Yıl 2021, Cilt 3 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 97 - 121 2021-02-22

Problemli İnternet Kullanımında Güncel Bir Risk Faktörü: COVID-19 Pandemisi
A Current Risk Factor in Problematic Internet Use: The COVID-19 Pandemic

Önder BALTACI [1] , Ömer Faruk AKBULUT [2] , Ebru YILMAZ [3]


Bu araştırmada, problemli internet kullanımı açısından güncel bir risk faktörü olarak ele alınabilecek COVID-19 pandemisi alanyazın ışığında incelenmiştir. Araştırmada ilk olarak COVID-19 pandemisinin oluşturduğu psiko-sosyal etkiler çeşitli ülkelerde yapılan araştırmalar ışığında ele alınmıştır. Yapılan bu araştırmalarda, COVID-19 pandemisinin fiziksel yansımalarının yanı sıra psikolojik ve sosyal yansımalarının da önemli olduğunu göstermektedir. Araştırmalarda, bireylerin bu dönemde yoğun bir şekilde depresyon, kaygı ve stres gibi psikolojik belirtiler gösterdikleri görülmüştür. Araştırmada daha sonra problemli internet kullanımını açıklayan kuramlar ve modeller ışığında COVID-19 pandemisi döneminde problemli internet kullanım riski açıklanmıştır. Bu dönemde yaşanan problemli internet kullanımı riski bir model ile açıklanmıştır. Modelde, COVID-19 pandemisinin sosyal izolasyonu beraberinde getirdiği ve sosyal izolasyonla birlikte bireylerin psiko-sosyal sorunlar yaşadıkları ve internette geçirdikleri sürenin arttığı söylenebilir. Yaşanan bu psiko-sosyal sorunlar ile internette geçirilen sürenin artması birbirlerini etkilemekle birlikte problemli internet kullanımı riskinin oluşmasına da yol açabileceği söylenebilir. Araştırmada daha sonra, COVID-19 pandemisi döneminde problemli internet kullanımı riskiyle ilişkili yapılan araştırmalar incelenmiştir. Alanyazındaki araştırmalarda, COVID-19 pandemisiyle birlikte bireylerin problemli internet kullanım oranlarında önemli artışlar göründüğü ve bu durumun bireylerin psikososyal sağlıkları açısından olumsuz etkiler oluşturduğu görülmüştür. Son olarak ise COVID-19 döneminde çocukların, ergenlerin ve yetişkinlerin problemli internet kullanımı riskinden korunabilmelerine yönelik kurum ve kuruluşlara, ruh sağlığı uzmanlarına, bireylere ve ebeveynlere çeşitli önerilerde bulunulmuştur.

In this study, the COVID-19 pandemic, which can be considered as a current risk factor in terms of problematic internet use, was examined in the light of the literature. In the research, firstly, the psycho-social effects caused by the COVID-19 pandemic were discussed in the light of researches conducted in various countries. These studies show that the psychological and social repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic are important as well as the physical implications. Studies have shown that individuals intensely show psychological symptoms such as depression, anxiety and stress during this period. Later in the research, the risk of problematic internet use during the COVID-19 pandemic was explained in the light of theories and models explaining problematic internet use. Problematic internet use risk experienced in this period was explained with a model. In the model, it can be said that the COVID-19 pandemic brought along social isolation, and with social isolation, individuals experience psycho-social problems and the time they spend on the internet increases. It can be said that these psycho-social problems and the increase in the time spent on the internet affect each other, but may also lead to the risk of problematic internet use. Subsequently, the research examined the studies related to the risk of problematic internet use during the COVID-19 pandemic. In the researches in the literature, it has been observed that with the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a significant increase in the problem of internet use of individuals and this situation has negative effects on the psycho-social health of individuals. Finally, in the period of COVID-19, various recommendations have been made to institutions and organizations, mental health professionals, individuals and parents to protect children, adolescents and adults from the risk of problematic internet use.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Psikoloji
Yayınlanma Tarihi Kış
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-9974-8507
Yazar: Önder BALTACI
Kurum: KIRŞEHİR AHİ EVRAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5152-8102
Yazar: Ömer Faruk AKBULUT (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: NECMETTİN ERBAKAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5134-9139
Yazar: Ebru YILMAZ
Kurum: T.C. MİLLİ EĞİTİM BAKANLIĞI
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 1 Şubat 2021
Kabul Tarihi : 12 Şubat 2021
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 22 Şubat 2021

APA Baltacı, Ö , Akbulut, Ö , Yılmaz, E . (2021). Problemli İnternet Kullanımında Güncel Bir Risk Faktörü: COVID-19 Pandemisi . Humanistic Perspective , 3 (1) , 97-121 . DOI: 10.47793/hp.872503