Klinik Araştırma
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Oral ve Maksillofasiyal Patolojilerin Retrospektif Analizi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 12, Sayı 6, 877 - 883, 30.11.2022
https://doi.org/10.16899/jcm.1187584

Öz

Objectives: The aim of this study is to analyze the biopsy results of oral and maxillofacial lesions and to discuss them in the accompanied by the literature. Material and Method: In the study, biopsy results of 644 patients who were admitted to Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology between 2016-2021 for various reasons and subsequently diagnosed with oral and maxillofacial pathology were retrospectively analyzed using digital archives. Age, gender, location of the lesions and pathological diagnoses of the patients were recorded. Results: In the study, 344 (53,41%) of the patients whose biopsy reports were examined were male and 300 (46,59%) were female, and the male: female (M: F) ratio was determined to be 1,15:1. The age range varied between 7 and 88 years and the mean age was 37,85±17,35 years. Out of a total of 644 lesions, 436 (67,8%) were cysts, 148 (23,1%) were inflammatory/reactive lesions, 57 (9,3%) were benign tumors and tumor-like lesions, and 3 (0,5%) were included in the malignant tumor and tumor-like lesion group. Conclusions: The analysis of data on oral and maxillofacial lesions is of great importance for the planning of preventive and therapeutic services. Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, oral ve maksillofasiyal lezyonların biyopsi sonuçlarını analiz etmek ve literatür eşliğinde tartışmaktır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Çalışmada, 2016-2021 yılları arasında Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Ağız, Diş ve Çene Radyolojisi Anabilim Dalı'na çeşitli nedenlerle başvuran ve sonrasında oral ve maksillofasiyal patoloji tanısı alan 644 hastanın biyopsi sonuçları dijital arşiv kullanılarak retrospektif olarak incelenmiştir. Hastaların yaşları, cinsiyetleri, lezyonların lokalizsyonları ve patolojik tanıları kaydedildi. Bulgular: Çalışmada, biyopsi raporu incelenen hastaların 344'ü (%53,41) erkek, 300'ü (%46,59) kadın olup, erkek:kadın (E:K) oranı 1,15 :bir olarak belirlendi. Yaş aralığı 7 ile 88 arasında değişmekte olup, yaş ortalaması 37,85±17,35 yıl idi. Toplam 644 lezyonun 436'sı (%67,8) kist, 148'i (%23,1) inflamatuar/reaktif lezyonlar, 57'si (%9,3) iyi huylu tümörler ve tümör benzeri lezyonlardı ve geriye kalan 3 (% 0,5) patoloji malign tümör ve tümör benzeri lezyon grubundaydı. Sonuç: Oral ve maksillofasiyal lezyonlara ilişkin verilerin analizi, koruyucu ve tedavi edici hizmetlerin planlanması için büyük önem taşımaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Montero PH, Patel SG. Cancer of the oral cavity. Surg Oncol Clin N Am 2015;24:491-508.
  • 2. Sixto-Requeijo R, Diniz-Freitas M, Torreira-Lorenzo JC, García-García A, Gándara-Rey JM. An analysis of oral biopsies extracted from 1995 to 2009, in an oral medicine and surgery unit in Galicia (Spain). Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2012;17:16-22.
  • 3. Abati S, Bramati C, Bondi S, Lissoni A, Trimarchi M. Oral Cancer and Precancer: A Narrative Review on the Relevance of Early Diagnosis. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020;17:9160.
  • 4. Goutzanis L. Differential Retrospective Analysis in Oral Cancerous, Pre-cancerous, and Benign Tissue Biopsies. Cureus 2022;14:e24956.
  • 5. Fernandes AM, Duarte EC, Pimenta FJ, et al. Odontogenic tumors: a study of 340 cases in a Brazilian population. J Oral Pathol Med 2005;34:583-587.
  • 6. Kelloway E, Ha WN, Dost F, Farah CS. A retrospective analysis of oral and maxillofacial pathology in an Australian adult population. Aust Dent J 2014;59:215-220.
  • 7. Parkins GE, Armah G, Ampofo P. Tumours and tumour-like lesions of the lower face at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana--an eight year study. World J Surg Oncol 2007;5:1-7.
  • 8. Dovigi EA, Kwok EY, Eversole LR, Dovigi AJ. A retrospective study of 51,781 adult oral and maxillofacial biopsies. J Am Dent Assoc 2016;147:170-176.
  • 9. Brown A, Ravichandran K, Warnakulasuriya S. The unequal burden related to the risk of oral cancer in the different regions of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Community Dent Health 2006;23:101-106.
  • 10. Hosgor H, Tokuc B, Kan B, Coskunses FM. Evaluation of biopsies of oral and maxillofacial lesions: a retrospective study. J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019;45:316-323.
  • 11. Saleh SM, Idris AM, Vani NV, et al. Retrospective analysis of biopsied oral and maxillofacial lesions in South-Western Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J 2017;38:405-412.
  • 12. Yakin M, Jalal JA, Al-Khurri LE, Rich AM. Oral and maxillofacial pathology submitted to Rizgary Teaching Hospital: a 6-year retrospective study. Int Dent J 2016;66:78-85.
  • 13. Jones AV, Franklin CD. An analysis of oral and maxillofacial pathology found in adults over a 30-year period. J Oral Pathol Med 2006;35:392-401.
  • 14.Kammer PV, Mello FW, Rivero ERC. Comparative analysis between developmental and inflammatory odontogenic cysts: retrospective study and literature review. Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020;24:73-84.
  • 15. Açikgöz A, Uzun-Bulut E, Özden B, Gündüz K. Prevalence and distribution of odontogenic and nonodontogenic cysts in a Turkish population. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2012;17:108-115.
  • 16. Meningaud JP, Oprean N, Pitak-Arnnop P, Bertrand JC. Odontogenic cysts: a clinical study of 695 cases. J Oral Sci 2006;48:59-62.
  • 17. Lei F, Chen JY, Wang WC, Lin LM, Huang HC, Ho KY, et al. Retrospective study of oral and maxillofacial lesions in older T aiwanese patients. Gerodontology 2015;32:281-7.
  • 18. Tamiolakis P, Thermos G, Tosios KI, Sklavounou-Andrikopoulou A. Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of 5294 Jaw Cysts: A Retrospective Study of 38 Years. Head Neck Pathol 2019;13:587-596.
  • 19. de Souza LB, Gordón-Núñez MA, Nonaka CF, de Medeiros MC, Torres TF, Emiliano GB. Odontogenic cysts: demographic profile in a Brazilian population over a 38-year period. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2010;15:583-590.
  • 20. da Silva LP, Gonzaga AK, Severo ML, et al. Epidemiologic study of odontogenic and non-odontogenic cysts in children and adolescents of a Brazilian population. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2018;23:49-53.
  • 21. Bassetti MA, Kuttenberger J, Novak J, Bassetti RG. The dentigerous cyst: two different treatment options illustrated by two cases. Swiss Dent J 2019;129:193-203.
  • 22. Ulaganathan G, Babu SS, Senthilmoorthy M, Prasad V, Kalaiselvan S, Kumar RSA. Retrospective Analysis of Oral and Maxillofacial Biopsies: An Institutional Study. J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2020;12(Suppl 1):468-471.
  • 23. Sangle VA, Pooja VK, Holani A, Shah N, Chaudhary M, Khanapure S. Reactive hyperplastic lesions of the oral cavity: A retrospective survey study and literature review. Indian J Dent Res 2018;29:61-66.
  • 24. Sharifian MJ, Khalili M. Odontogenic cysts: a retrospective study of 1227 cases in an Iranian population from 1987 to 2007. J Oral Sci 2011;53:361-367.
  • 25. Mendez M, Carrard VC, Haas AN, et al. A 10-year study of specimens submitted to oral pathology laboratory analysis: lesion occurrence and demographic features. Braz Oral Res 2012;26:235-241.
  • 26. Chrcanovic BR, Gomes CC, Gomez RS. Peripheral giant cell granuloma: An updated analysis of 2824 cases reported in the literature. J Oral Pathol Med 2018;47:454-459.
  • 27. Boffano P, Benech R, Roccia F, Gallesio C, Garzaro M, Pecorari G. Review of peripheral giant cell granulomas. J Craniofac Surg 2013;24:2206-2208.
  • 28. Singh HP, S H T, Gandhi P, Salgotra V, Choudhary S, Agarwal R. A Retrospective Study to Evaluate Biopsies of Oral and Maxillofacial Lesions. J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2021;13(Suppl 1):116-119.
  • 29. Ramos Gde O, Porto JC, Vieira DS, Siqueira FM, Rivero ER. Odontogenic tumors: a 14-year retrospective study in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Braz Oral Res 2014;28:33-38.
  • 30. Al-Aroomy L, Wali M, Alwadeai M, Desouky EE, Amer H. Odontogenic tumors: A Retrospective Study in Egyptian population using WHO 2017 classification. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2022;27:198-204.
  • 31. Jaafari-Ashkavandi Z, Akbari B. Clinicopathologic Study of Intra- Osseous Lesions of the Jaws in Southern Iranian Population. J Dent (Shiraz) 2017;18:259-264.
  • 32. Almoznino G, Zadik Y, Vered M, et al. Oral and maxillofacial pathologies in young- and middle-aged adults. Oral Dis 2015;21:493-500.

Retrospective Analysis of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologies

Yıl 2022, Cilt 12, Sayı 6, 877 - 883, 30.11.2022
https://doi.org/10.16899/jcm.1187584

Öz

Objectives: The aim of this study is to analyze the biopsy results of oral and maxillofacial lesions and to discuss them in the accompanied by the literature. Material and Method: In the study, biopsy results of 644 patients who were admitted to Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology between 2016-2021 for various reasons and subsequently diagnosed with oral and maxillofacial pathology were retrospectively analyzed using digital archives. Age, gender, location of the lesions and pathological diagnoses of the patients were recorded. Results: In the study, 344 (53,41%) of the patients whose biopsy reports were examined were male and 300 (46,59%) were female, and the male: female (M: F) ratio was determined to be 1,15:1. The age range varied between 7 and 88 years and the mean age was 37,85±17,35 years. Out of a total of 644 lesions, 436 (67,8%) were cysts, 148 (23,1%) were inflammatory/reactive lesions, 57 (9,3%) were benign tumors and tumor-like lesions, and 3 (0,5%) were included in the malignant tumor and tumor-like lesion group. Conclusions: The analysis of data on oral and maxillofacial lesions is of great importance for the planning of preventive and therapeutic services. Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, oral ve maksillofasiyal lezyonların biyopsi sonuçlarını analiz etmek ve literatür eşliğinde tartışmaktır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Çalışmada, 2016-2021 yılları arasında Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Ağız, Diş ve Çene Radyolojisi Anabilim Dalı'na çeşitli nedenlerle başvuran ve sonrasında oral ve maksillofasiyal patoloji tanısı alan 644 hastanın biyopsi sonuçları dijital arşiv kullanılarak retrospektif olarak incelenmiştir. Hastaların yaşları, cinsiyetleri, lezyonların lokalizsyonları ve patolojik tanıları kaydedildi. Bulgular: Çalışmada, biyopsi raporu incelenen hastaların 344'ü (%53,41) erkek, 300'ü (%46,59) kadın olup, erkek:kadın (E:K) oranı 1,15 :bir olarak belirlendi. Yaş aralığı 7 ile 88 arasında değişmekte olup, yaş ortalaması 37,85±17,35 yıl idi. Toplam 644 lezyonun 436'sı (%67,8) kist, 148'i (%23,1) inflamatuar/reaktif lezyonlar, 57'si (%9,3) iyi huylu tümörler ve tümör benzeri lezyonlardı ve geriye kalan 3 (% 0,5) patoloji malign tümör ve tümör benzeri lezyon grubundaydı. Sonuç: Oral ve maksillofasiyal lezyonlara ilişkin verilerin analizi, koruyucu ve tedavi edici hizmetlerin planlanması için büyük önem taşımaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Montero PH, Patel SG. Cancer of the oral cavity. Surg Oncol Clin N Am 2015;24:491-508.
  • 2. Sixto-Requeijo R, Diniz-Freitas M, Torreira-Lorenzo JC, García-García A, Gándara-Rey JM. An analysis of oral biopsies extracted from 1995 to 2009, in an oral medicine and surgery unit in Galicia (Spain). Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2012;17:16-22.
  • 3. Abati S, Bramati C, Bondi S, Lissoni A, Trimarchi M. Oral Cancer and Precancer: A Narrative Review on the Relevance of Early Diagnosis. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020;17:9160.
  • 4. Goutzanis L. Differential Retrospective Analysis in Oral Cancerous, Pre-cancerous, and Benign Tissue Biopsies. Cureus 2022;14:e24956.
  • 5. Fernandes AM, Duarte EC, Pimenta FJ, et al. Odontogenic tumors: a study of 340 cases in a Brazilian population. J Oral Pathol Med 2005;34:583-587.
  • 6. Kelloway E, Ha WN, Dost F, Farah CS. A retrospective analysis of oral and maxillofacial pathology in an Australian adult population. Aust Dent J 2014;59:215-220.
  • 7. Parkins GE, Armah G, Ampofo P. Tumours and tumour-like lesions of the lower face at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana--an eight year study. World J Surg Oncol 2007;5:1-7.
  • 8. Dovigi EA, Kwok EY, Eversole LR, Dovigi AJ. A retrospective study of 51,781 adult oral and maxillofacial biopsies. J Am Dent Assoc 2016;147:170-176.
  • 9. Brown A, Ravichandran K, Warnakulasuriya S. The unequal burden related to the risk of oral cancer in the different regions of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Community Dent Health 2006;23:101-106.
  • 10. Hosgor H, Tokuc B, Kan B, Coskunses FM. Evaluation of biopsies of oral and maxillofacial lesions: a retrospective study. J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019;45:316-323.
  • 11. Saleh SM, Idris AM, Vani NV, et al. Retrospective analysis of biopsied oral and maxillofacial lesions in South-Western Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J 2017;38:405-412.
  • 12. Yakin M, Jalal JA, Al-Khurri LE, Rich AM. Oral and maxillofacial pathology submitted to Rizgary Teaching Hospital: a 6-year retrospective study. Int Dent J 2016;66:78-85.
  • 13. Jones AV, Franklin CD. An analysis of oral and maxillofacial pathology found in adults over a 30-year period. J Oral Pathol Med 2006;35:392-401.
  • 14.Kammer PV, Mello FW, Rivero ERC. Comparative analysis between developmental and inflammatory odontogenic cysts: retrospective study and literature review. Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020;24:73-84.
  • 15. Açikgöz A, Uzun-Bulut E, Özden B, Gündüz K. Prevalence and distribution of odontogenic and nonodontogenic cysts in a Turkish population. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2012;17:108-115.
  • 16. Meningaud JP, Oprean N, Pitak-Arnnop P, Bertrand JC. Odontogenic cysts: a clinical study of 695 cases. J Oral Sci 2006;48:59-62.
  • 17. Lei F, Chen JY, Wang WC, Lin LM, Huang HC, Ho KY, et al. Retrospective study of oral and maxillofacial lesions in older T aiwanese patients. Gerodontology 2015;32:281-7.
  • 18. Tamiolakis P, Thermos G, Tosios KI, Sklavounou-Andrikopoulou A. Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of 5294 Jaw Cysts: A Retrospective Study of 38 Years. Head Neck Pathol 2019;13:587-596.
  • 19. de Souza LB, Gordón-Núñez MA, Nonaka CF, de Medeiros MC, Torres TF, Emiliano GB. Odontogenic cysts: demographic profile in a Brazilian population over a 38-year period. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2010;15:583-590.
  • 20. da Silva LP, Gonzaga AK, Severo ML, et al. Epidemiologic study of odontogenic and non-odontogenic cysts in children and adolescents of a Brazilian population. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2018;23:49-53.
  • 21. Bassetti MA, Kuttenberger J, Novak J, Bassetti RG. The dentigerous cyst: two different treatment options illustrated by two cases. Swiss Dent J 2019;129:193-203.
  • 22. Ulaganathan G, Babu SS, Senthilmoorthy M, Prasad V, Kalaiselvan S, Kumar RSA. Retrospective Analysis of Oral and Maxillofacial Biopsies: An Institutional Study. J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2020;12(Suppl 1):468-471.
  • 23. Sangle VA, Pooja VK, Holani A, Shah N, Chaudhary M, Khanapure S. Reactive hyperplastic lesions of the oral cavity: A retrospective survey study and literature review. Indian J Dent Res 2018;29:61-66.
  • 24. Sharifian MJ, Khalili M. Odontogenic cysts: a retrospective study of 1227 cases in an Iranian population from 1987 to 2007. J Oral Sci 2011;53:361-367.
  • 25. Mendez M, Carrard VC, Haas AN, et al. A 10-year study of specimens submitted to oral pathology laboratory analysis: lesion occurrence and demographic features. Braz Oral Res 2012;26:235-241.
  • 26. Chrcanovic BR, Gomes CC, Gomez RS. Peripheral giant cell granuloma: An updated analysis of 2824 cases reported in the literature. J Oral Pathol Med 2018;47:454-459.
  • 27. Boffano P, Benech R, Roccia F, Gallesio C, Garzaro M, Pecorari G. Review of peripheral giant cell granulomas. J Craniofac Surg 2013;24:2206-2208.
  • 28. Singh HP, S H T, Gandhi P, Salgotra V, Choudhary S, Agarwal R. A Retrospective Study to Evaluate Biopsies of Oral and Maxillofacial Lesions. J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2021;13(Suppl 1):116-119.
  • 29. Ramos Gde O, Porto JC, Vieira DS, Siqueira FM, Rivero ER. Odontogenic tumors: a 14-year retrospective study in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Braz Oral Res 2014;28:33-38.
  • 30. Al-Aroomy L, Wali M, Alwadeai M, Desouky EE, Amer H. Odontogenic tumors: A Retrospective Study in Egyptian population using WHO 2017 classification. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2022;27:198-204.
  • 31. Jaafari-Ashkavandi Z, Akbari B. Clinicopathologic Study of Intra- Osseous Lesions of the Jaws in Southern Iranian Population. J Dent (Shiraz) 2017;18:259-264.
  • 32. Almoznino G, Zadik Y, Vered M, et al. Oral and maxillofacial pathologies in young- and middle-aged adults. Oral Dis 2015;21:493-500.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Orjinal Araştırma
Yazarlar

Emre HAYLAZ> (Sorumlu Yazar)
ZONGULDAK BULENT ECEVİT UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-7330-9525
Türkiye


Çiğdem ŞEKER>
ZONGULDAK BULENT ECEVİT UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-8984-1241
Türkiye


Gediz GEDUK>
ZONGULDAK BULENT ECEVİT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-9650-2149
Türkiye


Murat İÇEN>
NEVSEHIR HACI BEKTAS VELI UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-2779-5646
Türkiye


Elif Aslı GÜLŞEN>
ZONGULDAK BULENT ECEVİT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-8543-5171
Türkiye

Erken Görünüm Tarihi 1 Ekim 2022
Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Kasım 2022
Kabul Tarihi 14 Kasım 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 12, Sayı 6

Kaynak Göster

AMA Haylaz E. , Şeker Ç. , Geduk G. , İçen M. , Gülşen E. A. Retrospective Analysis of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologies. J Contemp Med. 2022; 12(6): 877-883.