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ANALYSIS OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN TURKEY AND POLAND

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 4 Sayı: 1, 88 - 103, 17.02.2023

Öz

This article seeks to explicate the link between the governmental policies for renewable energies and associated increase in the deployment of renewable energies. The contribution of this article to the existing literature is that it emphasizes the importance of an enabling state policy for developing and implementing a successful renewable energy policy. It starts by reviewing state policies that promote new renewable energy investments in Turkey and Poland. The effectiveness of this policy is tested by using sectoral renewable energy statistics. In the next step, both countries’ achievement of their renewable energy targets for 2020 are investigated. This research finds that Turkey and Poland have developed an enabling policy framework for renewable energies. These policies, in the long term, will enable energy transition in both countries and lead to a more secure, sustainable, clean, and environmentally friendly energy mix.

Kaynakça

  • European Commission. (23 April 2009). Directive 2009/28 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. Brussels: OJ L 140/16.
  • Alboyacı, B., and Dursun, B. (2008). Electricity restructuring in Turkey and the share of wind energy production. Renewable Energy, 33, 2499–2505. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2008.02.008
  • Capik, M., Yılmaz, A., and Çavuşoğlu, I. (2012). Present situation and potential role of renewable energy in Turkey. Renewable Energy, 46, 1-13. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2012.02.031
  • Eurostat. (2020). Energy Data - 2020 Edition. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. doi:0.2785/68334
  • Eurostat. (2022). Production of electricity and derived heat by type of fuel. Retrieved 12 23, 2022, Online data code: NRG_BAL_PEH
  • International Energy Agency. (2021). Turkey Energy Policy Review 2021.
  • International Energy Agency. (2022). Poland Energy Policy Review 2022.
  • International Hydropower Association. (2021). Hydropower Status Report.
  • International Renewable Energy Agency. (2021). Renewable Energy Statistics. Abu Dhabi: International Renewable Energy Agency.
  • Kampas, A., Rozakis, S., Faber, A., and Mamica, Ł. (2021). Assessing the Green Growth Trajectory through Resource and Impact Decoupling Indices: The Case of Poland. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 30(3), 2573-2587. doi:10.15244/pjoes/128585
  • Mamica, Ł., Mazur-Bubak, M., and Wróbel-Rotter, R. (2022). Can Biogas Plants Become a Significant Part of the New Polish Energy Deal? Business Opportunities for Poland's Biogas Industry. Sustainability, 3, 1614. doi:10.3390/su14031614
  • Ministry of Economy. (2010). National Renewable Energy Action Plan. Warsaw.
  • Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. (2014). Strategic Plan 2015-2019. Ankara.
  • Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. (2014). The National Renewable Action Plan for Turkey. Ankara.
  • Paska, J., and Surma, T. (2014). Electricity generation from renewable energy sources in Poland. Renewable Energy, 71, 286-294. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2014.05.011
  • Paska, J., Salek, M., and Surma, T. (2009). Current status and perspectives of renewable energy sources in Poland. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13, 142-154. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2007.06.013
  • Pietrzak, M. B., Iglinski, B., Kujawski, W., and Iwanski, P. (2021). Energy Transition in Poland -Assessment of the Renewable Energy Sector. Energies, 14, 2046-2069. doi:10.3390/en14082046
  • Statistics Poland. (2021). Gospodarka paliwowo-energetyczna w latach 2019 i 2020. Warsaw. ISSN:1506-7947 Toklu, E. (2013). Overview of potential and utilization of renewable energy sources in Turkey. Renewable Energy, 50, 456-463. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2012.06.035
  • Traczyk, P., and Gruszecka-Kosowska, A. (2020). The Condition of Air Pollution in Krakow, Poland, in 2005-2020, with Health Risk Assessment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(17). doi:10.3390/ijerph17176063
  • Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation. (2019). 2019-2023 Stratejik Planı.
  • Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation. (2021). Türkiye Elektrik Üretim İletim İstatistikleri. Retrieved 12 20, 2022, from https://www.teias.gov.tr/turkiye-elektrik-uretim-iletim-istatistikleri
  • Turkish Wind Energy Association. (2019). Statistic Report.
  • Ugurlu, A., and Gokcol, C. (2017). An overview of Turkey's renewable energy trend. Journal of Energy Systems, 1(4), 148-158. doi:10.30521/jes.361920 Żuk, P., and Żuk, P. (2021). Increasing Energy Prices as a Stimulus for Entrepreneurship in Renewable Energies: Ownership Structure, Company Size and Energy Policy in Companies in Poland. Energies, 14(18), 5885. doi:10.3390/en14185885

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 4 Sayı: 1, 88 - 103, 17.02.2023

Öz

Kaynakça

  • European Commission. (23 April 2009). Directive 2009/28 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. Brussels: OJ L 140/16.
  • Alboyacı, B., and Dursun, B. (2008). Electricity restructuring in Turkey and the share of wind energy production. Renewable Energy, 33, 2499–2505. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2008.02.008
  • Capik, M., Yılmaz, A., and Çavuşoğlu, I. (2012). Present situation and potential role of renewable energy in Turkey. Renewable Energy, 46, 1-13. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2012.02.031
  • Eurostat. (2020). Energy Data - 2020 Edition. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. doi:0.2785/68334
  • Eurostat. (2022). Production of electricity and derived heat by type of fuel. Retrieved 12 23, 2022, Online data code: NRG_BAL_PEH
  • International Energy Agency. (2021). Turkey Energy Policy Review 2021.
  • International Energy Agency. (2022). Poland Energy Policy Review 2022.
  • International Hydropower Association. (2021). Hydropower Status Report.
  • International Renewable Energy Agency. (2021). Renewable Energy Statistics. Abu Dhabi: International Renewable Energy Agency.
  • Kampas, A., Rozakis, S., Faber, A., and Mamica, Ł. (2021). Assessing the Green Growth Trajectory through Resource and Impact Decoupling Indices: The Case of Poland. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 30(3), 2573-2587. doi:10.15244/pjoes/128585
  • Mamica, Ł., Mazur-Bubak, M., and Wróbel-Rotter, R. (2022). Can Biogas Plants Become a Significant Part of the New Polish Energy Deal? Business Opportunities for Poland's Biogas Industry. Sustainability, 3, 1614. doi:10.3390/su14031614
  • Ministry of Economy. (2010). National Renewable Energy Action Plan. Warsaw.
  • Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. (2014). Strategic Plan 2015-2019. Ankara.
  • Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. (2014). The National Renewable Action Plan for Turkey. Ankara.
  • Paska, J., and Surma, T. (2014). Electricity generation from renewable energy sources in Poland. Renewable Energy, 71, 286-294. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2014.05.011
  • Paska, J., Salek, M., and Surma, T. (2009). Current status and perspectives of renewable energy sources in Poland. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13, 142-154. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2007.06.013
  • Pietrzak, M. B., Iglinski, B., Kujawski, W., and Iwanski, P. (2021). Energy Transition in Poland -Assessment of the Renewable Energy Sector. Energies, 14, 2046-2069. doi:10.3390/en14082046
  • Statistics Poland. (2021). Gospodarka paliwowo-energetyczna w latach 2019 i 2020. Warsaw. ISSN:1506-7947 Toklu, E. (2013). Overview of potential and utilization of renewable energy sources in Turkey. Renewable Energy, 50, 456-463. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2012.06.035
  • Traczyk, P., and Gruszecka-Kosowska, A. (2020). The Condition of Air Pollution in Krakow, Poland, in 2005-2020, with Health Risk Assessment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(17). doi:10.3390/ijerph17176063
  • Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation. (2019). 2019-2023 Stratejik Planı.
  • Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation. (2021). Türkiye Elektrik Üretim İletim İstatistikleri. Retrieved 12 20, 2022, from https://www.teias.gov.tr/turkiye-elektrik-uretim-iletim-istatistikleri
  • Turkish Wind Energy Association. (2019). Statistic Report.
  • Ugurlu, A., and Gokcol, C. (2017). An overview of Turkey's renewable energy trend. Journal of Energy Systems, 1(4), 148-158. doi:10.30521/jes.361920 Żuk, P., and Żuk, P. (2021). Increasing Energy Prices as a Stimulus for Entrepreneurship in Renewable Energies: Ownership Structure, Company Size and Energy Policy in Companies in Poland. Energies, 14(18), 5885. doi:10.3390/en14185885

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 4 Sayı: 1, 88 - 103, 17.02.2023

Öz

Kaynakça

  • European Commission. (23 April 2009). Directive 2009/28 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. Brussels: OJ L 140/16.
  • Alboyacı, B., and Dursun, B. (2008). Electricity restructuring in Turkey and the share of wind energy production. Renewable Energy, 33, 2499–2505. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2008.02.008
  • Capik, M., Yılmaz, A., and Çavuşoğlu, I. (2012). Present situation and potential role of renewable energy in Turkey. Renewable Energy, 46, 1-13. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2012.02.031
  • Eurostat. (2020). Energy Data - 2020 Edition. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. doi:0.2785/68334
  • Eurostat. (2022). Production of electricity and derived heat by type of fuel. Retrieved 12 23, 2022, Online data code: NRG_BAL_PEH
  • International Energy Agency. (2021). Turkey Energy Policy Review 2021.
  • International Energy Agency. (2022). Poland Energy Policy Review 2022.
  • International Hydropower Association. (2021). Hydropower Status Report.
  • International Renewable Energy Agency. (2021). Renewable Energy Statistics. Abu Dhabi: International Renewable Energy Agency.
  • Kampas, A., Rozakis, S., Faber, A., and Mamica, Ł. (2021). Assessing the Green Growth Trajectory through Resource and Impact Decoupling Indices: The Case of Poland. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 30(3), 2573-2587. doi:10.15244/pjoes/128585
  • Mamica, Ł., Mazur-Bubak, M., and Wróbel-Rotter, R. (2022). Can Biogas Plants Become a Significant Part of the New Polish Energy Deal? Business Opportunities for Poland's Biogas Industry. Sustainability, 3, 1614. doi:10.3390/su14031614
  • Ministry of Economy. (2010). National Renewable Energy Action Plan. Warsaw.
  • Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. (2014). Strategic Plan 2015-2019. Ankara.
  • Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. (2014). The National Renewable Action Plan for Turkey. Ankara.
  • Paska, J., and Surma, T. (2014). Electricity generation from renewable energy sources in Poland. Renewable Energy, 71, 286-294. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2014.05.011
  • Paska, J., Salek, M., and Surma, T. (2009). Current status and perspectives of renewable energy sources in Poland. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13, 142-154. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2007.06.013
  • Pietrzak, M. B., Iglinski, B., Kujawski, W., and Iwanski, P. (2021). Energy Transition in Poland -Assessment of the Renewable Energy Sector. Energies, 14, 2046-2069. doi:10.3390/en14082046
  • Statistics Poland. (2021). Gospodarka paliwowo-energetyczna w latach 2019 i 2020. Warsaw. ISSN:1506-7947 Toklu, E. (2013). Overview of potential and utilization of renewable energy sources in Turkey. Renewable Energy, 50, 456-463. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2012.06.035
  • Traczyk, P., and Gruszecka-Kosowska, A. (2020). The Condition of Air Pollution in Krakow, Poland, in 2005-2020, with Health Risk Assessment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(17). doi:10.3390/ijerph17176063
  • Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation. (2019). 2019-2023 Stratejik Planı.
  • Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation. (2021). Türkiye Elektrik Üretim İletim İstatistikleri. Retrieved 12 20, 2022, from https://www.teias.gov.tr/turkiye-elektrik-uretim-iletim-istatistikleri
  • Turkish Wind Energy Association. (2019). Statistic Report.
  • Ugurlu, A., and Gokcol, C. (2017). An overview of Turkey's renewable energy trend. Journal of Energy Systems, 1(4), 148-158. doi:10.30521/jes.361920 Żuk, P., and Żuk, P. (2021). Increasing Energy Prices as a Stimulus for Entrepreneurship in Renewable Energies: Ownership Structure, Company Size and Energy Policy in Companies in Poland. Energies, 14(18), 5885. doi:10.3390/en14185885

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Siyaset Bilimi, Uluslararası İlişkiler
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Gamze TANİL
NİŞANTAŞI ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-3217-0560
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 17 Şubat 2023
Kabul Tarihi 17 Şubat 2023
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2023 Cilt: 4 Sayı: 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @İnceleme makalesi { itbfkent1246213, journal = {İstanbul Kent Üniversitesi İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Dergisi}, eissn = {2717-9737}, address = {Cihangir, Sıraselviler Cd. No:71, 34433 Beyoğlu/İstanbul}, publisher = {İstanbul Kent Üniversitesi}, year = {2023}, volume = {4}, number = {1}, pages = {88 - 103}, title = {ANALYSIS OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN TURKEY AND POLAND}, key = {cite}, author = {Tanil, Gamze} }
APA Tanil, G. (2023). ANALYSIS OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN TURKEY AND POLAND . İstanbul Kent Üniversitesi İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Dergisi , 4 (1) , 88-103 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/itbfkent/issue/75936/1246213
MLA Tanil, G. "ANALYSIS OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN TURKEY AND POLAND" . İstanbul Kent Üniversitesi İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Dergisi 4 (2023 ): 88-103 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/itbfkent/issue/75936/1246213>
Chicago Tanil, G. "ANALYSIS OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN TURKEY AND POLAND". İstanbul Kent Üniversitesi İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Dergisi 4 (2023 ): 88-103
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - ANALYSIS OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN TURKEY AND POLAND AU - GamzeTanil Y1 - 2023 PY - 2023 N1 - DO - T2 - İstanbul Kent Üniversitesi İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 88 EP - 103 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2717-9737 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2023 ER -
EndNote %0 İstanbul Kent Üniversitesi İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Dergisi ANALYSIS OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN TURKEY AND POLAND %A Gamze Tanil %T ANALYSIS OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN TURKEY AND POLAND %D 2023 %J İstanbul Kent Üniversitesi İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2717-9737 %V 4 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Tanil, Gamze . "ANALYSIS OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN TURKEY AND POLAND". İstanbul Kent Üniversitesi İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Dergisi 4 / 1 (Şubat 2023): 88-103 .
AMA Tanil G. ANALYSIS OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN TURKEY AND POLAND. İstanbul Kent Üniversitesi İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Dergisi. 2023; 4(1): 88-103.
Vancouver Tanil G. ANALYSIS OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN TURKEY AND POLAND. İstanbul Kent Üniversitesi İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Dergisi. 2023; 4(1): 88-103.
IEEE G. Tanil , "ANALYSIS OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN TURKEY AND POLAND", İstanbul Kent Üniversitesi İnsan ve Toplum Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 4, sayı. 1, ss. 88-103, Şub. 2023