Yıl 2020, Cilt 10 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 438 - 441 2020-09-30

MÜLTECİLERDE D VİTAMİNİ EKSİKLİĞİ PREVALANSI
THE PREVALENCE OF VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY IN REFUGEES

Sevil OKAN [1] , Fatih OKAN [2]


Amaç: D vitamini eksikliği Dünya da yaygın görülen önlenebilir bir halk sağlığı sorunudur. Çalışmanın amacı mültecilerde D vitamini eksikliği prevalansını belirlemektir. Gereç ve Yöntem: Retrospektif tipte planlanan çalışmaya Ocak-Aralık 2019 tarihleri arasında Tokat İl ve İlçelerinde bulunan Devlet Hastanelerinde 25 (OH) D vitamini ölçümü yapılmış olan 103 mülteci birey hastane otomasyon sisteminden taranarak dahil edildi. Bireylerin D vitamini düzeyinin mevsim, yaş, cinsiyet ve uyrukları ile ilişkisi değerlendirildi. İstatistiksel analizlerde sayı, yüzde, ortalama±standart sapma, Mann Whitney U testi ve Kruskal Wallis testleri kullanıldı (p<0,05) istatistiksel olarak anlamlı kabul edildi. Bulgular: Çalışmaya 18 yaş üzeri 103 birey dahil edildi. Çalışmada D vitamini ortlaması 12,59±8,90 ng/ml olarak bulundu. Mültecilerin % 80,6’ sında D vitamini eksikliği ( 25(OH) D < 20 ng/ml) olduğu tespit edildi. Çalışmaya katılanların %70.9’ u (n=73) kadın , %72,8’i (n=75) 19-50 yaşları arasındaydı. Mültecilerin % 46,6’sı (n=48) Irak, % 44,7’si (n=46) Afganistan, % 8,7’si (n=9) Suriyeli mülteciydi. Çalışmada D vitamini düzeyi ile mevsim, yaş, cinsiyet ve mültecilerin uyrukları arasında anlamlı ilişki tespit edilmedi. Sonuç: Mültecilerde D vitamini eksikliği prevalansı yüksek bulunmuştur. Sağlık profesyonelleri dezavantajlı gruplar arasında yer alan mültecileri D vitamini eksikliği açısından değerlendirmeli ve eksiklik durumunda uygun tedavi protokollerini uygulamalıdır.
Aim: Vitamin D deficiency is a common preventable public health problem in worldwide. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in refugees. Materials and Methods: 103 refugees, whose 25 (OH) vitamin D measurements were made in the State Hospitals in Tokat Province and Districts between January-December 2019, were included in the retrospective study. The relationship of vitamin D levels with season, age, gender and nationality was evaluated. In statistical analysis, number, percentage, mean ± standard deviation, Mann Whitney U test and Kruskal Wallis tests were used. (p <0.05) was considered statistically significant. Results: 103 individuals over the age of 18 were included the study. The mean vitamin D level in the study was found 12.59 ± 8.90 ng / ml. It was determined that 80.6% of the refugees had vitamin D deficiency (25 (OH) D <20 ng / ml). 70.9% (n = 73) of the participants in the study were female and 72.8% (n = 75) were between the ages of 19-50. 46.6% (n = 48) of the refugees were from Iraq, 44.7% (n = 46) were from Afghanistan, 8.7% (n = 9) were from Syria. In the study, no significant relationship was found between vitamin D level and season, age, gender and nationalities of refugees. Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency prevalence was high in refugees. Health professionals should evaluate refugees who are among the disadvantaged groups in terms of vitamin D deficiency and apply appropriate treatment protocols in case of deficiency.
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Orjinal Araştırma
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-0446-6866
Yazar: Sevil OKAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Tokat Devlet Hastanesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7544-9051
Yazar: Fatih OKAN
Kurum: TOKAT GAZİOSMANPAŞA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Kabul Tarihi : 13 Eylül 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Eylül 2020

AMA Okan S , Okan F . MÜLTECİLERDE D VİTAMİNİ EKSİKLİĞİ PREVALANSI. J Contemp Med. 2020; 10(3): 438-441.