War is defined as the destructive violence of man against man in mainstream criticism studies.
However, it involves destruction against all kinds of living or inanimate - nature, water, animals, forests,
cities, air – things especially in eco-critical studies that have become widespread since the last quarter of
the twentieth century. Since the beginning of history, all kinds of violent acts of man have been against the
“enemy” to a massive extent. These are among the most important agendas of all sub-branches of historical
science determining the main policy of states under the name of war. At this point, American history and history of American literature studies cannot be conducted without emphasizing the general impact of wars. In
the study of literary history, the examination of wars plays a key role in understanding the country’s social,
political, and economic policies, as well as in understanding its overall cultural and ideological mentality.
In this respect, this article examined (1) the place of wars in the history of early American literature and
the ideological goals of these wars, (2) how the war phenomenon has become integrated into American
literature, and (3) the scope and effectiveness of the opposition to wars in American literature. In line with
these objectives, various mainstream works will be referenced descriptively. The ultimate aim of the article
is to contribute to Turkish literature and further studies of the relationship between war and literature by
revealing how wars leave their marks on the literary history, specifically on American literature.
|Konular||Beşeri Bilimler, Ortak Disiplinler|
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 26 Mart 2020
|Chicago||ALKAN, E . "Erken Dönem Amerikan Edebiyatında Savaşlar ve Savaş Karşıtı Söylemler". Tarih ve Gelecek Dergisi 6 (2020 ): 158-165|