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Sıddıklı Baraj Gölü (Kırşehir, Türkiye)’nde Yaşayan Yayın Balığı (Silurus glanis L., 1758)’nın Bazı Morfometrik İlişkileri

Yıl 2020, Cilt: 5 Sayı: 2, 199 - 204, 30.06.2020
https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.718647

Öz

Bu çalışmada yayın balığının morfometrik karakterleri ile total boyu arasındaki ilişkileri araştırmak ve ilişkileri değerlendirmek için en iyi modeli bulmak amaçlanmıştır. Bu çalışmada, Eylül 2015 ile Ağustos 2016 yılları arasında Sıddıklı Baraj Gölü'nde toplam 198 balık örneği yakalanmıştır. Alınan morfometrik ölçüler şunlardır: total boy (TL), anal yüzgeç uzunluğu (AFL), pectoral yüzgeç uzunluğu (PFRL), vücut yüksekliği (BH), kafa uzunluğu (HL) ve kafa yüksekliği (HH). ’Dişi ve erkeklerin pektoral yüzgeç ışınları (PFRL) arasında anlamlı bir fark gözlenmezken, diğer morfometrik ölçümlerde (TL, AFL, BH, HL ve HH) anlamlı farklılıklar tespit edilmiştir. Morfometrik karakterler ile total boy arasındaki ilişkileri belirlemek için doğrusal ve doğrusal olmayan modeller kullanılmıştır. Doğrusal modelin tüm ilişkiler için en uygun olduğu belirlenmiştir. Bu nedenle bu model tüm hesaplamalar için tercih edilmiştir. Tüm ilişkiler yüksek derecede anlamlı olup (P <0.001, r2> 0.81) ortalama yüzde tahmin hatalarının % 10'dan daha az olduğu saptanmıştır. AFL, PFRL, BH, HL ve HH'nin balık total boyunun iyi bir göstergesi olduğu ve yayın balığı boyunu belirlemek için önemli olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Ancak, erkek ve dişilerde balık boyunun tahmini için en iyi model anal yüzgeç uzunluğu ile total boy arasındaki ilişkidir. Çalışmanın verileri, yayın balığı için morfometrik karakterler arasındaki ilişkiler hakkında yeni bilgiler sunmaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • Alhassan, E.H., Akongyuure, D.A. & Asumang, F. (2015). Determination of morphometric relationship and condition factors of four Cichlids from Golinga reservoir in northern region of Ghana. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences, 15(3):201-206.
  • Alp, A., Kara, C., Üçkardeş, F., Carol, J. & García-Berthou, E. (2011). Age and growth of the European catfish (Silurus glanis) in a Turkish Reservoir and comparison with introduced populations. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 21(2), 283-294.
  • Alp, A. (2017). Diet Shift and Prey Selection of the Native European Catfish, Silurus glanis, in a Turkish Reservoir. Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research, 3(1), 15-23.
  • Amin, M.R., Mollah, M.F. & Taslima, K. (2014). Morphological observation and length-weight relationship of critically endangered riverine catfish Rita rita (Hamilton). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 17(2), 234-240.
  • Balai, V.K., Sharma, L.L. & Ujjania, N.C. (2017). Morphometric relationship of Indian major carps (Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala) form Jaisamand Lake, Udaipur (India). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(3), 547-550.
  • Begum, M., Al-Mamun, A., Islam, M.L. & Alam, M.J. (2008). Morphometric characters and their relationship in estuarine catfish. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University, 6(2), 349-353.
  • Bora, N.D. & Gül, A. (2004). Feeding biology of Silurus glanis (L., 1758) living in Hirfanlı Dam Lake. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 28(3), 471-479.
  • Carol, J., Benejam, L., Benito, J. & García-Berthou, E. (2009). Growth and diet of European catfish (Silurus glanis) in early and late invasion stages. Fundamental and Applied Limnology, 174(4), 317-328.
  • Copp, G.H., Robert Britton, J., Cucherousset, J., García‐Berthou, E., Kirk, R., Peeler, E. & Stakėnas, S. (2009). Voracious invader or benign feline? A review of the environmental biology of European catfish Silurus glanis in its native and introduced ranges. Fish and fisheries, 10(3), 252-282.
  • Czarnecki, M., Andrzejewski, W. & Mastyñski, J. (2003). The feeding selectivity of wels (Silurus glanis L.) in Lake Góreckie. Archives of Polish Fisheries, 11(1), 141-147.
  • Gogoi, R. & Goswami, U.C. (2015). Morphometric and meristic study of Amblypharyngodon mola (Ham-Buch) from different habitats of Assam. Annals of Biological Research, 6(2), 10-14.
  • Hajjej, G., Hattour, A., Allaya, H., Jarboui, O., Mourad, C. & Bouain, A. (2011). Biometry, Length-length and Length-weight relationships of little tunny Euthynnus alletteratus in the Tunisian Waters. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 6(3), 256-263.
  • Jawad, L.A. & Al-janabi, M.I. (2016). Morphometric characteristics of catfish Silurus triostegus heckel, 1843 from the tigris and shatt al-arab rivers, IRAQ. Croatian Journal of Fisheries, 74(4), 179-185.
  • Keč, V.Č. & Zorica, B. (2011). Biometry markers of chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus Houttuyn, 1782, in the Adriatic Sea. Acta Adriatica, 52(2), 215-222.
  • King, M. (2007). Fisheries biology, assessment and management. Second Edition. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford: 1-381.
  • Qadri, S., Shah, T.H., Balkhi, M.H., Bhat, B.A., Bhat, F.A., Najar, A.M. & Alia, S. (2017). Morphometrics and length-weight relationship of Schizothorax curvifrons Heckel 1838 in River Jhelum, Kashmir, India. Indian J. Anim. Res., 51 (3) 2017: 453, 458.
  • Saylar, Ö. (2009). Kabalar Göleti (Taşköprü/Kastamonu-Türkiye)’nde yaşayan yayın balığı (Silurus glanis L., 1758)’nın çeşitli oluşumları kullanılarak yaşının belirlenmesi. Kastamonu Üniversitesi Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi, 2, 659-664.
  • Saylar, Ö. (2014). Comparative Age Determination Methods of Silurus glanis L., 1758 Living in Altınkaya Dam Lake According to Their Bony Structures. The Journal of Adyutayam, 2(2), 1-7.
  • Šantić, M., Rađa, B., Paladin, A. & Čurić, A. (2011). Biometric properties of the European hake, Merluccius merluccius (Osteichthyes: Merlucciidae), from the central Adriatic Sea. Archives of Biological Sciences, 63(1), 259-267.
  • Turan, C. (2004). Stock identification of Mediterranean horse mackerel (Trachurus mediterraneus) using morphometric and meristic characters. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 61, 774-781.
  • Ünlü, E., Değer, D. & Cicek, T. (2012). Comparison of morphological and anatomical characters in two catfish species, Silurus triostegus Heckel, 1843 and Silurus glanis L., 1758 (Siluridae, Siluriformes). North-Western Journal of Zoology, 8(1), 119-124.
  • Uysal, R., Apaydın Yağci, M., Yeğen, V., Cesur, M., Yağci, A., Çetinkaya, S. & Bostan, H. (2009). Growth Properties of European Catfish (Silurus glanis L., 1758) Population in İznik Lake (Bursa-Turkey). Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences, 13(3), 221-228.
  • Yazıcı, R. (2018). Biological properties of the Wels Catfish (Silurus glanis l., 1758) from Sıddıklı Küçükboğaz Dam Lake. Kırşehir Ahi Evran University. Kırşehir, Turkey, 154p.
  • Yılmaz, S., Yılmaz, M. & Polat, N. (2007). Altınkaya Baraj Gölü (Samsun-Türkiye)’nde Yaşayan Yayın Balığı (Silurus glanis L., 1758)’nın Yaşı İçin Farklı Kemiksi Yapıların Değerlendirilmesi. Fırat Üniversitesi, Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, 19(1), 7-11.
  • Yilmaz, S., Yazicioglu, O., Saygin, S. & Polat, N. (2014). Relationships of otolith dimensions with body length of European perch, Perca fluviatilis L., 1758 from Lake Ladik, Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 46(5), 1231-1238.
  • Zar, J.H. (1999). Biostatistical Analysis. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA: Prentice Hall.

Some Morphometric Relationships of Wels catfish (Silurus glanis L., 1758) Inhabiting Sıddıklı Dam (Kırşehir, Turkey)

Yıl 2020, Cilt: 5 Sayı: 2, 199 - 204, 30.06.2020
https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.718647

Öz

This study aims to investigate the relationships among morphometric characters of Wels catfish with total length and find the best model to assess relationships. A total of 198 fish samples was caught in Sıddıklı Dam between September 2015 and August 2016 in this study. The morphometric measures taken were: Total length (TL), Anal fin length (AFL), pectoral fin rays length (PFRL), body height (BH), head length (HL), and head height (HH). No significant differences were noted between the pectoral fin rays (PFRL) of females and males, while the significant differences were observed in the morphometric measurements (TL, AFL, BH, HL, and HH) of females and males. The linear and non-linear models were used in this study, in order to determine relationships between morphometric characters and total length. The linear model is the best fit for all relationships, so this model is preferred for all calculates. All relationships were highly significant (P < 0.001, r2 > 0.81) and the mean percent prediction errors were less than 10%. We found that AFL, PFRL, BH, HL, and HH are a good indicator for fish total length and are important for determining the length of Wels catfish. However, the best model was the relationship between anal fin length and total length for estimation of fish length in males and females. The data of the study provides novel information on relationships between morphometric characters for Wels catfish.

Kaynakça

  • Alhassan, E.H., Akongyuure, D.A. & Asumang, F. (2015). Determination of morphometric relationship and condition factors of four Cichlids from Golinga reservoir in northern region of Ghana. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences, 15(3):201-206.
  • Alp, A., Kara, C., Üçkardeş, F., Carol, J. & García-Berthou, E. (2011). Age and growth of the European catfish (Silurus glanis) in a Turkish Reservoir and comparison with introduced populations. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 21(2), 283-294.
  • Alp, A. (2017). Diet Shift and Prey Selection of the Native European Catfish, Silurus glanis, in a Turkish Reservoir. Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research, 3(1), 15-23.
  • Amin, M.R., Mollah, M.F. & Taslima, K. (2014). Morphological observation and length-weight relationship of critically endangered riverine catfish Rita rita (Hamilton). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 17(2), 234-240.
  • Balai, V.K., Sharma, L.L. & Ujjania, N.C. (2017). Morphometric relationship of Indian major carps (Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala) form Jaisamand Lake, Udaipur (India). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(3), 547-550.
  • Begum, M., Al-Mamun, A., Islam, M.L. & Alam, M.J. (2008). Morphometric characters and their relationship in estuarine catfish. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University, 6(2), 349-353.
  • Bora, N.D. & Gül, A. (2004). Feeding biology of Silurus glanis (L., 1758) living in Hirfanlı Dam Lake. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 28(3), 471-479.
  • Carol, J., Benejam, L., Benito, J. & García-Berthou, E. (2009). Growth and diet of European catfish (Silurus glanis) in early and late invasion stages. Fundamental and Applied Limnology, 174(4), 317-328.
  • Copp, G.H., Robert Britton, J., Cucherousset, J., García‐Berthou, E., Kirk, R., Peeler, E. & Stakėnas, S. (2009). Voracious invader or benign feline? A review of the environmental biology of European catfish Silurus glanis in its native and introduced ranges. Fish and fisheries, 10(3), 252-282.
  • Czarnecki, M., Andrzejewski, W. & Mastyñski, J. (2003). The feeding selectivity of wels (Silurus glanis L.) in Lake Góreckie. Archives of Polish Fisheries, 11(1), 141-147.
  • Gogoi, R. & Goswami, U.C. (2015). Morphometric and meristic study of Amblypharyngodon mola (Ham-Buch) from different habitats of Assam. Annals of Biological Research, 6(2), 10-14.
  • Hajjej, G., Hattour, A., Allaya, H., Jarboui, O., Mourad, C. & Bouain, A. (2011). Biometry, Length-length and Length-weight relationships of little tunny Euthynnus alletteratus in the Tunisian Waters. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 6(3), 256-263.
  • Jawad, L.A. & Al-janabi, M.I. (2016). Morphometric characteristics of catfish Silurus triostegus heckel, 1843 from the tigris and shatt al-arab rivers, IRAQ. Croatian Journal of Fisheries, 74(4), 179-185.
  • Keč, V.Č. & Zorica, B. (2011). Biometry markers of chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus Houttuyn, 1782, in the Adriatic Sea. Acta Adriatica, 52(2), 215-222.
  • King, M. (2007). Fisheries biology, assessment and management. Second Edition. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford: 1-381.
  • Qadri, S., Shah, T.H., Balkhi, M.H., Bhat, B.A., Bhat, F.A., Najar, A.M. & Alia, S. (2017). Morphometrics and length-weight relationship of Schizothorax curvifrons Heckel 1838 in River Jhelum, Kashmir, India. Indian J. Anim. Res., 51 (3) 2017: 453, 458.
  • Saylar, Ö. (2009). Kabalar Göleti (Taşköprü/Kastamonu-Türkiye)’nde yaşayan yayın balığı (Silurus glanis L., 1758)’nın çeşitli oluşumları kullanılarak yaşının belirlenmesi. Kastamonu Üniversitesi Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi, 2, 659-664.
  • Saylar, Ö. (2014). Comparative Age Determination Methods of Silurus glanis L., 1758 Living in Altınkaya Dam Lake According to Their Bony Structures. The Journal of Adyutayam, 2(2), 1-7.
  • Šantić, M., Rađa, B., Paladin, A. & Čurić, A. (2011). Biometric properties of the European hake, Merluccius merluccius (Osteichthyes: Merlucciidae), from the central Adriatic Sea. Archives of Biological Sciences, 63(1), 259-267.
  • Turan, C. (2004). Stock identification of Mediterranean horse mackerel (Trachurus mediterraneus) using morphometric and meristic characters. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 61, 774-781.
  • Ünlü, E., Değer, D. & Cicek, T. (2012). Comparison of morphological and anatomical characters in two catfish species, Silurus triostegus Heckel, 1843 and Silurus glanis L., 1758 (Siluridae, Siluriformes). North-Western Journal of Zoology, 8(1), 119-124.
  • Uysal, R., Apaydın Yağci, M., Yeğen, V., Cesur, M., Yağci, A., Çetinkaya, S. & Bostan, H. (2009). Growth Properties of European Catfish (Silurus glanis L., 1758) Population in İznik Lake (Bursa-Turkey). Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences, 13(3), 221-228.
  • Yazıcı, R. (2018). Biological properties of the Wels Catfish (Silurus glanis l., 1758) from Sıddıklı Küçükboğaz Dam Lake. Kırşehir Ahi Evran University. Kırşehir, Turkey, 154p.
  • Yılmaz, S., Yılmaz, M. & Polat, N. (2007). Altınkaya Baraj Gölü (Samsun-Türkiye)’nde Yaşayan Yayın Balığı (Silurus glanis L., 1758)’nın Yaşı İçin Farklı Kemiksi Yapıların Değerlendirilmesi. Fırat Üniversitesi, Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, 19(1), 7-11.
  • Yilmaz, S., Yazicioglu, O., Saygin, S. & Polat, N. (2014). Relationships of otolith dimensions with body length of European perch, Perca fluviatilis L., 1758 from Lake Ladik, Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 46(5), 1231-1238.
  • Zar, J.H. (1999). Biostatistical Analysis. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA: Prentice Hall.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Ramazan YAZICI 0000-0003-2274-0707

Okan YAZICIOĞLU 0000-0003-4302-2181

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2020
Gönderilme Tarihi 12 Nisan 2020
Kabul Tarihi 31 Mayıs 2020
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020 Cilt: 5 Sayı: 2

Kaynak Göster

APA YAZICI, R., & YAZICIOĞLU, O. (2020). Some Morphometric Relationships of Wels catfish (Silurus glanis L., 1758) Inhabiting Sıddıklı Dam (Kırşehir, Turkey). Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, 5(2), 199-204. https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.718647


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