Yıl 2019, Cilt 9 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 230 - 234 2019-09-30

Kronik alerjik rinitli hastalarda cilt prick test sonuçları: Ev hanımları ev tozu akarlarına bağlı alerjik rinit gelişimi için riskli meslek grubundadır
Skin prick test results in patients with chronic allergic rhinitis: Housewives are risky occupational group for the development of allergic rhinitis due to house dust mites

Tarkan Ozdemir [1] , Benan Kasapoglu [2] , Mustafa Hamidullah Turkkani [3] , Cigdem Ozdilekcan [4] , Fuat Erel [5]


Amaç: Alerjik rinit (AR), nazal epitelyum inflamasyonuna bağlı olarak ortaya çıkan ve yaşam kalitesini olumsuz yönde etkileyen semptomlarla karakterize sık görülen bir hastalıktır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, cilt prick testi pozitif olan alerjik rinitli hastaların demografik ve klinik özelliklerini ortaya koymaktır.

Gereç ve Yöntem: Pozitif cilt prick testi olan alerjik rinitli hastalar analiz edildi. Test edilen alerjenler: Çayır, tahıl + çayır, ağaçlar 1 (erken çiçeklenenler ), ağaçlar 2 (geç çiçeklenenler), ev tozu akarlarıdır (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (DP), Dermatophagoides farinae (DF), Tyrophagus putrescentiae (TP), Lepidoglyphus destructor (LD) ve Acarus siro (AS)).

Bulgular: Çalışmaya dahil edilen 202 hastanın 145’i kadın (ortalama yaş 32.42 ±12.81) ve 57‘si erkekti (ortalama yaş 28.44 ± 11.5). En sık tespit edilen alerjenler; DF, DP, çayır, tahıl + çayır grubuydu. Cilt prick testinin Tyrophagus için pozitifliği istatistiksel olarak kadınlarda anlamlıydı (p=0.04). Nazal akıntı, dispne, kaşıntı, halsizlik, yorgunluk semptomları kadınlarda erkeklere oranla daha fazla bildirildi. DF, DP, TP and LD grubu alerjen duyarlılığı ev hanımlarında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bulundu (p<0.05). Dispne, hışıltılı solunum ve kaşıntı ev hanımlarında istatistiksel olarak daha sık bulundu (p<0.05).

Sonuç : Ev hanımları, ev tozu akarlarına bağlı alerjik rinit gelişimi için  riskli meslek grubundadır. 

Background/Aims: Allergic Rhinitis (AR) is a common disorder that negatively effects the quality of life with symptoms due to the inflammation of nasal epithelium. Objective of this study is to determine the general demographical and clinical features of patients with AR, who had positive skin prick test (SPT) results.  

Methods: Patients diagnosed as AR with positive SPT results were analyzed. The allergens tested were: grasses, cereals+grasses , trees 1 (early flowering), trees 2 (late flowering), house-dust mites ( Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (DP), Dermatophagoides farinae (DF), tyrophagus putrescentiae (TP), lepidoglyphus destructor (LD) and acarus siro (AS). 

Results: Of the total 202 patients, 145  female (with a mean age of 32.42 ±12.81 years) and 57  male (with a mean age of 28.44 ± 11.5 years) were included in the study. The most common allergens determined were; DF, DP, cereals+grasses and grasses. Tyrophagus significantly was more common in females (p:0.04). Nasal discharge, dyspnea, itching and weakness-tiredness were reported to be more common in females compared with males. DF, DP, TP and LD were statistically significantly more common in housewives (p<0.05). Dyspnea, wheezing and itching were statistically significantly more common in housewives (p<0.05).

Conclusions: Housewives are risky occupational group for the development of allergic rhinitis due to house dust mites







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Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-9344-7586
Yazar: Tarkan Ozdemir (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: University of Health Sciences, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Research and Training Hospital, Department of Pulmonology, Ankara, Turkey
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3858-0103
Yazar: Benan Kasapoglu
Kurum: University of Health Sciences, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Research and Training Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7662-7924
Yazar: Mustafa Hamidullah Turkkani
Kurum: Sincan Dr. Nafiz Korez State Hospital, Department of Pulmonology, Ankara, Turkey
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5335-0571
Yazar: Cigdem Ozdilekcan
Kurum: University of Health Sciences, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Research and Training Hospital, Department of Pulmonology, Ankara, Turkey
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4788-8161
Yazar: Fuat Erel
Kurum: Balıkesir University School of Medicine, Department of Pulmonology, Balıkesir, Turkey
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Eylül 2019

EndNote %0 Journal of Contemporary Medicine Skin prick test results in patients with chronic allergic rhinitis: Housewives are risky occupational group for the development of allergic rhinitis due to house dust mites %A Tarkan Ozdemir , Benan Kasapoglu , Mustafa Hamidullah Turkkani , Cigdem Ozdilekcan , Fuat Erel %T Skin prick test results in patients with chronic allergic rhinitis: Housewives are risky occupational group for the development of allergic rhinitis due to house dust mites %D 2019 %J Journal of Contemporary Medicine %P -2667-7180 %V 9 %N 3 %R doi: 10.16899/jcm.578203 %U 10.16899/jcm.578203