Araştırma Makalesi
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Benchmarking of Irrigation Performance in Karataş and Karaçal Irrigation Associations

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 20 Sayı: 1, 51 - 60, 19.01.2023
https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.1065361

Öz

This study was carried out to evaluate the system performances of Karataş and Karaçal irrigation associations located in Burdur province. Karataş irrigation association was put into operation in 1982 and Karaçal irrigation association in 2015 with irrigation areas are 5476 and 4975 ha, respectively. The same public personnel were appointed to both irrigation associations as the Head of the Association in 2018, and as of 2019, both irrigation Associations were gathered under the management of Karataş irrigation association. In this study, the performances of Karataş irrigation, which has an old and predominantly open canal system, and Karaçal irrigation systems, which are relatively new and have a pressurized irrigation system, between the years 2015-2019 have been evaluated. In the performance evaluation, a set of indicators under two main headings as water use efficiency, and financial efficiency recommended by the International Technology and Research Program in Irrigation and Drainage (IPTRID) was used. According to the results of the research, when the water use efficiency is examined, especially Annual relative irrigation supply (0.53-0.73 for Karataş; 0.47-0.96 for Karaçal) and irrigation ratio (20-72% for Karataş; 36% for Karaçal) 55) values were not at the desired levels. In terms of Financial Efficiency, cost recovery ratio (119-401% for Karataş; 144-311 for Karaçal) and revenue collection performance (78-442% for Karataş; 10-130 for Karaçal) were found to be high. Although this is a new irrigation, Karaçal irrigation shows that relatively high maintenance costs are incurred. Total operating maintenance and management (MOM) cost per unit area is US$ 9.60-14.98/ha for Karataş and as 1.32-22.92 US$/ha for Karaçal. These values showed that, in general, both irrigations have sufficient financial strength.

Kaynakça

  • Akçay, S. (2016). Evaluation of water supply status of irrigation cooperatives in Aydın province. Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty, 13(2): 135-143.
  • Anonim (2015-2019a). Planned water distribution in Karataş irrigation. Burdur.
  • Anonim. (2015-2019b). Planned water distribution in Karaçal irrigation. Burdur.
  • Beyribey, M. (1997). Evaluation of System Performance in State Irrigation System. Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture Publications, 1480-813.
  • Burton, M. (2010). Irrigation Management Principles and Practices. CABI is a trading name of CAB International. 386 p. London UK.
  • Cihan, İ. (2017). Evaluation of Konya-Çumra ova water user association in respect to management. (MSc Thesis) The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science of Selçuk University Konya.
  • Çolak, M., Çakmak, B. (2018). Assessment of Agricultural Water Use in Irrigation Schemes of DSI 15th Region. International Agricultural Structures and Irrigation Congress, ISSN 1304-9984 26-30.
  • Diker, C. (2018). Assessment of lower Seyhan plain irrigation associations. (MSc Thesis) Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University the Graduate School of Natural And Applied Science. Biyosistem Engineering, Kahramanmaraş.
  • Eliçabuk, C., Topak, R. (2017). Evaluation of irrigation water requirement and relative irrigation supply in Gevrekli Water User Association. Selcuk Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 31(3): 17-23.
  • FAO. (1992). CROPWAT A Computer Program for Irrigation Planning and Management Irrigation and Drainage (p. 46). Rome Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization.
  • Kalender, A.M. (2017). Evaluation of irrigation performance in Ilgın plain pump irrigation association. (Msc Thesis) The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science of Selçuk University, Konya.
  • Malano, H., Burton, M. (2001). Guidelines for Benchmarking Performance in The Irrigation and Drainage Sector. International Programme for Technology and Research in Irrigation and Drainage.
  • Nalbantoğlu, G., Çakmak, B. (2007). Benchmarking of Irrigation Performance in Akıncı Irrigation District. A.U. Agricultural Faculty Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 13(3):213-223.
  • SHW (2009). Burdur-Bozçay Karaçal Project Planning Revision Report. Isparta.
  • SHW (2015-2019a). 2015-2019 years Crop Count Results of irrigation and swamp reclamation facilities Constructed and put into operation by SHW.
  • SHW (2015-2019b). Evaluation Report of Irrigation Facilities Operated and Transferred by DSI. Ankara: General Directorate of SHW. Operation and Maintenance Department. (2019). https://dsi.gov.tr/ (Accessed date. 05.03.2021).
  • Şener, M. (2004). Water distribution and water use effıciency in Hayrabolu irrigation project. (Ph.D. Thesis) Trakya University Graduate School of Natural And Applied Sciences Department of Farm Structures and Irrigation. Edirne.
  • Şener, M. (2011). Evaluation of water use performance: A case study for DSI XIth regional directorate. Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty, 8(2): 77-83.
  • Şener, M., Kurç, H. C. (2012). Performance asssessment of small irrigation scheme: A case study of Trakya region. Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty, 9(2): 82-91.
  • Tekiner, M., Çakmak, B. (2010). Evaluation of Irrigation Performance in Çanakkale Kepez Cooperative. Ith National Irrigation and Agricultural Structures Symposium, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey.
  • Vermillion, D. (2000). Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation of Irrigation Management Transfer. New York: International Network on Participatory Irrigation Management (INPIM).
  • Vermillion, D.L., Garces-Restrepo, C. (1996). Results of Management Turnover in Two Irrigation Distircts in Colombia. International Water Management Institute, Research Report 4, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  • Uçar, Y., Yardımcı, N. (2003). Problems and solution proposals of irrigation networks in Isparta province. Journal of Suleyman Demirel University Institute of Science, 501-511.

Benchmarking of Irrigation Performance in Karataş and Karaçal Irrigation Associations

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 20 Sayı: 1, 51 - 60, 19.01.2023
https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.1065361

Öz

Bu çalışma, Burdur ilinde yer alan, Karataş ve Karaçal Sulama Birliklerinin sistem performanslarını değerlendirmek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırma alanlarından, Karataş Sulama birliği 1982 yılında, Karaçal sulama birliği ise 2015 yılında işletmeye açılmış ve sırasıyla sulama hizmet alanları 5476 ve 4975 ha’dır. Her iki sulama birliğine 2018 yılında DSI tarafından alınan karara istinaden aynı kamu personeli birlik başkanı olarak atanmıştır. Ayrıca, 2019 yılı itibariyle de her iki sulama, Karataş sulama birliği çatısı altında toplanmışlardır. Bu çalışma ile eski ve ağırlıklı olarak açık kanal sisteme sahip Karataş sulaması ile nispeten yeni ve kapalı sisteme sahip Karaçal sulama sistemlerinin karşılaştırmalı olarak 2015-2019 yılları arası performansları değerlendirilmeye çalışılmıştır. Performans değerlendirmesinde Sulama ve Drenajda Uluslararası Teknoloji ve Araştırma Programı (IPTRID) tarafından tavsiye edilen gösterge setleri kullanılmıştır. Bu amaçla, su kullanım etkinliği ve finansal etkinlik olmak üzere iki ana başlık halinde hazırlanan bir gösterge seti kullanılmıştır. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre, su kullanım etkinliği incelendiğinde özellikle sulama suyu temin oranı (Karataş için 0,53-0,73; Karaçal için 0,47-0,96) ve sulama oranı (Karataş için %20-72; Karaçal için %36-55) değerleri istenen seviyelerde olmadığı görülmüştür. Finansal Etkinlik açısından, masrafların karşılanma oranı (Karataş için %119-401; Karaçal için %144-311) ve Tahsilat oranları (Karataş için %78-442; Karaçal için 10-130) yüksek bulunmuştur. Bakım masrafların gelire oranı Karataş için %7-43; Karaçal için %17-48 bulunmuştur. Bu durum yeni bir sulama olmasına rağmen Karaçal sulamasında nispeten yüksek miktarda bakım masrafı yapıldığını göstermektedir. Birim alana düşen toplam işletme bakım yönetim masrafı Karataş için 9,60-14,98 US$/ha; Karaçal için 1,32-22,92 US$/ha olarak belirlenmiştir. Bu değerler, genel olarak her iki sulamanın finansal açıdan yeterli güce sahip olduklarını göstermiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Akçay, S. (2016). Evaluation of water supply status of irrigation cooperatives in Aydın province. Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty, 13(2): 135-143.
  • Anonim (2015-2019a). Planned water distribution in Karataş irrigation. Burdur.
  • Anonim. (2015-2019b). Planned water distribution in Karaçal irrigation. Burdur.
  • Beyribey, M. (1997). Evaluation of System Performance in State Irrigation System. Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture Publications, 1480-813.
  • Burton, M. (2010). Irrigation Management Principles and Practices. CABI is a trading name of CAB International. 386 p. London UK.
  • Cihan, İ. (2017). Evaluation of Konya-Çumra ova water user association in respect to management. (MSc Thesis) The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science of Selçuk University Konya.
  • Çolak, M., Çakmak, B. (2018). Assessment of Agricultural Water Use in Irrigation Schemes of DSI 15th Region. International Agricultural Structures and Irrigation Congress, ISSN 1304-9984 26-30.
  • Diker, C. (2018). Assessment of lower Seyhan plain irrigation associations. (MSc Thesis) Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University the Graduate School of Natural And Applied Science. Biyosistem Engineering, Kahramanmaraş.
  • Eliçabuk, C., Topak, R. (2017). Evaluation of irrigation water requirement and relative irrigation supply in Gevrekli Water User Association. Selcuk Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 31(3): 17-23.
  • FAO. (1992). CROPWAT A Computer Program for Irrigation Planning and Management Irrigation and Drainage (p. 46). Rome Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization.
  • Kalender, A.M. (2017). Evaluation of irrigation performance in Ilgın plain pump irrigation association. (Msc Thesis) The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science of Selçuk University, Konya.
  • Malano, H., Burton, M. (2001). Guidelines for Benchmarking Performance in The Irrigation and Drainage Sector. International Programme for Technology and Research in Irrigation and Drainage.
  • Nalbantoğlu, G., Çakmak, B. (2007). Benchmarking of Irrigation Performance in Akıncı Irrigation District. A.U. Agricultural Faculty Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 13(3):213-223.
  • SHW (2009). Burdur-Bozçay Karaçal Project Planning Revision Report. Isparta.
  • SHW (2015-2019a). 2015-2019 years Crop Count Results of irrigation and swamp reclamation facilities Constructed and put into operation by SHW.
  • SHW (2015-2019b). Evaluation Report of Irrigation Facilities Operated and Transferred by DSI. Ankara: General Directorate of SHW. Operation and Maintenance Department. (2019). https://dsi.gov.tr/ (Accessed date. 05.03.2021).
  • Şener, M. (2004). Water distribution and water use effıciency in Hayrabolu irrigation project. (Ph.D. Thesis) Trakya University Graduate School of Natural And Applied Sciences Department of Farm Structures and Irrigation. Edirne.
  • Şener, M. (2011). Evaluation of water use performance: A case study for DSI XIth regional directorate. Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty, 8(2): 77-83.
  • Şener, M., Kurç, H. C. (2012). Performance asssessment of small irrigation scheme: A case study of Trakya region. Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty, 9(2): 82-91.
  • Tekiner, M., Çakmak, B. (2010). Evaluation of Irrigation Performance in Çanakkale Kepez Cooperative. Ith National Irrigation and Agricultural Structures Symposium, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey.
  • Vermillion, D. (2000). Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation of Irrigation Management Transfer. New York: International Network on Participatory Irrigation Management (INPIM).
  • Vermillion, D.L., Garces-Restrepo, C. (1996). Results of Management Turnover in Two Irrigation Distircts in Colombia. International Water Management Institute, Research Report 4, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  • Uçar, Y., Yardımcı, N. (2003). Problems and solution proposals of irrigation networks in Isparta province. Journal of Suleyman Demirel University Institute of Science, 501-511.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Ahmed Qadar ABDİSAMAD1 0000-0002-1211-289X

Mehmet SENER 0000-0002-6736-0567

Yayımlanma Tarihi 19 Ocak 2023
Gönderilme Tarihi 31 Ocak 2022
Kabul Tarihi 20 Ekim 2022
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2023 Cilt: 20 Sayı: 1

Kaynak Göster

APA ABDİSAMAD1, A. Q., & SENER, M. (2023). Benchmarking of Irrigation Performance in Karataş and Karaçal Irrigation Associations. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 20(1), 51-60. https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.1065361
AMA ABDİSAMAD1 AQ, SENER M. Benchmarking of Irrigation Performance in Karataş and Karaçal Irrigation Associations. JOTAF. Ocak 2023;20(1):51-60. doi:10.33462/jotaf.1065361
Chicago ABDİSAMAD1, Ahmed Qadar, ve Mehmet SENER. “Benchmarking of Irrigation Performance in Karataş and Karaçal Irrigation Associations”. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 20, sy. 1 (Ocak 2023): 51-60. https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.1065361.
EndNote ABDİSAMAD1 AQ, SENER M (01 Ocak 2023) Benchmarking of Irrigation Performance in Karataş and Karaçal Irrigation Associations. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 20 1 51–60.
IEEE A. Q. ABDİSAMAD1 ve M. SENER, “Benchmarking of Irrigation Performance in Karataş and Karaçal Irrigation Associations”, JOTAF, c. 20, sy. 1, ss. 51–60, 2023, doi: 10.33462/jotaf.1065361.
ISNAD ABDİSAMAD1, Ahmed Qadar - SENER, Mehmet. “Benchmarking of Irrigation Performance in Karataş and Karaçal Irrigation Associations”. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 20/1 (Ocak 2023), 51-60. https://doi.org/10.33462/jotaf.1065361.
JAMA ABDİSAMAD1 AQ, SENER M. Benchmarking of Irrigation Performance in Karataş and Karaçal Irrigation Associations. JOTAF. 2023;20:51–60.
MLA ABDİSAMAD1, Ahmed Qadar ve Mehmet SENER. “Benchmarking of Irrigation Performance in Karataş and Karaçal Irrigation Associations”. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 20, sy. 1, 2023, ss. 51-60, doi:10.33462/jotaf.1065361.
Vancouver ABDİSAMAD1 AQ, SENER M. Benchmarking of Irrigation Performance in Karataş and Karaçal Irrigation Associations. JOTAF. 2023;20(1):51-60.