Yıl 2020, Cilt 6 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 323 - 336 2020-12-31

ADOLESCENTS' KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, BEHAVIOR AND BARRIERS REGARDING HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS VACCINE AND CERVICAL CANCER
ADOLESANLARIN HUMAN PAPİLLOMAVİRUS AŞISI VE SERVİKAL KANSER İLE İLGİLİ BİLGİ, TUTUM, DAVRANIŞ VE ENGELLERİ

Sevgül DÖNMEZ [1] , Süreyya GÜMÜŞSOY [2]


The study was conducted to investigate the knowledge, attitude, behavior and barriers of university students about Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine and cervical cancer (CC). This descriptive study was conducted with 1007 students between September-November 2019. The “Information Questionnaire” was used as the data collection tool. The study was found that 58.6% of the students heard of HPV vaccine previously, 57.1% were undecided whether the HPV vaccine would protect against HPV. Of those who did not get the vaccine, 19.8% were not willing to receive it and 55.2% were undecided to receive it. When the reasons for students not to have HPV vaccine are examined; they stated that they did not have it because they did not have enough information about the vaccine, because they did not consider it necessary to have the vaccine, because they were afraid of its side effects, because it was expensive and because they thought it would not protect against HPV infection. Also, it was found that more than half of them did not consider that they were at risk for CC and did not know risk factors for CC. The participants’ knowledge of CC and risk factors was inadequate.
Araştırma, üniversite öğrencilerinin Human Papillomavirus (HPV) aşısı ve servikal kanser ile ilgili bilgi, tutum, davranış ve engellerini araştırmak için yapılmıştır. Bu tanımlayıcı çalışma, Ekim-Kasım 2019 tarihleri arasında 1007 öğrenci ile yapılmıştır. Veri toplama aracı olarak “Tanılama Formu” kullanılmıştır. Çalışmada öğrencilerin % 58,6'sının daha önce HPV aşısı duyduğu, %57.1'inin HPV aşısını yapıp yaptırmama konusunda kararsız olduğu tespit edildi. Aşı yaptırmayanların %19.8'inin aşıyı yaptırmak istemedi ve %55.2'si aşıyı yaptırma konusunda kararsızdı. Öğrencilerin HPV aşısını yaptırmama nedenleri incelendiğinde; aşı hakkında yeterli bilgisi olmadığı için, aşıyı yaptırmayı gerekli görmediği için, yan etkilerinden korktuğu için, pahalı olduğu için ve HPV enfeksiyonuna karşı korumayacağını düşündüğü için yaptırmadıklarını ifade ettiler. Ayrıca, öğrencilerin yarıdan fazlasının servikal kanser için risk altında olduğunu düşünmediği ve servikal kanserin risk faktörlerini bilmediği bulunmuştur. Katılımcıların servikal kanser ve risk faktörleri hakkında bilgileri yetersizdi.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-2420-8167
Yazar: Sevgül DÖNMEZ
Kurum: Muğla Sıtkı Koçman Üniversitesi/Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5708-8988
Yazar: Süreyya GÜMÜŞSOY (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ATATÜRK SAĞLIK HİZMETLERİ MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 28 Eylül 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 10 Kasım 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2020

APA Dönmez, S , Gümüşsoy, S . (2020). ADOLESCENTS' KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, BEHAVIOR AND BARRIERS REGARDING HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS VACCINE AND CERVICAL CANCER . International Anatolia Academic Online Journal Health Sciences , 6 (3) , 323-336 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/iaaojh/issue/54331/801472