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Possible Effects of Climate Change on Bats

Yıl 2022, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, 174 - 198, 05.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.53472/jenas.1149503

Öz

As one of our era’s most important environmental problems, climate change has negative effects on species, communities, and ecosystems. Bats have a wide distribution throughout Earth and significant roles in several ecosystem processes but they are also among organisms that will be negatively affected by climate change. In this study, possible effects of climate change on bats were revealed by reviewing observational, experimental, and modeling studies conducted in various biomes and geographies worldwide. In those studies, results on distribution, abundance, physiology, phenology, habitats, interactions with other species, foraging activity, and pathogen distribution efficiency of bat species were obtained. Available data suggest that responses of bat populations to climate change are complex, and generalizing is difficult due to species-specific responses. This review shows that our knowledge of the responses of bats to climate change is limited. More research is required on the response of bats to climate change, especially at the species level, in bats with different climatic requirements in different biogeographic regions.

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İklim Değişikliğinin Yarasalar Üzerine Olası Etkileri

Yıl 2022, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, 174 - 198, 05.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.53472/jenas.1149503

Öz

Çağımızın en önemli çevre sorunları arasında yer alan iklim değişikliği, türler, komüniteler ve ekosistemler üzerinde önemli olumsuz etkiler oluşturmaktadır. Dünyada geniş yayılış gösteren ve ekosistemlerin işleyişinde önemli rollere sahip olan yarasalar, iklim değişikliğinden önemli ölçüde etkilenecek canlılar arasındadır. Bu çalışmada, iklim değişikliğinin yarasalar üzerindeki olası etkileri, dünyanın farklı biyom ve coğrafyalarında gerçekleştirilen gözlemsel, deneysel ve modelleme odaklı çalışmaların derlenerek ortaya konmuştur. Bu çalışmalarda, yarasa türlerinin alansal yayılımı, bolluğu, fizyolojisi, fenolojisi, habitatları, diğer türlerle olan etkileşimleri, yiyecek arama aktivitesi ve patojen yayma etkinliği üzerine iklim değişikliğinin etkileri olduğuna ilişkin bulgular elde edilmiştir. Mevcut veriler, yarasa popülasyonlarının iklim değişikliğine karşı verdiği tepkilerin karmaşık olduğunu ve türe özgü tepkiler nedeniyle genelleme yapmanın zor olduğunu göstermektedir. Bu derleme çalışması, yarasaların iklim değişikliğine verdiği ve vereceği tepkiler hakkında sahip olduğumuz bilgilerin sınırlı olduğunu göstermiştir. Farklı biyocoğrafi bölgelerde yayılım gösteren ve farklı iklimsel gereksinimleri olan yarasaların iklim değişikliğine tepkilerinin özellikle tür seviyesinde daha çok araştırılması gerekmektedir.

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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Çevre Bilimleri, Halk ve Çevre Sağlığı
Bölüm Derlemeler
Yazarlar

Mina Cansu KARAER> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi
0000-0002-5765-4860
Türkiye


Tarkan YORULMAZ>
ÇANKIRI KARATEKİN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-9033-7162
Türkiye


Çağatay TAVŞANOĞLU>
HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-4447-6492
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum TÜBİTAK
Proje Numarası 121Z307
Teşekkür Bu çalışma 121Z307 nolu "İklimsel Parametrelerin Myotis myotis'in (Büyük farekulaklı yarasa) Aktivite Örüntüsü ve Beslenme İlişkisi Üzerine Etkileri" isimli TÜBİTAK projesi kapsamında gerçekleştirilmiştir. Mina Cansu Karaer Yükseköğretim Kurulu'nun 100/2000 öncelikli alan doktora bursu ile desteklenmiştir.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 5 Eylül 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 4, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Karaer, M. C. , Yorulmaz, T. & Tavşanoğlu, Ç. (2022). İklim Değişikliğinin Yarasalar Üzerine Olası Etkileri . JENAS Journal of Environmental and Natural Studies , 4 (2) , 174-198 . DOI: 10.53472/jenas.1149503

JENAS | Journal of Environmental and Natural Studies