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Sulu ve Sulu Olmayan Elektrolitlerde Tavlanmış Yüksek Karbonlu Çeliğin Elektrokimyasal Kapasitansı

Yıl 2019, Cilt 9, Sayı 4, 2097 - 2104, 01.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.597192

Öz

Yüksek karbonlu çelik 400 °C, 600 °C ve 800 °C sıcaklıktaki fırında 30 dakika süreyle ısıl işleme tabi tutuldu. Tavlanmış ve tavlanmamış yüksek karbonlu çeliklerin, farklı tavlama sıcaklıklarına bağlı olarak elektrokimyasal davranışlarını anlamak için sulu (KOH ve Na2S04) ve susuz (Reline adı verilen kolin klorür ve üre bazlı iyonik sıvı) elektrolitler içerisine daldırıldı. Isıl işlem görmüş ve görmemiş yüksek karbonlu çeliklerin alan kapasitansı uygulanan yüksek sıcaklıklara göre hesaplanmıştır. Termal oksidasyondan sonra yüksek karbonlu çeliğin pürüzlülüğü artmıştır. Mevcut yoğunluk ve spesifik kapasitans, KOH elektrolitinde şarj/deşarj edilen yüksek karbon çeliğinin tavlama sıcaklığının artması üzerine artmıştır. 800 °C'de ısıl işlem görmüş çeliğin kapasitansı KOH'daki tavlanmamış çelikten 50 kat daha büyüktü. Na2SO4'te taranan yüksek karbonlu çeliğin alan kapasitansı tavlama sıcaklığı yükseldikçe artmıştır. Yüksek sıcaklıkta tavlanan çeliğin Na2SO4'taki spesifik kapasitansı, KOH ve Reline elektrolitinde olduğundan daha büyüktü. Tavlanmamış ve 400 °C'de tavlanmış yüksek karbonlu çeliklerin Reline iyonik sıvısında elektrokimyasal olarak etkin olmamasına rağmen, 600 °C'de ve 800 °C'de işlenen çeliğin Reline'daki spesifik kapasitansı önemli ölçüde artmıştır. Reline, Na2SO4 ve KOH süper kapasitör elektroliti olarak tavlanmış yüksek karbonlu çeliklerle rahatlıkla kullanılabilir.

Kaynakça

  • Chen RY, Yeun WYD, 2003. Review of the High-Temperature Oxidation of Iron and Carbon Steels in Air or Oxygen. Oxidation of metals, 59(5–6): 433–68.
  • Chodankar NR, Dubal DP, Kwon Y, Kim DH, 2017. Direct growth of FeCo 2 O 4 nanowire arrays on flexible stainless steel mesh for high-performance asymmetric supercapacitor. NPG Asia Materials, 9(8): e419.
  • Daramola OO, Adewuyi BO, Oladele IO, 2015. Effects of Heat Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Rolled Medium Carbon Steel. Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, 09(08): 693–708.
  • Fang XX, Zhou HZ, Xue YJ, 2015. Corrosion properties of stainless steel 316L/Ni–Cu–P coatings in warm acidic solution. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 25(8): 2594-2600.
  • Hsu TY, Xu ZY, 2007. Design of Structure, Composition and Heat Treatment Process for High Strength Steel. In Materials Science Forum, Trans Tech Publ, 2283–86.
  • Isfahany AN, Saghafian H, Borhani G, 2011. The Effect of Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Behavior of AISI420 Martensitic Stainless Steel. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509(9): 3931–36.
  • Kao AS, Kuhn HA, Spitzig WA, Richmond O, 1990. Influence of superimposed hydrostatic pressure on bending fracture and formability of a low carbon steel containing globular sulfides. Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 112(1), 26-30.
  • Kosturek R, Najwer M, Nieslony P, Wachowski M, 2018. Effect of Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties of Inconel 625/Steel P355NH Bimetal Clad Plate Manufactured by Explosive Welding. In Advances in Manufacturing, Springer, 681–86.
  • Krauss G, 2015. Steels: Processing, Structure, and Performance. Asm International. Ohio, the USA
  • Lesuer DR, Syn CK, Goldberg A, Wadsworth J, Sherby OD, 1993. The case for ultrahigh-carbon steels as structural materials. JOM, 45(8), 40-46.
  • Movahed P, Kolahgar S, Marashi SPH, Pouranvari M, Parvin N, 2009. The effect of intercritical heat treatment temperature on the tensile properties and work hardening behavior of ferrite–martensite dual phase steel sheets. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 518(1-2), pp.1-6.
  • Oberg E, Jones FD, Horton HL, Ruffle HH, 2008. Machinery’s Handbook 28th Edition. Industrial Press Inc. New York
  • Osório WR, Peixoto LC, Garcia LR, Garcia A, 2009. Electrochemical Corrosion Response of a Low Carbon Heat Treated Steel in a NaCl Solution.”Materials and Corrosion, 60(10): 804–12.
  • Singh R, 2015. Applied Welding Engineering: Processes, Codes, and Standards. 2nd Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann. Oxford, UK
  • Smith EL, Abbott AP, Ryder KS, 2014. Deep Eutectic Solvents (DESs) and Their Applications. Chemical Reviews, 114(21): 11060–82.
  • Totten GE, 2006. Steel Heat Treatment: Metallurgy and Technologies. 2nd Edition, CRC press. Oregon, the USA

Electrochemical Capacitance of Annealed High-Carbon Steel in Aqueous and Non-aqueous Electrolytes

Yıl 2019, Cilt 9, Sayı 4, 2097 - 2104, 01.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.597192

Öz

High-carbon steel was heat treated in a furnace at 400 ᵒC, 600 ᵒC and 800 ᵒC for 30 minutes. Annealed and non-annealed high carbon steels were immersed in aqueous (KOH and Na2SO4) and non-aqueous (choline chloride and urea based ionic liquid called Reline) electrolyte in order to understand their electrochemical behavior depending on different annealing temperatures. Areal capacitance of heat treated and non-heat treated high carbon steel was calculated based on applied elevated temperatures. Roughness of high-carbon steel increased after thermal oxidation.  The current density and specific capacitance increased upon increasing annealing temperature of high carbon steel charged/discharged in KOH electrolyte. The capacitance of steel heat-treated at 800 ᵒC was 50 times greater than that of non-annealed steel in KOH. The areal capacitance of high-carbon steel scanned in Na2SO4 increased as annealing temperature increased. The specific capacitance of steel annealed at high temperature in Na2SO4 was greater than that in KOH and in Reline electrolyte.  Although non-annealed and 400 ᵒC annealed high carbon steel was electrochemically inactive in Reline ionic liquid, the specific capacitance of steel treated at 600 ᵒC and 800 ᵒC increased significantly in Reline. Reline, Na2SO4 and KOH could be used conveniently as supercapacitor electrolyte with annealed high-carbon steels.

Kaynakça

  • Chen RY, Yeun WYD, 2003. Review of the High-Temperature Oxidation of Iron and Carbon Steels in Air or Oxygen. Oxidation of metals, 59(5–6): 433–68.
  • Chodankar NR, Dubal DP, Kwon Y, Kim DH, 2017. Direct growth of FeCo 2 O 4 nanowire arrays on flexible stainless steel mesh for high-performance asymmetric supercapacitor. NPG Asia Materials, 9(8): e419.
  • Daramola OO, Adewuyi BO, Oladele IO, 2015. Effects of Heat Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Rolled Medium Carbon Steel. Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, 09(08): 693–708.
  • Fang XX, Zhou HZ, Xue YJ, 2015. Corrosion properties of stainless steel 316L/Ni–Cu–P coatings in warm acidic solution. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 25(8): 2594-2600.
  • Hsu TY, Xu ZY, 2007. Design of Structure, Composition and Heat Treatment Process for High Strength Steel. In Materials Science Forum, Trans Tech Publ, 2283–86.
  • Isfahany AN, Saghafian H, Borhani G, 2011. The Effect of Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Behavior of AISI420 Martensitic Stainless Steel. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509(9): 3931–36.
  • Kao AS, Kuhn HA, Spitzig WA, Richmond O, 1990. Influence of superimposed hydrostatic pressure on bending fracture and formability of a low carbon steel containing globular sulfides. Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 112(1), 26-30.
  • Kosturek R, Najwer M, Nieslony P, Wachowski M, 2018. Effect of Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties of Inconel 625/Steel P355NH Bimetal Clad Plate Manufactured by Explosive Welding. In Advances in Manufacturing, Springer, 681–86.
  • Krauss G, 2015. Steels: Processing, Structure, and Performance. Asm International. Ohio, the USA
  • Lesuer DR, Syn CK, Goldberg A, Wadsworth J, Sherby OD, 1993. The case for ultrahigh-carbon steels as structural materials. JOM, 45(8), 40-46.
  • Movahed P, Kolahgar S, Marashi SPH, Pouranvari M, Parvin N, 2009. The effect of intercritical heat treatment temperature on the tensile properties and work hardening behavior of ferrite–martensite dual phase steel sheets. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 518(1-2), pp.1-6.
  • Oberg E, Jones FD, Horton HL, Ruffle HH, 2008. Machinery’s Handbook 28th Edition. Industrial Press Inc. New York
  • Osório WR, Peixoto LC, Garcia LR, Garcia A, 2009. Electrochemical Corrosion Response of a Low Carbon Heat Treated Steel in a NaCl Solution.”Materials and Corrosion, 60(10): 804–12.
  • Singh R, 2015. Applied Welding Engineering: Processes, Codes, and Standards. 2nd Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann. Oxford, UK
  • Smith EL, Abbott AP, Ryder KS, 2014. Deep Eutectic Solvents (DESs) and Their Applications. Chemical Reviews, 114(21): 11060–82.
  • Totten GE, 2006. Steel Heat Treatment: Metallurgy and Technologies. 2nd Edition, CRC press. Oregon, the USA

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Fizik, Uygulamalı
Yayınlanma Tarihi Aralık-2019
Bölüm Fizik / Physics
Yazarlar

Abdulcabbar YAVUZ (Sorumlu Yazar)
GAZİANTEP UNIVERSITY, Faculty of Engineering, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department
0000-0002-7216-0586
Türkiye


Kaan KAPLAN
Gaziantep University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Engineering Physics
0000-0003-0631-1961
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Aralık 2019
Başvuru Tarihi 26 Temmuz 2019
Kabul Tarihi 9 Eylül 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 9, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jist597192, journal = {Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology}, issn = {2146-0574}, eissn = {2536-4618}, address = {}, publisher = {Iğdır Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {9}, pages = {2097 - 2104}, doi = {10.21597/jist.597192}, title = {Electrochemical Capacitance of Annealed High-Carbon Steel in Aqueous and Non-aqueous Electrolytes}, key = {cite}, author = {Yavuz, Abdulcabbar and Kaplan, Kaan} }
APA Yavuz, A. & Kaplan, K. (2019). Electrochemical Capacitance of Annealed High-Carbon Steel in Aqueous and Non-aqueous Electrolytes . Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology , 9 (4) , 2097-2104 . DOI: 10.21597/jist.597192
MLA Yavuz, A. , Kaplan, K. "Electrochemical Capacitance of Annealed High-Carbon Steel in Aqueous and Non-aqueous Electrolytes" . Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 9 (2019 ): 2097-2104 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jist/issue/50142/597192>
Chicago Yavuz, A. , Kaplan, K. "Electrochemical Capacitance of Annealed High-Carbon Steel in Aqueous and Non-aqueous Electrolytes". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 9 (2019 ): 2097-2104
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Electrochemical Capacitance of Annealed High-Carbon Steel in Aqueous and Non-aqueous Electrolytes AU - Abdulcabbar Yavuz , Kaan Kaplan Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.21597/jist.597192 DO - 10.21597/jist.597192 T2 - Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 2097 EP - 2104 VL - 9 IS - 4 SN - 2146-0574-2536-4618 M3 - doi: 10.21597/jist.597192 UR - https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.597192 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Iğdır Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi Electrochemical Capacitance of Annealed High-Carbon Steel in Aqueous and Non-aqueous Electrolytes %A Abdulcabbar Yavuz , Kaan Kaplan %T Electrochemical Capacitance of Annealed High-Carbon Steel in Aqueous and Non-aqueous Electrolytes %D 2019 %J Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology %P 2146-0574-2536-4618 %V 9 %N 4 %R doi: 10.21597/jist.597192 %U 10.21597/jist.597192
ISNAD Yavuz, Abdulcabbar , Kaplan, Kaan . "Electrochemical Capacitance of Annealed High-Carbon Steel in Aqueous and Non-aqueous Electrolytes". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 9 / 4 (Aralık 2019): 2097-2104 . https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.597192
AMA Yavuz A. , Kaplan K. Electrochemical Capacitance of Annealed High-Carbon Steel in Aqueous and Non-aqueous Electrolytes. Iğdır Üniv. Fen Bil Enst. Der.. 2019; 9(4): 2097-2104.
Vancouver Yavuz A. , Kaplan K. Electrochemical Capacitance of Annealed High-Carbon Steel in Aqueous and Non-aqueous Electrolytes. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology. 2019; 9(4): 2097-2104.
IEEE A. Yavuz ve K. Kaplan , "Electrochemical Capacitance of Annealed High-Carbon Steel in Aqueous and Non-aqueous Electrolytes", Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, c. 9, sayı. 4, ss. 2097-2104, Ara. 2019, doi:10.21597/jist.597192