Yıl 2021, Cilt 11 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 225 - 231 2021-03-25

Öğrencilerde İnternet Bağımlılığının Okul Yaşam Kalitesine Etkisi
The Effect of Internet Addiction in Students on Quality of School Life

Erhan AKSOY [1] , Ülkühan ÖZTOPRAK [2]


Amaç: Çocuklarda internet bağımlılığı yaşam kalitesini olumsuz etkileyen mental bir bozukluktur. Yaşam kalitesinin niteliğini en az mental ve fiziksel sağlık kadar okul performans ve akademik başarılar da etkilemektedir. Bu nedenle ilkokul, ortaokul ve lise öğrencilerin internet bağımlığının okul yaşam kalitesine etkilerinin araştırılması amacıyla bu çalışma ele alınmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Dr. Sami Ulus Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi Çocuk Nörolojisi tarafından 2018-2019 eğitim-öğretim yılında İlkokul, Ortaokul ve Lise öğrencilerine yönelik anket çalışması yapıldı. Çalışma gereçleri olarak sosyodemografik bilgiler formu, İnternet Bağımlılık Ölçeği (İBÖ) ve Okul Yaşam Kalitesi Ölçeği (OYKÖ) kullanıldı. Bulgular: Çalışmaya 788 öğrenci dahil edildi. Yaş ortalaması 12,94 ± 2,79 (8 -17) idi. İnternet bağımlılık skoru 57,67 ± 20,63 idi. Öğrencilerin %13,8(106)’inde internet bağımlılığı saptandı. Okul yaşam kalitesi ölçeği toplam puanları 112,65 ± 18,42 idi. İnternet bağımlılık skoru artıkça okul başarısının ve okul yaşam kalitesinin düştüğü görüldü. Eğitim amaçlı ve puzzle şeklinde oyun sitelerini ziyaret eden öğrenciler daha düşük internet bağımlılık skoruna sahip idi. En belirgin farklılıkların lise öğrencileri arasında olduğu saptandı. Lise öğrencilerinde internet bağımlılığı, ailevi olumsuz ilişkiler ve şiddete maruz kalma oranlarının en yüksek olduğu görülürken, okul yaşam kalitesi puanları ve ders başarısının düşük olduğu görülmüştür. Sonuç: Öğrencilerin aşırı ve faydasız internet kullanımını en aza indirecek, aile, okul ve diğer ortamlarda ilişkilerini düzenleyen çevresel faktörleri iyileştirecek programların geliştirilmesine ihtiyaç vardır.
Aim: Internet addiction in children is a mental disorder that negatively affects the quality of life. In this day and age, internet usage, and school life, which takes a significant amount of time for students, are specified as engaged concepts that affect each other. Therefore, this study has been addressed to investigate the effects of internet addiction on primary, middle, and high school students on school life quality. Material and Method: This research was conducted as a questionnaire study by Dr. Sami Ulus Training and Research Hospital Pediatric Neurology in the 2018-2019 academic year for Primary School, Middle, and High School students. The questionnaire consisted of sociodemographic information, Internet Addiction Scale (IAS), and Quality of School Life Scale (QSLS). Results: Seven hundred eighty-eight students were included in the study. Mean age was 12.94 ± 2.79 years (range 8 - 17). Internet addiction scores were 57.67 ± 20.63, and 106 (13.80%) children had internet addiction. The Quality of School Life Scale total scores were found as 112.65 ± 18.42. It was observed that school success and school life quality decreased as the internet addiction score increased. It was observed that the students' education and puzzle games compared to other websites caused lower IAS scores. The most significant differences were observed among high school students. While it was observed that IAS scores, internet addiction, family negative relationships, and exposure to violence rates were highest in high school students, QSLS scores, and course success were found below. Conclusion: There is a need to develop programs that would minimize the excessive and useless internet use of students and improve the environmental factors that regulate their relationships in the family, school, and other settings.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Orjinal Araştırma
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-7210-6715
Yazar: Erhan AKSOY (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: University of Health Sciences, Ankara Dr Sami Ulus Maternity, Children’s Health and Diseases Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatric Neurology, Ankara, Turkey
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7309-3215
Yazar: Ülkühan ÖZTOPRAK
Kurum: University of Health Sciences, Ankara Dr Sami Ulus Maternity, Children’s Health and Diseases Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatric Neurology, Ankara, Turkey
Ülke: Turkey


Destekleyen Kurum Destekleyen kurumve/veya kuruluş bulunmamaktadır.
Proje Numarası 2018-190
Tarihler

Kabul Tarihi : 15 Şubat 2021
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 25 Mart 2021

AMA Aksoy E , Öztoprak Ü . The Effect of Internet Addiction in Students on Quality of School Life. J Contemp Med. 2021; 11(2): 225-231.