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ASSOCIATION OF NURSES' EMPATHIC TENDENCY AND ATTITUDES TO AGEISM TOWARD OLDER ADULTS

Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 4, 526 - 530, 31.07.2021
https://doi.org/10.16899/jcm.846646

Öz

Objective: This study aims to determine nurses in correlate with their levels of empathic tendencies and attitudes to ageism towards older adults. Material and Method: A descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional, with a convenience sample of 132 Turkey nurses was conducted in April- June 2017. Structured question form, Scale of Empathic Tendency and Fraboni Scale of Ageism were applied to nurses. Results: Model explained that 6% of the variance to ageism in regression. In this model, factors that remained strongly associated with FSA score were gender, obtaining information about the elderly from the media, willingness to care for the elderly and empathic tendency (p<0.05). Conclusion: This study found that ageism and empathic tendencies of nurses were at moderate level. Trainings should be organized to increase the empathy tendencies of nurses.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Bowen CE, Skirbekk V. Old age expectations are related to how long people want to live. Ageing & Society 2017;37(9),1898-1923.
  • 2. World Population Ageing (2019) https://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/pdf/ageing/WorldPopulationAgeing2019-Highlights.pdf
  • 3. Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK) (2018). Population Projections 2018‐2080. Ankara: Turkey. https://hsgm.saglik.gov.tr/depo/birimler/kronik-hastaliklar-engelli-db/hastaliklar/Yasli_Sagligi/raporlar_istatistikler/TUIK_Yasli_Istatistik_2018.pdf
  • 4. Korkmaz Aslan G, Kulakçı Altıntaş H, Özen Çınar İ, Veren F. Attitudes to ageing and their relationship with quality of life in older adults in Turkey. Psychogeriatrics 2019; 19(2): 157-164.
  • 5. Levy SR, Macdonald JL. Progress on understanding ageism. Journal of Social Issues 2016; 72(1): 5-25.
  • 6. Higgins I, Riet DVP, Slater L, Peek C. The negative attitudes of nurses towards older patients in the acute hospital setting: A qualitative descriptive study. Contemporary Nurse 2007; 26(2): 225-237.
  • 7. Bakan AB, Karadag Arli S, Varol E. Identification of nursing students’ attitudes toward older people, Contemporary Nurse 2018; 54(3): 284-292.
  • 8. Kim J, Lee JE. Social Support and health-related quality of life among elderly ındividuals living alone in South Korea. The Journal of Nursing Research 2018; 26(5): 316-323.
  • 9. Akgun Sahin Z, Kardaş Özdemir F. (2015). Determination of communication and empathy skill levels of nurses. Journal of Academic Research in Nursing 2015; 1(1): 1-7.
  • 10. Moghaddasian S, Dizaji SL, Mohtar M. Nurses empathy and familiy needs in the intensive care units. Journal of Caring Sciences 2013; 2(3): 197-201.
  • 11. Dokmen, Ü. Communication conflicts and empathy in art and everyday life. Sistem Yayıncılık, İstanbul 2009
  • 12. Alhadidi MM, Abdalrahim MS, Al‐Hussami M. Nurses' caring and empathy in Jordanian psychiatric hospitals: A national survey. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing 2016; 25(4), 337-345.
  • 13. Guven Ozdemir N, Sendir M. The relationship between nurses’ empathic tendencies, empathic skills, and individualized care perceptions. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care 2020.
  • 14. Suhonen R, Valimaki M, Leino-Kilpi HA. Rreview of outcomes of individualised nursing interventions on adult patients. Journal of Clinical Nursing 2018; 17(7): 843-860.
  • 15. Bulut E, Cilingir D. Ageism and reflections of nursing care. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 2016; 15(5): 446-449.
  • 16. Avci D, Alp Yilmaz F. Association between Turkish clinical nurses' perceptions of individualized care and empathic tendencies. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. 2020.
  • 17. Dokmen Ü. Empatinin yeni bir modele dayanarak ölçülmesi ve psikodrama ile geliştirilmesi. Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi 1988; 21, 1-2.
  • 18. Fraboni Saltstone R, Hughes S. The Fraboni Scale of Ageism (FSA): An attempt at a more precise measure of ageism. Canadian Journal on Aging 1990; 9(1): 56-66.
  • 19. Kutlu Y, Kucuk L, Yildiz Findik U. Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Fraboni Scale of Ageism. Nursing & Health Sciences 2012;14(4): 464-71.
  • 20. Turgay AS, Şahin S, Şenuzun Aykar F, et al. Attitudes of Turkish nursing students toward elderly people. European Geriatric Medicine 2015; 6(3): 267-270.
  • 21. Kılıc NP. Individual ageism in health. E kurgu-Anadolu Üniversitesi İletişim Bilimleri Fakültesi Uluslar Arası Hakemli Dergisi 2017; 25(3): 53-77.
  • 22. Ouchida Karin M, Lachs Mark S. (2015). Not for doctors only: ageism in healthcare, Journal of the American Society on Aging 2015;39(3): 46-57.
  • 23. Senturk S, Güzel A, Ergün G, Çetinkaya A. Determination of the knowledge and awareness of nursing students about elder neglect and abuse: The case in Turkey. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care 2020: 1-8.
  • 24. Ugurlu Z, Kav S, Karahan A, Akgun Çıtak E. Correlates of ageism among health care professionals working with older adults. Journal of Transcultural Nursing 2019; 30(3): 303-312.
  • 25. Rababa M, Hammouri AM, Hweidi IM, Ellis JL. (2020). Association of nurses' level of knowledge and attitudes to ageism toward older adults: Cross‐sectional study Nursing & Health Sciences 2020.
  • 26. Darling, Sendir M, Atav S, Buyukyilmaz F. (2018). Undergraduate nursing students and the elderly: An assessment of attitudes in a Turkish university. Gerontology & Geriatrics Education 2018; 39(3): 283-294.
  • 27. Lan X, Chen Q, Yi B. Attitude of nurses toward the care of older adults in China. Journal of Transcultural Nursing 2019; 30(6): 597-602.
  • 28. Liu Y, Norman IJ, While AE. Nurses’ attitudes towards older people: a systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies 2013; 50, 1271-1282.
  • 29. Kroon AC, Trilling D, Van Selm M, Vliegenthart R. Biased media? How news content influences age discrimination claims. European journal of ageing 2019; 16(1): 109-119.
  • 30. Demir I. The Reproduction of Ageism in Humor Magazines. Senex: Yaşlılık Çalışmaları Dergisi 2017; 1(1): 57-75.
  • 31. Schmidt BJ, McArthur EC. Professional nursing values: A concept analysis. In Nursing Forum 2018; 53(1): 69-75.
  • 32. Laganá L, Gavrilova L, Carter DB, Ainsworth AT. A Randomized Controlled Study on the Effects of a Documentary on Students’ Empathy and Attitudes towards Older Adults. Psychology and Cognitive Sciences: Open Journal 2017; 3(3): 79.
  • 33. Kuçukguclu Ö, Söylemez BA. Elderly people’s views, experiences and expectations about the required and desired competences of social and health care professionals working with elderly people. Dokuz Eylül University Electronic Journal of Nursing Faculty 2017; 10(4): 260-266.

Hemşirelerin Empatik Eğilimi ile Yaşlılara Yönelik Ayrımcılık Tutumları Arasındaki İlişkisi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 4, 526 - 530, 31.07.2021
https://doi.org/10.16899/jcm.846646

Öz

Amaç: Bu çalışma, hemşirelerin empatik eğilim düzeyleri ve yaşlı ayrımcılığı arasındaki ilişkiyi belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Tanımlayıcı, kesitsel, ilişkisel tipteki çalışma nisan-haziran 2017 tarihleri arasında 132 hemşire ile gerçekleşti. Hemşirelere yapılandırılmış soru formu, Empatik Eğilim Ölçeği ve Fraboni Ayrımcılık Ölçeği uygulandı. Bulgular: Regresyonda model yaşlı ayrımcılığının %6’sını açıklandı. Fraboni Ayrımcılık Ölçeği puanı ile yaş, yaşlıya dair bilgileri medyadan elde etme, yaşlı bakımında gönüllük ve empatik eğilim arasında güçlü ilişki belirlenmiştir. Sonuç: Bu çalışmada, hemşirelerin ayrımcılık ve empatik eğilim puanları orta düzeydeydi. Empaitk eğilimi artırmak için eğitimler düzenlenmelidir.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Bowen CE, Skirbekk V. Old age expectations are related to how long people want to live. Ageing & Society 2017;37(9),1898-1923.
  • 2. World Population Ageing (2019) https://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/pdf/ageing/WorldPopulationAgeing2019-Highlights.pdf
  • 3. Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK) (2018). Population Projections 2018‐2080. Ankara: Turkey. https://hsgm.saglik.gov.tr/depo/birimler/kronik-hastaliklar-engelli-db/hastaliklar/Yasli_Sagligi/raporlar_istatistikler/TUIK_Yasli_Istatistik_2018.pdf
  • 4. Korkmaz Aslan G, Kulakçı Altıntaş H, Özen Çınar İ, Veren F. Attitudes to ageing and their relationship with quality of life in older adults in Turkey. Psychogeriatrics 2019; 19(2): 157-164.
  • 5. Levy SR, Macdonald JL. Progress on understanding ageism. Journal of Social Issues 2016; 72(1): 5-25.
  • 6. Higgins I, Riet DVP, Slater L, Peek C. The negative attitudes of nurses towards older patients in the acute hospital setting: A qualitative descriptive study. Contemporary Nurse 2007; 26(2): 225-237.
  • 7. Bakan AB, Karadag Arli S, Varol E. Identification of nursing students’ attitudes toward older people, Contemporary Nurse 2018; 54(3): 284-292.
  • 8. Kim J, Lee JE. Social Support and health-related quality of life among elderly ındividuals living alone in South Korea. The Journal of Nursing Research 2018; 26(5): 316-323.
  • 9. Akgun Sahin Z, Kardaş Özdemir F. (2015). Determination of communication and empathy skill levels of nurses. Journal of Academic Research in Nursing 2015; 1(1): 1-7.
  • 10. Moghaddasian S, Dizaji SL, Mohtar M. Nurses empathy and familiy needs in the intensive care units. Journal of Caring Sciences 2013; 2(3): 197-201.
  • 11. Dokmen, Ü. Communication conflicts and empathy in art and everyday life. Sistem Yayıncılık, İstanbul 2009
  • 12. Alhadidi MM, Abdalrahim MS, Al‐Hussami M. Nurses' caring and empathy in Jordanian psychiatric hospitals: A national survey. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing 2016; 25(4), 337-345.
  • 13. Guven Ozdemir N, Sendir M. The relationship between nurses’ empathic tendencies, empathic skills, and individualized care perceptions. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care 2020.
  • 14. Suhonen R, Valimaki M, Leino-Kilpi HA. Rreview of outcomes of individualised nursing interventions on adult patients. Journal of Clinical Nursing 2018; 17(7): 843-860.
  • 15. Bulut E, Cilingir D. Ageism and reflections of nursing care. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 2016; 15(5): 446-449.
  • 16. Avci D, Alp Yilmaz F. Association between Turkish clinical nurses' perceptions of individualized care and empathic tendencies. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. 2020.
  • 17. Dokmen Ü. Empatinin yeni bir modele dayanarak ölçülmesi ve psikodrama ile geliştirilmesi. Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi 1988; 21, 1-2.
  • 18. Fraboni Saltstone R, Hughes S. The Fraboni Scale of Ageism (FSA): An attempt at a more precise measure of ageism. Canadian Journal on Aging 1990; 9(1): 56-66.
  • 19. Kutlu Y, Kucuk L, Yildiz Findik U. Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Fraboni Scale of Ageism. Nursing & Health Sciences 2012;14(4): 464-71.
  • 20. Turgay AS, Şahin S, Şenuzun Aykar F, et al. Attitudes of Turkish nursing students toward elderly people. European Geriatric Medicine 2015; 6(3): 267-270.
  • 21. Kılıc NP. Individual ageism in health. E kurgu-Anadolu Üniversitesi İletişim Bilimleri Fakültesi Uluslar Arası Hakemli Dergisi 2017; 25(3): 53-77.
  • 22. Ouchida Karin M, Lachs Mark S. (2015). Not for doctors only: ageism in healthcare, Journal of the American Society on Aging 2015;39(3): 46-57.
  • 23. Senturk S, Güzel A, Ergün G, Çetinkaya A. Determination of the knowledge and awareness of nursing students about elder neglect and abuse: The case in Turkey. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care 2020: 1-8.
  • 24. Ugurlu Z, Kav S, Karahan A, Akgun Çıtak E. Correlates of ageism among health care professionals working with older adults. Journal of Transcultural Nursing 2019; 30(3): 303-312.
  • 25. Rababa M, Hammouri AM, Hweidi IM, Ellis JL. (2020). Association of nurses' level of knowledge and attitudes to ageism toward older adults: Cross‐sectional study Nursing & Health Sciences 2020.
  • 26. Darling, Sendir M, Atav S, Buyukyilmaz F. (2018). Undergraduate nursing students and the elderly: An assessment of attitudes in a Turkish university. Gerontology & Geriatrics Education 2018; 39(3): 283-294.
  • 27. Lan X, Chen Q, Yi B. Attitude of nurses toward the care of older adults in China. Journal of Transcultural Nursing 2019; 30(6): 597-602.
  • 28. Liu Y, Norman IJ, While AE. Nurses’ attitudes towards older people: a systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies 2013; 50, 1271-1282.
  • 29. Kroon AC, Trilling D, Van Selm M, Vliegenthart R. Biased media? How news content influences age discrimination claims. European journal of ageing 2019; 16(1): 109-119.
  • 30. Demir I. The Reproduction of Ageism in Humor Magazines. Senex: Yaşlılık Çalışmaları Dergisi 2017; 1(1): 57-75.
  • 31. Schmidt BJ, McArthur EC. Professional nursing values: A concept analysis. In Nursing Forum 2018; 53(1): 69-75.
  • 32. Laganá L, Gavrilova L, Carter DB, Ainsworth AT. A Randomized Controlled Study on the Effects of a Documentary on Students’ Empathy and Attitudes towards Older Adults. Psychology and Cognitive Sciences: Open Journal 2017; 3(3): 79.
  • 33. Kuçukguclu Ö, Söylemez BA. Elderly people’s views, experiences and expectations about the required and desired competences of social and health care professionals working with elderly people. Dokuz Eylül University Electronic Journal of Nursing Faculty 2017; 10(4): 260-266.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Orjinal Araştırma
Yazarlar

Nazan KILIÇ AKÇA (Sorumlu Yazar)
İZMİR BAKIRÇAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-6007-1896
Andorra


Dilek EFE ARSLAN
ERCIYES UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-1115-303X
Türkiye


Harun İN
ATATURK UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-5426-4429
Türkiye


Nuriye DOĞRUCAN Bu kişi benim
Ataturk Saglik Meslek Lisesi
0000-0000-0000-0000
Türkiye


Vahide ATAY Bu kişi benim
ANKARA UNIVERSITY
0000-0000-0000-0000
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum yok
Proje Numarası yok
Teşekkür Çalışmaya katılan hemşirelere teşekkür ederim.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Temmuz 2021
Kabul Tarihi 26 Nisan 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

AMA Kılıç Akça N. , Efe Arslan D. , İn H. , Doğrucan N. , Atay V. ASSOCIATION OF NURSES' EMPATHIC TENDENCY AND ATTITUDES TO AGEISM TOWARD OLDER ADULTS. J Contemp Med. 2021; 11(4): 526-530.