Araştırma Makalesi
PDF Zotero Mendeley EndNote BibTex Kaynak Göster

Lider-Üye Etkileşimi ve Örgütsel Bağlılık İlişkisi: Spor Kurumları Çalışanları Üzerinde Bir İnceleme

Yıl 2021, Cilt 10, Sayı 2, 172 - 181, 31.12.2021

Öz

Bu çalışmada, spor kurumlarına odaklanılarak, lider-üye etkileşimi ve örgütsel bağlılık arasındaki ilişkilerin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışmaya Türkiye’nin batısında bulunan çeşitli illerdeki spor kurumlarında görev yapan çalışanlar katılmıştır. Veri toplama aracı olarak tek boyutlu Lider-Üye Etkileşim ölçeği ve üç boyutlu Örgütsel Bağlılık ölçeği kullanılmıştır. Veriler üzerinde tanımlayıcı istatistikler, güvenirlik analizi, korelasyon ve regresyon analizleri yapılmıştır. Analiz sonuçları, lider-üye etkileşiminin örgütsel bağlılık üzerinde anlamlı ve pozitif bir etkisi olduğunu göstermiştir. Örgütsel bağlılığın alt boyutları üzerindeki etkiler incelendiğinde, lider-üye etkileşiminden duygusal bağlılığın ve normatif bağlılığın etkilendiği görülmüştür. Bu sonuçlar, lider-üye etkileşim kalitesinin işletmelerdeki çalışanların örgütsel bağlılığını artırmada önemli olduğunu ortaya çıkarmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • Allen, N.J., & Meyer, J.P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63(1), 1-18. DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8325.1990.tb00506.x
  • Alsheikh, G.A.A. (2020). Examining competitive advantage between knowledge sharing, work engagement and organizational citizenship behaviour (OCB) in Jordanian Universities. Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptogy, 17(3), 565-601.
  • Ahmed, I., Khairuzzaman, W., Ismail, W., Amin, S.M., & Ramazan, M. (2013). Influence of relationship of POS, LMX and organizational commitment on turnover intentions. The Organization Development Journal, 31(1), 55-68.
  • Bauer, T.N. & Green, S.G. (1996). Development of leader-member exchange: A longitudinal test. Academy of Management Journal, 39(6), 1538-1567. DOI: 10.2307/257068
  • Belli, E., & Ekici, S. (2012). Ege bölgesindeki Gençlik ve Spor İl Müdürlüklerinde çalışan personelin örgütsel bağlılıklarının araştırılması. Selçuk Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilim Dergisi, 14(2), 171-178.
  • Currivan, D.B. (1999). The causal order of job satisfaction and organizational commitment in models of employee turnover. Human Resource Management Review, 9(4), 495-524. DOI: 10.1016/S1053-4822(99)00031-5
  • Deluga, R.J., & Perry, J.T. (1994). The role of subordinate performance and ıngratiation in leader-member exchanges. Group & Organization Management, 19(1), 67-86. DOI: 10.1177/1059601194191004
  • Duyan, M. (2021). The effect of internal marketing implementations on the organizational citizenship behaviors of youth and sports directorate employees. Journal of Sport Sciences Researches, 6(1), 76-87. DOI:10.25307/jssr.891016
  • Eisenberger, R., Karagonlar, G., Stinglhamber, F., Neves, P., Becker, T. E., Gonzalez-Morales, M. G., & Steiger-Mueller, M. (2010). Leader–member exchange and affective organizational commitment: The contribution of supervisor’s organizational embodiment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(6), 1085-1103. DOI: 10.1037/a0020858.
  • Garg, S., & Dhar, R.L. (2014). Effects of stress, LMX and perceived organizational support on servicequality: Mediating effects of organizational commitment. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 21, 64-75. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhtm.2014.07.002
  • Graen, G.B., & Uhl-Bien, M. (1995). Relationship-based approach to leadership: Development of leader-member exchange (LMX) theory of leadership over 25 years: Applying a multi-level multi-domain approach. Leadership Quarterly, 6(2), 219-247. DOI: 10.1016/1048-9843(95)90036-5
  • Güllü, S., & Koçak, M. (2016). Profesyonel Türk voleybolcuların kulüplerine olan örgütsel bağlılık düzeylerinin incelenmesi. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research, 2(4), 1470-1484.
  • Heracleous, L. (2000). The role of strategy implementation in organization development. Organization Development Journal, 18(3), 75-86.
  • Hsieh, H.L. (2012). Building employees’ organisational commitment with LMX: The mediating role of supervisor support. Global Journal of Engineering Education, 14(3), 250-255.
  • Kang, D., Stewart, J., & Kim, H. (2011). The effects of perceived external prestige, ethical organizational climate, and leader‐member exchange (LMX) quality on employees’ commitments and their subsequent attitudes. Personnel Review, 40(6), 761-784. DOI: 10.1108/00483481111169670
  • Kauppila, O-P. (2016). When and how does LMX differentiation influence followers’ work outcomes? The interactive roles of one’s own LMX status and organizational context. Personnel Psychology, 69(2), 357-393. DOI: 10.1111/peps.12110
  • Keskes, I., Sallan, J.M., Simo, P., & Fernandez, V. (2018). Transformational leadership and organizational commitment: Mediating role of leader-member exchange. Journal of management Development, 37(3), 271-284. DOI: 10.1108/JMD-04-2017-0132
  • Lee, J. (2005). Effects of leadership and leader‐member exchange on commitment. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 26(8), 655-672. DOI: 10.1108/01437730510633728
  • Lo, M-C., Mohamad, A.A., Ramayah, T., & Chai, W.Y. (2015). Examining the effects of leadership, market orientation and leader member exchange (LMX) on organisational performance. Engineering Economics, 26(4), 409-421. DOI: 10.5755/J01.EE.26.4.7656
  • Lo, M-C., Ramayah, T., Min, H.W., & Songan, P. (2010) The relationship between leadership styles and organizational commitment in Malaysia: Role of leader–member exchange. Asia Pacific Business Review, 16(1-2), 79-103. DOI: 10.1080/13602380903355676
  • Meyer, P.J., & Allen, N.J. (1991). A three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1(1), 61-89. DOI: 10.1016/1053-4822(91)90011-Z
  • Meyer, J.P., Allen, N.J., & Smith, C.A. (1993). Commitment to organizations and occupations: Extension and test of a three-component conceptualization. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(4), 538-551. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.78.4.538
  • Phipps, S.T.A., Prieto, L.C., & Ndinguri, E.N. (2013). Understanding the impact of employee involvement on organizational productivity: The moderating role of organizational commitment. Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, 17(2), 107-120.
  • Pirzada, D.S., Hayat, F., Ikram, A.A., Ayub, M., & Waheed, K. (2013). Impact of human resources management practices on turnover, productivity and corporate financial performance. European Journal of Business and Management, 5(10), 163-176.
  • Scandura, T.A., & Graen, G.B. (1984). Moderating effects of initial leader-member exchange status on the effects of a leadership intervention. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69(3), 428-436. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.69.3.428
  • Schriesheim, C.A., Castro, S.L., & Cogliser, C.C. (1999). Leader-member exchange (LMX): A comprehensive review of theory, measurement, and data-analytic practices. Leadership Quarterly, 10(1), 63-113. DOI: 10.1016/S1048-9843(99)80009-5
  • Srivastava, A.P., & Dhar, R.L. (2016). Impact of leader member exchange, human resource management practices and psychological empowerment on extra role performances: The mediating role of organisational commitment. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 65(3), 351-377. DOI: 10.1108/IJPPM-01-2014-0009
  • Tolukan, E., & Akyel, Y. (2019). Research on the relationship between trainers’ turnover intention and organizational justice. International Journal of Higher Education, 8(1), 181-192. DOI: 10.5430/ijhe.v8n1p181
  • Wang, X., Liao, J., Xia, D., & Chang, T. (2010). The impact of organizational justice on work performance: Mediating effects of organizational commitment and leader‐member exchange. International Journal of Manpower, 31(6), 660-677. DOI: 10.1108/01437721011073364
  • Wayne, S.J., Liden, R.C., & Sparrowe, R.T. (1994). Developing leader-member exchanges: The influence of gender and ingratiation. The American Behavioral Scientist, 37(5), 697-714. DOI: 10.1177/0002764294037005009
  • Van Breukelen, W., Schyns, B., & Le Blanc, P. (2006). Leader–member exchange theory and research: Accomplishments and future challenges. Leadership, 2(3), 295-316. DOI: 10.1177/174271500606623
  • Yıldız, S.M. (2011). Spor hizmeti sunan kamu kurumlarında lider üye etkileşimi ve örgütsel vatandaşlık davranışı ilişkisi. Selçuk Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilim Dergisi,13(3), 323-329.
  • Yildiz, S.M. (2016). The effect of workplace mobbing behaviors on organizational citizenship behavior of employees in sport and physical activity organizations. Dokuz Eylul University The Journal of Graduate School of Social Sciences, 18(1), 165-180.
  • Yildiz, S.M. (2017). Orgutsel davranis: Secme konular. [Organizational behavior: Selected issues] Ankara: Detay Yayinevi.
  • Yildiz, S.M. (2018). An empirical analysis of the leader-member exchange and employee turnover intentions mediated by mobbing: Evidence from sport organizations. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 31(1), 480-497. DOI: 10.1080/1331677X.2018.1432374

Examining the Relationship Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Commitment: A Study in Sports Organizations

Yıl 2021, Cilt 10, Sayı 2, 172 - 181, 31.12.2021

Öz

This study aimed to examine the relationships between leader-member exchange (LMX) and organizational commitment (OC) by focusing on sports organizations. Employees working at the sports organizations of the various provinces in the western part of Turkey participated in this study. One-dimensional LMX scale and three-dimensional OC scale were used as data collection tools. For the analysis of the data, descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, correlation, and regression analyzes were performed. Analysis results showed that LMX had a significant and positive effect on OC. When the effects of LMX on the sub-dimensions of OC were examined, it was observed that only affective commitment and normative commitment were affected by LMX. These results emphasized that LMX quality was important in creating an OC of employees in organizations.

Kaynakça

  • Allen, N.J., & Meyer, J.P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63(1), 1-18. DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8325.1990.tb00506.x
  • Alsheikh, G.A.A. (2020). Examining competitive advantage between knowledge sharing, work engagement and organizational citizenship behaviour (OCB) in Jordanian Universities. Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptogy, 17(3), 565-601.
  • Ahmed, I., Khairuzzaman, W., Ismail, W., Amin, S.M., & Ramazan, M. (2013). Influence of relationship of POS, LMX and organizational commitment on turnover intentions. The Organization Development Journal, 31(1), 55-68.
  • Bauer, T.N. & Green, S.G. (1996). Development of leader-member exchange: A longitudinal test. Academy of Management Journal, 39(6), 1538-1567. DOI: 10.2307/257068
  • Belli, E., & Ekici, S. (2012). Ege bölgesindeki Gençlik ve Spor İl Müdürlüklerinde çalışan personelin örgütsel bağlılıklarının araştırılması. Selçuk Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilim Dergisi, 14(2), 171-178.
  • Currivan, D.B. (1999). The causal order of job satisfaction and organizational commitment in models of employee turnover. Human Resource Management Review, 9(4), 495-524. DOI: 10.1016/S1053-4822(99)00031-5
  • Deluga, R.J., & Perry, J.T. (1994). The role of subordinate performance and ıngratiation in leader-member exchanges. Group & Organization Management, 19(1), 67-86. DOI: 10.1177/1059601194191004
  • Duyan, M. (2021). The effect of internal marketing implementations on the organizational citizenship behaviors of youth and sports directorate employees. Journal of Sport Sciences Researches, 6(1), 76-87. DOI:10.25307/jssr.891016
  • Eisenberger, R., Karagonlar, G., Stinglhamber, F., Neves, P., Becker, T. E., Gonzalez-Morales, M. G., & Steiger-Mueller, M. (2010). Leader–member exchange and affective organizational commitment: The contribution of supervisor’s organizational embodiment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(6), 1085-1103. DOI: 10.1037/a0020858.
  • Garg, S., & Dhar, R.L. (2014). Effects of stress, LMX and perceived organizational support on servicequality: Mediating effects of organizational commitment. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 21, 64-75. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhtm.2014.07.002
  • Graen, G.B., & Uhl-Bien, M. (1995). Relationship-based approach to leadership: Development of leader-member exchange (LMX) theory of leadership over 25 years: Applying a multi-level multi-domain approach. Leadership Quarterly, 6(2), 219-247. DOI: 10.1016/1048-9843(95)90036-5
  • Güllü, S., & Koçak, M. (2016). Profesyonel Türk voleybolcuların kulüplerine olan örgütsel bağlılık düzeylerinin incelenmesi. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research, 2(4), 1470-1484.
  • Heracleous, L. (2000). The role of strategy implementation in organization development. Organization Development Journal, 18(3), 75-86.
  • Hsieh, H.L. (2012). Building employees’ organisational commitment with LMX: The mediating role of supervisor support. Global Journal of Engineering Education, 14(3), 250-255.
  • Kang, D., Stewart, J., & Kim, H. (2011). The effects of perceived external prestige, ethical organizational climate, and leader‐member exchange (LMX) quality on employees’ commitments and their subsequent attitudes. Personnel Review, 40(6), 761-784. DOI: 10.1108/00483481111169670
  • Kauppila, O-P. (2016). When and how does LMX differentiation influence followers’ work outcomes? The interactive roles of one’s own LMX status and organizational context. Personnel Psychology, 69(2), 357-393. DOI: 10.1111/peps.12110
  • Keskes, I., Sallan, J.M., Simo, P., & Fernandez, V. (2018). Transformational leadership and organizational commitment: Mediating role of leader-member exchange. Journal of management Development, 37(3), 271-284. DOI: 10.1108/JMD-04-2017-0132
  • Lee, J. (2005). Effects of leadership and leader‐member exchange on commitment. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 26(8), 655-672. DOI: 10.1108/01437730510633728
  • Lo, M-C., Mohamad, A.A., Ramayah, T., & Chai, W.Y. (2015). Examining the effects of leadership, market orientation and leader member exchange (LMX) on organisational performance. Engineering Economics, 26(4), 409-421. DOI: 10.5755/J01.EE.26.4.7656
  • Lo, M-C., Ramayah, T., Min, H.W., & Songan, P. (2010) The relationship between leadership styles and organizational commitment in Malaysia: Role of leader–member exchange. Asia Pacific Business Review, 16(1-2), 79-103. DOI: 10.1080/13602380903355676
  • Meyer, P.J., & Allen, N.J. (1991). A three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1(1), 61-89. DOI: 10.1016/1053-4822(91)90011-Z
  • Meyer, J.P., Allen, N.J., & Smith, C.A. (1993). Commitment to organizations and occupations: Extension and test of a three-component conceptualization. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(4), 538-551. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.78.4.538
  • Phipps, S.T.A., Prieto, L.C., & Ndinguri, E.N. (2013). Understanding the impact of employee involvement on organizational productivity: The moderating role of organizational commitment. Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict, 17(2), 107-120.
  • Pirzada, D.S., Hayat, F., Ikram, A.A., Ayub, M., & Waheed, K. (2013). Impact of human resources management practices on turnover, productivity and corporate financial performance. European Journal of Business and Management, 5(10), 163-176.
  • Scandura, T.A., & Graen, G.B. (1984). Moderating effects of initial leader-member exchange status on the effects of a leadership intervention. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69(3), 428-436. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.69.3.428
  • Schriesheim, C.A., Castro, S.L., & Cogliser, C.C. (1999). Leader-member exchange (LMX): A comprehensive review of theory, measurement, and data-analytic practices. Leadership Quarterly, 10(1), 63-113. DOI: 10.1016/S1048-9843(99)80009-5
  • Srivastava, A.P., & Dhar, R.L. (2016). Impact of leader member exchange, human resource management practices and psychological empowerment on extra role performances: The mediating role of organisational commitment. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 65(3), 351-377. DOI: 10.1108/IJPPM-01-2014-0009
  • Tolukan, E., & Akyel, Y. (2019). Research on the relationship between trainers’ turnover intention and organizational justice. International Journal of Higher Education, 8(1), 181-192. DOI: 10.5430/ijhe.v8n1p181
  • Wang, X., Liao, J., Xia, D., & Chang, T. (2010). The impact of organizational justice on work performance: Mediating effects of organizational commitment and leader‐member exchange. International Journal of Manpower, 31(6), 660-677. DOI: 10.1108/01437721011073364
  • Wayne, S.J., Liden, R.C., & Sparrowe, R.T. (1994). Developing leader-member exchanges: The influence of gender and ingratiation. The American Behavioral Scientist, 37(5), 697-714. DOI: 10.1177/0002764294037005009
  • Van Breukelen, W., Schyns, B., & Le Blanc, P. (2006). Leader–member exchange theory and research: Accomplishments and future challenges. Leadership, 2(3), 295-316. DOI: 10.1177/174271500606623
  • Yıldız, S.M. (2011). Spor hizmeti sunan kamu kurumlarında lider üye etkileşimi ve örgütsel vatandaşlık davranışı ilişkisi. Selçuk Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilim Dergisi,13(3), 323-329.
  • Yildiz, S.M. (2016). The effect of workplace mobbing behaviors on organizational citizenship behavior of employees in sport and physical activity organizations. Dokuz Eylul University The Journal of Graduate School of Social Sciences, 18(1), 165-180.
  • Yildiz, S.M. (2017). Orgutsel davranis: Secme konular. [Organizational behavior: Selected issues] Ankara: Detay Yayinevi.
  • Yildiz, S.M. (2018). An empirical analysis of the leader-member exchange and employee turnover intentions mediated by mobbing: Evidence from sport organizations. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 31(1), 480-497. DOI: 10.1080/1331677X.2018.1432374

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Yayınlanma Tarihi Kış
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Süleyman Murat YILDIZ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Muğla Sıtkı Koçman Üniversitesi
0000-0001-7622-9870
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 10, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijssresearch1006097, journal = {International Journal of Social Science Research}, issn = {}, eissn = {2146-8257}, address = {ijssresearch@gmail.com}, publisher = {Şahin ORUÇ}, year = {2021}, volume = {10}, pages = {172 - 181}, doi = {}, title = {Examining the Relationship Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Commitment: A Study in Sports Organizations}, key = {cite}, author = {Yıldız, Süleyman Murat} }
APA Yıldız, S. M. (2021). Examining the Relationship Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Commitment: A Study in Sports Organizations . International Journal of Social Science Research , 10 (2) , 172-181 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ijssresearch/issue/66794/1006097
MLA Yıldız, S. M. "Examining the Relationship Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Commitment: A Study in Sports Organizations" . International Journal of Social Science Research 10 (2021 ): 172-181 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ijssresearch/issue/66794/1006097>
Chicago Yıldız, S. M. "Examining the Relationship Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Commitment: A Study in Sports Organizations". International Journal of Social Science Research 10 (2021 ): 172-181
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Examining the Relationship Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Commitment: A Study in Sports Organizations AU - Süleyman Murat Yıldız Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - International Journal of Social Science Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 172 EP - 181 VL - 10 IS - 2 SN - -2146-8257 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Social Science Research Examining the Relationship Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Commitment: A Study in Sports Organizations %A Süleyman Murat Yıldız %T Examining the Relationship Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Commitment: A Study in Sports Organizations %D 2021 %J International Journal of Social Science Research %P -2146-8257 %V 10 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Yıldız, Süleyman Murat . "Examining the Relationship Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Commitment: A Study in Sports Organizations". International Journal of Social Science Research 10 / 2 (Aralık 2021): 172-181 .
AMA Yıldız S. M. Examining the Relationship Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Commitment: A Study in Sports Organizations. International Journal of Social Science Research. 2021; 10(2): 172-181.
Vancouver Yıldız S. M. Examining the Relationship Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Commitment: A Study in Sports Organizations. International Journal of Social Science Research. 2021; 10(2): 172-181.
IEEE S. M. Yıldız , "Examining the Relationship Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Commitment: A Study in Sports Organizations", International Journal of Social Science Research, c. 10, sayı. 2, ss. 172-181, Ara. 2021