Yıl 2020, Cilt 10 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 201 - 206 2020-06-25

Evaluation of hepatitis B, hepatitis A, measles, rubella, mumps and varicella antibody seroprevalences in Vocational School of Health Students

Aysun KARA UZUN [1]


Evaluation of hepatitis B, hepatitis A, measles, rubella, mumps and varicella antibody seroprevalences in Vocational School of Health Students ABSTRACT Objective: In the present study, we investigated the seroprevalence of antibodies against hepatitis B, hepatitis A, measles, mumps, rubella and varicella viruses in adolescent students of a Vocational School of Health and aimed to contribute to the future studies intended to increase the vaccination rates of these two groups in our country. Material and Method: Ninety-five students of the Vocational School of Health screened for hepatitis B, hepatitis A, measles, mumps, rubella and varicella who were referred to the vaccination unit of our hospital were included in this study. Results: The mean age of the students was 16.4 ± 0.7 years (14-18 years), 63.2% are girls (60/95), 36.8% are boys (35/95). None of the students received hepatitis A vaccine and varicella vaccine. Of all the students, 83.1% tested negative for hepatitis B surface antibody, 91.6% tested negative for hepatitis A IgG, 77.9% tested positive for measles IgG, 92.3% tested positive for mumps IgG, 93% tested positive for rubella IgG and 88.5% tested positive for varicella IgG. Conclusion: In the present study, it was concluded that catch-up vaccination seems necessary for hepatitis A and varicella because contracting these two infections in this age group increases the complication risk caused by the high seronegativity of hepatitis A and the high incidence of natural varicella infection. Conducting similar studies for adolescents and healthcare providers in our country is important to determine pre-contact and post-contact strategies, assess cost-effectiveness of pre-vaccination serology and establish screening and immunization programs. Keywords: adolescent, health care workers, seroprevalence, vaccination Sağlık Meslek Lisesi Öğrencilerinin hepatit B, hepatit A, kızamık, kızamıkçık, kabakulak ve suçiçeği antikor seroprevalanslarının değerlendirilmesi ÖZ Amaç: Çalışmada; aynı zamanda adolesan olan Sağlık Meslek Lisesi öğrencilerinin hepatit B, hepatit A, kızamık, kabakulak, kızamıkçık ve suçiçeği virüslerine karşı antikor seropreva¬lansları araştırılmış olup, ülkemizde bu 2 grubun aşılanma oranlarının artırılması ile ilgili yapılacak olan çalışmalara katkı sağlanması amaçlanmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Çalışmada; hastanemiz Aşı Ünitesi'ne yönlendirilen hepatit B, hepatit A, kızamık, kabakulak, kızamıkçık ve suçiçeğine karşı antikor düzeyleri baktırılmış 95 Sağlık Meslek Lisesi öğrencisi yer almıştır. Bulgular: Öğrencilerin yaş ortalaması 16.4 ± 0.7 yıldır (14-18 yıl) ve %63.2'si (60/95) kız, %36.8'i (35/95) erkektir. Öğrencilerin hiçbirine hepatit A aşısı ve suçiçeği aşısı yapılmamıştır. Öğrencilerin %83.1'inde hepatit B yüzey antijenine karşı antikor negatif, %91.6'sında hepatit A IgG negatif, %77.9'unda kızamık IgG pozitif, %92.3'ünde kabakulak IgG pozitif, %93'ünde kızamıkçık IgG pozitif, %88.5'inde suçiçeği IgG pozitif bulunmuştur. Sonuç: Çalışmada; hepatit A seronegatifliğinin yüksek olması, suçiçeğinin ise doğal enfeksiyon şeklinde yüksek oranda geçirilmesi nedeniyle, her 2 enfeksiyonun bu yaş grubunda geçirilmesi komplikasyon riskini artıracağından, hepatit A ve suçiçeği için yakalama aşılaması yapılması gerekli gözükmektedir. Ülkemizde adolesanlarda ve sağlık çalışanlarında benzer çalışmaların yapılması, temas öncesi ve temas sonrası stratejilerin belirlenmesi, aşılama öncesi seroloji bakılmasının maliyet-etkinliği, tarama ve bağışıklama programlarının oluşturulması için önemlidir. Anahtar kelimeler: adolesan, sağlık çalışanları, seroprevalans, aşılama
adolescent, health care workers, seroprevalence, vaccination
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Orjinal Araştırma
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-1028-5949
Yazar: Aysun KARA UZUN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ANKARA ŞEHİR HASTANESİ ÇOCUK HASTANESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Kabul Tarihi : 21 Mayıs 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 25 Haziran 2020

AMA Kara Uzun A . Evaluation of hepatitis B, hepatitis A, measles, rubella, mumps and varicella antibody seroprevalences in Vocational School of Health Students. J Contemp Med. 2020; 10(2): 201-206.