Yıl 2020, Cilt 20 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 59 - 65 2020-08-31

Otizmli Türk Çocuklarının Duyusal Problemleri
Sensory Problems in Turkish Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Öykü Su UNAY [1] , Ceymi DOENYAS [2] , Barış EKİCİ [3] , İ̇smail GÖNEN [4] , Burak TATLI [5]


Amaç: Duyusal sorunlar, otizm spektrum bozukluğu (OSB)’na sıklıkla eşlik etmektedir. OSB’ye yönelik müdahaleleri bireylerin duyusal profillerine göre adapte etmek daha iyi bir prognoz sağlayabilir. Bu çalışma, OSB’li çocukların duyusal semptomlarını ve bu semptomların onların sosyodemografik ve davranışsal özellikleri ile ilişkilerini incelemiştir. Gereç ve Yöntem: Örnekleme, 1-18 yaşları arasındaki 911 Türk OSB’li (748 erkek ve 163 kız) çocuk dahil edilmiştir. Çalışma, bir internet araştırması olarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Bulgular: Dahil edilen çocukların neredeyse tamamının en az bir duyusal alanda problem yaşadığı, ebeveynleri tarafından bildirilmiştir. Ebeveynlerin yarısı, çocuklarının duyusal bütünleme terapisi (DBT) aldığını ve alan çocukların 4’te 3’ünün bu yöntemden yararlandığını belirtmiştir. DBT alma oranının, yüksek eğitim düzeyine sahip annelerin ve babaların çocuklarında daha yüksek olduğu görülmüştür. Her 3 ebeveynden 2’si çocuklarında hiperaktivite, uyku sorunu ve gıda seçiciliği durumlarının görüldüğünü bildirmiştir. Ayrıca, obsesif davranışların, ağızlarında yiyecek olmayan cisimleri alan OSB’li çocuklarda 2 kat, dönen cisimleri izleyen çocuklarda ise yaklaşık 7 kat daha fazla görüldüğü belirlenmiştir. Uykuya bağlı problemler yaşayan çocuklarda, kendi etrafında dönme, ağızlarında yiyecek olmayan nesneler alma ve hiperaktivite oranları anlamlı derecede yüksek bulunmuştur. Sonuç: Bu çalışma, OSB’li Türk çocuklarının duyusal sorunlarını ve bu sorunların diğer davranışsal alanlarla ilişkilerini göstermektedir. Böylece, OSB’li bireyler için en uygun terapötik yaklaşımlara yönlendirmelerini sağlamakta fayda sağlayabileceği düşünülmektedir..
Background: Sensory problems are a core symptom of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and tailoring the interventions according to sensory profiles yields better prognosis. Objective: This study profiled the sensory symptoms of children with ASD and their sociodemographic and behavioral correlates. Material and Methods: The sample included 911 Turkish children with ASD (748 male and 163 female) aged between 1-18 years. The study was conducted as an internet survey. Results: Almost all children had a sensory problem in at least one sensory domain. The parents stated that almost half of the children received sensory integration therapy (SIT) and that 3 out of 4 of these children benefited from this method. The rate of receiving SIT for their children with ASD was higher in children of mothers and fathers who had higher education levels. Two out of 3 parents reported that their children have hyperactivity, sleep problems, and food selectivity. Obsessive behaviors were 2 times higher in children with ASD who took non-food objects in their mouths, and almost 7 times more common in children who watched rotating objects. The rates of spinning around themselves, taking nonfood objects in their mouths, and hyperactivity were significantly higher in children who experienced sleep-related problems. Conclusion: This study documents the sensory problems of Turkish children with ASD and how they relate with other behavioral domains, which can be useful for determining the most appropriate therapeutic approaches.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Pediatri
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-6856-6751
Yazar: Öykü Su UNAY (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: İstanbul Özel Çocuk Nöroloji Kliniği
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4809-8719
Yazar: Ceymi DOENYAS
Kurum: Koç Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0525-2018
Yazar: Barış EKİCİ
Kurum: İstanbul Özel Çocuk Nöroloji Kliniği
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5311-5368
Yazar: İ̇smail GÖNEN
Kurum: İSTİNYE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8965-6668
Yazar: Burak TATLI
Kurum: İstanbul Özel Çocuk Nöroloji Kliniği
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Ağustos 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jchild773059, journal = {Çocuk Dergisi}, issn = {1302-9940}, eissn = {1308-8491}, address = {Çocuk Dergisi Yayın Kurulu Sekreterliği İstanbul Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı Çapa, 34390, İstanbul}, publisher = {İstanbul Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {20}, pages = {59 - 65}, doi = {}, title = {Sensory Problems in Turkish Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder}, key = {cite}, author = {Unay, Öykü Su and Doenyas, Ceymi and Eki̇ci̇, Barış and Gönen, İ̇smail and Tatlı, Burak} }
APA Unay, Ö , Doenyas, C , Eki̇ci̇, B , Gönen, İ , Tatlı, B . (2020). Sensory Problems in Turkish Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder . Çocuk Dergisi , 20 (2) , 59-65 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jchild/issue/57458/773059
MLA Unay, Ö , Doenyas, C , Eki̇ci̇, B , Gönen, İ , Tatlı, B . "Sensory Problems in Turkish Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder" . Çocuk Dergisi 20 (2020 ): 59-65 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jchild/issue/57458/773059>
Chicago Unay, Ö , Doenyas, C , Eki̇ci̇, B , Gönen, İ , Tatlı, B . "Sensory Problems in Turkish Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder". Çocuk Dergisi 20 (2020 ): 59-65
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Sensory Problems in Turkish Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder AU - Öykü Su Unay , Ceymi Doenyas , Barış Eki̇ci̇ , İ̇smail Gönen , Burak Tatlı Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Çocuk Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 59 EP - 65 VL - 20 IS - 2 SN - 1302-9940-1308-8491 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Çocuk Dergisi Sensory Problems in Turkish Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder %A Öykü Su Unay , Ceymi Doenyas , Barış Eki̇ci̇ , İ̇smail Gönen , Burak Tatlı %T Sensory Problems in Turkish Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder %D 2020 %J Çocuk Dergisi %P 1302-9940-1308-8491 %V 20 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Unay, Öykü Su , Doenyas, Ceymi , Eki̇ci̇, Barış , Gönen, İ̇smail , Tatlı, Burak . "Sensory Problems in Turkish Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder". Çocuk Dergisi 20 / 2 (Ağustos 2020): 59-65 .
AMA Unay Ö , Doenyas C , Eki̇ci̇ B , Gönen İ , Tatlı B . Sensory Problems in Turkish Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Çocuk Dergisi. 2020; 20(2): 59-65.
Vancouver Unay Ö , Doenyas C , Eki̇ci̇ B , Gönen İ , Tatlı B . Sensory Problems in Turkish Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Çocuk Dergisi. 2020; 20(2): 59-65.
IEEE Ö. Unay , C. Doenyas , B. Eki̇ci̇ , İ. Gönen ve B. Tatlı , "Sensory Problems in Turkish Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder", Çocuk Dergisi, c. 20, sayı. 2, ss. 59-65, Ağu. 2020