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Relation of anxiety and hopelessness levels of healthcare employees with personality traits during Covid-19 period

Yıl 2022, Cilt 12, Sayı 4, 509 - 514, 31.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.16899/jcm.1094939

Öz

Aim: Corona Virus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) is an acute respiratory infection that began in Wuhan province in China, and spread to many countries around the world. A limited number of studies were conducted in the literature to evaluate the mental health of healthcare employees during the COVID-19 period. The purpose was to evaluate the relation of the anxiety and hopelessness levels caused by COVID-19 pandemia period with personality traits of healthcare employees. Material and Methods: A total of 451 people participated in our study; including 221 healthcare employees and 230 non-medical community sampling. All participants filled the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS), Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Revised Eysenck Personality Survey-Shortened Form (EPS-RCF). Results: All the subscale scores of CAS and BHS were found to be high in healthcare employees. The EPS-RCF Neurotism subscale was also found to be high in healthcare employees. During the COVID-19 period, the anxiety and hopelessness levels of healthcare employees were found to be higher than non-medical community sampling. It was also found that the personality trait of Neurotism was dominant in healthcare employees, and that personality traits were associated with both anxiety and hopelessness levels. Conclusion: Our findings are very important for healthcare employees all over the world to reduce their anxiety, to increase future expectations, motivations and hopes for the future, and to be spiritually good during this pandemia period.

Kaynakça

  • Referans 1. Zhu N, Zhang D, Wang W, et al. A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019. N Engl J Med 2020; 382: 727-733.
  • Referans 2.World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019 [last accessed July 2020].
  • Referans 3. Huang Y, Zhao N. Generalized anxiety disorder, depressive symptoms and sleep quality during COVID-19 outbreak in China: a web-based cross-sectional survey. Psychiatry Res 2020; 112954.
  • Referans 4. Sher L. COVID-19, anxiety, sleep disturbances and suicide. Sleep Med 2020; 70:124.
  • Referans 5. Qiu J, Shen B, Zhao M, Wang Z, Xie B, Xu Y. A nationwide survey of psychological distress among Chinese people in the COVID-19 epidemic: implications and policy recommendations. Gen Psychiatr 2020; 33(2).
  • Referans 6. Zhang WR, Wang K, Yin L, et al. Mental health and psychosocial problems of medical health workers during the COVID-19 epidemic in China. Psychother Psychosom 2020; 89(4), 242-250.
  • Referans 7. Du J, Dong L, Wang T, et al. Psychological symptoms among frontline healthcare workers during COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan. Gen Hosp Psychiatr 2020; 3: S0163-8343(20)30045-1.
  • Referans 8. Lu W, Wang H, Lin Y, Li L. Psychological status of medical workforce during the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study. Psychiatry Res 2020; 112936.
  • Referans 9. Huang JZ, Han MF, Luo TD, Ren AK, Zhou XP. Mental health survey of 230 medical staff in a tertiary infectious disease hospital for COVID-19. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2020; 38(3):192-195.
  • Referans 10. Pappa S, Ntella V, Giannakas T, Giannakoulis VG, Papoutsi E, Katsaounou P. Prevalence of depression, anxiety, and insomnia among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Brain Behav Immun 2020; 88:901-907.
  • Referans 11. Lee SA. Coronavirus Anxiety Scale: A brief mental health screener for COVID-19 related anxiety. Death Stud 2020; 44(7): 393-401.
  • Referans 12. Evren C, Evren B, Dalbudak E, Topcu M, Kutlu N. Measuring anxiety related to COVID-19: A Turkish validation study of the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale. Death Stud 2020; 1-7.
  • Referans 13. Beck AT, Weissman A, Lester D, Trexler L. ‘’The measurement of pessimism: The hopelessness scale’’, J Consul Clin Psychol 1974; 42: 861-865.
  • Referans 14. Seber G, Dilbaz N, Kaptanoğlu C, Tekin D. ‘’Beck Umutsuzluk Ölçeği: Geçerlilik ve güvenirliği’’1993; 1(3): 139-142.
  • Referans 15. Eysenck SBG, Haapasalo J. Cross-cultural comparisons of personality: Finland and England. Pers Individ Dif 1989; 10:121-125.
  • Referans 16. Karancı AN, Dirik G, Yorulmaz E. Eysenck Kişilik Anketi-Gözden Geçirilmiş Kısallmış Formu’nun (EKA-GGK) Türkiye’de Geçerlik ve Güvenilirlik Çalışması. Turkish J Psychiatry 2007; 18(3):1-8.
  • Referans 17. Elbay RY, Kurtulmuş A, Arpacıoğlu S, Karadere E. Depression, Anxiety, Stress Levels of Physicians and Associated Factors In Covid-19 Pandemics. Psychiatry Res 2020; 113130.
  • Referans 18. Bao Y, Sun Y, Meng S, Shi J, Lu L. 2019-nCoV epidemic: address mental health care to empower society. Lancet 2020; 22 (395): e37–e38.
  • Referans 19. Hacimusalar Y, Kahve AC, Yasar AB, Aydin MS. Effects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on anxiety and hopelessness levels: A cross-sectional study in healthcare workers and community sample in Turkey. J Psychiatric Res 2020; 29:181-188.
  • Referans 20. Liang Y, Chen M, Zheng X, Liu J. Screening for Chinese medical staff mental health by SDS and SAS during the outbreak of COVID-19. J Psychosom Res 2020; 133:110102.
  • Referans 21. Lai J, Ma S, Wang Y, et al. Factors associated with mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019. JAMA Network Open 2020; 3(3): e203976-e203976.
  • Referans 22. Lew B, Huen J, Yu P, et al. Associations between depression, anxiety, stress, hopelessness, subjective well-being, coping styles and suicide in Chinese university students. PloS One 2019; 14(7): e0217372.
  • Referans 23. Łukasik M, Talarowska M, Szynkiewicz P, et al. The level of experienced stress and personality traits in health professionals-the Polish study. Polski Merkur Lekarski 2018; 45(269): 185-188.
  • Referans 24. Singh G, Zaidi SZH, Dubey A. Personality and psychological distress amonggeneral physicians and clinical psychologists. Int J Res Soc Sci 2019; 9(8): 229-249.
  • Referans 25. İzci F, Sarsanov D, Erdogan Zİ, et al. Impact of personality traits, anxiety, depression and hopelessness levels on quality of life in the patients with breast cancer. Eur J Breast Health 2018; 14(2): 105.

COVID-19 sürecinde sağlık çalışanlarının anksiyete ve umutsuzluk düzeylerinin kişilik özellikleri ile ilişkisi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 12, Sayı 4, 509 - 514, 31.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.16899/jcm.1094939

Öz

Amaç: Çalışmamızda yeni tip korona virüs (COVID-19) pandemi sürecinin, sağlık çalışanları üzerinde yol açtığı anksiyete ve umutsuzluk düzeylerinin kişilik özellikleri ile ilişkisini, sağlık çalışanı olmayan toplumsal örneklem ile karşılaştırarak değerlendirmeyi ve ek olarak anksiyete ile umutsuzluk düzeylerinin kişilik özellikleri ile olan ilişkisini incelemeyi amaçladık. Gereç ve Yöntem: Çalışma gönüllü, 25-55 yaş arasında olan sağlık çalışanı ve sağlıkçı dışı toplumsal örneklem ile online olarak yürütüldü. Tüm katılımcılara; sosyodemografik veri formu, Koronavirus Anksiyete Ölçeği (KAÖ), Beck Umutsuzluk Ölçeği (BUÖ), Gözden Geçirilmiş Eysenck Kişilik Anketi-Kısaltılmış Formu (EKA-GGK) uygulandı. Bulgular: Çalışmamıza 451 kişi katıldı. 221 sağlık çalışanı ve 230 sağlıkçı dışı toplumsal örneklem (kontrol grubu) olarak alındı. Katılımcıların yaş ortalaması, medeni durum, eğitim düzeyleri arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı farklılık yok iken, cinsiyet, meslekleri ve ekonomik durumları gruplar arasında istatistiksel olarak farklı idi. Sağlık çalışanlarında kadın/erkek oranı 2.62 iken; kontrol grubunda 1.3 olarak hesaplandı. Sağlık çalışanlarının ekonomik düzeyleri kontrol grubundan yüksekti. KAÖ ve BUÖ tüm alt boyut skorlarının sağlık çalışanlarında yüksek olduğu görüldü. EKA-GGK nörotizm alt boyutu sağlık çalışanlarında yüksek olarak bulunmuştur. Sonuç: COVID-19 sürecinde sağlık çalışanlarının anksiyete ve umutsuzluk düzeylerinin sağlıkçı dışı toplumsal örneklemden fazla olduğu tespit edildi. Sağlık çalışanlarında nörotizm kişilik özelliğinin baskın olduğu ve kişilik özellikleri ile hem anksiyete hem de umutsuzluk düzeylerinin ilişkili olduğu görüldü. Elde ettiğimiz bulgular tüm dünyada yaşanan bu salgın döneminde sağlık çalışanlarının anksiyetelerinin azaltılması, gelecek beklentilerinin, motivasyonlarının ve gelecek ile ilgili umutlarının arttırılması, ruhsal olarak iyi olmaları açısından oldukça önemlidir.

Kaynakça

  • Referans 1. Zhu N, Zhang D, Wang W, et al. A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019. N Engl J Med 2020; 382: 727-733.
  • Referans 2.World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019 [last accessed July 2020].
  • Referans 3. Huang Y, Zhao N. Generalized anxiety disorder, depressive symptoms and sleep quality during COVID-19 outbreak in China: a web-based cross-sectional survey. Psychiatry Res 2020; 112954.
  • Referans 4. Sher L. COVID-19, anxiety, sleep disturbances and suicide. Sleep Med 2020; 70:124.
  • Referans 5. Qiu J, Shen B, Zhao M, Wang Z, Xie B, Xu Y. A nationwide survey of psychological distress among Chinese people in the COVID-19 epidemic: implications and policy recommendations. Gen Psychiatr 2020; 33(2).
  • Referans 6. Zhang WR, Wang K, Yin L, et al. Mental health and psychosocial problems of medical health workers during the COVID-19 epidemic in China. Psychother Psychosom 2020; 89(4), 242-250.
  • Referans 7. Du J, Dong L, Wang T, et al. Psychological symptoms among frontline healthcare workers during COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan. Gen Hosp Psychiatr 2020; 3: S0163-8343(20)30045-1.
  • Referans 8. Lu W, Wang H, Lin Y, Li L. Psychological status of medical workforce during the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study. Psychiatry Res 2020; 112936.
  • Referans 9. Huang JZ, Han MF, Luo TD, Ren AK, Zhou XP. Mental health survey of 230 medical staff in a tertiary infectious disease hospital for COVID-19. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2020; 38(3):192-195.
  • Referans 10. Pappa S, Ntella V, Giannakas T, Giannakoulis VG, Papoutsi E, Katsaounou P. Prevalence of depression, anxiety, and insomnia among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Brain Behav Immun 2020; 88:901-907.
  • Referans 11. Lee SA. Coronavirus Anxiety Scale: A brief mental health screener for COVID-19 related anxiety. Death Stud 2020; 44(7): 393-401.
  • Referans 12. Evren C, Evren B, Dalbudak E, Topcu M, Kutlu N. Measuring anxiety related to COVID-19: A Turkish validation study of the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale. Death Stud 2020; 1-7.
  • Referans 13. Beck AT, Weissman A, Lester D, Trexler L. ‘’The measurement of pessimism: The hopelessness scale’’, J Consul Clin Psychol 1974; 42: 861-865.
  • Referans 14. Seber G, Dilbaz N, Kaptanoğlu C, Tekin D. ‘’Beck Umutsuzluk Ölçeği: Geçerlilik ve güvenirliği’’1993; 1(3): 139-142.
  • Referans 15. Eysenck SBG, Haapasalo J. Cross-cultural comparisons of personality: Finland and England. Pers Individ Dif 1989; 10:121-125.
  • Referans 16. Karancı AN, Dirik G, Yorulmaz E. Eysenck Kişilik Anketi-Gözden Geçirilmiş Kısallmış Formu’nun (EKA-GGK) Türkiye’de Geçerlik ve Güvenilirlik Çalışması. Turkish J Psychiatry 2007; 18(3):1-8.
  • Referans 17. Elbay RY, Kurtulmuş A, Arpacıoğlu S, Karadere E. Depression, Anxiety, Stress Levels of Physicians and Associated Factors In Covid-19 Pandemics. Psychiatry Res 2020; 113130.
  • Referans 18. Bao Y, Sun Y, Meng S, Shi J, Lu L. 2019-nCoV epidemic: address mental health care to empower society. Lancet 2020; 22 (395): e37–e38.
  • Referans 19. Hacimusalar Y, Kahve AC, Yasar AB, Aydin MS. Effects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on anxiety and hopelessness levels: A cross-sectional study in healthcare workers and community sample in Turkey. J Psychiatric Res 2020; 29:181-188.
  • Referans 20. Liang Y, Chen M, Zheng X, Liu J. Screening for Chinese medical staff mental health by SDS and SAS during the outbreak of COVID-19. J Psychosom Res 2020; 133:110102.
  • Referans 21. Lai J, Ma S, Wang Y, et al. Factors associated with mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019. JAMA Network Open 2020; 3(3): e203976-e203976.
  • Referans 22. Lew B, Huen J, Yu P, et al. Associations between depression, anxiety, stress, hopelessness, subjective well-being, coping styles and suicide in Chinese university students. PloS One 2019; 14(7): e0217372.
  • Referans 23. Łukasik M, Talarowska M, Szynkiewicz P, et al. The level of experienced stress and personality traits in health professionals-the Polish study. Polski Merkur Lekarski 2018; 45(269): 185-188.
  • Referans 24. Singh G, Zaidi SZH, Dubey A. Personality and psychological distress amonggeneral physicians and clinical psychologists. Int J Res Soc Sci 2019; 9(8): 229-249.
  • Referans 25. İzci F, Sarsanov D, Erdogan Zİ, et al. Impact of personality traits, anxiety, depression and hopelessness levels on quality of life in the patients with breast cancer. Eur J Breast Health 2018; 14(2): 105.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Orjinal Araştırma
Yazarlar

Gülay TAŞCI>
SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ELAZIĞ FETHİ SEKİN ŞEHİR SAĞLIK UYGULAMA VE ARAŞTIRMA MERKEZİ
0000-0003-2078-0182
Türkiye


Filiz ÖZSOY> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Gaziosmanpaşa üniversitesi tıp fakültesi
0000-0002-5198-8827
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Yoktur
Proje Numarası -
Teşekkür -
Erken Görünüm Tarihi 1 Haziran 2022
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Temmuz 2022
Kabul Tarihi 18 Nisan 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 12, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

AMA Taşcı G. , Özsoy F. Relation of anxiety and hopelessness levels of healthcare employees with personality traits during Covid-19 period. J Contemp Med. 2022; 12(4): 509-514.