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Gençlerin E-Sağlık Okuryazarlığı ve İnternet İçin Eleştirel Bakma Durumlarının Belirlenmesi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 5, Sayı 1, 154 - 167, 31.05.2022
https://doi.org/10.52538/iduhes.1074864

Öz

This research was conducted to determine the e-health literacy of adolescents, their critical thought status for the Internet, the relationship between them, and the factors affecting them. The design of the research is descriptive and correlational. The population of the research consisted of adolescents enrolled in a total of 6 state-affiliated high schools in a city centre. It was attempted to reach the entire population without using the sampling method in the study, and a total of 1470 adolescents were reached. The mean score of the E-health Literacy Scale of the adolescents was 27.67±7.61, and the mean score of the Critical Literacy Scale for the Internet was 91.74±22.23. It was found that the e-health literacy of adolescents was affected by gender, family type, economic status, and father's educational status. It was determined that the critical literacy of adolescents for the Internet was affected by family type, economic status, and mother's educational status. Adolescents' e-health literacy and the critical literacy mean score for the Internet were found to be positively and moderately correlated. Adolescents, who are a high-risk group in terms of health protection and development, should be made aware of critically consider to e-health literacy.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Nutbeam, D. (2000). Health literacy as a public health goal: a challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century. Health Promotion İnternational, 15(3), 259-267. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/15.3.259
  • 2. Nutbeam, D. (1998). Health promotion glossary. Health Promotion International, 13(4), 349-364.
  • 3. Gülhan, İ. (2016). E-Health as an innovation field in the European Union. Journal of Medical Ethics-Law and History, 24(3):105-110.
  • 4. We Are Social Global Digital Report. (2018). https://digitalreport.wearesocial.com. Accepted December 10, 2019.
  • 5. Social Touch Araştırma Raporu. (2013). http://www.socialtouch.com.tr/. Accepted December 10, 2019.
  • 6. Pew Research Center. (2014). http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/01/15/thesocial-life-of-health-information. Accepted November 15, 2019.
  • 7. Turkish Statistical Institute. (2018). Usage habits of households in information technologies. http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1028. Accepted November 15, 2019.
  • 8. Werts, N., & Hutton-Rogers, L. (2013). Barriers to achieving e-health literacy. American Journal of Health Sciences (AJHS), 4(3), 115-120. https://doi.org/10.19030/ajhs.v4i3.8007
  • 9. Norman, C. D., & Skinner, H. A. (2006). eHEALS: the eHealth literacy scale. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 8(4), 1-7. https://doi: 10.2196/jmir.8.4.e27
  • 10. Lewison, M., Flint, A. S., & Van Sluys, K. (2002). Taking on critical literacy: The journey of newcomers and novices. Language Arts, 79(5), 382-392.
  • 11. Çiftçi, H. (2019). The comparison of the university students’ critical literacy level for internet. Erciyes İletişim Dergisi, 6(2), 1341-1358. https://doi: 10.17680/erciyesiletisim.501027
  • 12. Bröder, J., Okan, O., Bauer, U., Bruland, D., Schlupp, S., Bollweg, T. M., et al. (2017). Health literacy in childhood and youth: a systematic review of definitions and models. BMC Public Health, 17(1), 1-25. https://doi 10.1186/s12889-017-4267-y
  • 13. McCaffery, K. J., Smith, S. K., & Wolf, M. (2010). The challenge of shared decision making among patients with lower literacy: a framework for research and development. Medical Decision Making, 30(1), 35-44. https://doi: 10.1177/0272989X09342279
  • 14. Ishikawa, H., & Kiuchi, T. (2010). Health literacy and health communication. BioPsychoSocial Medicine, 4(1), 1-5. https://doi:10.1186/1751-0759-4-18
  • 15. Renahy, E., Parizot, I., & Chauvin, P. (2008). Health information seeking on the Internet: a double divide? Results from a representative survey in the Paris metropolitan area, France, 2005–2006. BMC Public Health, 8(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-69
  • 16. Bilgehan, T. (2018). The evaluation of internet use and psychosocial adjustment levels in adolescents among high school students. (Master's thesis, Necmettin Erbakan University Health Sciences Institute). Konya, Turkey
  • 17. Denktaş, K. (2019). Health literacy and e-health literacy of primary school senior students in rural areas. (Master's thesis, Manisa Celal Bayar University, Institute of Health Sciences, Department of Communication in Health Services). Manisa, Turkey
  • 18. Ertaş H., Kıraç R., Demir R. N. (2019). Investigation of the relationship between digital literacy and e-health literacy. 3rd International on Health and Hospital Administration Proceedings, 1,3-10.
  • 19. Witten, N.A., & Humphry, J. (2018). The electronic health literacy and utilization of technology for health in a remote Hawaiian community: Lana ‘i. Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health, 77(3), 51-59.
  • 20. Coşkun, S., & Bebiş, H. (2015). Psychometric evaluation of a Turkısh version of the e-health literacy scale (e-heals) in adolescent. Gülhane Tıp Dergisi, 57(7), 378-384. https://doi: 10.5455/gulhane. 157832
  • 21. Dal, S., & Aktay, S. (2015). Development of crıtıcal lıteracy skılls for ınternet scale. Journal of Academic Studies, 17(67), 185-199
  • 22. Karaman, M. K. (2016). A study on preservice teachers’ level of literacy and critical thinking dispositions. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi İletişim Fakültesi Elektronik Dergisi, 4(1), 326-350. https://doi.org/10.19145/guifd.90435
  • 23. Nsuangani, N. M., & Pérez, M. A. (2006). Accessing web-based health related information by college students. Californian Journal of Health Promotion, 4(1), 64-74. https://doi.org/10.32398/cjhp.v4i1.734
  • 24. Suka, M., Odajima, T., Kasai, M., Igarashi, A., Ishikawa, H., Kusama, M. et al. (2013). The 14-item health literacy scale for Japanese adults (HLS-14). Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 18(5), 407-415. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12199-013-0340-z
  • 25. Beauchamp, A., Buchbinder, R., Dodson, S. et al. (2015). Distribution of health literacy strengths and weaknesses across socio-demographic groups: a cross-sectional survey using the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ). BMC Public Health, 15(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2056-z
  • 26. Von Wagner, C., Knight, K., Steptoe, A., & Wardle, J. (2007). Functional health literacy and health-promoting behaviour in a national sample of British adults. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 61(12), 1086-1090. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2006.053967
  • 27. Barber, M. N., Staples, M., Osborne, R. H., Clerehan, R., Elder, C., & Buchbinder, R. (2009). Up to a quarter of the Australian population may have suboptimal health literacy depending upon the measurement tool: results from a population-based survey. Health Promotion International, 24(3), 252-261. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dap022
  • 28. Ergün, S., Sürücüler, H. K., & Işık, R. (2019). E-health literacy and healthy lifestyle behaviors in adolescents: The Case of Balıkesir. JAREN, 5(3), 194-203. https://doi.org/10.5222/jaren.2019.65002
  • 29. Demirli, P. (2018). A research on the health literacy of individuals: Edirne province example. (Master's thesis, Trakya University, Social Sciences Institute). Edirne, Turkey.
  • 30. Baker, L., Wagner, T. H., & Singer, S. (2003). Bundorfh M. Use of the internet and e-mail for health care information: Results from a national survey. JAMA, 289(18), 2400-2406. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.289.18.2400
  • 31. Techataweewan, W., & Prasertsin, U. (2018). Development of digital literacy indicators for Thai undergraduate students using mixed method research. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 39(2), 215-221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kjss.2017.07.001
  • 32. Dumanlıdağ, R. (2019). The relationship between the cyberbullying / cybervictimization and the critical literacy of the high school students: (Afyonkarahisar province sample)) (Master's thesis, Afyon Kocatepe University Institute of Social Sciences). Afyon, Turkey
  • 33. Bingöl, G., Görgen, Ö., & Özdelikara, A. (2012). Critical thinking tendency of nursing students and factors influencing This. Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi, 20(3), 219-226.
  • 34. Tutar, H. (Ed.). (2013). Davranış bilimleri: Kavramlar ve kuramlar. Seçkin Yayıncılık. Ankara
  • 35. Ministry of Family and Social Policies. (2010). Research on family values in Turkey, http://www.athgm.gov.tr/upload/mce/eskisite/files/kutuphane 61 family values in Turkey.pdf
  • 36. Dağdevire, Z., Şimşek, Z. (2013). Health promotion behaviors and related factors of high school students in Şanlıurfa city centre. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 12(2), 15-21.
  • 37 Koltay, T. (2011). The media and the literacies: Media literacy, information literacy, digital literacy. Media, Culture & Society, 33(2), 211-221. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443710393382
  • 38. Levin-Zamir, D., & Bertschi, I. (2018). Media health literacy, e-Health literacy, and the role of the social environment in context. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(8), 1643. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081643
  • 39. Del Giudice, P., Bravo, G., Poletto, M., De Odorico, A., Conte, A., Brunelli, L., et al. (2018). Correlation between e-Health literacy and health literacy using the e-Health literacy scale and real-life experiences in the health sector as a Proxy measure of functional health literacy: cross-sectional web-based survey. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 20(10), e281. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.9401

Gençlerin E-Sağlık Okuryazarlığı ve İnternet İçin Eleştirel Bakma Durumlarının Belirlenmesi-Determining the e-Health Literacy and Critical Thought Status for the Internet in Adolescents

Yıl 2022, Cilt 5, Sayı 1, 154 - 167, 31.05.2022
https://doi.org/10.52538/iduhes.1074864

Öz

This research was conducted to determine the e-health literacy of adolescents, their critical thought status for the Internet, the relationship between them, and the factors affecting them. The design of the research is descriptive and correlational. The population of the research consisted of adolescents enrolled in a total of 6 state-affiliated high schools in a city centre. It was attempted to reach the entire population without using the sampling method in the study, and a total of 1470 adolescents were reached. The mean score of the E-health Literacy Scale of the adolescents was 27.67±7.61, and the mean score of the Critical Literacy Scale for the Internet was 91.74±22.23. It was found that the e-health literacy of adolescents was affected by gender, family type, economic status, and father's educational status. It was determined that the critical literacy of adolescents for the Internet was affected by family type, economic status, and mother's educational status. Adolescents' e-health literacy and the critical literacy mean score for the Internet were found to be positively and moderately correlated. Adolescents, who are a high-risk group in terms of health protection and development, should be made aware of critically consider to e-health literacy.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Nutbeam, D. (2000). Health literacy as a public health goal: a challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century. Health Promotion İnternational, 15(3), 259-267. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/15.3.259
  • 2. Nutbeam, D. (1998). Health promotion glossary. Health Promotion International, 13(4), 349-364.
  • 3. Gülhan, İ. (2016). E-Health as an innovation field in the European Union. Journal of Medical Ethics-Law and History, 24(3):105-110.
  • 4. We Are Social Global Digital Report. (2018). https://digitalreport.wearesocial.com. Accepted December 10, 2019.
  • 5. Social Touch Araştırma Raporu. (2013). http://www.socialtouch.com.tr/. Accepted December 10, 2019.
  • 6. Pew Research Center. (2014). http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/01/15/thesocial-life-of-health-information. Accepted November 15, 2019.
  • 7. Turkish Statistical Institute. (2018). Usage habits of households in information technologies. http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1028. Accepted November 15, 2019.
  • 8. Werts, N., & Hutton-Rogers, L. (2013). Barriers to achieving e-health literacy. American Journal of Health Sciences (AJHS), 4(3), 115-120. https://doi.org/10.19030/ajhs.v4i3.8007
  • 9. Norman, C. D., & Skinner, H. A. (2006). eHEALS: the eHealth literacy scale. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 8(4), 1-7. https://doi: 10.2196/jmir.8.4.e27
  • 10. Lewison, M., Flint, A. S., & Van Sluys, K. (2002). Taking on critical literacy: The journey of newcomers and novices. Language Arts, 79(5), 382-392.
  • 11. Çiftçi, H. (2019). The comparison of the university students’ critical literacy level for internet. Erciyes İletişim Dergisi, 6(2), 1341-1358. https://doi: 10.17680/erciyesiletisim.501027
  • 12. Bröder, J., Okan, O., Bauer, U., Bruland, D., Schlupp, S., Bollweg, T. M., et al. (2017). Health literacy in childhood and youth: a systematic review of definitions and models. BMC Public Health, 17(1), 1-25. https://doi 10.1186/s12889-017-4267-y
  • 13. McCaffery, K. J., Smith, S. K., & Wolf, M. (2010). The challenge of shared decision making among patients with lower literacy: a framework for research and development. Medical Decision Making, 30(1), 35-44. https://doi: 10.1177/0272989X09342279
  • 14. Ishikawa, H., & Kiuchi, T. (2010). Health literacy and health communication. BioPsychoSocial Medicine, 4(1), 1-5. https://doi:10.1186/1751-0759-4-18
  • 15. Renahy, E., Parizot, I., & Chauvin, P. (2008). Health information seeking on the Internet: a double divide? Results from a representative survey in the Paris metropolitan area, France, 2005–2006. BMC Public Health, 8(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-69
  • 16. Bilgehan, T. (2018). The evaluation of internet use and psychosocial adjustment levels in adolescents among high school students. (Master's thesis, Necmettin Erbakan University Health Sciences Institute). Konya, Turkey
  • 17. Denktaş, K. (2019). Health literacy and e-health literacy of primary school senior students in rural areas. (Master's thesis, Manisa Celal Bayar University, Institute of Health Sciences, Department of Communication in Health Services). Manisa, Turkey
  • 18. Ertaş H., Kıraç R., Demir R. N. (2019). Investigation of the relationship between digital literacy and e-health literacy. 3rd International on Health and Hospital Administration Proceedings, 1,3-10.
  • 19. Witten, N.A., & Humphry, J. (2018). The electronic health literacy and utilization of technology for health in a remote Hawaiian community: Lana ‘i. Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health, 77(3), 51-59.
  • 20. Coşkun, S., & Bebiş, H. (2015). Psychometric evaluation of a Turkısh version of the e-health literacy scale (e-heals) in adolescent. Gülhane Tıp Dergisi, 57(7), 378-384. https://doi: 10.5455/gulhane. 157832
  • 21. Dal, S., & Aktay, S. (2015). Development of crıtıcal lıteracy skılls for ınternet scale. Journal of Academic Studies, 17(67), 185-199
  • 22. Karaman, M. K. (2016). A study on preservice teachers’ level of literacy and critical thinking dispositions. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi İletişim Fakültesi Elektronik Dergisi, 4(1), 326-350. https://doi.org/10.19145/guifd.90435
  • 23. Nsuangani, N. M., & Pérez, M. A. (2006). Accessing web-based health related information by college students. Californian Journal of Health Promotion, 4(1), 64-74. https://doi.org/10.32398/cjhp.v4i1.734
  • 24. Suka, M., Odajima, T., Kasai, M., Igarashi, A., Ishikawa, H., Kusama, M. et al. (2013). The 14-item health literacy scale for Japanese adults (HLS-14). Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 18(5), 407-415. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12199-013-0340-z
  • 25. Beauchamp, A., Buchbinder, R., Dodson, S. et al. (2015). Distribution of health literacy strengths and weaknesses across socio-demographic groups: a cross-sectional survey using the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ). BMC Public Health, 15(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2056-z
  • 26. Von Wagner, C., Knight, K., Steptoe, A., & Wardle, J. (2007). Functional health literacy and health-promoting behaviour in a national sample of British adults. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 61(12), 1086-1090. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2006.053967
  • 27. Barber, M. N., Staples, M., Osborne, R. H., Clerehan, R., Elder, C., & Buchbinder, R. (2009). Up to a quarter of the Australian population may have suboptimal health literacy depending upon the measurement tool: results from a population-based survey. Health Promotion International, 24(3), 252-261. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dap022
  • 28. Ergün, S., Sürücüler, H. K., & Işık, R. (2019). E-health literacy and healthy lifestyle behaviors in adolescents: The Case of Balıkesir. JAREN, 5(3), 194-203. https://doi.org/10.5222/jaren.2019.65002
  • 29. Demirli, P. (2018). A research on the health literacy of individuals: Edirne province example. (Master's thesis, Trakya University, Social Sciences Institute). Edirne, Turkey.
  • 30. Baker, L., Wagner, T. H., & Singer, S. (2003). Bundorfh M. Use of the internet and e-mail for health care information: Results from a national survey. JAMA, 289(18), 2400-2406. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.289.18.2400
  • 31. Techataweewan, W., & Prasertsin, U. (2018). Development of digital literacy indicators for Thai undergraduate students using mixed method research. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 39(2), 215-221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kjss.2017.07.001
  • 32. Dumanlıdağ, R. (2019). The relationship between the cyberbullying / cybervictimization and the critical literacy of the high school students: (Afyonkarahisar province sample)) (Master's thesis, Afyon Kocatepe University Institute of Social Sciences). Afyon, Turkey
  • 33. Bingöl, G., Görgen, Ö., & Özdelikara, A. (2012). Critical thinking tendency of nursing students and factors influencing This. Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi, 20(3), 219-226.
  • 34. Tutar, H. (Ed.). (2013). Davranış bilimleri: Kavramlar ve kuramlar. Seçkin Yayıncılık. Ankara
  • 35. Ministry of Family and Social Policies. (2010). Research on family values in Turkey, http://www.athgm.gov.tr/upload/mce/eskisite/files/kutuphane 61 family values in Turkey.pdf
  • 36. Dağdevire, Z., Şimşek, Z. (2013). Health promotion behaviors and related factors of high school students in Şanlıurfa city centre. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 12(2), 15-21.
  • 37 Koltay, T. (2011). The media and the literacies: Media literacy, information literacy, digital literacy. Media, Culture & Society, 33(2), 211-221. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443710393382
  • 38. Levin-Zamir, D., & Bertschi, I. (2018). Media health literacy, e-Health literacy, and the role of the social environment in context. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(8), 1643. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081643
  • 39. Del Giudice, P., Bravo, G., Poletto, M., De Odorico, A., Conte, A., Brunelli, L., et al. (2018). Correlation between e-Health literacy and health literacy using the e-Health literacy scale and real-life experiences in the health sector as a Proxy measure of functional health literacy: cross-sectional web-based survey. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 20(10), e281. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.9401

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Hemşirelik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Türkan KADİROĞLU>
ATATÜRK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, HEMŞİRELİK FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-3703-7478
Türkiye


Gamze AKAY> (Sorumlu Yazar)
ARTVİN ÇORUH ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK HİZMETLERİ MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
0000-0003-1706-2489
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Yok
Proje Numarası Yok
Teşekkür We wish to thank teens who kindly agreed to participate in this study. This study was presented as an oral presentation at the 2nd International Congress on Pediatric Nursing between 27-30 November 2019 in İzmir.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Mayıs 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 16 Şubat 2022
Kabul Tarihi 5 Nisan 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 5, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { iduhes1074864, journal = {Izmir Democracy University Health Sciences Journal}, eissn = {2651-4575}, address = {iduhes@idu.edu.tr}, publisher = {İzmir Demokrasi Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {5}, number = {1}, pages = {154 - 167}, doi = {10.52538/iduhes.1074864}, title = {Gençlerin E-Sağlık Okuryazarlığı ve İnternet İçin Eleştirel Bakma Durumlarının Belirlenmesi-Determining the e-Health Literacy and Critical Thought Status for the Internet in Adolescents}, key = {cite}, author = {Kadiroğlu, Türkan and Akay, Gamze} }
APA Kadiroğlu, T. & Akay, G. (2022). Gençlerin E-Sağlık Okuryazarlığı ve İnternet İçin Eleştirel Bakma Durumlarının Belirlenmesi-Determining the e-Health Literacy and Critical Thought Status for the Internet in Adolescents . Izmir Democracy University Health Sciences Journal , 5 (1) , 154-167 . DOI: 10.52538/iduhes.1074864
MLA Kadiroğlu, T. , Akay, G. "Gençlerin E-Sağlık Okuryazarlığı ve İnternet İçin Eleştirel Bakma Durumlarının Belirlenmesi-Determining the e-Health Literacy and Critical Thought Status for the Internet in Adolescents" . Izmir Democracy University Health Sciences Journal 5 (2022 ): 154-167 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/iduhes/issue/70107/1074864>
Chicago Kadiroğlu, T. , Akay, G. "Gençlerin E-Sağlık Okuryazarlığı ve İnternet İçin Eleştirel Bakma Durumlarının Belirlenmesi-Determining the e-Health Literacy and Critical Thought Status for the Internet in Adolescents". Izmir Democracy University Health Sciences Journal 5 (2022 ): 154-167
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Gençlerin E-Sağlık Okuryazarlığı ve İnternet İçin Eleştirel Bakma Durumlarının Belirlenmesi AU - TürkanKadiroğlu, GamzeAkay Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.52538/iduhes.1074864 DO - 10.52538/iduhes.1074864 T2 - Izmir Democracy University Health Sciences Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 154 EP - 167 VL - 5 IS - 1 SN - -2651-4575 M3 - doi: 10.52538/iduhes.1074864 UR - https://doi.org/10.52538/iduhes.1074864 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Izmir Democracy University Health Sciences Journal Gençlerin E-Sağlık Okuryazarlığı ve İnternet İçin Eleştirel Bakma Durumlarının Belirlenmesi-Determining the e-Health Literacy and Critical Thought Status for the Internet in Adolescents %A Türkan Kadiroğlu , Gamze Akay %T Gençlerin E-Sağlık Okuryazarlığı ve İnternet İçin Eleştirel Bakma Durumlarının Belirlenmesi-Determining the e-Health Literacy and Critical Thought Status for the Internet in Adolescents %D 2022 %J Izmir Democracy University Health Sciences Journal %P -2651-4575 %V 5 %N 1 %R doi: 10.52538/iduhes.1074864 %U 10.52538/iduhes.1074864
ISNAD Kadiroğlu, Türkan , Akay, Gamze . "Gençlerin E-Sağlık Okuryazarlığı ve İnternet İçin Eleştirel Bakma Durumlarının Belirlenmesi-Determining the e-Health Literacy and Critical Thought Status for the Internet in Adolescents". Izmir Democracy University Health Sciences Journal 5 / 1 (Mayıs 2022): 154-167 . https://doi.org/10.52538/iduhes.1074864
AMA Kadiroğlu T. , Akay G. Gençlerin E-Sağlık Okuryazarlığı ve İnternet İçin Eleştirel Bakma Durumlarının Belirlenmesi-Determining the e-Health Literacy and Critical Thought Status for the Internet in Adolescents. IDUHeS. 2022; 5(1): 154-167.
Vancouver Kadiroğlu T. , Akay G. Gençlerin E-Sağlık Okuryazarlığı ve İnternet İçin Eleştirel Bakma Durumlarının Belirlenmesi-Determining the e-Health Literacy and Critical Thought Status for the Internet in Adolescents. Izmir Democracy University Health Sciences Journal. 2022; 5(1): 154-167.
IEEE T. Kadiroğlu ve G. Akay , "Gençlerin E-Sağlık Okuryazarlığı ve İnternet İçin Eleştirel Bakma Durumlarının Belirlenmesi-Determining the e-Health Literacy and Critical Thought Status for the Internet in Adolescents", Izmir Democracy University Health Sciences Journal, c. 5, sayı. 1, ss. 154-167, May. 2022, doi:10.52538/iduhes.1074864

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