Yıl 2020, Cilt 6 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 222 - 233 2020-12-31

SU TERESİNİN (Nasturtium officinale R. BR.) BESLENME-DİYET POTANSİYELİ VE ANTİOKSİDAN ÖZELLİKLERİ: BİR DERLEME
NUTRITIONAL-DIETARY POTENTIAL AND ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES OF WATERCRESS (Nasturtium officinale R. BR.): A REVIEW

Muhammet DOĞAN [1]


Sulak ortamlarda yetişen su teresi (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.) sağlık için son derece kıymetlidir. Su teresi düşük kalorilidir ancak çok besleyicidir. Kalp hastalığı ve çeşitli kanser türleri riskini azaltabilecek miktarda antioksidan içerir. Kalsiyum, magnezyum, fosfor ve potasyum yönünden zengin olan su teresi kemik sağlığı için önemlidir. Su teresi oksidatif strese yol açan zararlı moleküller olan serbest radikallere karşı koruma sağlar. Doğal bir antioksidandır. Bu nedenle mevcut derleme çalışmada su teresinin beslenme-diyet açıdan önemi ve antioksidan kapasitesi araştırılmıştır. Diyabetik sıçanlar ile yürütülen çalışmada su teresinin sulu ekstrelerin oksidatif stres hasarını azalttığı ve glikoz seviyelerini düşürdüğü görülmüştür. Su teresinin ekstratı ile tedavi, diyet gruplarında serum aspartat aminotransferaz ve alanin aminotransferaz düzeylerini düşürmüştür. Diyabetik sıçanlarda yürütülen çalışmada su teresinin oral uygulaması önemli bir hipoglisemik etkiye sahip bulunmuştur. Su teresinin yüksek antioksidan kapasite gösterdiğine dair çok sayıda araştırma yürütülmüştür. Su teresi özütleri güçlü ferrik indirgeyici özellik ve yüksek DPPH radikalini süpürme aktivitesine sahiptir. Su teresinin etanolik ekstraktının meme kanseri hücrelerinin inhibisyonu üzerinde önemli bir etkisi vardır. Su teresi flavonoidler, tanenler, saponinler ve steroidler gibi biyoaktif içeriğe sahiptir. Bu bitkiden önemli sekonder metabolitler izole edilebilir ve ilaç sektöründe kullanılabilir.
Watercress that grows in wet environments is extremely valuable for health. It is low-calorie but very nutritious. It contains an amount of antioxidants that can reduce the risk of heart disease and various types of cancer. Rich in calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and potassium, watercress is important for bone health. Watercress protects against free radicals, harmful molecules that cause oxidative stress. It is a natural antioxidant. Therefore, in the current review, the importance of watercress in terms of nutrition and diet and antioxidant capacity were investigated. In a study conducted with diabetic rats, watercress has been shown to reduce oxidative stress damage of aqueous extracts and decrease glucose levels. Treatment with the extract of watercress reduced serum aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels in diet groups. In the study conducted in diabetic rats, oral administration of watercress has a significant hypoglycemic effect. Numerous studies have been conducted to show that watercress shows high antioxidant capacity. Watercress extracts have strong ferric reducing properties and high DPPH radical scavenging activity. The ethanolic extract of watercress has a significant effect on the inhibition of breast cancer cells. Watercress has bioactive ingredients such as flavonoids, tannins, saponins and steroids. Important secondary metabolites can be isolated from this plant and used in the pharmaceutical industry.
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-3138-5903
Yazar: Muhammet DOĞAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: KARAMANOGLU MEHMETBEY UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 8 Mayıs 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 29 Mayıs 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2020

APA Doğan, M . (2020). SU TERESİNİN (Nasturtium officinale R. BR.) BESLENME-DİYET POTANSİYELİ VE ANTİOKSİDAN ÖZELLİKLERİ: BİR DERLEME . International Anatolia Academic Online Journal Health Sciences , 6 (3) , 222-233 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/iaaojh/issue/54331/734392