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Lösemili Hastaların Yaşam Kalitesi ve Sosyal Destek Düzeylerinin Değerlendirilmesi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 3, 200 - 214, 25.12.2021

Öz

Amaç: Bu çalışma, lösemi hastaların yaşam kalitesi, sosyal destek düzeyleri ve etkileyen faktörleri belirlemek amacıyla planlandı. Yöntem: Tanımlayıcı-kesitsel tipteki bu çalışmaya İstanbul ilinde bir Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi Hematoloji Polikliniğine başvuran 117 lösemi hastası dahil edildi. Verilerin toplanması için Hasta Bilgi Formu, European Organization fort the Reseach and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Questionnaire – Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) ve Çok Boyutlu Algılanan Sosyal Destek Düzeyi (ÇBASDD) ölçeğinden oluşan bir form kullanıldı. Verilerin analizinde normallik analizi, betimleyici istatistikler, ikili ve çoklu grupların arasındaki fark analizleri ve korelasyon analizi kullanıldı. Bulgular: Bu çalışmada lösemili hastaların genel yaşam kalitesi, fonksiyonel ölçekler ve semptom ölçekleri yaş, cinsiyet, çocuk sayısı, BKİ, medeni durum, eğitim durumu, löseminin türü, hastalığa uyum sağlama durumu, hastalığın teşhis edilmesi ve tedavi süresi gibi kişisel ve hastalıkla ilgili özelliklerden etkilendiği belirlendi (p<0,05). ÇBASDD ölçeği toplam ve alt boyutları ile EORTC QLQ-C30 yaşam kalitesi ölçeğinin genel yaşam kalitesi ve fonksiyonel ölçekleri ile pozitif yönde ve iştahsızlık semptomu ve mali zorluk maddesiyle negatif yönde anlamlı bir ilişki olduğu belirlendi (p<0,05). Sonuç ve Öneriler: Sonuç olarak hemşirelerin lösemi hastalarının yaşam kalitesini ve sosyal destek düzeylerini etkileyen kişisel ve hastalığa ilişkin özellikleri göz önüne alarak holistik bir bakım sunması hastaların yaşam kalitesi ve sosyal destek düzeylerini iyileştireceği düşünülmektedir.

Kaynakça

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Quality of Life and Social Support Levels in Leukemia Patients

Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 3, 200 - 214, 25.12.2021

Öz

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the quality of life, level of social support, and its influencing factors in leukemia patients. Method: This descriptive cross-sectional study included 117 leukemia patients who applied to the Hematology Outpatient Clinic of a Medical Faculty Hospital in Istanbul. Data were collected using the Patient Information Form, European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Normality analysis, descriptive statistics, difference analysis between pairs and multiple groups and correlation analysis were used in the analysis of the data. Results: It was determined that the global quality of life, functioning and symptom of leukemia patients were affected by personal and disease-related characteristics such as age, gender, number of children, Body Mass Index, marital status, educational status, type of leukemia, adaptation to the disease, and diagnosis, duration of treatment (p<0.05). It was determined that social support was positively correlated with the global quality of life and functioning scores of the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 and negatively correlated with the symptoms of loss of appetite and financial difficulties (p<0.05). Conclusion and Suggestions: Providing holistic care by nurses and taking into account the personal and disease-related characteristics of leukemia patients will improve their quality of life and social support level.

Kaynakça

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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Zülfiye BIKMAZ (Sorumlu Yazar)
KIRKLARELİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-3785-968X
Türkiye


Serap ÜNSAR
TRAKYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-7723-8816
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Yok
Proje Numarası Yok
Teşekkür We thank you to Prof. Zafer BAŞLAR, Prof. Necdet SÜT for your contribution.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 25 Aralık 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 5 Şubat 2021
Kabul Tarihi 6 Eylül 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Bıkmaz, Z. & Ünsar, S. (2021). Quality of Life and Social Support Levels in Leukemia Patients . Genel Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi , 3 (3) , 200-214 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jgehes/issue/66685/875253


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