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Relationship between depression and socio-demographic and illness characteristics in arsenicosis population in Bangladesh

Yıl 2021, Cilt 1, Sayı 2, 53 - 61, 27.07.2021

Öz

A community based cross-sectional study was carried out by a self-structured questionnaire on 168 participants aged between 18 and 60 years at two arsenic prone area of Bangladesh to determine the association between extent of depression and socio-demographic as well as illness characteristics in arsenicosis population. The mean age ± SD was 42 ± 10.15 years. Female respondents were almost twice (63.1%) than the males (36.9%) in this study. Most of the respondents (94.0%) were shallow tube well water user. Among them most (80.0%) of the respondents were detected as arsenic contaminated water consumer over more than six months. Study estimated that almost half (44.3%) of the participants had suffered from mild to moderate depression in the moderate arsenicosis group. Less than quarter (20.8%) participants suffered severe depression in severe arsenicosis group. Quarter (26.7%) had mild arsenicosis with no depression. This difference was not significant. Gender had significant influence on proportion of level of depression. Females significantly suffered more from depressive symptoms than males. More than two third of the female respondents suffered from some kind of depressive symptoms; where less than one third of the males were suffered from depressive symptoms. Age has no significant relation with depression. Respondents who were 48 years and above age group had highest percentages of severe depressive symptoms (35.8%). This age group also suffered from highest percentage of mild to moderate depression (37.1%). Though most of the respondent (85.1) had no diabetes and hypertension. Respondents with physical illness suffered more from some sorts of depression than those without illness, but the result is not statistically significant. We understood that depression has health challenges in adult arsenicosis patients. Therefore, physicians should take account depression in their treatment management when deal with arsenicosis patients.

Kaynakça

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  • who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/148114/9789241564854_eng.pdf? sequence=1
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Yıl 2021, Cilt 1, Sayı 2, 53 - 61, 27.07.2021

Öz

Kaynakça

  • World Health Organization. Global Status Report on Noncommunicable disease; Geneva, WHO.2014. http://apps.
  • who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/148114/9789241564854_eng.pdf? sequence=1
  • Parvez F, Chen Y, Argos M, Hussain AZ, Momotaj H, Dhar R, et al. Prevalence of Arsenic Exposure from Drinking Water and Awareness of Its Health Risks in a Bangladeshi Population: Results from a Large Population-Based Study. Environ Health Perspect. 2006;114(3):355-9. http://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.7903
  • Hopenhayn-Rich C, Biggs ML, Fuchs A, Bergoglio R, Tello EE, Nicolli H, et al. Bladder cancer mortality associated with arsenic in drinking water in Argentina. Epidemiology. 1996 ;7(2):117-24. http://doi.org/ 10.1097/00001648-199603000-00003
  • Ahmad SA, Khan MH, Haque M. Arsenic contamination in groundwater in Bangladesh: implications and challenges for
  • healthcare policy. Risk Manag Healthc Policy. 2018;11:251-261. http://doi.org: 10.2147/RMHP.S153188
  • Tseng CH, Tseng CP, Chiou HY, Hsueh YM, Chong CK, Chen CJ. Epidemiologic evidence of diabetogenic effect of arsenic.
  • Toxicology Letters. 2002;133:69–76. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4274(02)00085-1
  • Tsai SY, Chou HY, Thee HW, Chen CM, Chen CJ. The effects of chronic arsenic exposure on the neurobehavioral development in adolescence. NeuroToxicology. 2003;24:145-7. http://doi:10.1016/S0161-813X(03)00029-9

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Original Articles
Yazarlar

Mohammed Saiful ISLAM Bu kişi benim
Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), Mohakhali / Bangladesh
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 27 Temmuz 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 1, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Vancouver Islam M. S. Relationship between depression and socio-demographic and illness characteristics in arsenicosis population in Bangladesh. Health Sciences Quarterly. 2021; 1(2): 53-61.