Yıl 2019, Cilt 36 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 244 - 252 2019-12-30

Margaret Atwood'un Maddaddam Üçlemesinde Mit ve Fantastik
Myth And Fantasy in Margaret Atwood’s Maddaddam Trilogy

Canan Şavkay [1]


Bu makale, Margaret Atwood’un Maddaddam adlı apokaliptik bilim kurgu üçlemesindeki mitsel ve fantastik öğelerin kullanımını tartışır. Üçlemenin birinci romanındaki kurgu, insanlığın yok oluşunu çizgisel bir biçimde gösterirken, son romanı, insanlığın sonunu başlangıcıyla bağdaştırarak, üçlemenin aynı zamanda bir döngüsel bir yapısının oluşmasını sağlar. Mit ve fantastiğe ait öğeler özellikle apokaliptik bir gelecek zamanla, insanlığın ortaya çıkışı arasındaki ilişkide ortaya çıkmaktadır. Mitler de, bilim kurgu gibi dünyayı anlama ve anlamlandırma çabasından doğmaktadır ve Atwood’un mitsel ve fantastik öğeler kullanması, insanın asli doğasını irdeleme arzusundan kaynaklanmaktadır. Üçlemenin Maddaddam adlı son romanı, Kutsal Kitap’ta anlatılan insanlığın başlangıcıyla, romanda anlatılan insanlığın yok oluşu sonrasındaki dünya ile gittikçe daha netleşen bir paralellik kurmakta; büyük felaketten sonra hayatta kalmayı başaran bir avuç insanın kaderi Tevrat bağlamına yerleştirilmekte. İnsanlığın gözü kapalı doğrudan bir biçimde yıkıma doğru yol alışını göstererek, Atwood postmodernizmin birçok kez takındığı hümanist karşıtı tutumu sergilemekte, ancak Maddaddam aynı zamanda da kendini anlamlandırma ve bilinçli bir biçimde iyiyi seçme yeteneği gibi hümanist değerleri de savunmaktadır. Bu hümanist idealler ise romanda kullanılan mitsel ve fantastik öğelerle ve dolayısıyla da maddi dünyanın ötesiyle ilişkilendirilmektedirler. Atwood, mitsel ve fantastik öğeleri kullanarak hümanist değerleri savunmaktadır, çünkü globalleşen dünyamızda gittikçe artan şiddet ve sömürü olayları karşısında, bireyin sorumululuk alarak ahlaki eylemler sergilemesi, ileride insanlığın başına gelebilecek felaketleri önlemenin tek çaresi gibi görünmektedir

This paper discusses the use of myth and fantasy in Margaret Atwood’s apocalyptic science fiction trilogy Maddaddam. While the plot of the first novel in this trilogy unremittingly moves in a linear direction towards total destruction, the final novel reconnects the end with the beginning of human origins and as such, the trilogy reveals also a cyclic structure. It is especially in the connection between the apocalyptic future and the past of human origins that elements of myth and fantasy are foregrounded. Just like science, myth is a mode of understanding and making sense of the world and the way Atwood employs myth and fantasy underscores her engagement with the question pertaining to the nature of what it means to be human. Referring to Mircea Eliade’s concept of humanity as a species marked by a desire to distinguish the sacred from the profane, Atwood, in the last novel of her trilogy, Maddaddam, increasingly draws parallels between biblical beginnings and her post-apocalyptic fictional world, as the narrative places the fate of the human survivors within the context of the Old Testament. Sharing postmodernism’s anti-humanist stance, mainly revealed in the relentless direction humanity takes towards total annihilation, Maddaddam simultaneously advocates humanist values such as self-determination and the ability to consciously opt for the good. The humanist ideals are significantly connected with elements of myth and fantasy and thus with transcendence. Through the use of myth and fantasy, Atwood advocates humanist values, because in view of increasing global violence and exploitation, responsible moral action becomes the only alternative to ward off the dangers of a disastrous future awaiting humanity.

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Birincil Dil en
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Canan Şavkay
Kurum: İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Aralık 2019

Bibtex @kitap İncelemesi { huefd434008, journal = {Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1301-5737}, eissn = {2630-5976}, address = {Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dekanlığı 06800 Beytepe / Ankara}, publisher = {Hacettepe Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {36}, pages = {244 - 252}, doi = {10.32600/huefd.434008}, title = {Myth And Fantasy in Margaret Atwood’s Maddaddam Trilogy}, key = {cite}, author = {Şavkay, Canan} }
APA Şavkay, C . (2019). Myth And Fantasy in Margaret Atwood’s Maddaddam Trilogy. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi , 36 (2) , 244-252 . DOI: 10.32600/huefd.434008
MLA Şavkay, C . "Myth And Fantasy in Margaret Atwood’s Maddaddam Trilogy". Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 36 (2019 ): 244-252 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/huefd/issue/39315/434008>
Chicago Şavkay, C . "Myth And Fantasy in Margaret Atwood’s Maddaddam Trilogy". Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 36 (2019 ): 244-252
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Myth And Fantasy in Margaret Atwood’s Maddaddam Trilogy AU - Canan Şavkay Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.32600/huefd.434008 DO - 10.32600/huefd.434008 T2 - Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 244 EP - 252 VL - 36 IS - 2 SN - 1301-5737-2630-5976 M3 - doi: 10.32600/huefd.434008 UR - https://doi.org/10.32600/huefd.434008 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi Myth And Fantasy in Margaret Atwood’s Maddaddam Trilogy %A Canan Şavkay %T Myth And Fantasy in Margaret Atwood’s Maddaddam Trilogy %D 2019 %J Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1301-5737-2630-5976 %V 36 %N 2 %R doi: 10.32600/huefd.434008 %U 10.32600/huefd.434008
ISNAD Şavkay, Canan . "Myth And Fantasy in Margaret Atwood’s Maddaddam Trilogy". Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 36 / 2 (Aralık 2020): 244-252 . https://doi.org/10.32600/huefd.434008
AMA Şavkay C . Myth And Fantasy in Margaret Atwood’s Maddaddam Trilogy. HU EFD. 2019; 36(2): 244-252.
Vancouver Şavkay C . Myth And Fantasy in Margaret Atwood’s Maddaddam Trilogy. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2019; 36(2): 252-244.