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AVRUPA BİRLİĞİ’NDE MALİ KOORDİNASYON: İSTİKRAR VE BÜYÜME PAKTI VE REFORMLARI

Yıl 2020, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 60 - 72, 15.09.2020

Öz

Bu çalışmada Avrupa Birliği’nin mali koordinasyonunu sağlamak üzere oluşturulmuş İstikrar ve Büyüme Paktı’nın gelişimi incelenmiştir. Avrupa Birliği para politikasında ortak ve merkezi uygulamaları benimserken maliye politikasında ortak bir uygulamaya gitmemiştir. İstikrar ve Büyüme Paktı (İBP), para ve maliye politikası arasındaki farklı yaklaşımdan kaynaklanan uyumsuzlukları gidermek amacıyla Avrupa Birliği’ndeki üye ülkelerin maliye politikalarının koordine edilmesini sağlamak için tasarlanmış kurallar bütünüdür. Üye ülkelerin maliye politikalarının gözetimi ve bütçe açıklarının izlenmesi hükümlerini açıklayan İBP 1997 yılından bu yana kurallara uyumu artırmak ve ekonomik olumsuzlukları azaltmaya yardımcı olmak üzere çeşitli reformlara tabi tutulmuştur. Reformların detayları incelendiğinde, üye ülkelerin ekonomik farklılıklarından kaynaklanan sorunların ve ekonomik kırılmaların reformları hızlandırdığı görülmektedir. Aynı zamanda reformlarla mali kuralların ekonomik büyüme ve istihdam amacını daha fazla dikkate alan bir yaklaşımla esnetildiğini söylemek mümkündür.

Kaynakça

  • Annett, A. ve Jaeger, A. (2004). Europe’s Quest For Fiscal Discipline, Finance And Development, June 2004, 22-25.
  • Archick, K. (2017). The European Union: Current Challenges And Future Prospects, Congressional Research Service, 7-5700, 1-21.
  • Burret, H. T. ve Schnellenbach, J. (2013), Implementation Of The Fiscal Compact In The Euro Area Member States, German Council Of Economic Experts Working Paper 08/2013, 1-51.
  • Claeys, G. vd. (2016). A Proposal To Revive The European Fiscal Framework, Bruegel Policy Contribution, Issue 2016/7, 1-20.
  • European Commission. (2017). Vade Mecum On The Stabilityand Growth Pact, EC Economic And Financial Affairs, Institutional Paper 052, 1-224
  • European Commission. (2016). Specifications On The Implementation Of The Stability And Growth Pact And Guidelines On The Format And Content Of Stability And Convergence Programmes. https://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/economic_governance/sgp/pdf/coc/code_of_conduct_en.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 22.08.2020).
  • European Commission. (2015). Making The Best Use Of The Flexibility Within The Existing Rules Of The Stability And Growth Pact, Strasbourg, 13.1.2015 COM(2015) 12 Final Provisional.
  • European Commission. (2013a). Building A Strengthened Fiscal Framework In TheEuropeanUnion: A Guide To The Stability And Growth Pact, European Economy Occasional Paper 150, 1-35.
  • European Commission. (2013b). ‘Two-Pack’ Completes Budgetary Surveillance Cycle For Euro Area And Further Improves Economic Governance, MEMO/13/196.
  • Fantacone, S. vd. (2015). European Fiscal Stance: Between Rigidity And Rigid Flexibility, Italian Fiscal Policy Review, 109-122. http://romatrepress.uniroma3.it/ojs/index.php/fiscal/article/view/818/812 (Erişim Tarihi: 15.08.2020).
  • Haan, J, vd. (2013). How To Enforce Fiscal Discipline In EMU: A Proposal, SwissSociety Of Economics And Statistics, Vol. 149 (2), 205–217.
  • Heinemann, F., vd. (2014). Fiscal Rules And Compliance Expectations- Evidence For The German Debt Brake, ZEW Discussion Paper No. 14-034, 1-36.
  • Koester, G.B. vd. (2013). The New EU Fiscal Governance Framework: A Quantum Leap Or Only Small Steps Ahead?, 10th Euroframe Conference On Economic Policy Issues In The European Union, Warsaw, 1-42.
  • Maastricht Antlaşması, (1992). https://europa.eu/european-union/sites/europaeu/files/docs/body/treaty_on_european_union_en.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 22.08.2020).
  • Moriıs, R. vd. (2006). The Reform AndImplementation Of The Stability And Growth Pact, European Central Park, OccasionalPaper Series No. 47 / June 2006.
  • Ngai, V. (2012). Stability And Growth Pact And Fiscal Discipline In The Eurozone, ss.1-91. https://fic.wharton.upenn.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/12-10.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 20.08.2020).
  • Płóciennik, S. (2017). Rebalancing The Fiscal Framework In The European Union: Perspectives Of Germany, France And Poland, The Polish Institute Of International Affairs Reporti, 1-42.
  • Puiu, C. (2013). The Structural Deficit-A New Measure For Fiscal Discipline In The Euro Area, The USV Annals of EconomicsandPublic Administration, Volume 13, 2(18), 174-172.
  • Schuknecht, L. vd. (2011). The Stability And Growth Pact Crisis And Reform, European Central Bank Occasional Paper Series No. 129/September 2011. https://www.ecb.europa.eu/pub/pdf/scpops/ecbocp129.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 11.08.2020).
  • Soukiazis, E. ve Castro, V. (2003). The Impact Of The Maastricht Criteria And The Stability And Growth Pact On Growth And Unemployment In Europe, CEUNEUROP Discussion Paper No. 15, 1-33.
  • https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/history (Erişim Tarihi: 21.08.2020).
  • https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/01/weodata/index.aspx (Erişim Tarihi: 22.08.2020).
  • https://ec.europa.eu/info/business-economy-euro/economic-and-fiscal-policy-coordination_en (Erişim Tarihi: 20.08.2020).
  • https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/en/data/database (Erişim Tarihi: 22.08.2020).
  • https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_15_3220 (Erişim Tarihi: 20.08.2020).

FISCAL COORDINATION IN EUROPEAN UNION: STABILITY AND GROWTH PACT AND REFORMS

Yıl 2020, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 60 - 72, 15.09.2020

Öz

In this study, the development of the Stability and GrowthPact, which was established to ensure the financial coordination of the European Union, was examined. While the European Union has adopted commonand central practices in its monetary policy, it has not made a commonpractice in fiscal policy. The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) is a set of rules designed to ensure the coordination of the fiscal policies of the member states in the European Union in order to eliminate the incompatibilities arising from the different approach between monetary and fiscal policy. Explaining the provisions of the monitoring of the fiscal policies of the member countries and the monitoring of budget deficits, the SGP has been subjected to various reforms since 1997 to increase compliance to the rules and help reduce economic problems. When the details of the reforms are examined, it is seen that the problems caused by the economic differences of the member countries and economic breakdown accelerate the reforms. At the same time, it is possible to say that with the reforms, fiscal rules have been stretched with an approach that takes more into account the purpose of economic growth and employment.

Kaynakça

  • Annett, A. ve Jaeger, A. (2004). Europe’s Quest For Fiscal Discipline, Finance And Development, June 2004, 22-25.
  • Archick, K. (2017). The European Union: Current Challenges And Future Prospects, Congressional Research Service, 7-5700, 1-21.
  • Burret, H. T. ve Schnellenbach, J. (2013), Implementation Of The Fiscal Compact In The Euro Area Member States, German Council Of Economic Experts Working Paper 08/2013, 1-51.
  • Claeys, G. vd. (2016). A Proposal To Revive The European Fiscal Framework, Bruegel Policy Contribution, Issue 2016/7, 1-20.
  • European Commission. (2017). Vade Mecum On The Stabilityand Growth Pact, EC Economic And Financial Affairs, Institutional Paper 052, 1-224
  • European Commission. (2016). Specifications On The Implementation Of The Stability And Growth Pact And Guidelines On The Format And Content Of Stability And Convergence Programmes. https://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/economic_governance/sgp/pdf/coc/code_of_conduct_en.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 22.08.2020).
  • European Commission. (2015). Making The Best Use Of The Flexibility Within The Existing Rules Of The Stability And Growth Pact, Strasbourg, 13.1.2015 COM(2015) 12 Final Provisional.
  • European Commission. (2013a). Building A Strengthened Fiscal Framework In TheEuropeanUnion: A Guide To The Stability And Growth Pact, European Economy Occasional Paper 150, 1-35.
  • European Commission. (2013b). ‘Two-Pack’ Completes Budgetary Surveillance Cycle For Euro Area And Further Improves Economic Governance, MEMO/13/196.
  • Fantacone, S. vd. (2015). European Fiscal Stance: Between Rigidity And Rigid Flexibility, Italian Fiscal Policy Review, 109-122. http://romatrepress.uniroma3.it/ojs/index.php/fiscal/article/view/818/812 (Erişim Tarihi: 15.08.2020).
  • Haan, J, vd. (2013). How To Enforce Fiscal Discipline In EMU: A Proposal, SwissSociety Of Economics And Statistics, Vol. 149 (2), 205–217.
  • Heinemann, F., vd. (2014). Fiscal Rules And Compliance Expectations- Evidence For The German Debt Brake, ZEW Discussion Paper No. 14-034, 1-36.
  • Koester, G.B. vd. (2013). The New EU Fiscal Governance Framework: A Quantum Leap Or Only Small Steps Ahead?, 10th Euroframe Conference On Economic Policy Issues In The European Union, Warsaw, 1-42.
  • Maastricht Antlaşması, (1992). https://europa.eu/european-union/sites/europaeu/files/docs/body/treaty_on_european_union_en.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 22.08.2020).
  • Moriıs, R. vd. (2006). The Reform AndImplementation Of The Stability And Growth Pact, European Central Park, OccasionalPaper Series No. 47 / June 2006.
  • Ngai, V. (2012). Stability And Growth Pact And Fiscal Discipline In The Eurozone, ss.1-91. https://fic.wharton.upenn.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/12-10.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 20.08.2020).
  • Płóciennik, S. (2017). Rebalancing The Fiscal Framework In The European Union: Perspectives Of Germany, France And Poland, The Polish Institute Of International Affairs Reporti, 1-42.
  • Puiu, C. (2013). The Structural Deficit-A New Measure For Fiscal Discipline In The Euro Area, The USV Annals of EconomicsandPublic Administration, Volume 13, 2(18), 174-172.
  • Schuknecht, L. vd. (2011). The Stability And Growth Pact Crisis And Reform, European Central Bank Occasional Paper Series No. 129/September 2011. https://www.ecb.europa.eu/pub/pdf/scpops/ecbocp129.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 11.08.2020).
  • Soukiazis, E. ve Castro, V. (2003). The Impact Of The Maastricht Criteria And The Stability And Growth Pact On Growth And Unemployment In Europe, CEUNEUROP Discussion Paper No. 15, 1-33.
  • https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/history (Erişim Tarihi: 21.08.2020).
  • https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/01/weodata/index.aspx (Erişim Tarihi: 22.08.2020).
  • https://ec.europa.eu/info/business-economy-euro/economic-and-fiscal-policy-coordination_en (Erişim Tarihi: 20.08.2020).
  • https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/en/data/database (Erişim Tarihi: 22.08.2020).
  • https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_15_3220 (Erişim Tarihi: 20.08.2020).

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular İktisat
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Mehtap KARAYAZI Bu kişi benim (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kahramanmaraş Büyükşehir Belediyesi
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Eylül 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 1, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Karayazı, M. (2020). AVRUPA BİRLİĞİ’NDE MALİ KOORDİNASYON: İSTİKRAR VE BÜYÜME PAKTI VE REFORMLARI . Journal of Economics and Research , 1 (1) , 60-72 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jer/issue/60668/895446

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