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A Qualitative Study for University Students’ Marriage Expectation

Yıl 2020, Cilt 21, Sayı 1, 241 - 253, 30.04.2020
https://doi.org/10.17679/inuefd.491512

Öz

The aim of this study is to examine the university students’ marriage expectation. The students were classified as idealistic, pessimistic and realistic. The sample of the study was formed according to convenient sampling method. The students were aged between 18 and 24 (x̄=20.4, SD=1.6), of which 191 (64.4%) were female and 101 (36.6%) were male, totaling to 292. The students were attending to three differnt departments, namely, English Teaching, Arts and Craft Teaching, and Physics Teaching at the Faculty of Education at Dokuz Eylul University. In the study, “Marriage Expecttation Scale (MES)” was adapted by Öz Soysal, Uz Baş and Aysan was applied to Turkish developed by Jones and Nelson. After the application, the scores of the participants were graded according to realistic, pessimistic and idealistic scores. A total of thirty people, ten of the participants in each group, were selected by lot. Later researchers conducted semi-structured interviews. The findings of the research show that individuals with idealistic, pessimistic and realistic expectations differ in their love relationship, conflict resolution, child care and housework, and family relationships. The factors affecting the expectations of all participants are similar. it is thought that it will be useful to take these variables with, origin family, belief and cognitive structure, attachment style, social learning, effect of the media and and pre-marriage psychoeducation and group psychological counseling studies.

Kaynakça

  • Alexander, A. L. (2008). Relationship resources for coping with unfulfilled standards in dating relationships: Commitment, satisfaction, and closeness. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 25, 725-747.Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist. 55,469-480.Baucom, D.H., Epstein,N., Daiuto, A.,Carels,R., Rankin, L.,A.ve. Burnett, C.(1996). Cognitions in marriage: The relationship between standards and attributions. Journal of Family Psychology, 10(2), 209-222. doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.10.2.209. Bryant, C., M, Conger R.,D. ve Meehan J.M..(2001) The influence of in-laws on change in marital success. Journal of Marriage and the Family. 63,614–626.
  • Carnelly, K. B. ve Janoff-Bulman, R. (1992). Optimism about love relationships: General vs. specific lessons from one’s personal experience. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 9, 5-20.Dillon,H (2005). Family Violence and Divorce: Effects on Marriage Expectations. Unpublished master’s thesis East Tennessee State University.USA.Downey, G., Freitas, A.L., Michaelis, B., Khouri, H. (1998). The self-fulfilling prophecy in close relationships: Rejection sensitivity and rejection by romantic partners. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 545-560.Epstein, N. ve Eidelson, R. J. (1982). Unrealistic beliefs of clinical couples: Their relationship to expectations, goals, and satisfaction. American Journal of Family Therapy, 9, 13-22.Fingerman K.(2004) The role of offspring and in-laws in grandparents’ ties to their grandchildren. Journal of Family Issues. 25,1026–1049.
  • Fingermen,K., Gilligan, M., VanderDrift, L. ve Pitzer, L. (2012). In-law relationships before and after marriage: Husbands, wives, and their mothers-in-law. Research in Human Development, 9(2): 106–125.Hazan, C., ve Shaver, P. (1987). Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(3), 511-524.Heine, S.,J. ve Lehman, D. R. (1995). Cultural variation in unrealistic optimism: Does the West feel more vulnerable than the East? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(4), 595-607.Johnson,V. (2009). The effects of intimate relatonships education on relationship optimism and attıtudes towards marriage. Unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Montana, Missoula,USAJones, G. D. ve Nelson, E. S. (1996). Expectations of marriage among college students from intact and non-intact homes. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 26, 171-189.Kurdek, L. A. (2005). Gender and marital satisfaction early in marriage: A growth curve approach. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67, 68-84.Kaufman, G. (2005). Gender role attitudes and college students' work and family expectations. Gender Issues, 22(2), 58-71.Larson, J. H., ve Holman, T. B. (1994). Premarital Predictors of Marital Quality and Stability.Family Relation, 43,228-237. doi.org/10.2307/585327Larson, J. H. (1988). The marriage quiz: College students’ beliefs in selected myths about marriage. Family Relations, 37, 3-11.Lin, Y. ,C. ve Raghubir, P. (2005). Gender Differences in Unrealistic Optimism About Marriage and Divorce: Are Men More Optimistic and Women More Realistic?. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 31(2), 198-207. doi.org/10.1177/0146167204271325Ogletree, S. (2014). Gender role attitudes and expectations for marriage. Journal of Research on Women and Gender .5, 71-82 Plotnick, R. (2007). Adolescent expectations and desires about marriage and parenthood. Journal of Adolescence, 30(6), 943-963.Reis, H. T.ve Gable, S. L. (2003). Toward a positive psychology of relationships. In C. L. Keyes & J. Haidt (Eds.), Flourishing: The positive person and the good life (pp. 129–159). Washington, DC: American Psychological AssociationRiggio, H. ve Weiser, D. (2008). Attitudes toward marriage: Embeddedness and outcomes in personal relationships. Personal Relationships, 15(1), 123-140.Roberts, L.J. (2000). Fire And Ice In Marital Communication: Hostile And Distancing Behaviors As Predictors Of Marital Distress. Journal Of Marriage And The Family, 62, 693-707.Santos JD ve Levitt MJ .(2007) Intergenerational relations with in-laws in the context of the social convoy: Theoretical and practical implications. Journal of Social Issues. 63:827–843Segrin, C. ve Nabi, R. L. (2002). Does television viewing cultivate unrealistic expectations about marriage? Journal of Communication, 52(2), 247-263 Soylu Y, Kağnıcı, Y. (2015) Evlilik Uyumunun Empatik Eğitim, Algılanan Aile İçi İletişim ve Çatışma Çözme Stillerine Göre Yordanması. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi. 5 (43) 44-54.Stackert, R. A. ve Bursik, K. (2003). Why am I unsatisfied? Adult attachment style, gendered irrational relationship beliefs, and young adult romantic relationship satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences, 34, 1419-1429.Wilcox, B., Doherty, W. J., Fisher, H., Galston, W. A., Glenn, D. D. ve Gottman, J. (2005). Why Marriage Matters. New York, NY: Institute for American Values.www.tuik.gov.tr(2017). Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu. Boşanma oranları. Yıldırım, A. ve Şimşek, H. (2008). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri, (6. Baskı). Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.Zuzul, T. (2008). Preparing for the worst. Deffensive pessimism in romantic relationships. Suvremena psihologija 11(2), 177-209

Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Evlilik Beklentisine Yönelik Nitel Bir Çalışma

Yıl 2020, Cilt 21, Sayı 1, 241 - 253, 30.04.2020
https://doi.org/10.17679/inuefd.491512

Öz

Bu araştırmanın amacı, evlilik beklentilerine göre idealist, kötümser ve gerçekçi olarak sınıflandırılan üniversite öğrencilerinin evliliğe yönelik bakış açılarını derinlemesine incelemektir. Çalışma grubu, uygun örnekleme yöntemi ile seçilen, 2017-2018 eğitim öğretim yılında Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi, İngilizce Öğretmenliği, Resim-İş öğretmenliği, Matematik Öğretmenliği, Fizik öğretmenliği, Soysal Bilgiler Öğretmenliği bölümlerine devam eden yaşları 18 ile 24 arasında değişen(x̄=20.4, SD=1.6), 191’i kız (%64.4), 101’i (%36.6) erkek olmak üzere toplam 292 lisans öğrencisinden oluşmaktadır. Araştırmada öncelikle Jones ve Nelson tarafından geliştirilen, Türkçe’ye Öz Soysal, Uz Baş ve Aysan tarafından uyarlanan “Evlilik Beklentisi Ölçeği (EBÖ)” uygulanmıştır. Uygulama sonrasında katılımcıların ölçekten aldıkları puanlar gerçekçi, kötümser ve idealistik puan ortalamalarına göre sınıflandırılmıştır. Her grupta yer alan katılımcılardan on kişi olmak üzere toplam otuz kişi kura yolu ile seçilmiştir. Daha sonra araştırmacılar yarı yapılandırılmış görüşmeler yapılmıştır. Araştırma bulguları idealist, kötümser ve gerçekçi beklentiye sahip bireylerin evlilik ilişkisinde aşk duygusu, çatışma çözümü, çocuk bakımı ve ev işleri, aile ilişkileriyle ilgili beklentilerin birbirlerinden farklı olduğunu göstermektedir. Ayrıca araştırma bulguları tüm katılımcıların evlilik beklentilerinin oluşmasında köken ailelerinin etkili olduğu göstermektedir. Evlilik beklentisi ile yapılacak sonraki çalışmalarda, köken aile, ilişkilere yönelik inanç ve bilişsel yapı, bağlanma stilleri, sosyal öğrenme ve medyanın etkileri gibi değişkenlerle ilişkilerinin incelenmesi önerilebilir.

Kaynakça

  • Alexander, A. L. (2008). Relationship resources for coping with unfulfilled standards in dating relationships: Commitment, satisfaction, and closeness. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 25, 725-747.Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist. 55,469-480.Baucom, D.H., Epstein,N., Daiuto, A.,Carels,R., Rankin, L.,A.ve. Burnett, C.(1996). Cognitions in marriage: The relationship between standards and attributions. Journal of Family Psychology, 10(2), 209-222. doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.10.2.209. Bryant, C., M, Conger R.,D. ve Meehan J.M..(2001) The influence of in-laws on change in marital success. Journal of Marriage and the Family. 63,614–626.
  • Carnelly, K. B. ve Janoff-Bulman, R. (1992). Optimism about love relationships: General vs. specific lessons from one’s personal experience. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 9, 5-20.Dillon,H (2005). Family Violence and Divorce: Effects on Marriage Expectations. Unpublished master’s thesis East Tennessee State University.USA.Downey, G., Freitas, A.L., Michaelis, B., Khouri, H. (1998). The self-fulfilling prophecy in close relationships: Rejection sensitivity and rejection by romantic partners. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 545-560.Epstein, N. ve Eidelson, R. J. (1982). Unrealistic beliefs of clinical couples: Their relationship to expectations, goals, and satisfaction. American Journal of Family Therapy, 9, 13-22.Fingerman K.(2004) The role of offspring and in-laws in grandparents’ ties to their grandchildren. Journal of Family Issues. 25,1026–1049.
  • Fingermen,K., Gilligan, M., VanderDrift, L. ve Pitzer, L. (2012). In-law relationships before and after marriage: Husbands, wives, and their mothers-in-law. Research in Human Development, 9(2): 106–125.Hazan, C., ve Shaver, P. (1987). Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(3), 511-524.Heine, S.,J. ve Lehman, D. R. (1995). Cultural variation in unrealistic optimism: Does the West feel more vulnerable than the East? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(4), 595-607.Johnson,V. (2009). The effects of intimate relatonships education on relationship optimism and attıtudes towards marriage. Unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Montana, Missoula,USAJones, G. D. ve Nelson, E. S. (1996). Expectations of marriage among college students from intact and non-intact homes. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 26, 171-189.Kurdek, L. A. (2005). Gender and marital satisfaction early in marriage: A growth curve approach. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67, 68-84.Kaufman, G. (2005). Gender role attitudes and college students' work and family expectations. Gender Issues, 22(2), 58-71.Larson, J. H., ve Holman, T. B. (1994). Premarital Predictors of Marital Quality and Stability.Family Relation, 43,228-237. doi.org/10.2307/585327Larson, J. H. (1988). The marriage quiz: College students’ beliefs in selected myths about marriage. Family Relations, 37, 3-11.Lin, Y. ,C. ve Raghubir, P. (2005). Gender Differences in Unrealistic Optimism About Marriage and Divorce: Are Men More Optimistic and Women More Realistic?. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 31(2), 198-207. doi.org/10.1177/0146167204271325Ogletree, S. (2014). Gender role attitudes and expectations for marriage. Journal of Research on Women and Gender .5, 71-82 Plotnick, R. (2007). Adolescent expectations and desires about marriage and parenthood. Journal of Adolescence, 30(6), 943-963.Reis, H. T.ve Gable, S. L. (2003). Toward a positive psychology of relationships. In C. L. Keyes & J. Haidt (Eds.), Flourishing: The positive person and the good life (pp. 129–159). Washington, DC: American Psychological AssociationRiggio, H. ve Weiser, D. (2008). Attitudes toward marriage: Embeddedness and outcomes in personal relationships. Personal Relationships, 15(1), 123-140.Roberts, L.J. (2000). Fire And Ice In Marital Communication: Hostile And Distancing Behaviors As Predictors Of Marital Distress. Journal Of Marriage And The Family, 62, 693-707.Santos JD ve Levitt MJ .(2007) Intergenerational relations with in-laws in the context of the social convoy: Theoretical and practical implications. Journal of Social Issues. 63:827–843Segrin, C. ve Nabi, R. L. (2002). Does television viewing cultivate unrealistic expectations about marriage? Journal of Communication, 52(2), 247-263 Soylu Y, Kağnıcı, Y. (2015) Evlilik Uyumunun Empatik Eğitim, Algılanan Aile İçi İletişim ve Çatışma Çözme Stillerine Göre Yordanması. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi. 5 (43) 44-54.Stackert, R. A. ve Bursik, K. (2003). Why am I unsatisfied? Adult attachment style, gendered irrational relationship beliefs, and young adult romantic relationship satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences, 34, 1419-1429.Wilcox, B., Doherty, W. J., Fisher, H., Galston, W. A., Glenn, D. D. ve Gottman, J. (2005). Why Marriage Matters. New York, NY: Institute for American Values.www.tuik.gov.tr(2017). Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu. Boşanma oranları. Yıldırım, A. ve Şimşek, H. (2008). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri, (6. Baskı). Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.Zuzul, T. (2008). Preparing for the worst. Deffensive pessimism in romantic relationships. Suvremena psihologija 11(2), 177-209

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Fatma Selda ÖZ SOYSAL (Sorumlu Yazar)
DOKUZ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Aslı UZ BAŞ
DOKUZ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Ferda AYSAN Bu kişi benim
DOKUZ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Nisan 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 21, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @konferans bildirisi { inuefd491512, journal = {İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1300-2899}, eissn = {2149-9683}, address = {}, publisher = {İnönü Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {21}, pages = {241 - 253}, doi = {10.17679/inuefd.491512}, title = {Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Evlilik Beklentisine Yönelik Nitel Bir Çalışma}, key = {cite}, author = {Öz Soysal, Fatma Selda and Uz Baş, Aslı and Aysan, Ferda} }
APA Öz Soysal, F. S. , Uz Baş, A. & Aysan, F. (2020). Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Evlilik Beklentisine Yönelik Nitel Bir Çalışma . İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi , 21 (1) , 241-253 . DOI: 10.17679/inuefd.491512
MLA Öz Soysal, F. S. , Uz Baş, A. , Aysan, F. "Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Evlilik Beklentisine Yönelik Nitel Bir Çalışma" . İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 21 (2020 ): 241-253 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/inuefd/issue/53939/491512>
Chicago Öz Soysal, F. S. , Uz Baş, A. , Aysan, F. "Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Evlilik Beklentisine Yönelik Nitel Bir Çalışma". İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 21 (2020 ): 241-253
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Evlilik Beklentisine Yönelik Nitel Bir Çalışma AU - Fatma Selda Öz Soysal , Aslı Uz Baş , Ferda Aysan Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17679/inuefd.491512 DO - 10.17679/inuefd.491512 T2 - İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 241 EP - 253 VL - 21 IS - 1 SN - 1300-2899-2149-9683 M3 - doi: 10.17679/inuefd.491512 UR - https://doi.org/10.17679/inuefd.491512 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Evlilik Beklentisine Yönelik Nitel Bir Çalışma %A Fatma Selda Öz Soysal , Aslı Uz Baş , Ferda Aysan %T Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Evlilik Beklentisine Yönelik Nitel Bir Çalışma %D 2020 %J İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1300-2899-2149-9683 %V 21 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17679/inuefd.491512 %U 10.17679/inuefd.491512
ISNAD Öz Soysal, Fatma Selda , Uz Baş, Aslı , Aysan, Ferda . "Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Evlilik Beklentisine Yönelik Nitel Bir Çalışma". İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 21 / 1 (Nisan 2020): 241-253 . https://doi.org/10.17679/inuefd.491512
AMA Öz Soysal F. S. , Uz Baş A. , Aysan F. Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Evlilik Beklentisine Yönelik Nitel Bir Çalışma. INUEFD. 2020; 21(1): 241-253.
Vancouver Öz Soysal F. S. , Uz Baş A. , Aysan F. Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Evlilik Beklentisine Yönelik Nitel Bir Çalışma. İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 2020; 21(1): 241-253.
IEEE F. S. Öz Soysal , A. Uz Baş ve F. Aysan , "Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Evlilik Beklentisine Yönelik Nitel Bir Çalışma", İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 21, sayı. 1, ss. 241-253, Nis. 2020, doi:10.17679/inuefd.491512

Cited By

Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Gözünden Evlilik
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi
Gökay KELDAL
https://doi.org/10.32709/akusosbil.856820

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