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Alabalık Yavrularında Görülen Hexamitozisin Tanı ve Tedavisi

Yıl 2018, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 4 - 8, 30.04.2018
https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.357640

Öz

Bu çalışmada, 0,5-10 gr’lık gökkuşağı alabalığı (Oncorhynchus mykiss) yavrularında öldürücü bir hastalık olan hexamita enfestasyonu Türkiye’nin Doğu Karadeniz bölgesindeki farklı alabalık çiftliklerinde 2006 ve 2012 yılları arasında araştırılmıştır. Aylık olarak 360 hasta balık muayene edilmiştir. En yoğun ölüm oranı ilkbahar ve sonbahar aylarında görülmüş ve enfestasyonları yıl boyu devam etmiştir. Tanı ışık mikroskobunda bağırsaktan alınan dışkı içeriğinde hexamita’nın gözlemlenmesi ile yapılmıştır. Albendazol, metronidazole, trichlorfon, toltrazuril ve magnezyum sülfat gibi farklı kemoterapotiklerin enfestasyonun tedavisi için gökkuşağı yavrularına uygulanmıştır. Albendazol ve metronidazole en etkili tedavi edici olarak bulunmuştur.

Kaynakça

  • Awakura, T. (1992). Parasites of salmonid fishes in Japan. In: Kimura T (ed) Salmonid diseases (Proceedings of the OJI International Symposium on Salmonid Diseases). Hokkaido University Press, Sapporo, p 259–266.
  • Becker, C.D. (1977). Flagellate parasites of fish. In: Kreier JP (ed) Parasitic Protozoa, Vol 1. Academic Press, New York, p 357-416.
  • Jørgensen, A. & Sterud, E. (2006). The marine pathogenic genotype of Spironucleus barkhanus from farmed salmonids redescribed as Spironucleus salmonicida n. sp. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 53(6), 531-541
  • Kent, M.L., Ellis, J., Fournie, J.W., Dawe, S.C., Bagshaw, J.W. & Whitaker, D.J. (1992). Systemic hexamitid (Protozoa: Diplomonadida) infection in seawater pen-reared Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytsha. Disease of Aquatic Organism, 14, 81–89.
  • Lom, J. & Dykova, I. (1992). Developments in aquaculture and fisheries science. Vol. 26 Protozoan parasites of fishes. Elsevier, Amsterdam. 1-315.
  • Poppe, T.T., Mo, T.A. & Iversen, L. (1992). Disseminated hexamitosis in sea-caged Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. Disease of Aquatic Organism, 14, 91–97.
  • Poynton, S.L. & Morrison, C.M. (1990). Morphology of diplomonad flagellates: Spironucleus torosan. sp. from Atlantic cod Gadus morhua L., and haddock Melanogrammus aeglefi-nus (L.) and Hexamita salmonis Moore from brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill). Journal Protozoology, 37, 369–383.
  • Poynton, S.L., Fraser, W., Francis-Floyd, R., Rutledge, P., Reed, P. & Nerad, TA. (1995). Spironucleus vortens n.sp., from freshwater angel fish Pterophyllum scalare: morphology and culture. Journal Eukaryot Microbiology, 42, 731–742.
  • Poynton, S.L. & Sterud, E. (2002). Guidelines for species descriptions of diplomonad flagellates from fish. Journal of Fish Disease, 25, 15–31.
  • Sterud, E. (1998). In vitrocultivation and temperature-depen-dant growth of two strains of Spironucleus barkhanus (Diplomonadida: Hexamitidae) from Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and grayling Thymallus thymallus. Disease of Aquatic Organism, 33, 57–61.
  • Sterud, E., Mo, T. A. & Poppe, T. T. 1997. Ultrastructure of Spironucleus barkhanus n. sp. (Diplomonadida: Hexamitidae) from grayling Thymallus thymallus (L.) (Salmonidae) and Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. (Salmonidae). The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 44, 399-407.
  • Sterud, E., Mo, T.A. & Poppe, T.T. (1998). Systemic spironucleosis in sea-farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, caused by Spironucleus barkhanus transmitted from feral Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus? Disease of Aquatic Organism, 33, 63–66.
  • Uldal, A. & Buchmann, K. (1996). Parasite host relations: Hexamita salmonis in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Disease of Aquatic Organism, 25, 229–231.
  • Vickerman, K. (1989). Phylum Zoomastigina. Class Diplomonadida. In: Margulis L, Corliss JO, Melkanian M, Chapman D (eds) Handbook of Protoctista. Jones and Barlett, Boston, p 200-210.
  • Woo, P.T.K. & Poynton, S.L. (1995). Diplomonadida, Kinetoplastida and Amoebida (phylum Sarcomastigophora). In: Woo PTK (ed) Fish diseases and disorders, Vol 1. Protozoan and metazoan disorders. CAB International, Wallingford, p27–96.

Identification and Treatment of Hexamitiasis Observed in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Fry

Yıl 2018, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 4 - 8, 30.04.2018
https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.357640

Öz

In this study, hexamitiasis which is a fatal disease in 0.5-10g of rainbow trout fry in different fish farms in the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey was investigated between 2006 and 2016. A total of 360 diseased fish was examined monthly. The highest mortality rate in fish was observed in spring and autumn months and their infestation continued throughout the year. Diagnosis was made by observation of the hexamita in feces contents from gut in light microscopy. Different chemotherapeutics such as albendazol, metronidazole, trichlorfon, toltrazuril and magnesium sulphate were applied on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fry for treatment of infestation. Albendazol and metronidazole were founded as the most effective treatment.

Kaynakça

  • Awakura, T. (1992). Parasites of salmonid fishes in Japan. In: Kimura T (ed) Salmonid diseases (Proceedings of the OJI International Symposium on Salmonid Diseases). Hokkaido University Press, Sapporo, p 259–266.
  • Becker, C.D. (1977). Flagellate parasites of fish. In: Kreier JP (ed) Parasitic Protozoa, Vol 1. Academic Press, New York, p 357-416.
  • Jørgensen, A. & Sterud, E. (2006). The marine pathogenic genotype of Spironucleus barkhanus from farmed salmonids redescribed as Spironucleus salmonicida n. sp. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 53(6), 531-541
  • Kent, M.L., Ellis, J., Fournie, J.W., Dawe, S.C., Bagshaw, J.W. & Whitaker, D.J. (1992). Systemic hexamitid (Protozoa: Diplomonadida) infection in seawater pen-reared Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytsha. Disease of Aquatic Organism, 14, 81–89.
  • Lom, J. & Dykova, I. (1992). Developments in aquaculture and fisheries science. Vol. 26 Protozoan parasites of fishes. Elsevier, Amsterdam. 1-315.
  • Poppe, T.T., Mo, T.A. & Iversen, L. (1992). Disseminated hexamitosis in sea-caged Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. Disease of Aquatic Organism, 14, 91–97.
  • Poynton, S.L. & Morrison, C.M. (1990). Morphology of diplomonad flagellates: Spironucleus torosan. sp. from Atlantic cod Gadus morhua L., and haddock Melanogrammus aeglefi-nus (L.) and Hexamita salmonis Moore from brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill). Journal Protozoology, 37, 369–383.
  • Poynton, S.L., Fraser, W., Francis-Floyd, R., Rutledge, P., Reed, P. & Nerad, TA. (1995). Spironucleus vortens n.sp., from freshwater angel fish Pterophyllum scalare: morphology and culture. Journal Eukaryot Microbiology, 42, 731–742.
  • Poynton, S.L. & Sterud, E. (2002). Guidelines for species descriptions of diplomonad flagellates from fish. Journal of Fish Disease, 25, 15–31.
  • Sterud, E. (1998). In vitrocultivation and temperature-depen-dant growth of two strains of Spironucleus barkhanus (Diplomonadida: Hexamitidae) from Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and grayling Thymallus thymallus. Disease of Aquatic Organism, 33, 57–61.
  • Sterud, E., Mo, T. A. & Poppe, T. T. 1997. Ultrastructure of Spironucleus barkhanus n. sp. (Diplomonadida: Hexamitidae) from grayling Thymallus thymallus (L.) (Salmonidae) and Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. (Salmonidae). The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 44, 399-407.
  • Sterud, E., Mo, T.A. & Poppe, T.T. (1998). Systemic spironucleosis in sea-farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, caused by Spironucleus barkhanus transmitted from feral Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus? Disease of Aquatic Organism, 33, 63–66.
  • Uldal, A. & Buchmann, K. (1996). Parasite host relations: Hexamita salmonis in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Disease of Aquatic Organism, 25, 229–231.
  • Vickerman, K. (1989). Phylum Zoomastigina. Class Diplomonadida. In: Margulis L, Corliss JO, Melkanian M, Chapman D (eds) Handbook of Protoctista. Jones and Barlett, Boston, p 200-210.
  • Woo, P.T.K. & Poynton, S.L. (1995). Diplomonadida, Kinetoplastida and Amoebida (phylum Sarcomastigophora). In: Woo PTK (ed) Fish diseases and disorders, Vol 1. Protozoan and metazoan disorders. CAB International, Wallingford, p27–96.

Ayrıntılar

Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Fikri Balta> (Sorumlu Yazar)
RECEP TAYYİP ERDOĞAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1823-5823
Türkiye


Zeynep Dengiz Balta Bu kişi benim

0000-0002-1823-5823
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Nisan 2018
Gönderilme Tarihi 24 Kasım 2017
Kabul Tarihi 30 Kasım 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2018, Cilt 3, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Balta, F. & Dengiz Balta, Z. (2018). Identification and Treatment of Hexamitiasis Observed in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Fry . Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences , 3 (1) , 4-8 . DOI: 10.35229/jaes.357640


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