Araştırma Makalesi
PDF EndNote BibTex Kaynak Göster

Bacillus subtilis ve Lactobacillus plantarum Probiyotik Bakterilerinin Bazı Balık Patojenleri Üzerine in vitro Antagonistik Etkisi

Yıl 2019, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, 278 - 284, 31.08.2019
https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.592933

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Acar, Ü. (2018). Effects of diet supplemented with ethanolic extract of propolis on growth performance, hematological and serum biochemical parameters and disease resistance of Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) against Streptococcus iniae. Aquaculture, 495, 339-344.
  • Arığ, N., Suzer, C., Gökvardar, A., Başaran, F., Çoban, D., Yıldırım, Ş., ... & Saka, Ş. (2013). Effects of probiotic (Bacillus sp.) supplementation during larval development of Gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata, L.). Turk J Fish Aquat Sci, 13(3), 407-414.
  • Balcázar, J. L., Blas, I. D., Ruiz–Zarzuela, I., Cunningham, D., Vendrell, D. & Múzquiz, J. L. (2006). The role of probiotics in aquaculture. Vet Microbiol, 114, 173–186.
  • Balcázar, J.L. & Rojas–Luna, T. (2007). Inhibitory activity of probiotic Bacillus subtilis UTM 126 against vibrio species confers protection against vibriosis in juvenile shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Curr Microbiol, 55, 409–412.
  • Büyükdeveci, M. E., Balcázar, J. L., Demirkale, İ. & Dikel, S. (2018). Effects of garlic-supplemented diet on growth performance and intestinal microbiota of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture, 486, 170-174.
  • Capkin, E. & Altinok, I. (2009). Effects of dietary probiotic supplementations on prevention/treatment of yersiniosis disease. J Appl Microbiol, 106(4), 1147-1153.
  • Cerezuela, R., Meseguer, J. & Esteban, M. A. (2011). Current knowledge in synbiotic use for fish aquaculture: a review. J Aquaculture Res Dev, S1, 008.
  • Chelossi, E., Vezzulli, L., Milano, A., Branzoni, M., Fabiano, M., Riccardi, G. & Banat I.M. (2003). Antibiotic resistance of benthic bacteria in fish–farm and control sediments of the Western Mediterranean. Aquaculture, 219, 83–97.
  • CLSI, (2005). Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Methods for Antimicrobial Disk Susceptibility Testing of Bacteria Isolated From Aquatic Animals; Proposed
  • Guideline. CLSI document M42–P [ISBN 1–56238–576–3]. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, 940 West Valley Road, Suite 1400, Wayne, Pennsylvania 19087–1898 USA, 2005.
  • Çelik, E. Ş., Ergün, S. & Yılmaz, S. (2018). The effects of dietary probiotic and antibiotic supplementations on health characteristics of rainbow trout. TURJAF, 6(9), 1184-1190.
  • Dikel, S. (2015). The use of garlic (Allium sativum) as a growth promoter in aquaculture. TURJAF, 3(7), 529-536.
  • Diler, O., Gormez, O., Diler, I. & Metin, S. (2017). Effect of oregano (Origanum onites L.) essential oil on growth, lysozyme and antioxidant activity and resistance against Lactococcus garvieae in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). Aquaculture Nutr, 23(4), 844-851.
  • Ekici, S., Diler, Ö., Didinen, B. I. & Kubilay, A. (2011). Antibacterial activity of essential oils from medicinal plants against bacterial fish pathogens. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 17(Supplement A), 47-54.
  • Gormez, O. & Diler, O. (2014). In vitro antifungal activity of essential oils from Tymbra, Origanum, Satureja species and some pure compounds on the fish pathogenic fungus, Saprolegnia parasitica. Aquaculture Res, 45(7), 1196-1201.
  • Gümüş, E., Kubilay, A., Guney, Ş., Guzel‐Seydim, Z., Kok‐Tas, T., Metin, S. & Ulukoy, G. (2017). Effect of dietary kefir on the growth performance, feed utilization and fatty acid profile of juvenile rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquaculture Nutr, 23(5), 964-972.
  • Kesbiç, O. S. (2019). Effects of juniper berry oil on growth performance and blood parameters in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Aquaculture Research, 50(1), 342-349.
  • Khouiti, Z. & Simon, J.P. (1997). Detection and partial characterization of a bacteriocin produced by Carnobacterium piscicola 213. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol, 19, 28–33.
  • Koca, S. B. & Cevikbas, M. (2015). Antifungal effect of Origanum onites essential oil as an alternative to formalin in the artificial incubation of narrow‐clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823). Aquaculture Res, 46(9), 2204-2210.
  • Kongnum, K. & Hongpattarakere T., (2012). Effect of Lactobacillus plantarum isolated from digestive tract of wild shrimp on growth and survival of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) challenged with Vibrio harveyi. Fish and Shellfish Immun, 32, 170–177.
  • Martinez, J.L. (2008). Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes in natural environments. Science, 321, 365–367.
  • Metin, S., Diler, O., Didinen, B. I., Terzioglu, S. & Gormez, O. (2015). In vitro and in vivo antifungal activity of Satureja cuneifolia ten essential oil on Saprolegnia parasitica strains isolated from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) eggs. Aquaculture Res, 46(6), 1396-1402.
  • Miller, R.A., Walker, R.D., Baya, A., Clemens, K., Coles, M., Hawke, J.P. & Reimschuessel, R. (2003). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of aquatic bacteria: quality control disk diffusion ranges for Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida ATCC 33658 at 22 and 28 ºC. J Clin Microbiol 41, 4318–4323.
  • Nakayama, T., Lu, H. & Nomura, N. (2009). Inhibitory effects of Bacillus probionts on growth and toxin production of Vibrio harveyi pathogens of shrimp. Lett Appl Microbiol, 49, 679–684.
  • Nimrat, S., Suksawat, S., Maleeweach, P. & Vuthiphandchai, V. (2008). Effect of different shrimp pond bottom soil treatments on the change of physical characteristics and pathogenic bacteria in pond bottom soil. Aquaculture, 285, 123–129.
  • Schoster, A., Kokotovic, B., Permin, A., Pedersen, P.D., Dal Bello, F. & Guardabassi, L. (2013). In vitro inhibition of Clostridium difficile and Clostridium perfringens by commercial probiotic strains. Anaerobe, 20, 36–41.
  • Suzer, C., Çoban, D., Kamaci, H. O., Saka, Ş., Firat, K., Otgucuoğlu, Ö. & Küçüksari, H. (2008). Lactobacillus spp. bacteria as probiotics in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata, L.) larvae: effects on growth performance and digestive enzyme activities. Aquaculture, 280,140-145.Touraki, M., Karamanlidou, G., Karavida, P. & Karamanoli, C. (2012). Evaluation of the probiotics Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus plantarum bioencapsulated in Artemia nauplii against vibriosis in European sea bass larvae (Dicentrarchus labrax , L.). World J Microbiol Biotechnol, 28, 2425–2433.
  • Tseng, D. Y., Ho, P. L., Huang, S. Y., Cheng, S. C., Shiu, Y. L., Chiu, C. S. & Liu, C. H. (2009). Enhancement of immunity and disease resistance in the white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, by the probiotic, Bacillus subtilis E20. Fish Shellfish Immun, 26(2), 339-344.
  • Uluköy, G., Metin, S., Kubilay, A., Güney, Ş., Yıldırım, P., Güzel‐Seydim, Z., ... & Gümüş, E. (2017). The effect of kefir as a dietary supplement on nonspecific immune response and disease resistance in juvenile rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). J World Aquaculture Soc, 48(2), 248-256.
  • Utiswannakul, P., Sangchai, S. & Rengpipat, S. (2011). Enhanced growth of black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon by dietary supplementation with Bacillus (BP11) as a probiotic. J Aquaculture Res Dev, S1, 006.
  • Yavuzcan Yildiz, H., Phan Van, Q., Parisi, G. & Dam Sao, M. (2019). Anti-parasitic activity of garlic (Allium sativum) and onion (Allium cepa) juice against crustacean parasite, Lernantropus kroyeri, found on European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Ital J Anim Sci, 18(1), 833-837.
  • Yılmaz, S., Ergun, S., Şanver Çelik, E., Yigit, M. & Bayizit, C. (Baskıda). Dietary trans‐cinnamic acid application for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): II. Effect on antioxidant status, digestive enzyme, blood biochemistry and liver antioxidant gene expression responses. Aquaculture Nutr, https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.12935.
  • Yilmaz, S. (2019a). Effects of dietary blackberry syrup supplement on growth performance, antioxidant, and immunological responses, and resistance of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus to Plesiomonas shigelloides. Fish Shellfish Immun, 84, 1125-1133.
  • Yilmaz, S. (2019b). Effects of dietary caffeic acid supplement on antioxidant, immunological and liver gene expression responses, and resistance of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus to Aeromonas veronii. Fish Shellfish Immun, 86, 384-392.
  • Yılmaz, S. & Ergün, S. (2018). Trans-cinnamic acid application for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): I. Effects on haematological, serum biochemical, non-specific immune and head kidney gene expression responses. Fish Shellfish Immun, 78, 140-157.
  • Yilmaz, S., Ergün, S. & Yıgıt, M. (2018). Effects of dietary FARMARIN® XP supplement on immunological responses and disease resistance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture, 496, 211-220.
  • Yılmaz, S., Ergun, S., Çelik, E. Ş. & Yigit, M. (2018). Effects of dietary humic acid on growth performance, haemato‐immunological and physiological responses and resistance of Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss to Yersinia ruckeri. Aquaculture Res, 49(10), 3338-3349.
  • Yılmaz, S., Ergün, S. & Çelik, E. Ş. (2018). The effect of dietary carob (Ceratonia siliqua) syrup on growth performance, haematological, serum biochemical and immunological parameters in tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). TURJAF, 6(12), 1820-1826.

In vitro Antagonistic activity of Probiotic Bacteria Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus plantarum on Fish Pathogens

Yıl 2019, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, 278 - 284, 31.08.2019
https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.592933

Öz

Bu çalışmada iki potansiyel probiyotik bakteri Bacillus subtilis ve Lactobacillus plantarum’ un bazı balık patojenlerine karşı antagonistik etkisi araştırılarak, su ürünleri yetiştiriciliğinde kullanılabilirlikleri değerlendirilmiştir. Bu amaçla Aeromonas sobria, Citrobacter sp., Lactococcus garvieae, Listonella anguillarum, Edwardsiella tarda, ve Yersinia ruckeri patojenleri üzerine probiyotiklerin ürettikleri antibakteriyel maddelerin etkisi sıvı kültür inhibisyon testi ile in vitro olarak değerlendirilerek antagonistik etkinin varlığı araştırılmıştır. Sıvı kültür inhibisyon testi iki probiyotik türünün üst fazının 36 saatlik kültür sonucunda bazı balık patojenlerinin çoğalmasını inhibe edebildiğini göstermiştir. Test sonuçları B. subtilis'in A. sobria, E. tarda ve L. garviae'nin inhibisyonunda etkili olduğunu göstermiştir. L. plantarum probiyotiğinin A. sobria, L. garviae, L. anguillarum ve Y. ruckeri'nin büyümesini engellediği tespit edilmiştir. İleriki çalışmalarda Bacillus subtilis ve Lactobacillus plantarum probiyotik bakterilerinin balık yemlerine ilave edilerek besleme çalışmalarının yapılmasına ve bu çalışmada test edilen patojenlere karşı balıkların direnç kazanımlarının araştırılmasına ihtiyaç vardır.


Kaynakça

  • Acar, Ü. (2018). Effects of diet supplemented with ethanolic extract of propolis on growth performance, hematological and serum biochemical parameters and disease resistance of Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) against Streptococcus iniae. Aquaculture, 495, 339-344.
  • Arığ, N., Suzer, C., Gökvardar, A., Başaran, F., Çoban, D., Yıldırım, Ş., ... & Saka, Ş. (2013). Effects of probiotic (Bacillus sp.) supplementation during larval development of Gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata, L.). Turk J Fish Aquat Sci, 13(3), 407-414.
  • Balcázar, J. L., Blas, I. D., Ruiz–Zarzuela, I., Cunningham, D., Vendrell, D. & Múzquiz, J. L. (2006). The role of probiotics in aquaculture. Vet Microbiol, 114, 173–186.
  • Balcázar, J.L. & Rojas–Luna, T. (2007). Inhibitory activity of probiotic Bacillus subtilis UTM 126 against vibrio species confers protection against vibriosis in juvenile shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Curr Microbiol, 55, 409–412.
  • Büyükdeveci, M. E., Balcázar, J. L., Demirkale, İ. & Dikel, S. (2018). Effects of garlic-supplemented diet on growth performance and intestinal microbiota of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture, 486, 170-174.
  • Capkin, E. & Altinok, I. (2009). Effects of dietary probiotic supplementations on prevention/treatment of yersiniosis disease. J Appl Microbiol, 106(4), 1147-1153.
  • Cerezuela, R., Meseguer, J. & Esteban, M. A. (2011). Current knowledge in synbiotic use for fish aquaculture: a review. J Aquaculture Res Dev, S1, 008.
  • Chelossi, E., Vezzulli, L., Milano, A., Branzoni, M., Fabiano, M., Riccardi, G. & Banat I.M. (2003). Antibiotic resistance of benthic bacteria in fish–farm and control sediments of the Western Mediterranean. Aquaculture, 219, 83–97.
  • CLSI, (2005). Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Methods for Antimicrobial Disk Susceptibility Testing of Bacteria Isolated From Aquatic Animals; Proposed
  • Guideline. CLSI document M42–P [ISBN 1–56238–576–3]. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, 940 West Valley Road, Suite 1400, Wayne, Pennsylvania 19087–1898 USA, 2005.
  • Çelik, E. Ş., Ergün, S. & Yılmaz, S. (2018). The effects of dietary probiotic and antibiotic supplementations on health characteristics of rainbow trout. TURJAF, 6(9), 1184-1190.
  • Dikel, S. (2015). The use of garlic (Allium sativum) as a growth promoter in aquaculture. TURJAF, 3(7), 529-536.
  • Diler, O., Gormez, O., Diler, I. & Metin, S. (2017). Effect of oregano (Origanum onites L.) essential oil on growth, lysozyme and antioxidant activity and resistance against Lactococcus garvieae in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). Aquaculture Nutr, 23(4), 844-851.
  • Ekici, S., Diler, Ö., Didinen, B. I. & Kubilay, A. (2011). Antibacterial activity of essential oils from medicinal plants against bacterial fish pathogens. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 17(Supplement A), 47-54.
  • Gormez, O. & Diler, O. (2014). In vitro antifungal activity of essential oils from Tymbra, Origanum, Satureja species and some pure compounds on the fish pathogenic fungus, Saprolegnia parasitica. Aquaculture Res, 45(7), 1196-1201.
  • Gümüş, E., Kubilay, A., Guney, Ş., Guzel‐Seydim, Z., Kok‐Tas, T., Metin, S. & Ulukoy, G. (2017). Effect of dietary kefir on the growth performance, feed utilization and fatty acid profile of juvenile rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquaculture Nutr, 23(5), 964-972.
  • Kesbiç, O. S. (2019). Effects of juniper berry oil on growth performance and blood parameters in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Aquaculture Research, 50(1), 342-349.
  • Khouiti, Z. & Simon, J.P. (1997). Detection and partial characterization of a bacteriocin produced by Carnobacterium piscicola 213. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol, 19, 28–33.
  • Koca, S. B. & Cevikbas, M. (2015). Antifungal effect of Origanum onites essential oil as an alternative to formalin in the artificial incubation of narrow‐clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823). Aquaculture Res, 46(9), 2204-2210.
  • Kongnum, K. & Hongpattarakere T., (2012). Effect of Lactobacillus plantarum isolated from digestive tract of wild shrimp on growth and survival of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) challenged with Vibrio harveyi. Fish and Shellfish Immun, 32, 170–177.
  • Martinez, J.L. (2008). Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes in natural environments. Science, 321, 365–367.
  • Metin, S., Diler, O., Didinen, B. I., Terzioglu, S. & Gormez, O. (2015). In vitro and in vivo antifungal activity of Satureja cuneifolia ten essential oil on Saprolegnia parasitica strains isolated from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) eggs. Aquaculture Res, 46(6), 1396-1402.
  • Miller, R.A., Walker, R.D., Baya, A., Clemens, K., Coles, M., Hawke, J.P. & Reimschuessel, R. (2003). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of aquatic bacteria: quality control disk diffusion ranges for Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida ATCC 33658 at 22 and 28 ºC. J Clin Microbiol 41, 4318–4323.
  • Nakayama, T., Lu, H. & Nomura, N. (2009). Inhibitory effects of Bacillus probionts on growth and toxin production of Vibrio harveyi pathogens of shrimp. Lett Appl Microbiol, 49, 679–684.
  • Nimrat, S., Suksawat, S., Maleeweach, P. & Vuthiphandchai, V. (2008). Effect of different shrimp pond bottom soil treatments on the change of physical characteristics and pathogenic bacteria in pond bottom soil. Aquaculture, 285, 123–129.
  • Schoster, A., Kokotovic, B., Permin, A., Pedersen, P.D., Dal Bello, F. & Guardabassi, L. (2013). In vitro inhibition of Clostridium difficile and Clostridium perfringens by commercial probiotic strains. Anaerobe, 20, 36–41.
  • Suzer, C., Çoban, D., Kamaci, H. O., Saka, Ş., Firat, K., Otgucuoğlu, Ö. & Küçüksari, H. (2008). Lactobacillus spp. bacteria as probiotics in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata, L.) larvae: effects on growth performance and digestive enzyme activities. Aquaculture, 280,140-145.Touraki, M., Karamanlidou, G., Karavida, P. & Karamanoli, C. (2012). Evaluation of the probiotics Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus plantarum bioencapsulated in Artemia nauplii against vibriosis in European sea bass larvae (Dicentrarchus labrax , L.). World J Microbiol Biotechnol, 28, 2425–2433.
  • Tseng, D. Y., Ho, P. L., Huang, S. Y., Cheng, S. C., Shiu, Y. L., Chiu, C. S. & Liu, C. H. (2009). Enhancement of immunity and disease resistance in the white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, by the probiotic, Bacillus subtilis E20. Fish Shellfish Immun, 26(2), 339-344.
  • Uluköy, G., Metin, S., Kubilay, A., Güney, Ş., Yıldırım, P., Güzel‐Seydim, Z., ... & Gümüş, E. (2017). The effect of kefir as a dietary supplement on nonspecific immune response and disease resistance in juvenile rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792). J World Aquaculture Soc, 48(2), 248-256.
  • Utiswannakul, P., Sangchai, S. & Rengpipat, S. (2011). Enhanced growth of black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon by dietary supplementation with Bacillus (BP11) as a probiotic. J Aquaculture Res Dev, S1, 006.
  • Yavuzcan Yildiz, H., Phan Van, Q., Parisi, G. & Dam Sao, M. (2019). Anti-parasitic activity of garlic (Allium sativum) and onion (Allium cepa) juice against crustacean parasite, Lernantropus kroyeri, found on European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Ital J Anim Sci, 18(1), 833-837.
  • Yılmaz, S., Ergun, S., Şanver Çelik, E., Yigit, M. & Bayizit, C. (Baskıda). Dietary trans‐cinnamic acid application for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): II. Effect on antioxidant status, digestive enzyme, blood biochemistry and liver antioxidant gene expression responses. Aquaculture Nutr, https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.12935.
  • Yilmaz, S. (2019a). Effects of dietary blackberry syrup supplement on growth performance, antioxidant, and immunological responses, and resistance of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus to Plesiomonas shigelloides. Fish Shellfish Immun, 84, 1125-1133.
  • Yilmaz, S. (2019b). Effects of dietary caffeic acid supplement on antioxidant, immunological and liver gene expression responses, and resistance of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus to Aeromonas veronii. Fish Shellfish Immun, 86, 384-392.
  • Yılmaz, S. & Ergün, S. (2018). Trans-cinnamic acid application for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): I. Effects on haematological, serum biochemical, non-specific immune and head kidney gene expression responses. Fish Shellfish Immun, 78, 140-157.
  • Yilmaz, S., Ergün, S. & Yıgıt, M. (2018). Effects of dietary FARMARIN® XP supplement on immunological responses and disease resistance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture, 496, 211-220.
  • Yılmaz, S., Ergun, S., Çelik, E. Ş. & Yigit, M. (2018). Effects of dietary humic acid on growth performance, haemato‐immunological and physiological responses and resistance of Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss to Yersinia ruckeri. Aquaculture Res, 49(10), 3338-3349.
  • Yılmaz, S., Ergün, S. & Çelik, E. Ş. (2018). The effect of dietary carob (Ceratonia siliqua) syrup on growth performance, haematological, serum biochemical and immunological parameters in tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). TURJAF, 6(12), 1820-1826.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Fen
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Ekrem Şanver ÇELİK> (Sorumlu Yazar)
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZ BİLİMLERİ VE TEKNOLOJİSİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-4514-457X
Türkiye


Sebahattin ERGÜN>
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZ BİLİMLERİ VE TEKNOLOJİSİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-9077-9438
Türkiye


Sevdan YILMAZ>
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZ BİLİMLERİ VE TEKNOLOJİSİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-4809-5809
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinasyon Birimi
Proje Numarası FBA-2016-779
Teşekkür Bu çalışma Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinasyon Birimi tarafından FBA-2016-779 no’lu proje ile desteklenmiştir. Ayrıca proje süresince laboratuar çalışmalarında bizden yardımlarını esirgemeyen Samet ALKAN ve Çağatay BAYİZİT'e teşekkürlerimizi sunarız.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Ağustos 2019
Başvuru Tarihi 17 Temmuz 2019
Kabul Tarihi 10 Ağustos 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 4, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jaes592933, journal = {Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences}, eissn = {2548-0006}, address = {}, publisher = {Bülent VEREP}, year = {2019}, volume = {4}, number = {2}, pages = {278 - 284}, doi = {10.35229/jaes.592933}, title = {Bacillus subtilis ve Lactobacillus plantarum Probiyotik Bakterilerinin Bazı Balık Patojenleri Üzerine in vitro Antagonistik Etkisi}, key = {cite}, author = {Çelik, Ekrem Şanver and Ergün, Sebahattin and Yılmaz, Sevdan} }
APA Çelik, E. Ş. , Ergün, S. & Yılmaz, S. (2019). Bacillus subtilis ve Lactobacillus plantarum Probiyotik Bakterilerinin Bazı Balık Patojenleri Üzerine in vitro Antagonistik Etkisi . Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences , 4 (2) , 278-284 . DOI: 10.35229/jaes.592933
MLA Çelik, E. Ş. , Ergün, S. , Yılmaz, S. "Bacillus subtilis ve Lactobacillus plantarum Probiyotik Bakterilerinin Bazı Balık Patojenleri Üzerine in vitro Antagonistik Etkisi" . Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences 4 (2019 ): 278-284 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jaes/issue/47567/592933>
Chicago Çelik, E. Ş. , Ergün, S. , Yılmaz, S. "Bacillus subtilis ve Lactobacillus plantarum Probiyotik Bakterilerinin Bazı Balık Patojenleri Üzerine in vitro Antagonistik Etkisi". Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences 4 (2019 ): 278-284
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Bacillus subtilis ve Lactobacillus plantarum Probiyotik Bakterilerinin Bazı Balık Patojenleri Üzerine in vitro Antagonistik Etkisi AU - Ekrem Şanver Çelik , Sebahattin Ergün , Sevdan Yılmaz Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.35229/jaes.592933 DO - 10.35229/jaes.592933 T2 - Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 278 EP - 284 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - -2548-0006 M3 - doi: 10.35229/jaes.592933 UR - https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.592933 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences Bacillus subtilis ve Lactobacillus plantarum Probiyotik Bakterilerinin Bazı Balık Patojenleri Üzerine in vitro Antagonistik Etkisi %A Ekrem Şanver Çelik , Sebahattin Ergün , Sevdan Yılmaz %T Bacillus subtilis ve Lactobacillus plantarum Probiyotik Bakterilerinin Bazı Balık Patojenleri Üzerine in vitro Antagonistik Etkisi %D 2019 %J Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences %P -2548-0006 %V 4 %N 2 %R doi: 10.35229/jaes.592933 %U 10.35229/jaes.592933
ISNAD Çelik, Ekrem Şanver , Ergün, Sebahattin , Yılmaz, Sevdan . "Bacillus subtilis ve Lactobacillus plantarum Probiyotik Bakterilerinin Bazı Balık Patojenleri Üzerine in vitro Antagonistik Etkisi". Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences 4 / 2 (Ağustos 2019): 278-284 . https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.592933
AMA Çelik E. Ş. , Ergün S. , Yılmaz S. Bacillus subtilis ve Lactobacillus plantarum Probiyotik Bakterilerinin Bazı Balık Patojenleri Üzerine in vitro Antagonistik Etkisi. JAES. 2019; 4(2): 278-284.
Vancouver Çelik E. Ş. , Ergün S. , Yılmaz S. Bacillus subtilis ve Lactobacillus plantarum Probiyotik Bakterilerinin Bazı Balık Patojenleri Üzerine in vitro Antagonistik Etkisi. Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences. 2019; 4(2): 278-284.
IEEE E. Ş. Çelik , S. Ergün ve S. Yılmaz , "Bacillus subtilis ve Lactobacillus plantarum Probiyotik Bakterilerinin Bazı Balık Patojenleri Üzerine in vitro Antagonistik Etkisi", Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, c. 4, sayı. 2, ss. 278-284, Ağu. 2019, doi:10.35229/jaes.592933


13221            13345           13349              13352              13353              13354          13355    13356   13358   13359   13361     13363   13364                crossref1.png            
         Paperity.org                  13369           EBSCOHost Logo        Scilit logo                  
JAES/AAS-Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences/Anatolian Academic Sciences&Anadolu Çevre ve Hayvancılık Dergisi/Anadolu Akademik Bilimler-AÇEH/AABcabi-logo-black.svg