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İNSAN HAKLARI İHLALLERİ VE SOYKIRIM İDDİALARI BAĞLAMINDA RUSYA-UKRAYNA SAVAŞINDA KORUMA SORUMLULUĞU İLKESİNİN UYGULANABİLİRLİĞİ

Yıl 2022, Cilt: 40, 55 - 94, 13.01.2023

Öz

Rusya’nın 2022 yılı Şubat ayında Ukrayna’ya karşı başlattığı askeri operasyonun temel amacı başta Donbas halkı olmak üzere bu ülkede yaşayan Rus azınlığı Kiev yönetiminin sekiz yıldır süregelen baskı, aşağılama, çeşitli insan hakları ihlalleri ve soykırımdan korumak olarak ilan edildi. Başka bir ülkedeki bir topluluğu soykırım, savaş suçları, etnik temizlik ya da insanlığa karşı suçlardan herhangi birine karşı koruma iddiası taşıyan bir askeri operasyon, uluslararası hukuk bakımından en çok koruma sorumluluğu ilkesi bağlamında ele alınmaya uygundur. Bu makalede de Rusya’nın Ukrayna’daki savaşının hukukiliği koruma sorumluluğu ilkesi etrafında tartışılmakta ve bu kapsamda, Ukrayna’da 2014 yılından bugüne yaşananların ve bu ülkedeki Rus azınlığa yönelik politikaların Rusya’nın askeri müdahalesini meşrulaştıracak ölçüde ağır insan hakları ihlalleri içerip içermediği ve hatta Rusya’nın iddia ettiği gibi bir soykırım olarak değerlendirilip değerlendirilemeyeceği sorgulanmaktadır. Makalede koruma sorumluluğu ilkesinin muhtevasının, Ukrayna’da son sekiz yılda yaşananların ve Rusya’nın iddialarının incelenmesi sonucunda, 1948 tarihli Soykırım Sözleşmesi’nin hükümlerinden de hareketle Ukrayna’da Rus azınlığa yönelik sistematik bir soykırımdan bahsedilemeyeceği ve dolayısıyla Rusya’nın Ukrayna’daki askeri operasyonunun koruma sorumluluğu ilkesi bağlamında meşrulaştırılamayacağı sonucuna ulaşılmaktadır.

Kaynakça

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THE APPLICABILITY OF RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT IN THE RUSSIA – UKRAINE WAR WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF ALLEGATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS AND GENOCIDE

Yıl 2022, Cilt: 40, 55 - 94, 13.01.2023

Öz

The main aim of Russia’s military operation against Ukraine in February 2022 was declared as protecting the Donbas people and the Russian minority living in this country from the eight years of oppression, humiliation, various human rights violations and genocide by the Kyiv administration. A military operation pretending to protect a community in another country from any of the cases such as genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, or crimes against humanity is suited at best to be assessed within the context of the principle of responsibility to protect in terms of international law. In this article, complianceence with the international law of Russia’s war in Ukraine is discussed within the framework of responsibility to protect, and in this context, it is questioned whether the events in Ukraine since 2014 and the policies towards the Russian minority in this country contain serious human rights violations to legitimize Russia's military intervention, and whether these developments can be defined as a genocide as claimed by Russia. After examining the content of the principle of responsibility to protect and Russia's allegations with regard to the events in Ukraine in the last eight years, and by considering the provisions of the 1948 Genocide Convention, the article concluded that it is impossible to speak of a systematic genocide against the Russian minority in Ukraine, and therefore, the military operation of Russia in Ukraine cannot be legitimized in the context of the principle of responsibility to protect.

Kaynakça

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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Hukuk
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Adem ÖZER 0000-0002-6443-1032

Rüştü KAYA 0000-0001-9247-9300

Yayımlanma Tarihi 13 Ocak 2023
Gönderilme Tarihi 12 Ekim 2022
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022 Cilt: 40

Kaynak Göster

APA ÖZER, A., & KAYA, R. (2023). İNSAN HAKLARI İHLALLERİ VE SOYKIRIM İDDİALARI BAĞLAMINDA RUSYA-UKRAYNA SAVAŞINDA KORUMA SORUMLULUĞU İLKESİNİN UYGULANABİLİRLİĞİ. İnsan Hakları Yıllığı, 40, 55-94.
AMA ÖZER A, KAYA R. İNSAN HAKLARI İHLALLERİ VE SOYKIRIM İDDİALARI BAĞLAMINDA RUSYA-UKRAYNA SAVAŞINDA KORUMA SORUMLULUĞU İLKESİNİN UYGULANABİLİRLİĞİ. İnsan Hakları Yıllığı. Ocak 2023;40:55-94.
Chicago ÖZER, Adem, ve Rüştü KAYA. “İNSAN HAKLARI İHLALLERİ VE SOYKIRIM İDDİALARI BAĞLAMINDA RUSYA-UKRAYNA SAVAŞINDA KORUMA SORUMLULUĞU İLKESİNİN UYGULANABİLİRLİĞİ”. İnsan Hakları Yıllığı 40, Ocak (Ocak 2023): 55-94.
EndNote ÖZER A, KAYA R (01 Ocak 2023) İNSAN HAKLARI İHLALLERİ VE SOYKIRIM İDDİALARI BAĞLAMINDA RUSYA-UKRAYNA SAVAŞINDA KORUMA SORUMLULUĞU İLKESİNİN UYGULANABİLİRLİĞİ. İnsan Hakları Yıllığı 40 55–94.
IEEE A. ÖZER ve R. KAYA, “İNSAN HAKLARI İHLALLERİ VE SOYKIRIM İDDİALARI BAĞLAMINDA RUSYA-UKRAYNA SAVAŞINDA KORUMA SORUMLULUĞU İLKESİNİN UYGULANABİLİRLİĞİ”, İnsan Hakları Yıllığı, c. 40, ss. 55–94, 2023.
ISNAD ÖZER, Adem - KAYA, Rüştü. “İNSAN HAKLARI İHLALLERİ VE SOYKIRIM İDDİALARI BAĞLAMINDA RUSYA-UKRAYNA SAVAŞINDA KORUMA SORUMLULUĞU İLKESİNİN UYGULANABİLİRLİĞİ”. İnsan Hakları Yıllığı 40 (Ocak 2023), 55-94.
JAMA ÖZER A, KAYA R. İNSAN HAKLARI İHLALLERİ VE SOYKIRIM İDDİALARI BAĞLAMINDA RUSYA-UKRAYNA SAVAŞINDA KORUMA SORUMLULUĞU İLKESİNİN UYGULANABİLİRLİĞİ. İnsan Hakları Yıllığı. 2023;40:55–94.
MLA ÖZER, Adem ve Rüştü KAYA. “İNSAN HAKLARI İHLALLERİ VE SOYKIRIM İDDİALARI BAĞLAMINDA RUSYA-UKRAYNA SAVAŞINDA KORUMA SORUMLULUĞU İLKESİNİN UYGULANABİLİRLİĞİ”. İnsan Hakları Yıllığı, c. 40, 2023, ss. 55-94.
Vancouver ÖZER A, KAYA R. İNSAN HAKLARI İHLALLERİ VE SOYKIRIM İDDİALARI BAĞLAMINDA RUSYA-UKRAYNA SAVAŞINDA KORUMA SORUMLULUĞU İLKESİNİN UYGULANABİLİRLİĞİ. İnsan Hakları Yıllığı. 2023;40:55-94.