Araştırma Makalesi
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Unfavorable Effects of Lactococcosis and Listonellosis on Rainbow Trout Visual Meat Quality

Yıl 2019, Cilt 4, Sayı 3, 428 - 434, 30.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.618888

Öz

Rainbow trout which is one of the most produced species in Turkey is affected by many bacterial diseases that cause physiological disorders and economically important losses. Especially pathological disorders in the muscle cause intense loss in fish processing and packaging facilities. The aim of this study is determining the cause of physiological disorders such as reddish brown patches and hemorrhages on processed or unprocessed fish products. Petechial hemorrhages and ecchymosis that formed on the skin of the fish were observed caused by Listonella anguillarum. Also, Lactococcus garvieae isolated from fish samples with hemorrhagic lesions, abscess fillet with blood and deep ulcers. It is determined that L.garvieae cause more severe hemorrhagic septicemia than L.anguillarum and the disease was observed as acute and chronic cases. The abscess in the muscle and hemorrhages formed in the abdominal wall are serious problems that were noticed during and after the processing of fillets and smoked fillets. Hemorrhages in the muscle are observed as red patches in the fillet and after the smoking process, these patches turn into brown marks which are undesirable organoleptic properties in the processing industry and the serving size fish can not be evaluated. Besides, greenish yellow patches on the abdominal walls caused by the overproduction of bile and exploding off the gall bladder which may be related to metabolic disorders or bacterial and parasitic diseases. These fish are also not able to used, separated as discarded and cause economically intolerable loss in the industry. 

Kaynakça

  • Actis, L.A., Tolmasky, M.E. and Crosa, J.H., (1999). Vibriosis. In: P.T.K. Woo& D.W. Bruno (Eds.), Fish diseases and disorders: Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Infections, Vol. 3, CABI International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 523–558.
  • Austin, B. and Austin, A., (2007). Bacterial fish pathogens, diseases of farmed and wild fish, Fourth Edition. Springer-Praxis Publishing, Chichester, 552 pp, 978-1-4020-6068-7.
  • Badonia, R., Ramachandran, A. and Sankar, T.V., (1988). Quality problems in fish processing. Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association, 18, 283-287.
  • Barnes, A. C., Guyot, C., Hansen, B. G., Horne, M. T. and Ellis, A. E., (2002). antibody increases phagocytosis and killing of Lactococcus garvieae by rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, L.) Macrophages. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 12(2), 181-186.
  • Cagirgan, H. and Tanrikul, T. T., (1995). Türkiye’deki alabalık (Oncorhynchus mykiss, w.) çiftliklerinde yeni bir sorun: Enterococcus benzeri bir bakteri enfeksiyonu. Veteriner Kontrol ve Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, 33(1), 9-19.
  • Cagirgan, H., (1993). Kültürü yapılan çipura Sparus aurata L. ve levrek (Dicantrarchus labrax L) balıklarında görülen bakteriyel hastalıkların teşhis ve tedavisi üzerine bir araştırma. E. Ü. Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Doktora Tezi.118p. İzmir-Turkey.
  • Candan, A., (1991). Çipura (Sparus aurata L., 1758) yetiştiriciliğinde mevsimsel olarak görülen hastalık etkenlerinin tesbit ve tedavi yönteminin geliştirilmesi. İstanbul Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi. 76p. İstanbul- Turkey.
  • Diler, O., Altun, S., Adiloglu, A. K., Kubilay, A. and Isıklı, B., (2002). First occurrence of Streptococcosis affecting farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Turkey. Bulletin-European Association of Fish Pathologists, 22(1), 21-26.
  • Domenech, A., Prieta, J., Fernandez-Garayzabal, J. F., Collins, M. D., Jones, D. and Dominguez, L., (1993). Phenotypic and phylogenetic evidence for a close relationship between Lactococcus garviae and Enterococcus seriolicida. Microbiologia-Madrid-, 9, 63-63.
  • Eldar, A., Ghittino, C., Asanta, L., Bozzetta, E., Goria, M., Prearo, M. and Bercovier, H., (1996). Enterococcus seriolicida is a junior synonym of Lactococcus garvieae, a causative agent of septicemia and meningoencephalitis in fish. Current Microbiology, 32(2), 85-88.
  • Eldar, A. A. and Ghittino, C., (1999). Lactococcus garvieae and Streptococcus iniae infections in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss: similar, but different diseases. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 36(3), 227-231.
  • Fukuda, Y., Maita, M., Satoh, K. I., Yamamoto, H., Okamoto, N. and Ikeda, Y., (1997). Effects of dissolved oxygen concentration on experimental horizontal transmission of induced by artificial infection with Enterococcus seriolicida in yellowtail. Fish Pathology, 32(1), 43-49.
  • Kav, K. and Erganis, O., (2007). Konya bölgesinde bulunan gökkuşağı alabalığı (Oncorhynchus mykiss) çiftliklerinden Lactococcus garvieae izolasyonu, identifikasyonu ve fenotipik özelliklerinin belirlenmesi. Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi, 23, 7-17.
  • Kusuda, R., Kawai, K., Salati, F., Banner, C. R. and Fryer, J. L., (1991). Enterococcus seriolicida sp. nov., a fish pathogen. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 41(3), 406-409.
  • Meyburgh, C. M., Bragg, R. R. and Boucher, C. E., (2017). Lactococcus garvieae: an emerging bacterial pathogen of fish. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 123(1), 67-79.
  • Öztürk, T., Didinen, B. I., Doğan, G., Özer, A. and Bircan, R., (2013). Lactococcosis in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum, 1792) in the middle Black Sea Region in Turkey and antimicrobial susceptibility of the aetiological agent, Lactococcus garvieae. Etlik Vet Mikrobiyol Derg, 24, 7-12.
  • Öztürk, R. Ç. and Altınok, İ., (2014). Bacterial and viral fish diseases in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 14(1), 275-297.
  • Özer, S., Bulduklu, P. S. and Dönmez, E., (2008). Mersin ilinde yetiştiriciliği yapılan gökkuşağı alabalıklarında (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) Streptokokkozis varlığı. Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 2(3): 272-283.
  • Tanrikul, T. T., (2007). Vibriosis as an epizootic disease of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10: 1733-1737.
  • Tavares-Dias, M. and Martins, M. L., (2017). An overall estimation of losses caused by diseases in the Brazilian fish farms. Journal of Parasitic Diseases, 41(4), 913-918.
  • Teixeira, L. M., Merquior, V. L. C., Vianni, M. D. C. E., Carvalho, M. D. G. S., Fracalanzza, S. E., Steigerwalt, A. G., Brenner, D.J. and Facklam, R. R., (1996). Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of atypical Lactococcus garvieae strains isolated from water buffalo with subclinical mastitis and confirmation of Lactococcus garvieae as a senior subjective synonym of Enterococcus seriolicida. Internal Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 46: 664-668.
  • Ture, M. and Altinok, I., (2016). Detection of putative virulence genes of Lactococcus garvieae. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 119, 59-66.
  • Türe, M. and Savaş, H., (2010). Karadeniz Bölgesi’nde gökkuşağı alabalıklarında (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Lactococosis (Lactococcus garvieae). Yunus Araştırma Bülteni 3: 19-20.
  • Vendrell, D., Balcázar, J. L., Ruiz-Zarzuela, I., De Blas, I., Gironés, O. and Múzquiz, J. L., (2006). Lactococcus garvieae in fish: a review. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, 29: 177-198.

Lactococcosis ve Listonellosis'in Gökkuşağı Alabalığı Görsel Et Kalitesi Üzerindeki Olumsuz Etkileri

Yıl 2019, Cilt 4, Sayı 3, 428 - 434, 30.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.618888

Öz

Türkiyede en fazla üretimi yapılan balık türlerinden olan gökkuşağı alabalığı patolojik bozukluklara neden olan birçok bakteriyel hastalıktan etkilenmekte ve bu hastalıklar önemli ekonomik kayıplara neden olmaktadır. Özellikle kaslardaki patolojik bozukluklar balığın işlenmesinde kayıplara yol açmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı balığın işlenme prosesinden sonra hemoraji  ve kırmızımsı kahve rengindeki leke görünümündeki fiziksel bozukluklara neden olan sebeblerin belirlenmesidir.Balıkların derisinde şekillenen peteşiyel hemorajiler ve ekimozların  L. anguillarum  dan kaynaklandığı gözlenmiştir. Hemorajik lezyonlar, içi kan dolu abseler ve derin ülserler görülen balık örneklerinden L. garvieae de izole edilmiştir. L. garvieae‘nin L. anguillarum‘dan daha şiddetli hemorajik septisemiye neden olduğu ve hastalığın akut ve kronik formlarınında belirtilerin görüldüğü tespit edilmiştir.Karın duvarında oluşan hemorajilerin ve kaslardaki abselerin  ürünün fleto ve füme olarak işlenmesi sırasında ve sonrasında ciddi problemlere neden olduğu dikkati çekmektedir. Kaslardaki hemorajiler filetoda kırmızı lekeler olarak görülmekte ve bu lekeler fümeleme işleminden sonra kahve rengi lekelere dönerek işleme endüstrisinde istenmeyen organoleptik nitelikler olarak pazar boyundaki balıkların değerlendirilememesine neden olmaktadır. Ayrıca  karın duvarlarındaki yeşilimsi sarı lekeler metabolik, bakteriyel ve paraziter hastalıklar nedeniyle fazla üretilen safranın  safra kesesini patlatmasına bağlı olarak şekillenmektedir. Bu balıklar da değerlendirilememekte, ıskarta olarak ayrılarak endüstride tolere edilemeyen ekonomik kayıplara neden olmaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • Actis, L.A., Tolmasky, M.E. and Crosa, J.H., (1999). Vibriosis. In: P.T.K. Woo& D.W. Bruno (Eds.), Fish diseases and disorders: Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Infections, Vol. 3, CABI International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 523–558.
  • Austin, B. and Austin, A., (2007). Bacterial fish pathogens, diseases of farmed and wild fish, Fourth Edition. Springer-Praxis Publishing, Chichester, 552 pp, 978-1-4020-6068-7.
  • Badonia, R., Ramachandran, A. and Sankar, T.V., (1988). Quality problems in fish processing. Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association, 18, 283-287.
  • Barnes, A. C., Guyot, C., Hansen, B. G., Horne, M. T. and Ellis, A. E., (2002). antibody increases phagocytosis and killing of Lactococcus garvieae by rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, L.) Macrophages. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 12(2), 181-186.
  • Cagirgan, H. and Tanrikul, T. T., (1995). Türkiye’deki alabalık (Oncorhynchus mykiss, w.) çiftliklerinde yeni bir sorun: Enterococcus benzeri bir bakteri enfeksiyonu. Veteriner Kontrol ve Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, 33(1), 9-19.
  • Cagirgan, H., (1993). Kültürü yapılan çipura Sparus aurata L. ve levrek (Dicantrarchus labrax L) balıklarında görülen bakteriyel hastalıkların teşhis ve tedavisi üzerine bir araştırma. E. Ü. Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Doktora Tezi.118p. İzmir-Turkey.
  • Candan, A., (1991). Çipura (Sparus aurata L., 1758) yetiştiriciliğinde mevsimsel olarak görülen hastalık etkenlerinin tesbit ve tedavi yönteminin geliştirilmesi. İstanbul Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi. 76p. İstanbul- Turkey.
  • Diler, O., Altun, S., Adiloglu, A. K., Kubilay, A. and Isıklı, B., (2002). First occurrence of Streptococcosis affecting farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Turkey. Bulletin-European Association of Fish Pathologists, 22(1), 21-26.
  • Domenech, A., Prieta, J., Fernandez-Garayzabal, J. F., Collins, M. D., Jones, D. and Dominguez, L., (1993). Phenotypic and phylogenetic evidence for a close relationship between Lactococcus garviae and Enterococcus seriolicida. Microbiologia-Madrid-, 9, 63-63.
  • Eldar, A., Ghittino, C., Asanta, L., Bozzetta, E., Goria, M., Prearo, M. and Bercovier, H., (1996). Enterococcus seriolicida is a junior synonym of Lactococcus garvieae, a causative agent of septicemia and meningoencephalitis in fish. Current Microbiology, 32(2), 85-88.
  • Eldar, A. A. and Ghittino, C., (1999). Lactococcus garvieae and Streptococcus iniae infections in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss: similar, but different diseases. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 36(3), 227-231.
  • Fukuda, Y., Maita, M., Satoh, K. I., Yamamoto, H., Okamoto, N. and Ikeda, Y., (1997). Effects of dissolved oxygen concentration on experimental horizontal transmission of induced by artificial infection with Enterococcus seriolicida in yellowtail. Fish Pathology, 32(1), 43-49.
  • Kav, K. and Erganis, O., (2007). Konya bölgesinde bulunan gökkuşağı alabalığı (Oncorhynchus mykiss) çiftliklerinden Lactococcus garvieae izolasyonu, identifikasyonu ve fenotipik özelliklerinin belirlenmesi. Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi, 23, 7-17.
  • Kusuda, R., Kawai, K., Salati, F., Banner, C. R. and Fryer, J. L., (1991). Enterococcus seriolicida sp. nov., a fish pathogen. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 41(3), 406-409.
  • Meyburgh, C. M., Bragg, R. R. and Boucher, C. E., (2017). Lactococcus garvieae: an emerging bacterial pathogen of fish. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 123(1), 67-79.
  • Öztürk, T., Didinen, B. I., Doğan, G., Özer, A. and Bircan, R., (2013). Lactococcosis in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum, 1792) in the middle Black Sea Region in Turkey and antimicrobial susceptibility of the aetiological agent, Lactococcus garvieae. Etlik Vet Mikrobiyol Derg, 24, 7-12.
  • Öztürk, R. Ç. and Altınok, İ., (2014). Bacterial and viral fish diseases in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 14(1), 275-297.
  • Özer, S., Bulduklu, P. S. and Dönmez, E., (2008). Mersin ilinde yetiştiriciliği yapılan gökkuşağı alabalıklarında (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) Streptokokkozis varlığı. Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 2(3): 272-283.
  • Tanrikul, T. T., (2007). Vibriosis as an epizootic disease of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10: 1733-1737.
  • Tavares-Dias, M. and Martins, M. L., (2017). An overall estimation of losses caused by diseases in the Brazilian fish farms. Journal of Parasitic Diseases, 41(4), 913-918.
  • Teixeira, L. M., Merquior, V. L. C., Vianni, M. D. C. E., Carvalho, M. D. G. S., Fracalanzza, S. E., Steigerwalt, A. G., Brenner, D.J. and Facklam, R. R., (1996). Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of atypical Lactococcus garvieae strains isolated from water buffalo with subclinical mastitis and confirmation of Lactococcus garvieae as a senior subjective synonym of Enterococcus seriolicida. Internal Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 46: 664-668.
  • Ture, M. and Altinok, I., (2016). Detection of putative virulence genes of Lactococcus garvieae. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 119, 59-66.
  • Türe, M. and Savaş, H., (2010). Karadeniz Bölgesi’nde gökkuşağı alabalıklarında (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Lactococosis (Lactococcus garvieae). Yunus Araştırma Bülteni 3: 19-20.
  • Vendrell, D., Balcázar, J. L., Ruiz-Zarzuela, I., De Blas, I., Gironés, O. and Múzquiz, J. L., (2006). Lactococcus garvieae in fish: a review. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, 29: 177-198.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Fen
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Ezgi DİNÇTÜRK> (Sorumlu Yazar)
IZMIR KATIP CELEBI UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-5826-2383
Türkiye


Tevfik Tansel TANRIKUL>
IZMIR KATIP CELEBI UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-1684-7965
Türkiye


Nejdet GÜLTEPE>
ATATURK UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AQUACULTURE
0000-0003-4332-522X
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Aralık 2019
Başvuru Tarihi 11 Eylül 2019
Kabul Tarihi 18 Kasım 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 4, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jaes618888, journal = {Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences}, eissn = {2548-0006}, address = {}, publisher = {Bülent VEREP}, year = {2019}, volume = {4}, number = {3}, pages = {428 - 434}, doi = {10.35229/jaes.618888}, title = {Unfavorable Effects of Lactococcosis and Listonellosis on Rainbow Trout Visual Meat Quality}, key = {cite}, author = {Dinçtürk, Ezgi and Tanrıkul, Tevfik Tansel and Gültepe, Nejdet} }
APA Dinçtürk, E. , Tanrıkul, T. T. & Gültepe, N. (2019). Unfavorable Effects of Lactococcosis and Listonellosis on Rainbow Trout Visual Meat Quality . Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences , 4 (3) , 428-434 . DOI: 10.35229/jaes.618888
MLA Dinçtürk, E. , Tanrıkul, T. T. , Gültepe, N. "Unfavorable Effects of Lactococcosis and Listonellosis on Rainbow Trout Visual Meat Quality" . Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences 4 (2019 ): 428-434 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jaes/issue/50506/618888>
Chicago Dinçtürk, E. , Tanrıkul, T. T. , Gültepe, N. "Unfavorable Effects of Lactococcosis and Listonellosis on Rainbow Trout Visual Meat Quality". Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences 4 (2019 ): 428-434
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Unfavorable Effects of Lactococcosis and Listonellosis on Rainbow Trout Visual Meat Quality AU - Ezgi Dinçtürk , Tevfik Tansel Tanrıkul , Nejdet Gültepe Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.35229/jaes.618888 DO - 10.35229/jaes.618888 T2 - Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 428 EP - 434 VL - 4 IS - 3 SN - -2548-0006 M3 - doi: 10.35229/jaes.618888 UR - https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.618888 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences Unfavorable Effects of Lactococcosis and Listonellosis on Rainbow Trout Visual Meat Quality %A Ezgi Dinçtürk , Tevfik Tansel Tanrıkul , Nejdet Gültepe %T Unfavorable Effects of Lactococcosis and Listonellosis on Rainbow Trout Visual Meat Quality %D 2019 %J Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences %P -2548-0006 %V 4 %N 3 %R doi: 10.35229/jaes.618888 %U 10.35229/jaes.618888
ISNAD Dinçtürk, Ezgi , Tanrıkul, Tevfik Tansel , Gültepe, Nejdet . "Unfavorable Effects of Lactococcosis and Listonellosis on Rainbow Trout Visual Meat Quality". Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences 4 / 3 (Aralık 2019): 428-434 . https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.618888
AMA Dinçtürk E. , Tanrıkul T. T. , Gültepe N. Unfavorable Effects of Lactococcosis and Listonellosis on Rainbow Trout Visual Meat Quality. JAES. 2019; 4(3): 428-434.
Vancouver Dinçtürk E. , Tanrıkul T. T. , Gültepe N. Unfavorable Effects of Lactococcosis and Listonellosis on Rainbow Trout Visual Meat Quality. Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences. 2019; 4(3): 428-434.
IEEE E. Dinçtürk , T. T. Tanrıkul ve N. Gültepe , "Unfavorable Effects of Lactococcosis and Listonellosis on Rainbow Trout Visual Meat Quality", Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, c. 4, sayı. 3, ss. 428-434, Ara. 2019, doi:10.35229/jaes.618888


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