Aim: Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent among children worldwide. This study aims to assess the frequency of vitamin D deficiency in children and how it varies according to gender, age, and season in Istanbul. Materials and methods: The study included 3096 children aged 0-18 admitted to the pediatric outpatient clinic in Istanbul. The serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D concentration was categorized into four groups: deficiency (<20 ng/mL), insufficiency (20–30 ng/mL), sufficiency (30-100 ng/mL), and toxicity (>100 ng/mL). Descriptive methods, Chi-square, Independent Samples T-Test, ANOVA, and correlation test were used in the statistical analysis of the data. Results: Of children, 52% were girls and 48% boys. The mean serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D concentration was 21.8 ± 15.8 ng/mL, and the frequency of vitamin D deficiency was 53.1%. There was a different distribution of vitamin D status between age groups. Vitamin D deficiency was more common in older children. There was also a significant difference between girls and boys in the frequency of vitamin D deficiency (57.6% versus 48.3%). The mean serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D concentration was significantly lower in winter and spring. A moderate negative correlation was found between age and serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D concentration (correlation coefficient:-0.36). Conclusion: This study showed that female sex, older children, and the winter/spring seasons were significantly associated with a higher frequency of vitamin D deficiency and a lower mean serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D concentration.
|Konular||Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri|
|Yayımlanma Tarihi||21 Eylül 2021|
|Kabul Tarihi||8 Eylül 2021|
|Yayınlandığı Sayı||Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 6 (Forthcoming Issue-Gelecek sayı)|