes, T., & Fraser, S. (1995). Faculty entrepreneurship and economic development: The case of the University of Calgary. Journal of Business Venturing, 10(4), 267-281.
  • Clark, B. R. (1998). Creating entrepreneurial university: Organizational pathways of transformation. UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
  • Collins, C. J., Hanges, P. J., & Locke, E. A. (2004). Therelationship of achievement motivation to entrepreneurial behavior: A meta-analysis. Human performance, 17(1), 95-117.
  • Çavuş, M. F., & Pekkan, N. Ü. (2017). Algılanan sosyal desteğin sosyal girişimciliğe etkisi: Üniversite öğrencileri üzerinde bir araştırma [The effect of perceived social support on social entrepreneurship: A study on university students]. Business and Economics Research Journal, 8(3), 519-532.
  • Çetin, F., & Varoğlu, A. K. (2009). Özellikler bağlamında girişimcinin beş faktör kişilik örüntüsü [The entrepreneur's five factor personality pattern in terms of characteristics]. Savunma Bilimleri Dergisi, 8(2), 51-66. Çokluk, O., Şekercioğlu, G., & Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2012). Sosyal bilimler için çok değişkenli SPSS ve LISREL uygulamaları [Multivariate SPSS and LISREL applications for social sciences]. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık.
  • Dill, D. D. (2003). Allowing the market to rule: The case of the united states. Higher Education Quarterly, 57(2), 136-157.
  • Donckels, R. (1991). Education and entrepreneurship experiences from secondary and university education in Belgium. Journal of small business & entrepreneurship, 9(1), 35-42.
  • Etzkowitz H. (2004). The evolution of the entrepreneurial university. International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, 1(1), 64-77.
  • Etzkowitz, H. (1983). Entrepreneurial scientists and entrepreneurial universities in american academic science. Minerva, 21, 1–21.
  • Fernie, D. E., Kantor, R., Klein, E. L., Meyer, C., & Elgas, P. M. (1988). Becoming students and becoming ethnographers in a preschool. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 3(2), 132-141.
  • Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS (3rd Edition), London: Sage Publications Ltd.
  • Galloway, L., & Brown, W. (2002). Entrepreneurship education at university: a driver in the creation of high growth firms? Education+ Training, 44(8-9), 398-405.
  • Goldberg, L. R. (1992). The development of markers for the Big-Five factor structure. Psychological Assessment, 4(1), 26-42.
  • Jacob, M., Lundqvist, M., & Hellsmark, H. (2003). Entrepreneurial transformations in the Swedish university system: the case of Chalmers University of Technology. Research Policy, 32, 1555–1568.
  • Jacobsen, L. (2003). Bestimmungsfaktoren für Erfolg im Entrepreneurship. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, FB Erziehungswissenschaft, Freie Universität zu Berlin, Germany.
  • Johannisson, B. (1991). University training for entrepreneurship: Swedish approaches. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 3(1), 67-82.
  • John O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In: L. A. Pervin, & O. P. John (Eds.), Hand-book of Personality: Theory and Research (pp. 102-138). New York: The Guilford Press. Johns, G. (2006). The essential impact of context on organizational behavior. Academy of Management Review, 31(2), 386–408.
  • Kailer, N. (2005). Komzeptualisierung der entrepreneurship education an hochschlen: Empirische ergebnisse, problemfelder und gestantlungsansätze. Zeitschrift für KMU und Entrepreneurship, 53(3), 165-184.
  • Kailer, N., & Weiß, G. (2018). Gründungsmanagement kompakt: Von der idee zum businessplan. Wien: Linde Verlag.
  • Karabulut, T. (2009). Üniversite öğrencilerinin girişimcilik özelliklerini ve eğilimlerini belirlemeye yönelik bir araştırma [A research to determine the entrepreneurial characteristics and tendencies of university students], Marmara Üniversitesi İİBF Dergisi, 16(1), 331-356.
  • Kerr, S. P., Kerr, W. R., & Xu, T. (2018). Personality traits of entrepreneurs: A review of recent literature. Foundations and Trends® in Entrepreneurship, 14(3), 279-356.
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Kişilik Özelliklerinin Girişimcilik Yetkinliği Üzerinde Etkisi Sürecinde Üniversite Koşullarının Moderatör Rolünün İrdelenmesi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 1, 138 - 149, 30.04.2021

Öz

Bu çalışmada, kişilik özelliklerinin girişimcilik yetkinliği üzerinde etkisi sürecinde girişimci-yenilikçi üniversite koşullarının moderatör
rolünün irdelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla anket yöntemiyle elde edilen veriler SPSS 24.0 paket programıyla analiz edilmiş ve
üniversite öğrencilerinin kişilik özellikleri, girişimci-yenilikçi üniversite koşullarına ilişkin algıları ve girişimcilik öz-yetkinlikleri arasındaki
ilişkilerin demografik, aile, çalışma/iş durumu ve teknoloji faktörleri açısından nedensel ve ilişkisel tarama modelleri ile incelenmiştir. Bu
bağlamda Türkiye’nin büyük üniversitelerin birinde saha araştırması yapılmış öğrencilere anket uygulanmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre,
üniversite koşullarının kişilik özellikleri ile girişimcilik yetkinliği arasında moderatör etkisi bulunmamaktadır. Bununla birlikte araştırma
sonuçlarına göre öğrencilerin girişimci-yenilikçi üniversite koşullarına ilişkin algılarının ve kişilik özelliklerinin girişimcilik yetkinliklerini
anlamlı düzeyde yordadığı görülmüştür. Öğrencilerin girişimcilik yetkinlikleri en güçlü şekilde yordayan değişkenin kişilik özellikleri
olduğu görülmüştür. Ayrıca araştırmada öğrencilerin girişimcilik yetkinliklerin demografik, fakülte, bölüm, sınıf, aile, çalışma/iş durumu,
teknolojiye ilgi duyma ve teknoloji alanında proje yapma faktörleri açısından anlamlı farklılıklar göstermektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Akiskal, H. S., Hirschfeld, M. A., & Yerevanian, B. I. (1983). The relationship of personality to affective disorders. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 40, 801-810.
  • Barbak, A., Burmaoğlu, S., & Esen, M. (2016). Araştırma üniversitesi olmak [Being a research university]. In: H. Yalçın, M. Esen, S. Burmaoğlu, & M. F. Sorkun (Eds.), Bilim, Teknoloji ve İnovasyon Çağında Araştırma Üniversitesi Olmak [Being a Research University in the Age of Science, Technology and Innovation] (pp. 107-123). Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
  • Başol, O., Dursun, S., & Aytaç, S. (2011). Kişiliğin girişimcilik niyeti üzerine etkisi: üniversiteli gençler üzerine bir uygulama [The effect of personality on entrepreneurial intention: an application on university students]. “İş Güç” Endüstri İlişkileri ve İnsan Kaynakları Dergisi, 4(13), 7-22.
  • Bergmann, H., Hundt, C., & Sternberg, R. (2016). What makes student entrepreneurs? On the relevance (and irrelevance) of the university and the regional context for student start-ups. Small Business Economics, 47(1), 53-76.
  • Blenker P., Dreisler P., & Kjeldsen J. (2006). Entrepreneurship education – The new challenge facing the universities - A framework or understanding and development of entrepreneurial universitiy communities, working paper, Department of Management, Aarhus School of Business and University of Aarhus, Denmark.
  • Brandstätter, H. (1997). Becoming an entrepreneur – a question of personality structure? Journal of Economics, 18, 157-177.
  • Braukmann, U., Bijedic, T., & Schade, C. (2008). Unternehmerische persönlichkeit - Eine theoretische rekonstruktion und normaldefinitorische konturierung. Wuppertal: Schumpeter School of Business and Economics.
  • Brown, J. T., & Kant, A. C. (2008). Creating bioentrepreneurs: How graduate student organisations foster science entrepreneurship. Journal of Commercial Biotechnology, 15(2), 125-35.
  • Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2006). Veri analizi el kitabı [Data analysis handbook]. Ankara: Pegem A Yayıncılık.
  • Caliendo, M., & Kritikos, A. S. (2011). Searching for the entrepreneurial personality: New evidence and avenues for further research. IZA Discussion Papers 5790, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Cardy L., & Selvarajan, R. (2006). Competencies: Alternative frameworks for competitive advantage. Business Horizons, 49(3), 235-245.
  • Chrisman, J. J., Hynes, T., & Fraser, S. (1995). Faculty entrepreneurship and economic development: The case of the University of Calgary. Journal of Business Venturing, 10(4), 267-281.
  • Clark, B. R. (1998). Creating entrepreneurial university: Organizational pathways of transformation. UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
  • Collins, C. J., Hanges, P. J., & Locke, E. A. (2004). Therelationship of achievement motivation to entrepreneurial behavior: A meta-analysis. Human performance, 17(1), 95-117.
  • Çavuş, M. F., & Pekkan, N. Ü. (2017). Algılanan sosyal desteğin sosyal girişimciliğe etkisi: Üniversite öğrencileri üzerinde bir araştırma [The effect of perceived social support on social entrepreneurship: A study on university students]. Business and Economics Research Journal, 8(3), 519-532.
  • Çetin, F., & Varoğlu, A. K. (2009). Özellikler bağlamında girişimcinin beş faktör kişilik örüntüsü [The entrepreneur's five factor personality pattern in terms of characteristics]. Savunma Bilimleri Dergisi, 8(2), 51-66. Çokluk, O., Şekercioğlu, G., & Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2012). Sosyal bilimler için çok değişkenli SPSS ve LISREL uygulamaları [Multivariate SPSS and LISREL applications for social sciences]. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık.
  • Dill, D. D. (2003). Allowing the market to rule: The case of the united states. Higher Education Quarterly, 57(2), 136-157.
  • Donckels, R. (1991). Education and entrepreneurship experiences from secondary and university education in Belgium. Journal of small business & entrepreneurship, 9(1), 35-42.
  • Etzkowitz H. (2004). The evolution of the entrepreneurial university. International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, 1(1), 64-77.
  • Etzkowitz, H. (1983). Entrepreneurial scientists and entrepreneurial universities in american academic science. Minerva, 21, 1–21.
  • Fernie, D. E., Kantor, R., Klein, E. L., Meyer, C., & Elgas, P. M. (1988). Becoming students and becoming ethnographers in a preschool. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 3(2), 132-141.
  • Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS (3rd Edition), London: Sage Publications Ltd.
  • Galloway, L., & Brown, W. (2002). Entrepreneurship education at university: a driver in the creation of high growth firms? Education+ Training, 44(8-9), 398-405.
  • Goldberg, L. R. (1992). The development of markers for the Big-Five factor structure. Psychological Assessment, 4(1), 26-42.
  • Jacob, M., Lundqvist, M., & Hellsmark, H. (2003). Entrepreneurial transformations in the Swedish university system: the case of Chalmers University of Technology. Research Policy, 32, 1555–1568.
  • Jacobsen, L. (2003). Bestimmungsfaktoren für Erfolg im Entrepreneurship. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, FB Erziehungswissenschaft, Freie Universität zu Berlin, Germany.
  • Johannisson, B. (1991). University training for entrepreneurship: Swedish approaches. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 3(1), 67-82.
  • John O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In: L. A. Pervin, & O. P. John (Eds.), Hand-book of Personality: Theory and Research (pp. 102-138). New York: The Guilford Press. Johns, G. (2006). The essential impact of context on organizational behavior. Academy of Management Review, 31(2), 386–408.
  • Kailer, N. (2005). Komzeptualisierung der entrepreneurship education an hochschlen: Empirische ergebnisse, problemfelder und gestantlungsansätze. Zeitschrift für KMU und Entrepreneurship, 53(3), 165-184.
  • Kailer, N., & Weiß, G. (2018). Gründungsmanagement kompakt: Von der idee zum businessplan. Wien: Linde Verlag.
  • Karabulut, T. (2009). Üniversite öğrencilerinin girişimcilik özelliklerini ve eğilimlerini belirlemeye yönelik bir araştırma [A research to determine the entrepreneurial characteristics and tendencies of university students], Marmara Üniversitesi İİBF Dergisi, 16(1), 331-356.
  • Kerr, S. P., Kerr, W. R., & Xu, T. (2018). Personality traits of entrepreneurs: A review of recent literature. Foundations and Trends® in Entrepreneurship, 14(3), 279-356.
  • Khanal A. (2016). Sampling. In mahajan's methods in biostatistics for medical students and research workers. 8th ed. New Delhi, India: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P), 113-127.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Eğitim, Bilimsel Disiplinler
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Deniz BAS KOYUNCUOGLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
KIRKLARELİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-4068-8386
Türkiye


Mahmut TEKİN
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-0558-4271
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Nisan 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { higheredusci890402, journal = {Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi}, issn = {2146-5959}, eissn = {2146-5967}, address = {Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit Üniversitesi}, publisher = {Bülent Ecevit Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {11}, pages = {138 - 149}, doi = {}, title = {Investigation of the Moderator Role of University Conditions Under the Effect of Personality Traits on Entrepreneurship Competence}, key = {cite}, author = {Bas Koyuncuoglu, Deniz and Tekin, Mahmut} }
APA Bas Koyuncuoglu, D. & Tekin, M. (2021). Investigation of the Moderator Role of University Conditions Under the Effect of Personality Traits on Entrepreneurship Competence . Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi , 11 (1) , 138-149 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/higheredusci/issue/62177/890402
MLA Bas Koyuncuoglu, D. , Tekin, M. "Investigation of the Moderator Role of University Conditions Under the Effect of Personality Traits on Entrepreneurship Competence" . Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi 11 (2021 ): 138-149 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/higheredusci/issue/62177/890402>
Chicago Bas Koyuncuoglu, D. , Tekin, M. "Investigation of the Moderator Role of University Conditions Under the Effect of Personality Traits on Entrepreneurship Competence". Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi 11 (2021 ): 138-149
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of the Moderator Role of University Conditions Under the Effect of Personality Traits on Entrepreneurship Competence AU - Deniz Bas Koyuncuoglu , Mahmut Tekin Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 138 EP - 149 VL - 11 IS - 1 SN - 2146-5959-2146-5967 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi Investigation of the Moderator Role of University Conditions Under the Effect of Personality Traits on Entrepreneurship Competence %A Deniz Bas Koyuncuoglu , Mahmut Tekin %T Investigation of the Moderator Role of University Conditions Under the Effect of Personality Traits on Entrepreneurship Competence %D 2021 %J Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi %P 2146-5959-2146-5967 %V 11 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Bas Koyuncuoglu, Deniz , Tekin, Mahmut . "Investigation of the Moderator Role of University Conditions Under the Effect of Personality Traits on Entrepreneurship Competence". Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi 11 / 1 (Nisan 2021): 138-149 .
AMA Bas Koyuncuoglu D. , Tekin M. Investigation of the Moderator Role of University Conditions Under the Effect of Personality Traits on Entrepreneurship Competence. J Higher Edu Sci. 2021; 11(1): 138-149.
Vancouver Bas Koyuncuoglu D. , Tekin M. Investigation of the Moderator Role of University Conditions Under the Effect of Personality Traits on Entrepreneurship Competence. Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi. 2021; 11(1): 138-149.
IEEE D. Bas Koyuncuoglu ve M. Tekin , "Investigation of the Moderator Role of University Conditions Under the Effect of Personality Traits on Entrepreneurship Competence", Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi, c. 11, sayı. 1, ss. 138-149, Nis. 2021