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BAĞLAYICI PÜSKÜRTMELİ METAL EKLEMELİ İMALATTA SİNTERLEME SICAKLIĞININ MİKRO İÇYAPIYA ETKİSİ

Yıl 2022, Cilt: 10 Sayı: 4, 1389 - 1399, 30.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.21923/jesd.1110330

Öz

Bağlayıcı Püskürtmeli Metal Eklemeli İmalat yakın zamanda ortaya çıkmış ve hala gelişmekte olan bir eklemeli imalat yöntemidir. Gelişme aşamasında olmasından dolayı net bir bağlayıcı türü, oranı, sinterleme süreci ve ortamı belirlenememiştir. Bu çalışmada Bağlayıcı Püskürtmeli Metal Eklemeli İmalat yöntemi ile imal edilmiş eklemeli imalat parçalarında, sinterleme sıcaklığının mikroiçyapıya etkisi incelenmiştir. İmalat için ham madde olarak SS316L metal tozu, bağlayıcı olarak ultraviyole ışıkla ve katı+sıvı reaktiflerle kürlenen reçineler kullanılmıştır. Katı+sıvı kürlenen reçine olarak furfuril alkol sıvı reçine, para toluen sülfonik asit katı katalizör olarak seçilmiştir. Ultraviyole ışıkla kürlenen reçine izopropil alkol ile seyreltilmiştir. Optik ve taramalı elektron mikroskobuyla yapılan incelemelerle kompozisyon oranları ve numunelerin elektron kırınım desenlerinin analizleri de yapılmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • 3D Durak. (2022, April 18). SLA 3D Baskı Hizmeti. https://www.3durak.com/pages/sla-3d-baski-hizmeti.
  • Binnion, J., & Arts, J. B. M. A New Method for Preparing 3D Acrylic Photopolymer Patterns for Investment Casting. In The Santa Fe Symposium on Jewelry Manufacturing Technology 2016.
  • Do, T., Kwon, P., & Shin, C. S. (2017). Process development toward full-density stainless steel parts with binder jetting printing. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 121, 50-60.
  • Duman, B., & Kayacan, M. C. SEÇMELİ LAZER SİNTERLEME TEZGÂHI İÇİN İMALAT YAZILIMI GELİŞTİRİLMESİ. Uluslararası Teknolojik Bilimler Dergisi, 8(3), 27-45.
  • EOS. (2022, April 18). https://www.eos.info/en.
  • Exone. (2022, April 18). https://www.exone.com.
  • Gupta, T. K. (1972). Possible correlation between density and grain size during sintering. Journal of the American Ceramic society, 55(5), 276-277.
  • Gülsoy, H. Ö. (2008). Production of injection moulded 316L stainless steels reinforced with TiC (N) particles. Materials Science and Technology, 24(12), 1484-1491.
  • GÜRGEN, M., & KAYACAN, C. BAĞLAYICI PÜSKÜRTMELİ METAL EKLEMELİ İMALATTA KULLANILAN PARAMETRELER. Uluborlu Mesleki Bilimler Dergisi, 3(1), 19-27.
  • Johnston, S., Frame, D., Anderson, R., & Storti, D. Strain Analysis of Initial Stage Sintering of 316L SS Three Dimensionally Printed (3DP™) Components.
  • Mostafaei, A., Toman, J., Stevens, E. L., Hughes, E. T., Krimer, Y. L., & Chmielus, M. (2017). Microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of differently heat-treated binder jet printed samples from gas-and water-atomized alloy 625 powders. Acta Materialia, 124, 280-289.
  • Mouritz, A. P. (2012). Introduction to aerospace materials. Elsevier.
  • Myers, K., Cortes, P., Conner, B., Wagner, T., Hetzel, B., & Peters, K. M. (2015). Structure property relationship of metal matrix syntactic foams manufactured by a binder jet printing process. Additive Manufacturing, 5, 54-59.
  • Myers, K., Juhasz, M., Cortes, P., & Conner, B. (2015). Mechanical modeling based on numerical homogenization of an Al2O3/Al composite manufactured via binder jet printing. Computational Materials Science, 108, 128-135.
  • Redwood, B., 2019. (2022, April 18). Additive Manufacturing Technologies: An Overview. https://www.3dhubs.com/knowledge-base/additive-manufacturing-technologies-overview.
  • Ren, L., Zhou, X., Song, Z., Zhao, C., Liu, Q., Xue, J., & Li, X. (2017). Process parameter optimization of extrusion-based 3D metal printing utilizing PW–LDPE–SA binder system. Materials, 10(3), 305.
  • Renishaw. (2022, April 18). https://www.renishaw.com/en/data-sheets-additive-manufacturing--17862.
  • Rokosz, K., Hryniewicz, T., Raaen, S., & Valiček, J. (2015). SEM/EDX, XPS, corrosion and surface roughness characterization of AISI 316L SS after electrochemical treatment in concentrated HNO3. Tehnički vjesnik, 22(1), 125-131.
  • Stawarczyk, B., Özcan, M., Hallmann, L., Ender, A., Mehl, A., & Hämmerlet, C. H. (2013). The effect of zirconia sintering temperature on flexural strength, grain size, and contrast ratio. Clinical oral investigations, 17(1), 269-274.
  • Taormina, G., Sciancalepore, C., Bondioli, F., & Messori, M. (2018). Special resins for stereolithography: In situ generation of silver nanoparticles. Polymers, 10(2), 212.
  • Tuffile, C. D., Lemke, H., & Mack, P. E. (2016). U.S. Patent Application No. 15/014,637.
  • Vangapally, S., Agarwal, K., Sheldon, A., & Cai, S. (2017). Effect of Lattice Design and Process Parameters on Dimensional and Mechanical Properties of Binder Jet Additively Manufactured Stainless Steel 316 for Bone Scaffolds. Procedia Manufacturing, 10, 750-759.
  • Wikipedia, 2022a. (2022, April 18). Isopropyl Alcohol. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isopropyl_alcohol.
  • Wikipedia, 2022b. (2022, April 18). P-toluenesulfonic Acid. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P-Toluenesulfonic_acid.
  • Wikipedia, 2022c. (2022, April 18). Furfuryl Alcohol. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Furfuryl_alcohol.
  • YALÇIN, B., & Ergene, B. (2017). ENDÜSTRİDE YENİ EĞİLİM OLAN 3-B EKLEMELİ İMALAT YÖNTEMİ VE METALURJİSİ. SDU International Journal of Technological Science, 9(3)
  • Yin, X., Travitzky, N., & Greil, P. (2007). Near‐Net‐Shape Fabrication of Ti3AlC2‐Based Composites. International journal of applied ceramic technology, 4(2), 184-190.
  • Zhang, H., Liu, B., 2009. A New Genetic Algorithm for Order-Picking of Irregular Warehouse. International Conference on Environmental Science and Information Application Technology, 1, 121-124.
  • Ziętala, M., Durejko, T., Polański, M., Kunce, I., Płociński, T., Zieliński, W., ... & Bojar, Z. (2016). The microstructure, mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of 316 L stainless steel fabricated using laser engineered net shaping. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 677, 1-10.

EFFECT OF SINTERING TEMPERATURE TO MICROSTRUCTURE IN METAL BINDER JETTING

Yıl 2022, Cilt: 10 Sayı: 4, 1389 - 1399, 30.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.21923/jesd.1110330

Öz

Metal Binder Jetting emerged and it has been developing an additive manufacturing method. Binder type, binder ratio, sintering process, and atmosphere couldn’t be transparently determined due to its development stage. In this study, effect of sintering temperature was investigated parts’ microstructure which manufactured by Binder Jetting Metal Additive Manufacturing. In manufacturing, SS316L metal powder used as a raw material, ultraviolet light cured and solid+fluid catalyzed cured resins used as binder. For solid+liquid catalyzed cured resin, furfuryl alcohol was selected as liquid binder, para toluene sulfonic acid was selected as solid catalyst. Isopropyl alcohol was used to dilute the ultraviolet light cured resin. The composition ratios and electron diffraction patterns of the samples were analyzed using optical and scanning electron microscopy.

Destekleyen Kurum

Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi

Teşekkür

This work was supported by the Suleyman Demirel University Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit. Project Number: FYL-2018-6709.

Kaynakça

  • 3D Durak. (2022, April 18). SLA 3D Baskı Hizmeti. https://www.3durak.com/pages/sla-3d-baski-hizmeti.
  • Binnion, J., & Arts, J. B. M. A New Method for Preparing 3D Acrylic Photopolymer Patterns for Investment Casting. In The Santa Fe Symposium on Jewelry Manufacturing Technology 2016.
  • Do, T., Kwon, P., & Shin, C. S. (2017). Process development toward full-density stainless steel parts with binder jetting printing. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 121, 50-60.
  • Duman, B., & Kayacan, M. C. SEÇMELİ LAZER SİNTERLEME TEZGÂHI İÇİN İMALAT YAZILIMI GELİŞTİRİLMESİ. Uluslararası Teknolojik Bilimler Dergisi, 8(3), 27-45.
  • EOS. (2022, April 18). https://www.eos.info/en.
  • Exone. (2022, April 18). https://www.exone.com.
  • Gupta, T. K. (1972). Possible correlation between density and grain size during sintering. Journal of the American Ceramic society, 55(5), 276-277.
  • Gülsoy, H. Ö. (2008). Production of injection moulded 316L stainless steels reinforced with TiC (N) particles. Materials Science and Technology, 24(12), 1484-1491.
  • GÜRGEN, M., & KAYACAN, C. BAĞLAYICI PÜSKÜRTMELİ METAL EKLEMELİ İMALATTA KULLANILAN PARAMETRELER. Uluborlu Mesleki Bilimler Dergisi, 3(1), 19-27.
  • Johnston, S., Frame, D., Anderson, R., & Storti, D. Strain Analysis of Initial Stage Sintering of 316L SS Three Dimensionally Printed (3DP™) Components.
  • Mostafaei, A., Toman, J., Stevens, E. L., Hughes, E. T., Krimer, Y. L., & Chmielus, M. (2017). Microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of differently heat-treated binder jet printed samples from gas-and water-atomized alloy 625 powders. Acta Materialia, 124, 280-289.
  • Mouritz, A. P. (2012). Introduction to aerospace materials. Elsevier.
  • Myers, K., Cortes, P., Conner, B., Wagner, T., Hetzel, B., & Peters, K. M. (2015). Structure property relationship of metal matrix syntactic foams manufactured by a binder jet printing process. Additive Manufacturing, 5, 54-59.
  • Myers, K., Juhasz, M., Cortes, P., & Conner, B. (2015). Mechanical modeling based on numerical homogenization of an Al2O3/Al composite manufactured via binder jet printing. Computational Materials Science, 108, 128-135.
  • Redwood, B., 2019. (2022, April 18). Additive Manufacturing Technologies: An Overview. https://www.3dhubs.com/knowledge-base/additive-manufacturing-technologies-overview.
  • Ren, L., Zhou, X., Song, Z., Zhao, C., Liu, Q., Xue, J., & Li, X. (2017). Process parameter optimization of extrusion-based 3D metal printing utilizing PW–LDPE–SA binder system. Materials, 10(3), 305.
  • Renishaw. (2022, April 18). https://www.renishaw.com/en/data-sheets-additive-manufacturing--17862.
  • Rokosz, K., Hryniewicz, T., Raaen, S., & Valiček, J. (2015). SEM/EDX, XPS, corrosion and surface roughness characterization of AISI 316L SS after electrochemical treatment in concentrated HNO3. Tehnički vjesnik, 22(1), 125-131.
  • Stawarczyk, B., Özcan, M., Hallmann, L., Ender, A., Mehl, A., & Hämmerlet, C. H. (2013). The effect of zirconia sintering temperature on flexural strength, grain size, and contrast ratio. Clinical oral investigations, 17(1), 269-274.
  • Taormina, G., Sciancalepore, C., Bondioli, F., & Messori, M. (2018). Special resins for stereolithography: In situ generation of silver nanoparticles. Polymers, 10(2), 212.
  • Tuffile, C. D., Lemke, H., & Mack, P. E. (2016). U.S. Patent Application No. 15/014,637.
  • Vangapally, S., Agarwal, K., Sheldon, A., & Cai, S. (2017). Effect of Lattice Design and Process Parameters on Dimensional and Mechanical Properties of Binder Jet Additively Manufactured Stainless Steel 316 for Bone Scaffolds. Procedia Manufacturing, 10, 750-759.
  • Wikipedia, 2022a. (2022, April 18). Isopropyl Alcohol. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isopropyl_alcohol.
  • Wikipedia, 2022b. (2022, April 18). P-toluenesulfonic Acid. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P-Toluenesulfonic_acid.
  • Wikipedia, 2022c. (2022, April 18). Furfuryl Alcohol. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Furfuryl_alcohol.
  • YALÇIN, B., & Ergene, B. (2017). ENDÜSTRİDE YENİ EĞİLİM OLAN 3-B EKLEMELİ İMALAT YÖNTEMİ VE METALURJİSİ. SDU International Journal of Technological Science, 9(3)
  • Yin, X., Travitzky, N., & Greil, P. (2007). Near‐Net‐Shape Fabrication of Ti3AlC2‐Based Composites. International journal of applied ceramic technology, 4(2), 184-190.
  • Zhang, H., Liu, B., 2009. A New Genetic Algorithm for Order-Picking of Irregular Warehouse. International Conference on Environmental Science and Information Application Technology, 1, 121-124.
  • Ziętala, M., Durejko, T., Polański, M., Kunce, I., Płociński, T., Zieliński, W., ... & Bojar, Z. (2016). The microstructure, mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of 316 L stainless steel fabricated using laser engineered net shaping. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 677, 1-10.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Makine Mühendisliği
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri \ Research Articles
Yazarlar

Mert GÜRGEN 0000-0002-0838-6564

Cengiz KAYACAN 0000-0003-0993-243X

Proje Numarası FYL-2018-6709
Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Aralık 2022
Gönderilme Tarihi 28 Nisan 2022
Kabul Tarihi 19 Ağustos 2022
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022 Cilt: 10 Sayı: 4

Kaynak Göster

APA GÜRGEN, M., & KAYACAN, C. (2022). EFFECT OF SINTERING TEMPERATURE TO MICROSTRUCTURE IN METAL BINDER JETTING. Mühendislik Bilimleri Ve Tasarım Dergisi, 10(4), 1389-1399. https://doi.org/10.21923/jesd.1110330