calculators were designed in the seventeenth century and produced in limited
numbers. They were elaborated subsequently and their production only increased
in the 19th century after the French mathematician Thomas (de Colmar, 1785-1870)
invented the arithmomètre in 1820. Arithmomètre was the first
commercially successful mechanical calculator. Following Thomas’s death, first his
family, then his collaborator Louis Payen (1839-1901) continued to elaborate
the instrument which became widely used in Europe, especially in France.
Presently, arithmometers produced by Thomas and Payen are kept in the collections
worldwide. A Payen arithmometer dated 1888 and numbered 2378 is presently kept
at Istanbul University’s Library for Rare Books. The present article aims to
introduce this particular arithmometer, its user’s guide in Turkish, and its
translator Mehmed İzzet.
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 4 Ocak 2019
|Chicago||Günergun, F . "İstanbul’da bir Payen Aritmometresi ve Türkçe Kullanım Kılavuzu". Osmanlı Bilimi Araştırmaları 20 (2019 ): 1-15|