Araştırma Makalesi
PDF Zotero Mendeley EndNote BibTex Kaynak Göster

Evaluation of the relationship between the mastoid process and some anthropometric points on the skull and facial reconstruction

Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 6, 912 - 918, 20.11.2021
https://doi.org/10.16899/jcm.1014683

Öz

Aim: Facial reconstruction is a method that estimates the face shape of the unidentified person using clay and similar material in cases where only the skull is present. Due to natural events and animals, the integrity of the skeletal remains can be disrupted and this makes identification hard. The aim of the study is to estimate the skull shape by reference to the mastoid process in case of fragmentation of the skull at the scene. Material and Methods: In the study, computerized tomography images of a total of 96 individuals of 51 women and 45 men which were obtained from xxx University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, were used. The variables determined in the images taken in the Frankfurt Horizontal plan were measured using the Image J program. Statistics of the data obtained were carried out using SPSS 22.0 program. Results: The descriptive values of the variables were given. Correlation analysis was used to determine the relationship between the variables. Regression formulas were developed to predict missing parts if the integrity of the skull was compromised in facial reconstruction. Conclusion: In this study we tried to evaluate the facial reconstruction from a different point of view. We believe this study set an example for future studies and help the forensic sciences.

Kaynakça

  • Referans1 Babacan S, Kafa İM. Estimating the entire length of the fragmentary tibia with proximal and distal dimensions. Antropoloji. 2020;40:77-83. Doi: 10.33613/antropolojidergisi.785785.
  • Referans2 Damas S, Cordón O, Ibáñez, O. Handbook on Craniofacial Superimposition. Switzerland: Springer Nature; 2020. p. 1-50. Doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-11137-7.
  • Referans3 Babacan S, Isiklar S, Kafa IM, Gokalp G. Redesign of missing mandible by determining age group and gender from morphometric features of skull for facial reconstruction (approximation). Archaeol Anthropol Sci. 2021;13:75. Doi: 10.1007/s12520-021-01315-2.
  • Referans4 Wright LE. Vásquez MA. Estimating the length of incomplete long bones: Forensic standards from Guatemala. Am J Phys. 2003;120(3): 233-51. Doi: 10.1002/ajpa.10119.
  • Referans5 Kozerska M, Skrtatz J, Sczepanek A. Application of the temporal bone for sex determination from the skeletal remains. Folia Med Crac. 2015;55(2):33-9.
  • Referans6 Duyar I, Pelin C. Body height estimation based on tibia length in different stature groups. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2003;122(1):23-7. Doi: 10.1002/ajpa.10257.
  • Referans7 Radoinova D, Tenekedjiev K, Yordanov Y. Stature estimation from long bone lengths in Bulgarians. Homo. 2002; 52(3):221-32. Doi: 10.1078/0018-442X-00030.
  • Referans8 Abdel Fatah EE, Shirley NR, Jantz RL, Mahfouz MR. Improving sex estimation from -crania using a novel three‐dimensional quantitative method. J Forensic Sci. 2014;59(3):590-600. Doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.12379.
  • Referans9 Franchi L, Pavoni C, Cerroni S, Cozza P. Thin-plate spline analysis of mandibular morphological changes induced by early class III treatment: a long-term evaluation. Eur J Orthod. 2014;36:425–30. Doi: 10.1093/ejo/cjt067.
  • Referans10 Ibrahim A, Alias A, Nor FM, Swarhib M, Abu Bakar SN, Das S. Study of sexual dimorphism of Malaysian crania: an important step in identification of the skeletal remains. Anat Cell Biol. 2017;50:86-92. Doi: 10.5115/acb.2017.50.2.86.
  • Referans11 Kragskov J, Bosch C, Gyldensted C, Sindet-Pedersen S. Comparison of the reliability of craniofacial anatomic landmarks based on cephalometric radiographs and three-dimensional CT scans. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 1997;34(2):111-16. Doi: 10.1597/1545-569_1997_034_0111_cotroc_2.3.co_2.
  • Referans12 Aka S, Şakul U. Kimliği bilinmeyen bir olgunun anatomik yeniden yüzlendirme tekniği ile kimliklendirilmesi. Adli Bilimler Dergisi/Turkish Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2007;6(1):65-70.
  • Referans13 Çalışkan S, Akkasoglu S, Sargon MF, Demiryurek MD. Mastoid process morphometry on dry skulls. Kırıkkale Uni Med J. 2020;22(1):58-63. Doi: 10.24938/kutfd.649170.
  • Referans14 Chaudhary RK, Mahajan A, Piplani M, Khurana BS. Determination of sex from mastoid dimensions among North Indians. Medico-legal Update. 2019;19(1):65-9. Doi: 10.5958/0974-1283.2019.00014.8.
  • Referans15 Ursi WJ, Trotman CA, McNamara JA, Behrents RG. Sexual dimorphism in normal craniofacial growth. Angle Orthod. 1993;63(1):47-56.
  • Referans16 Keaney TC, Alster TS. Botulinum Toxin in men: Review of relevant anatomy and clinical trial data. Dermatol Surg. 2013;39:1434–43. Doi: 10.1111/dsu.12302.
  • Referans17 Rosas A, Bastir M. Thin-Plate spline analysis of allometry and sexual dimorphism in the human craniofacial complex. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2002;117:236 –45. Doi: 10.1002/ajpa.10023.
  • Referans18 Holton NE, Alsamawi A, Yokley TR, Froehle AW. The ontogeny of nasal shape: An analysis of sexual dimorphism in a longitudinal sample. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2016;160(1):52-61. Doi: 10.1002/ajpa.22941.
  • Referans19 Huxley AK. Analysis of shrinkage in human fetal diaphyseal lengths from fresh to dry bone using Petersohn and Kohler’s data. J Forensic Sci. 1998,43:423–6.
  • Referans20 Nagaoka T, Kawakubo Y. Using the petrous part of the temporal bone to estimate fetal age at death. Forensic Sci Int. 2015;248:188.e1–188.e7. Doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2015.01.009.
  • Referans21 Simpson E, Henneberg M. Variation in soft-tissue thicknesses on the human face and their relation to craniometric dimensions. Am J Phys. Anthropol. 2002;118(2):121-33. Doi: 10.1002/ajpa.10073.

Processus mastoideus ile kafatasında bulunan bazı antropometrik noktalar arasındaki ilişkinin değerlendirilmesi ve yeniden yüzlendirme

Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 6, 912 - 918, 20.11.2021
https://doi.org/10.16899/jcm.1014683

Öz

Amaç: Yeniden yüzlendirme, yalnızca kafatasının var olduğu durumlarda kil ve benzeri materyal ile kimliklendirilmesi yapılamayan kişinin yüz şeklinin tahmin edildiği bir yöntemdir. Doğa olayları ve hayvanlar nedeniyle iskelet kalıntılarının bütünlüğü bozulabilmektedir bu da kimliklendirmeyi zor hale getirmektedir. Çalışmanın amacı, kafatasının olay yerinde fragmente olması durumunda, processus mastoideus referans alınarak kafatası şeklinin tahmin edilmesidir. Gereç ve Yöntem: Çalışma, xxx Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Radyoloji Anabilim Dalı’ndan elde edilen erişkin 51 kadın ve 45 erkek olmak üzere toplam 96 bireyin bilgisayarlı tomografi görüntüleri kullanıldı. Frankfurt Horizontal planında alınan görüntülerde belirlenen değişkenler Image J programı kullanılarak ölçüldü. Elde edilen verilerin istatistikleri SPSS 22.0 programı kullanılarak gerçekleştirildi. Bulgular: Değişkenlerin betimleyici değerleri verildi. Korelasyon analizi ile değişkenler arası ilişki tespit edildi. Yeniden yüzlendirmede kafatasının bütünlüğünün bozulmuş olması durumunda eksik kısımları tahmin edilmesine yönelik regresyon formülleri geliştirildi. Sonuç: Çalışmada yeniden yüzlendirmeyi farklı bir bakış açısıyla değerlendirmeye çalıştık. Bu çalışmanın ileride yapılacak çalışmalara örnek teşkil edeceğine ve adli bilimlere yardımcı olacağını umut ediyoruz.

Kaynakça

  • Referans1 Babacan S, Kafa İM. Estimating the entire length of the fragmentary tibia with proximal and distal dimensions. Antropoloji. 2020;40:77-83. Doi: 10.33613/antropolojidergisi.785785.
  • Referans2 Damas S, Cordón O, Ibáñez, O. Handbook on Craniofacial Superimposition. Switzerland: Springer Nature; 2020. p. 1-50. Doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-11137-7.
  • Referans3 Babacan S, Isiklar S, Kafa IM, Gokalp G. Redesign of missing mandible by determining age group and gender from morphometric features of skull for facial reconstruction (approximation). Archaeol Anthropol Sci. 2021;13:75. Doi: 10.1007/s12520-021-01315-2.
  • Referans4 Wright LE. Vásquez MA. Estimating the length of incomplete long bones: Forensic standards from Guatemala. Am J Phys. 2003;120(3): 233-51. Doi: 10.1002/ajpa.10119.
  • Referans5 Kozerska M, Skrtatz J, Sczepanek A. Application of the temporal bone for sex determination from the skeletal remains. Folia Med Crac. 2015;55(2):33-9.
  • Referans6 Duyar I, Pelin C. Body height estimation based on tibia length in different stature groups. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2003;122(1):23-7. Doi: 10.1002/ajpa.10257.
  • Referans7 Radoinova D, Tenekedjiev K, Yordanov Y. Stature estimation from long bone lengths in Bulgarians. Homo. 2002; 52(3):221-32. Doi: 10.1078/0018-442X-00030.
  • Referans8 Abdel Fatah EE, Shirley NR, Jantz RL, Mahfouz MR. Improving sex estimation from -crania using a novel three‐dimensional quantitative method. J Forensic Sci. 2014;59(3):590-600. Doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.12379.
  • Referans9 Franchi L, Pavoni C, Cerroni S, Cozza P. Thin-plate spline analysis of mandibular morphological changes induced by early class III treatment: a long-term evaluation. Eur J Orthod. 2014;36:425–30. Doi: 10.1093/ejo/cjt067.
  • Referans10 Ibrahim A, Alias A, Nor FM, Swarhib M, Abu Bakar SN, Das S. Study of sexual dimorphism of Malaysian crania: an important step in identification of the skeletal remains. Anat Cell Biol. 2017;50:86-92. Doi: 10.5115/acb.2017.50.2.86.
  • Referans11 Kragskov J, Bosch C, Gyldensted C, Sindet-Pedersen S. Comparison of the reliability of craniofacial anatomic landmarks based on cephalometric radiographs and three-dimensional CT scans. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 1997;34(2):111-16. Doi: 10.1597/1545-569_1997_034_0111_cotroc_2.3.co_2.
  • Referans12 Aka S, Şakul U. Kimliği bilinmeyen bir olgunun anatomik yeniden yüzlendirme tekniği ile kimliklendirilmesi. Adli Bilimler Dergisi/Turkish Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2007;6(1):65-70.
  • Referans13 Çalışkan S, Akkasoglu S, Sargon MF, Demiryurek MD. Mastoid process morphometry on dry skulls. Kırıkkale Uni Med J. 2020;22(1):58-63. Doi: 10.24938/kutfd.649170.
  • Referans14 Chaudhary RK, Mahajan A, Piplani M, Khurana BS. Determination of sex from mastoid dimensions among North Indians. Medico-legal Update. 2019;19(1):65-9. Doi: 10.5958/0974-1283.2019.00014.8.
  • Referans15 Ursi WJ, Trotman CA, McNamara JA, Behrents RG. Sexual dimorphism in normal craniofacial growth. Angle Orthod. 1993;63(1):47-56.
  • Referans16 Keaney TC, Alster TS. Botulinum Toxin in men: Review of relevant anatomy and clinical trial data. Dermatol Surg. 2013;39:1434–43. Doi: 10.1111/dsu.12302.
  • Referans17 Rosas A, Bastir M. Thin-Plate spline analysis of allometry and sexual dimorphism in the human craniofacial complex. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2002;117:236 –45. Doi: 10.1002/ajpa.10023.
  • Referans18 Holton NE, Alsamawi A, Yokley TR, Froehle AW. The ontogeny of nasal shape: An analysis of sexual dimorphism in a longitudinal sample. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2016;160(1):52-61. Doi: 10.1002/ajpa.22941.
  • Referans19 Huxley AK. Analysis of shrinkage in human fetal diaphyseal lengths from fresh to dry bone using Petersohn and Kohler’s data. J Forensic Sci. 1998,43:423–6.
  • Referans20 Nagaoka T, Kawakubo Y. Using the petrous part of the temporal bone to estimate fetal age at death. Forensic Sci Int. 2015;248:188.e1–188.e7. Doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2015.01.009.
  • Referans21 Simpson E, Henneberg M. Variation in soft-tissue thicknesses on the human face and their relation to craniometric dimensions. Am J Phys. Anthropol. 2002;118(2):121-33. Doi: 10.1002/ajpa.10073.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Orjinal Araştırma
Yazarlar

Nilgün TUNCEL ÇİNİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi
0000-0003-1412-2634
Türkiye


Sefa IŞIKLAR
BURSA ULUDAG UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-2070-5193
Türkiye


İlknur ARI
BURSA ULUDAG UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-7775-9881
Türkiye


Gökhan GÖKALP
BURSA ULUDAG UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-3682-2474
Türkiye

Teşekkür The authors thank the Department of Radiology, Bursa Uludag University for their contribution.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 20 Kasım 2021
Kabul Tarihi 10 Kasım 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 6

Kaynak Göster

AMA Tuncel Çini N. , Işıklar S. , Arı İ. , Gökalp G. Evaluation of the relationship between the mastoid process and some anthropometric points on the skull and facial reconstruction. J Contemp Med. 2021; 11(6): 912-918.