Araştırma Makalesi
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Türkiye’de Bireylerin COVID-19 Pandemisi Korkusu ve Kontrol Algılarının Karşılaştırılması

Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 6, 838 - 845, 20.11.2021
https://doi.org/10.16899/jcm.940872

Öz

Amaç: Bu araştırma bireylerin COVİD-19 pandemisi korkusu ile kontrol algılarının karşılaştırılması amacı ile yapılmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Tanımlayıcı tasarımda yapılan araştırmanın örneklemini Türkiye’nin çeşitli illerinde yaşayan 18-70 yaş arasındaki 1749 birey oluşturmaktadır. Veriler çevrimiçi anket yolu ile toplanmıştır. Araştırmanın verilerinin toplanmasında “Sosyodemografik Bilgi Formu”, “COVİD-19 Korkusu Ölçeği (COVİD-19 KÖ)” ve “COVİD-19 Kontrol Algısı Ölçeği (COVİD-19 KAÖ)” kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Bireylerin COVİD-19 KÖ toplam puan ortalaması 21,75,8, COVİD-19 KAÖ toplam puan ortalaması ise 35,65,6 olarak bulunmuştur. COVİD-19 KÖ toplam puanı ile COVİD-19 KAÖ alt boyut toplam puanları arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir ilişki bulunurken; COVİD-19 KAÖ toplam puanının COVİD-19 KÖ toplam puanı üzerine istatiksel olarak anlamlı bir etkisi bulunmamıştır. Sonuç: Araştırmanın sonuçları doğrultusunda Türk toplumunda COVİD-19 pandemisi korkusu ile kontrol algısı arasında kısmen bir ilişki olduğu saptanmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Memiş Doğan M, Düzel B. Fear-anxiety levels in COVID-19. Turkish Studies 2020;15 (4): 739-52.
  • 2. Yıldız F. Epidemics in Anatolia at 19th century (the plague, the colera, the chicken pox and the malaria) and methods of struggles against epidemics. 2014, Dissertation, University of Pamukkale
  • 3. Zhu H, Wei L, Niu P. The novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China. Global Health Research And Policy 2020; 5, 6: 1-3.
  • 4. Perlman S. Another Decade, Another Coronavirus. The New England Journal of Medicine 2020; 382(8): 760–62.
  • 5. WHO Coronavirus (Retrieved April 12, 2020, from World Health Organization (WHO) 2020. Available from https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus#tab=tab_1.
  • 6. Lau JT, Yang X, Pang E, Tsui HY, Wong E, Wing YK. SARS-related perceptions in Hong Kong. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2005; 11 (3): 417-24.
  • 7. Taylor MR, Agho KE, Stevens GJ, Raphael B. Factors influencing psychological distress during a disease epidemic: data from Australia's first outbreak of equine influenza. BMC Public Health 2008; 8 (347):1-13.
  • 8. Zhang WR, Wang K, Yin L, Zhao WF, Xue Q, Peng M, Min BQ, Tian Q, Leng HX, Du JL, Chang H, Yang Y, Li W, Shangguan FF, Yan TY, Dong HQ, Han Y, Wang YP, Cosci F, Wang HX. Mental Health and Psychosocial Problems of Medical Health Workers during the COVID-19 Epidemic in China. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 2020;89 (4); 242–50.
  • 9. Cava MA, Fay KE, Beanlands HJ, McCay EA, Wignall R. The experience of quarantine for individuals affected by SARS in Toronto. Public Health Nursing 2005;22(5):398–406.
  • 10. Reynolds DL, Garay JR, Deamond SL, Moran MK, Gold W, Styra R. Understanding, compliance and psychological impact of the SARS quarantine experience. Epidemiology and İnfection 2008;136(7): 997-1007.
  • 11. Işıklı S. The psychological consequences of the COVID-19 outbreak and effective cooperation methods. 2020 Available from https://corona.hacettepe.edu.tr/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/Covid19_psikolojik_sonuclari_basa_cikma_yontemleri.pdf.
  • 12. Kobayashi T, Jung SM, Linton NM, Kinoshita R, Hayashi K, Miyama T, Anzai A, Yang Y, Yuan B, Akhmetzhanov AR, Suzuki A, Nishiura H. Communicating the risk of death from novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Journal of Clinical Medicine 2020;9 (2):580.
  • 13. Skinner EA, A guide to constructs of control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1996; 71 (3): 549-70.
  • 14. Smith RE, Effects of coping skills training on generalized self-efficacy and locus of control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1989; 56 (2): 228 –33.
  • 15. Li JB, Yang, A, Dou K, Cheung, R. Self-control moderates the association between perceived severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and mental health problems among the chinese public. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2020;17(13):4820.
  • 16. Li JB, Yang A, Dou K, Wang LX, Zhang MC, Lin XQ. Chinese public's knowledge, perceived severity, and perceived controllability of COVID-19 and their associations with emotional and behavioral reactions, social participation, and precautionary behavior: a national survey. BMC Public Health 2020; 20 (1): 1589.
  • 17. Ferguson SJ, Goodwin, AD. Optimism and well-being in older adults: the mediating role of social support and perceived control. International Journal of Aging & Human Development 2010; 71 (1): 43–68.
  • 18. Hofmann W, Luhmann M, Fisher RR, Vohs KD, Baumeister, RF. Yes, but are they happy? Effects of trait self-control on affective well-being and life satisfaction. Journal of Personality 2014; 82 (4): 265-77.
  • 19. Çırakoğlu OC. The investigation of swine infl uenza (H1N1) pandemic related perceptions in terms of anxiety and avoidance variables. Turkish Journal of Psychology 2011; 26 (67): 49-64.
  • 20. Bakioğlu F, Korkmaz O, Ercan H. Fear of COVID-19 and positivity: mediating role of intolerance of uncertainty, depression, anxiety, and stress. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 2020; 1–14.
  • 21. Eki̇z T, Ilıman E, Dönmez E. Comparison of health anxiety level and control perception of COVID-19. International Journal of Health Management and Strategies Research 2020; 6 (1): 139-54.
  • 22. Rubin GJ, Wessely S. The psychological effects of quarantining a city. BMJ 2020; m313.
  • 23. Özdin S, Bayrak Özdin Ş. Levels and predictors of anxiety, depression and health anxiety during COVID-19 pandemic in Turkish society: The importance of gender. The International Journal of Social Psychiatry 2020; 66 (5): 504–11.
  • 24. Ladi̇kli̇ N, Bahadır E, Soft F, Akkuzu H, Karaman G, Türkkan Z. The realiability and valıdıty of Turkısh version of corona virus anxıety scale. International Journal of Social Science, 2020; 3 (2): 71-80.
  • 25. Ahorsu DK, Lin CY, Imani V, Saffari M, Griffiths MD, Pakpour AH. The fear of COVID-19 scale: Development and initial validation. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 2020;1–9.
  • 26. Gencer N. Coronavirus (COVID-19) fear of individuals durıng the pandemia: Çorum sample . International Journal of Social Sciences Academy 2020; 4: 1153-73.
  • 27. Reznik A, Gritsenko V, Konstantinov V, Khamenka N, Isralowitz R. COVID-19 Fear in Eastern Europe: Validation of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 2020;1–6.
  • 28. Satici B, Saricali M, Satici SA, Griffiths MD. Intolerance of Uncertainty and Mental Wellbeing: Serial Mediation by Rumination and Fear of COVID-19. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 2020;1–12. Advance online publication.
  • 29. Duman N. COVID-19 fear and ıntolerance to uncertaınty ın unıversıty students. The Journal of Social Science 2020; 4 (8): 426-37.
  • 30. Zheng L, Miao M, Gan Y. Perceived Control Buffers the Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on General Health and Life Satisfaction: The Mediating Role of Psychological Distance. Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being 2020;12 (4): 1095–114.
  • 31. Alonso-Ferres M, Imami L, Slatcher, RB. Untangling the effects of partner responsiveness on health and well-being: The role of perceived control. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 2020; 37 (4): 1150-171.
  • 32. Lachman ME. Perceived control over aging-related declines. Current Directions in Psychological Science 2006; 15 (6): 282-86.

Comparison of İndividuals’ Fear of COVID-19 Pandemic and Perceived Control in Turkey

Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 6, 838 - 845, 20.11.2021
https://doi.org/10.16899/jcm.940872

Öz

Objective: This study was conducted to compare individuals’ fear of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and perceived control. Material and Method: The sample of this descriptive study comprised 1749 individuals between 18 and 70 years of age living in various provinces in Turkey. Data were collected via an online questionnaire. The “Sociodemographic Information Form,” “Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S),” and “COVID-19 Perceived Control Scale (CV-19PCS)” were used to collect data for this study. Results: It was determined that the FCV-19S mean total score of participants was 21.7 5.8 and the CV-19PCS mean total score was 35.6  5.6. There was a statistically significant correlation between the FCV-19S total score and CV-19PCS subdimension total scores, whereas no statistically significant effect of the CV-19PCS total score on the FCV-19S total score was found. Conclusion: The results of the study revealed a partial relationship between the fear of COVID-19 pandemic and perceived control in the Turkish society.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Memiş Doğan M, Düzel B. Fear-anxiety levels in COVID-19. Turkish Studies 2020;15 (4): 739-52.
  • 2. Yıldız F. Epidemics in Anatolia at 19th century (the plague, the colera, the chicken pox and the malaria) and methods of struggles against epidemics. 2014, Dissertation, University of Pamukkale
  • 3. Zhu H, Wei L, Niu P. The novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China. Global Health Research And Policy 2020; 5, 6: 1-3.
  • 4. Perlman S. Another Decade, Another Coronavirus. The New England Journal of Medicine 2020; 382(8): 760–62.
  • 5. WHO Coronavirus (Retrieved April 12, 2020, from World Health Organization (WHO) 2020. Available from https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus#tab=tab_1.
  • 6. Lau JT, Yang X, Pang E, Tsui HY, Wong E, Wing YK. SARS-related perceptions in Hong Kong. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2005; 11 (3): 417-24.
  • 7. Taylor MR, Agho KE, Stevens GJ, Raphael B. Factors influencing psychological distress during a disease epidemic: data from Australia's first outbreak of equine influenza. BMC Public Health 2008; 8 (347):1-13.
  • 8. Zhang WR, Wang K, Yin L, Zhao WF, Xue Q, Peng M, Min BQ, Tian Q, Leng HX, Du JL, Chang H, Yang Y, Li W, Shangguan FF, Yan TY, Dong HQ, Han Y, Wang YP, Cosci F, Wang HX. Mental Health and Psychosocial Problems of Medical Health Workers during the COVID-19 Epidemic in China. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 2020;89 (4); 242–50.
  • 9. Cava MA, Fay KE, Beanlands HJ, McCay EA, Wignall R. The experience of quarantine for individuals affected by SARS in Toronto. Public Health Nursing 2005;22(5):398–406.
  • 10. Reynolds DL, Garay JR, Deamond SL, Moran MK, Gold W, Styra R. Understanding, compliance and psychological impact of the SARS quarantine experience. Epidemiology and İnfection 2008;136(7): 997-1007.
  • 11. Işıklı S. The psychological consequences of the COVID-19 outbreak and effective cooperation methods. 2020 Available from https://corona.hacettepe.edu.tr/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/Covid19_psikolojik_sonuclari_basa_cikma_yontemleri.pdf.
  • 12. Kobayashi T, Jung SM, Linton NM, Kinoshita R, Hayashi K, Miyama T, Anzai A, Yang Y, Yuan B, Akhmetzhanov AR, Suzuki A, Nishiura H. Communicating the risk of death from novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Journal of Clinical Medicine 2020;9 (2):580.
  • 13. Skinner EA, A guide to constructs of control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1996; 71 (3): 549-70.
  • 14. Smith RE, Effects of coping skills training on generalized self-efficacy and locus of control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1989; 56 (2): 228 –33.
  • 15. Li JB, Yang, A, Dou K, Cheung, R. Self-control moderates the association between perceived severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and mental health problems among the chinese public. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2020;17(13):4820.
  • 16. Li JB, Yang A, Dou K, Wang LX, Zhang MC, Lin XQ. Chinese public's knowledge, perceived severity, and perceived controllability of COVID-19 and their associations with emotional and behavioral reactions, social participation, and precautionary behavior: a national survey. BMC Public Health 2020; 20 (1): 1589.
  • 17. Ferguson SJ, Goodwin, AD. Optimism and well-being in older adults: the mediating role of social support and perceived control. International Journal of Aging & Human Development 2010; 71 (1): 43–68.
  • 18. Hofmann W, Luhmann M, Fisher RR, Vohs KD, Baumeister, RF. Yes, but are they happy? Effects of trait self-control on affective well-being and life satisfaction. Journal of Personality 2014; 82 (4): 265-77.
  • 19. Çırakoğlu OC. The investigation of swine infl uenza (H1N1) pandemic related perceptions in terms of anxiety and avoidance variables. Turkish Journal of Psychology 2011; 26 (67): 49-64.
  • 20. Bakioğlu F, Korkmaz O, Ercan H. Fear of COVID-19 and positivity: mediating role of intolerance of uncertainty, depression, anxiety, and stress. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 2020; 1–14.
  • 21. Eki̇z T, Ilıman E, Dönmez E. Comparison of health anxiety level and control perception of COVID-19. International Journal of Health Management and Strategies Research 2020; 6 (1): 139-54.
  • 22. Rubin GJ, Wessely S. The psychological effects of quarantining a city. BMJ 2020; m313.
  • 23. Özdin S, Bayrak Özdin Ş. Levels and predictors of anxiety, depression and health anxiety during COVID-19 pandemic in Turkish society: The importance of gender. The International Journal of Social Psychiatry 2020; 66 (5): 504–11.
  • 24. Ladi̇kli̇ N, Bahadır E, Soft F, Akkuzu H, Karaman G, Türkkan Z. The realiability and valıdıty of Turkısh version of corona virus anxıety scale. International Journal of Social Science, 2020; 3 (2): 71-80.
  • 25. Ahorsu DK, Lin CY, Imani V, Saffari M, Griffiths MD, Pakpour AH. The fear of COVID-19 scale: Development and initial validation. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 2020;1–9.
  • 26. Gencer N. Coronavirus (COVID-19) fear of individuals durıng the pandemia: Çorum sample . International Journal of Social Sciences Academy 2020; 4: 1153-73.
  • 27. Reznik A, Gritsenko V, Konstantinov V, Khamenka N, Isralowitz R. COVID-19 Fear in Eastern Europe: Validation of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 2020;1–6.
  • 28. Satici B, Saricali M, Satici SA, Griffiths MD. Intolerance of Uncertainty and Mental Wellbeing: Serial Mediation by Rumination and Fear of COVID-19. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 2020;1–12. Advance online publication.
  • 29. Duman N. COVID-19 fear and ıntolerance to uncertaınty ın unıversıty students. The Journal of Social Science 2020; 4 (8): 426-37.
  • 30. Zheng L, Miao M, Gan Y. Perceived Control Buffers the Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on General Health and Life Satisfaction: The Mediating Role of Psychological Distance. Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being 2020;12 (4): 1095–114.
  • 31. Alonso-Ferres M, Imami L, Slatcher, RB. Untangling the effects of partner responsiveness on health and well-being: The role of perceived control. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 2020; 37 (4): 1150-171.
  • 32. Lachman ME. Perceived control over aging-related declines. Current Directions in Psychological Science 2006; 15 (6): 282-86.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Orjinal Araştırma
Yazarlar

Serap ÖZTÜRK ALTINAYAK (Sorumlu Yazar)
ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ, EBELİK BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0002-3882-0966
Türkiye


Zümrüt YILAR ERKEK
Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Ebelik bölümü
0000-0002-0495-9003
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 20 Kasım 2021
Kabul Tarihi 18 Ağustos 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 6

Kaynak Göster

AMA Öztürk Altınayak S. , Yılar Erkek Z. Comparison of İndividuals’ Fear of COVID-19 Pandemic and Perceived Control in Turkey. J Contemp Med. 2021; 11(6): 838-845.