Araştırma Makalesi
PDF Zotero Mendeley EndNote BibTex Kaynak Göster

TÜRKİYE’DE CİNSİYET EŞİTSİZLİĞİNİN EĞİTİM, EKONOMİ, POLİTİKA VE SAĞLIK BOYUTLARI İLE İNCELENMESİ

Yıl 2018, Cilt , Sayı 16, 96 - 111, 01.05.2018

Öz

   Cinsiyet eşitsizliği, insanlığın en önemli sorunlarından birisidir. Dünya genelinde cinsiyet eşitsizliğini besleyen çok önemli psiko-sosyo-ekonomik-politik sebepler sözkonusudur. Bu bağlamda, toplumsal cinsiyet eşitsizliğini etkileyen faktörleri, cinsiyet eşitsizliğinin tüm boyutlarıyla analiz etmek çok önemlidir. Bu çalışmada, Dünya Ekonomik Forumu Küresel Cinsiyet Açığı Endeksi 2017 yılı verileri kullanılarak, Türkiye'deki cinsiyet eşitsizliği, eğitim, ekonomi, siyaset ve sağlık boyutları ile birlikte incelenmiştir. 2017 yılı için, 144 ülke arasında Türkiye'nin küresel cinsiyet açığı sıralaması, 131'tür. 2016 yılında 0.585 olan küresel cinsiyet açığı puanı genel endeks ve alt endekslerde 2016'dan 2018'e çok hafif yükselme göstermiştir. Türkiye için siyaset boyutunda cinsiyet eşitsizliği çok yüksek olup, cinsiyet eşitsizliği puanı da ekonomi boyutundaki küresel endeksin ortalamasının altındadır. Öte yandan, cinsiyet eşitsizliği sağlık ve eğitimde endeks ortalamasına çok yakındır. Türkiye'de yüksek düzeyde gözlemlenen toplumsal cinsiyet eşitsizliğinin, kadınlar ve sosyal refah için etkin psiko-sosyo-ekonomik-politik stratejiler ve politikalarla ortadan kaldırılması hayati önem taşımaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • Agénor, P. R. (2018). A Theory of Social Norms, Women's Time Allocation, and Gender Inequality in the Process of Development(No. 237). Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
  • Aktas, S. G., Kumtepe, E. G., Kantar, Y. M., Ulukan, I. C., Aydin, S., Aksoy, T., & Er, F. (2017). Improving Gender Equality in Higher Education in Turkey. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, 1-23.
  • Aytaç, I. A., & Rankin, B. H. (2004). Modernity, traditionality, and junior high school attainment in Turkey. Social Indicators Research, 66(3), 267-282.
  • Buğra, A. (2017). Social Policy and Different Dimensions of Inequality in Turkey: A Historical Overview. Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, 1-14.
  • Caner, A., Guven, C., Okten, C., & Sakalli, S. O. (2016). Gender roles and the education gender gap in Turkey. Social Indicators Research, 129(3), 1231-1254.
  • Celebioglu, F. (2017). Women Employment in terms of Gender Inequality across the Provinces of Turkey. Eurasian Journal of Business and Economics, 10(19), 61-80.
  • İstanbul Üniversitesi Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi Istanbul University Journal of Women’s Studies 2018/I:117-133
  • Cuberes, D., & Teignier, M. (2015). How costly are labor gender gaps? Estimates for the Balkans and Turkey.
  • Fatema, F., Li, Z., & Islam, M. M. (2017). Trade Liberalization and Gender Inequality in Emerging Economies-from the Perspective of Sustainable Development Goals. Asian Economic and Financial Review, 7(11), 1075.
  • Gungor, M. (2017, November). The Effect of Welfare Policy and Gender Equality Gendered Division of Domestic Labor in Germany, Sweden and Turkey. In ICPESS (International Congress on Politic, Economic and Social Studies) (No. 3).
  • Juhn, C., Ujhelyi, G., & Villegas-Sanchez, C. (2014). Men, women, and machines: How trade impacts gender inequality. Journal of Development Economics, 106, 179-193.
  • Kenworthy, L., & Malami, M. (1999). Gender inequality in political representation: A worldwide comparative analysis. Social Forces, 78(1), 235-268.
  • Klasen, S., & Lamanna, F. (2009). The impact of gender inequality in education and employment on economic growth: new evidence for a panel of countries. Feminist economics, 15(3), 91-132.
  • Ponthieux, S., & Meurs, D. (2015). Gender inequality. In Handbook of income distribution (Vol. 2, pp. 981-1146). Elsevier.
  • Rankin, B. H., & Aytaç, I. A. (2006). Gender inequality in schooling: The case of Turkey. Sociology of Education, 79(1), 25-43.s
  • Ruppanner, L., & Treas, J. (2015). Working Weekends: Changing European Time Regimes and Gender Inequality in Household Labor. Journal of Family Issues, 36(13), 1782- 1809.
  • Seguino, S. (2000). Gender inequality and economic growth: A cross-country analysis. World Development, 28(7), 1211-1230.
  • Tansel, A. (2002). Determinants of school attainment of boys and girls in Turkey: individual, household and community factors. Economics of education review, 21(5), 455-470.

AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER INEQUALITY WITH THE DIMENSION OF EDUCATION, ECONOMY, POLITICS AND HEALTH IN TURKEY

Yıl 2018, Cilt , Sayı 16, 96 - 111, 01.05.2018

Öz

Gender inequality is one of the most important problem of the humanity. There are very important psycho-socio-economic-political reasons feeding the gender inequality across the world. In this context, it is vital to analyze the factors affecting gender inequality with all the dimensions of gender inequality. In this study, it is analyzed the gender inequality with the dimensions of education, economy, politics and health in Turkey by using the results data for 2017 from the Global Gender Gap Index of World Economic Forum. The global gender gap rank of Turkey is 131 for the year 2017 among the 144 countries. The global gender gap score and the score of subindices of Turkey slightly increased from 2016 to 2018. For Turkey, the gender inequality is very high in politics dimension; also gender inequality score for Turkey is below the average of the global index in economy dimension. On the other hand, gender inequality is very close the index average in health and education. It is vital to eliminate high-level gender inequality in Turkey by efficient psycho-socio-economicpolitical strategies and policies for women and social welfare.

Kaynakça

  • Agénor, P. R. (2018). A Theory of Social Norms, Women's Time Allocation, and Gender Inequality in the Process of Development(No. 237). Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
  • Aktas, S. G., Kumtepe, E. G., Kantar, Y. M., Ulukan, I. C., Aydin, S., Aksoy, T., & Er, F. (2017). Improving Gender Equality in Higher Education in Turkey. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, 1-23.
  • Aytaç, I. A., & Rankin, B. H. (2004). Modernity, traditionality, and junior high school attainment in Turkey. Social Indicators Research, 66(3), 267-282.
  • Buğra, A. (2017). Social Policy and Different Dimensions of Inequality in Turkey: A Historical Overview. Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, 1-14.
  • Caner, A., Guven, C., Okten, C., & Sakalli, S. O. (2016). Gender roles and the education gender gap in Turkey. Social Indicators Research, 129(3), 1231-1254.
  • Celebioglu, F. (2017). Women Employment in terms of Gender Inequality across the Provinces of Turkey. Eurasian Journal of Business and Economics, 10(19), 61-80.
  • İstanbul Üniversitesi Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi Istanbul University Journal of Women’s Studies 2018/I:117-133
  • Cuberes, D., & Teignier, M. (2015). How costly are labor gender gaps? Estimates for the Balkans and Turkey.
  • Fatema, F., Li, Z., & Islam, M. M. (2017). Trade Liberalization and Gender Inequality in Emerging Economies-from the Perspective of Sustainable Development Goals. Asian Economic and Financial Review, 7(11), 1075.
  • Gungor, M. (2017, November). The Effect of Welfare Policy and Gender Equality Gendered Division of Domestic Labor in Germany, Sweden and Turkey. In ICPESS (International Congress on Politic, Economic and Social Studies) (No. 3).
  • Juhn, C., Ujhelyi, G., & Villegas-Sanchez, C. (2014). Men, women, and machines: How trade impacts gender inequality. Journal of Development Economics, 106, 179-193.
  • Kenworthy, L., & Malami, M. (1999). Gender inequality in political representation: A worldwide comparative analysis. Social Forces, 78(1), 235-268.
  • Klasen, S., & Lamanna, F. (2009). The impact of gender inequality in education and employment on economic growth: new evidence for a panel of countries. Feminist economics, 15(3), 91-132.
  • Ponthieux, S., & Meurs, D. (2015). Gender inequality. In Handbook of income distribution (Vol. 2, pp. 981-1146). Elsevier.
  • Rankin, B. H., & Aytaç, I. A. (2006). Gender inequality in schooling: The case of Turkey. Sociology of Education, 79(1), 25-43.s
  • Ruppanner, L., & Treas, J. (2015). Working Weekends: Changing European Time Regimes and Gender Inequality in Household Labor. Journal of Family Issues, 36(13), 1782- 1809.
  • Seguino, S. (2000). Gender inequality and economic growth: A cross-country analysis. World Development, 28(7), 1211-1230.
  • Tansel, A. (2002). Determinants of school attainment of boys and girls in Turkey: individual, household and community factors. Economics of education review, 21(5), 455-470.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Gamze SART Bu kişi benim


Levent DALYANCI
0000-0001-9784-1575

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Mayıs 2018
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2018, Cilt , Sayı 16

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { iukad420146, journal = {Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {1300-7807}, address = {}, publisher = {İstanbul Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {}, pages = {96 - 111}, doi = {}, title = {AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER INEQUALITY WITH THE DIMENSION OF EDUCATION, ECONOMY, POLITICS AND HEALTH IN TURKEY}, key = {cite}, author = {Sart, Gamze and Dalyancı, Levent} }
APA Sart, G. & Dalyancı, L. (2018). AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER INEQUALITY WITH THE DIMENSION OF EDUCATION, ECONOMY, POLITICS AND HEALTH IN TURKEY . Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi , (16) , 96-111 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/iukad/issue/36807/420146
MLA Sart, G. , Dalyancı, L. "AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER INEQUALITY WITH THE DIMENSION OF EDUCATION, ECONOMY, POLITICS AND HEALTH IN TURKEY" . Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi (2018 ): 96-111 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/iukad/issue/36807/420146>
Chicago Sart, G. , Dalyancı, L. "AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER INEQUALITY WITH THE DIMENSION OF EDUCATION, ECONOMY, POLITICS AND HEALTH IN TURKEY". Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi (2018 ): 96-111
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER INEQUALITY WITH THE DIMENSION OF EDUCATION, ECONOMY, POLITICS AND HEALTH IN TURKEY AU - Gamze Sart , Levent Dalyancı Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 96 EP - 111 VL - IS - 16 SN - 1300-7807- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER INEQUALITY WITH THE DIMENSION OF EDUCATION, ECONOMY, POLITICS AND HEALTH IN TURKEY %A Gamze Sart , Levent Dalyancı %T AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER INEQUALITY WITH THE DIMENSION OF EDUCATION, ECONOMY, POLITICS AND HEALTH IN TURKEY %D 2018 %J Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi %P 1300-7807- %V %N 16 %R %U
ISNAD Sart, Gamze , Dalyancı, Levent . "AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER INEQUALITY WITH THE DIMENSION OF EDUCATION, ECONOMY, POLITICS AND HEALTH IN TURKEY". Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi / 16 (Mayıs 2018): 96-111 .
AMA Sart G. , Dalyancı L. AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER INEQUALITY WITH THE DIMENSION OF EDUCATION, ECONOMY, POLITICS AND HEALTH IN TURKEY. Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2018; (16): 96-111.
Vancouver Sart G. , Dalyancı L. AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER INEQUALITY WITH THE DIMENSION OF EDUCATION, ECONOMY, POLITICS AND HEALTH IN TURKEY. Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2018; (16): 96-111.
IEEE G. Sart ve L. Dalyancı , "AN ANALYSIS OF GENDER INEQUALITY WITH THE DIMENSION OF EDUCATION, ECONOMY, POLITICS AND HEALTH IN TURKEY", Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi, sayı. 16, ss. 96-111, May. 2018